E4 - Constraints or barriers

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Party 2020 2018 2016 Region
Afghanistan Capacity building programs Resist from MoF to increase tobacco taxation insecurity, most of illicit trade is in unsecured boarder areas lack of interest of Donors and NGOs on tobacco control Capacity building programs Resist from MoF to increase tobacco taxation insecurity, most of illicit trade is in unsecured boarder areas lack of interest of Donors and NGOs on tobacco control Capacity building TFI unite Resist from MoF to increase tobacco taxation WTO not agreed with proforma system for importing tobacco old system of taxation in MoF WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Albania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Algeria Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Andorra Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Angola Lack of a national law and regulations on tobacco control: poor enforcement of the FCTC, including in terms of national legislation, monitoring, surveys and awareness campaigns; need to reinforce the national mechanisms for tobacco control; need to reinforce national capacities for the implementation of tobacco control at national level; lack of regular studies and surveys on smoking prevalence at country level. Lack of a national law and regulations on tobacco control: poor enforcement of the FCTC, including in terms of national legislation, monitoring, surveys and awareness campaigns; need to reinforce the national mechanisms for tobacco control; need to reinforce national capacities for the implementation of tobacco control at national level; lack of regular studies and surveys on smoking prevalence at country level. Lack of a national law and regulations on tobacco control: poor enforcement of the FCTC, including in terms of national legislation, monitoring, surveys and awareness campaigns; need to reinforce the national mechanisms for tobacco control; need to reinforce national capacities for the implementation of tobacco control at national level; lack of regular studies and surveys on smoking prevalence at country level. WHO African Region
Antigua and Barbuda Insufficient lead time for implementing activities and also confusion as to the funds available for campaign etc. Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Armenia not available Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Australia The tobacco and e-cigarette industries, together with individuals and organisations whose interests may be aligned to these industries, continue to be the main constraint to further implementation of the WHO FCTC in Australia. The tobacco industry has taken a number of actions to oppose Australia’s tobacco control agenda, particularly in relation to the world first tobacco plain packaging legislation. Imperial Tobacco Australia, Philip Morris Limited and British American Tobacco Australia ran large scale campaigns against the tobacco plain packaging measure using television, radio and print media advertising, social media, cards inserted into cigarette packs, and thousands of postcards sent to Members of Parliament. Australian Government departments have been inundated with freedom of information requests seeking access to documents relating to tobacco control and tobacco plain packaging. As at the time of submission of this report, the Department of Health had received 106 such requests since April 2010, including many from the tobacco industry. Handling these requests involves substantial staff and legal resources. The most significant difficulties Australia has faced since the introduction of plain packaging is, domestic and international litigation, in three separate fora, initiated by the industry to challenge the lawfulness of our measure. Domestically, the tobacco industry challenged the measure in Australia’s High Court in 2012. The tobacco industry claimed the legislation contravened Australia’s Constitution on the basis that tobacco plain packaging constituted an acquisition of their property (including their intellectual property) by the Australian Government. Australia was successful in the High Court, which ruled by majority, six judges to one that the legislation was not contrary to the Australian Constitution. Australia has also faced international legal challenges in relation to the plain packaging measure. The first was brought by Philip Morris Asia’s challenge to the measure under the investor-State dispute provisions of a Bilateral Investment Treaty between Australia and Hong Kong. On 18 December 2015, the Tribunal in this arbitration issued a decision unanimously agreeing with Australia’s position that the Tribunal has no jurisdiction to hear Philip Morris’s claim. The disputes brought in the World Trade Organization (WTO) by five WTO Members states – Ukraine (which has since withdrawn its request), Honduras, Dominican Republic, Cuba and Indonesia remain ongoing. The Panel has indicated that it does not expect to circulate its final report to all WTO Members until the second half of 2018. The tobacco industry has taken a number of actions to oppose Australia’s tobacco control agenda, particularly in relation to the world first tobacco plain packaging legislation. Imperial Tobacco Australia, Philip Morris Limited and British American Tobacco Australia ran large scale campaigns against the tobacco plain packaging measure using television, radio and print media advertising, social media, cards inserted into cigarette packs, and thousands of postcards sent to Members of Parliament. Australian Government departments have been inundated with freedom of information requests seeking access to documents relating to tobacco control and tobacco plain packaging. As at the time of submission of this report, the Department of Health had received 67 such requests since April 2010, including 53 from