Socioeconomic status and tobacco expenditures among Moroccans: Results of the “Maroc Tabagisme” survey
Publication Source

American Journal of Health Promotion

Journal article
Eastern Mediterranean
Economy status
Lower-middle-income economies
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To investigate the relationship of sociodemographic and economic characteristics to tobacco expenses among Moroccan daily smokers.

Cross-sectional (“Maroc Tabagisme” Survey) study.

Random sample of 9195 subjects representative of the Moroccan population.

Household subjects 15 years and older.


Data were collected from selected households using a questionnaire about smoking, educational level, occupation, and household monthly income.

Associations between sociodemographic and economic characteristics, smoking status, and tobacco expenses were assessed by multivariate analysis in a sample of 5959 respondents who provided details about their family income.

Of 5959 participants, 28.5% of men and 2.8% of women were daily smokers. Compared with students, the odds of daily smoking were higher among blue-collar workers (odds ratio, 2.66). Tobacco expenses increased with higher family monthly income (p < .001). Moreover, smokers whose family monthly income was less than 1000 Moroccan dirham (MAD) spent 50.9% on tobacco, while those with family monthly income of 6000 MAD or higher spent 13.0% on tobacco.

There was a strong association between tobacco expenses and sociodemographic and economic characteristics. Among households with low monthly income, up to half of the monthly income is spent on tobacco.