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SimSmoke model evaluation of the effect of tobacco control policies in Korea: The unknown success story
Publication Source

American Journal of Public Health

Journal article
Metadata
Region
Western Pacific
Economy status
High-income economies
Abstract

Objectives
We evaluated the effect of strict tobacco control policies, implemented beginning in 1995 in the Republic of Korea, on smoking prevalence and deaths.

Methods
SimSmoke is a simulation model of the effect of tobacco control policies over time on smoking initiation and cessation. It uses standard attribution methods to estimate lives saved as a result of new policies. After
validating the model against smoking prevalence, we used it to determine the Korean policies’ effect on smoking prevalence.

Results
The model predicted smoking prevalence accurately between 1995 and 2006. We estimated that 70% of the 24% relative reduction in smoking rates over that period was attributable to tobacco control policies, mainly tax increases and a strong media campaign, and that the policies will prolong 104812 male lives by the year 2027.

Conclusions
Our results document Korea’s success in reducing smoking prevalence and prolonging lives, which may serve as an example for other Asian nations. Further improvements may be possible with higher taxes and more
comprehensive smoke-free laws, cessation policies, advertising restrictions, and health warnings.