the tobacco industry. Handling these requests involves substantial staff and legal resources. The most significant difficulties Australia has faced since the introduction of plain packaging is, domestic and international litigation, in three separate fora, initiated by the industry to challenge the lawfulness of our measure. Domestically, the tobacco industry challenged the measure in Australia’s High Court in 2012. The tobacco industry claimed the legislation contravened Australia’s Constitution on the basis that tobacco plain packaging constituted an acquisition of their property (including their intellectual property) by the Australian Government. Australia was successful in the High Court, which ruled by majority, six judges to one, that the legislation was not contrary to the Australian Constitution. Australia has also faced international legal challenges in relation to the plain packaging measure. The first was brought by Philip Morris Asia’s challenge to the measure under the investor-State dispute provisions of a Bilateral Investment Treaty between Australia and Hong Kong. On 18 December 2015, the Tribunal in this arbitration issued a decision unanimously agreeing with Australias position that the Tribunal has no jurisdiction to hear Philip Morris’s claim. The challenge that is still afoot is the World Trade Organization (WTO) disputes brought by five countries - Ukraine, Honduras, Dominican Republic, Cuba and Indonesia. In May 2015, the dispute settlement panel agreed to Ukraine’s request to suspend its proceedings against Australia with a view to finding a mutually agreed solution. Ukraine remains a third party to the disputes. The Panel has indicated that it does not expect to issue its final report to the parties before mid-2016. WHO Western Pacific Region
Austria Apart from significantly strengthening the provitions on youth protection (e.g. introduction of a smoking ban in vehicles when persons under 18 years of age are present,etc.), the work program of the Austrian Government (2017-2022) provides, within narrow bounds, for the maintenance of existing exemptions to the smoking ban in the hospitality sector. While initially the amendment to the Austrian Tobacco Law Act from April 2018 decided to maintain the previous special regulations for gastronomy with May 2018, during the period of the transitional government in summer 2019 the absolute smoking ban for the hospitality sector with the corresponding parliamentary majorities was passed, which came into force with November 1, 2019. Apart from significantly strengthening the provitions on youth protection (e.g. introduction of a smoking ban in vehicles when persons under 18 years of age are present,etc.), the work program of the Austrian Government (2017-2022) provides, within narrow bounds, for the maintenance of existing exemptions to the smoking ban in the hospitality sector. Interventions of the Austrian chamber of commerce have resulted in difficulties to grant necessary parliamentary majorities for implementing among others further restrictions regarding the sale/consumption of tobacco products (ban of vending machines, etc.), total smoking bans in hospitality venues, etc. Low compliance with existing smoking bans in some areas (- district authorities competent for controlling the compliance and sanctioning violations are struggling with capacity constraints). WHO European Region
Azerbaijan Answer not provided Answer not provided There is no comprehensive National Tobacco Control Strategy currently in force in Azerbaijan. However, the National NCD Strategy and Operational Plan including measures on tobacco control approved in December 2015 would help to solve this problem. WHO European Region
Bahamas Report not provided Report not provided Competing legislative priorities. These affect efforts to enact Tobacco Legislation include efforts to revise Public Health Rules, Modification to Acts relating to Physicians, nurses and medical services, the focus on legislation related to National Health Insurance and Single Governance Structure in the Public Health Sector. Recent introduction of tobacco manufacturing in country WHO Region of the Americas
Bahrain (Kingdom of) updating Antismoking Law is still one of the main constraints in implementing the convention. in addition, lack of global and national scientific research on novel tobacco products. THE TREMENDOUS EFFECT OF GLOBAL ADVERTISEMENT ON TOBACCO PRODUCTS IN GENERAL AND ENDS SPECIFICALLY, WHICH REQUIRES CONTINOUS MONITORIN TO COUNTERACT THESE EFFECTS. IN ADDITION, WHILE WE ARE WAITING FOR THE UPDATE OF ANTISMOKING LAW TO GO THROUGH THE ROUTINE PROCEDURES, THE VIOLATIONS OF ANTISMOKING LAW CONTINUES, HOWEVER, IN LESSER EXTENTS COMPARED TO PREVIUOS YEARS. Bahrain is one of the GCC countries, we share common grounds for costumes and trade system. Tobacco products are provided with same specifications in all GCC, hence, we face difficulties in applying roles and regulations which may not be applied in other GCC countries. we are often accused of being strict in tobacco control measures compared to other GCC countries WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Bangladesh Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Barbados As a small island state with limited human resources there is only one individual assigned to tobacco prevention and control;. this focal point has other responsibilities. There are limited financial resources available and other competing public health priorities in a low prevalence tobacco smoking jurisdiction. PAHO should continue to support countries in the Caribbean subregion in their tobacco control programmes As a small island state with limited human resources there is only one individual assigned to tobacco prevention and control;. this focal point has other responsibilities. There are limited financial resources available and other competing public health priorities in a low prevalence tobacco smoking jurisdiction. PAHO should continue to support countries in the Caribbean subregion in their tobacco control programmes As a small island state with limited human resources there is only one individual assigned to tobacco prevention and control;. this focal point has other responsibilities. There is limited financial resources available and other competing public health priorities in a low prevalence tobacco smoking jurisdiction. PAHO should make a more concerted effort to support countries in the region of the English Speaking Caribbean in there control programmes WHO Region of the Americas
