Price and income elasticity of demand for cigarettes in South Africa. In Tobacco and Health. pp. 235-239
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Tobacco and Health

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Upper-middle-income economies
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Demand models for tobacco products have been estimated in a number of economically developed countries, but there appears to be only one indirect estimate of the effect of price changes on the demand for cigarettes from an economically developing country (1). Disposable income and cigarette consumption are typically low in the latter countries and people of low socio-economic status may well be more responsive to price changes than those with higher disposable incomes. Moreover, the role of tobacco taxes as a tobacco control measure in African countries has been questioned.