Belarus Противодействие табачной промышленности - стремление представителей табачных компаний отсрочить введение принимаемых законодательных документов, многократные обращения в вышестоящие структуры в целях защиты своих интересов Противодействие табачной промышленности - стремление представителей табачных компаний отсрочить введение принимаемых законодательных документов, многократные обращения в вышестоящие структуры в целях защиты своих интересов Противодействие табачной промышленности - стремление представителей табачных компаний отсрочить введение принимаемых законодательных документов, ущемляющих их интересы, существующее мнение о нарушении прав человека при любом ужесточении мер в отношении снижения потребления табака, многократные обращения в вышестоящие структуры в целях защиты своих интересов WHO European Region
Belgium inertie des structures de létat, manque de volonté politique Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Belize Political Will still remains a constraint and a barrier in 2020. Report not provided Political Will WHO Region of the Americas
Benin pas obstacles , il y a le manque de ressources financières et aussi la volonté politique de retourner une partie des taxes perçues sur le tabac pour la lutte antitabac, de vite signer les textes dapplication de la loi pas dautres obstacles , il ny a que le manque de ressources financières pas dautres obstacles , il ny a que le manque de ressources financières WHO African Region
Bhutan Technical capacity to carry out an implementation of WHO FCTC Technical capacity to carry out an implementation of WHO FCTC Technical capacity to carry out implementation of FCTC WHO South-East Asia Region
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) La interferencia de la industria tabacalera es muy fuerte y no permite avanzar en la promulgación de nuevas medidas y normativa en tabaco. La interferencia de la industria tabacalera es muy fuerte y no permite avanzar en la promulgación de nuevas medidas y normativa en tabaco. Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bosnia and Herzegovina Intersectorial collaboration in FCTC implementation; Securing continued financing for tobacco control measures; Intersectorial collaboration in FCTC implementation Securing continued financing for tobacco control measures Intersectorial collaboration in FCTC implementation Securing continued financing for tobacco control measures WHO European Region
Botswana Like it has been indicated above, their is need for proper skill and expertise Like it has been indicated above, their is need for proper skill and expertise Report not provided WHO African Region
Brazil - Tobacco industry lobby in all sectors. (e.g.: National Congress, Executive). - Tobacco industry lawsuits against tobacco control measures. - Lack of knowledge by legislators and judges on the damages of smoking to public health and the tobacco industry strategies. - Staff changes in the top government disturb the implementation of planned activities. - Tobacco industry lobby in all sectors. (e.g.: National Congress, Executive). - Tobacco industry lawsuits against tobacco control measures. - Lack of knowledge by legislators and judges on the damages of smoking to public health and the tobacco industry strategies. - Staff changes in the top government disturb the implementation of planned activities. Tobacco industry lobby in all sectors. (e.g.: National Congress, Executive). Tobacco industry lawsuits against tobacco control measures. Lack of knowledge by legislators and judges on the damages of smoking to public health and the tobacco industry strategies. Staff changes in the top government disturb the implementation of planned activities. WHO Region of the Americas
Brunei Darussalam The fact that tobacco products have not been imported nor sold formally in the country since May 2014 makes it a bit challenging in moving some of the agenda forward. Also, the fact there are now many different types of tobacco products, such as e-cigarettes, heated tobacco products etc, being developed at a fast rate & which have controversial findings that makes it difficult to sometimes explain to the public in a simple way as well as to include these within the local Tobacco Order and Regulations. The fact that tobacco products have not been imported nor sold formally in the country since end of 2014 makes it a bit challenging in moving some of the agenda forward. Also, the fact there are now many different types of tobacco products, such as e-cigarettes, heat-not-burn cigarettes etc, being developed at a fast rate & which have controversial findings that makes it difficult to sometimes explain to the public in a simple way as well as to include these within the local Tobacco Control Order and Regulations. Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Bulgaria Limited human resources at all levels (MoH, RHI, NCPHA) - insufficient human resources for effective and sustainable implementation of the program; Very limited human resources in RHIs for health promotion and disease prevention Lack of interest in taking positions related to the health promotion and disease prevention in RHI and NCPHA and low-paid staff turnover. Insufficient cooperation between the Health Sector and other Administrations, institutions, departments etc. on the problems of the program, reflecting the principle of "Health in all policies" Limited human resources at all levels (MoH, RHI, NCPHA) - insufficient human resources for effective and sustainable implementation of the program; Very limited human resources in RHIs for health promotion and disease prevention Lack of interest in taking positions related to the health promotion and disease prevention in RHI and NCPHA and low-paid staff turnover. Insufficient cooperation between the Health Sector and other Administrations, institutions, departments etc. on the problems of the program, reflecting the principle of "Health in all policies" Answer not provided WHO European Region
Burkina Faso - Lingérence de lindustrie du tabac dans lapplication des textes antitabac; - Linsuffisance de personnel qualifié pour la lutte antitabac; Lingérence de lindustrie du tabac dans lapplication des textes antitabac; Linsuffisance de personnel qualifié pour la lutte antitabac; La faible contribution de la société civile antitabac dans la lutte antitabac Lingérence de lindustrie du tabac dans lapplication des textes antitabac; Linsuffisance de personnel qualifié pour la lutte antitabac; La faible contribution de la société civile antitabac dans la lutte antitabac WHO African Region
Burundi -Labsence dune loi nationale sur la lutte contre le tabagisme et des textes qui la régissent; -La loi des finances ne permet pas un budget alloué directement à la lutte contre le tabagisme; -Peu de partenaires dans la lutte contre le tabagisme; -Manque de données sur le tabagisme. Report not provided -Labsence dune loi nationale sur la lutte contre le tabagisme et des textes qui la régissent; -La loi des finances ne permet pas un budget alloué directement à la lutte contre le tabagisme; -Peu de partenaires dans la lutte contre le tabagisme; -Manque de données sur le tabagisme. WHO African Region
Cabo Verde Le renforcement des capacités de la société civile pour une plus grande participation. Engagement plus renforcé du Ministère de la Santé et de lOMS Le renforcement des capacités de la société civile pour une plus grande participation. Engagement plus renforcé du Ministère de la Santé et de lOMS Le renforcement des capacités de la société civile pour une plus grande participation. Engagement plus renforcé du Ministère de la Santé et de lOMS WHO African Region
Cambodia Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Cameroon l’influence encore plus déterminante de l’industrie du tabac linfluence non négligeable de lindustrie du tabac linfluence non négligeable de lindustrie du tabac WHO African Region
Canada Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Central African Republic Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Chad ingérence de lIDT et Instabilité politique ingérence de lIDT et Instabilité politique Report not provided WHO African Region
Chile Un aspecto importante siempre es considerar las prioridades de la autoridad en términos regulatorios y la necesaria sincronía con el poder legislativo en el avance y discusión de las propuestas. La actual indicación a la ley incluye empaquetado genérico, prohibición de aditivos y regulación expresa de dispositivos electrónicos pero su avance depende del congreso. Answer not provided Las distintas discusiones en el desarrollo de tratados de libre comercio. Se requiere por tanto un mayor acuerdo mundial sobre la preminencia de criterios de salud versus criterios económicos. WHO Region of the Americas
China 吸烟人群数量巨大,但部分人群对吸烟及二手烟草烟雾危害认识不足,相关法律法规有待进一步健全和执行。 吸烟人群数量巨大,但部分人群对吸烟及二手烟草烟雾危害认识不足,相关法律法规有待进一步健全。 吸烟人群数量巨大,公众对吸烟及二手烟草烟雾危害认识不足,无国家级控烟立法,控烟的社会风气尚待形成。 WHO Western Pacific Region
Colombia - Interferencia de la industria en procesos relacionados con las estrategias y medidas de control de tabaco: interposición de recursos legales y administrativos que retrasan los procesos y generan desgaste institucional. - Inadecuada interpretación de lo establecido en la norma, principalmente lo relacionado con ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco y en lo relativo a la prohibición total de la publicidad, promoción y patrocinio de los productos de tabaco-. - Falta de conocimiento de la Ley y las resoluciones reglamentarias de la misma, por parte de la sociedad civil, entes territoriales y gubernamentales, así como de las instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud. - Limitada articulación intersectorial entre los entes responsables de dar cumplimiento a la norma. - Nuevos productos de tabaco que desafían la regulación existente - Interferencia de la industria en procesos relacionados con las estrategias y medidas de control de tabaco: interposición de recursos legales y administrativos que retrasan los procesos y generan desgaste institucional. - Inadecuada interpretación de lo establecido en la norma, principalmente lo relacionado con ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco y en lo relativo a la prohibición total de la publicidad, promoción y patrocinio de los productos de tabaco-. - Falta de conocimiento de la Ley y las resoluciones reglamentarias de la misma, por parte de la sociedad civil, entes territoriales y gubernamentales, así como de las instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud. - Limitada articulación intersectorial entre los entes responsables de dar cumplimiento a la norma. - Nuevos productos de tabaco que desafían la regulación existente - Interferencia de la industria en procesos relacionados con las estrategias y medidas de control de tabaco: interposición de recursos legales y administrativos que retrasan los procesos y generan desgaste institucional. - Inadecuada interpretación de lo establecido en la norma, principalmente lo relacionado con ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco y en lo relativo a la prohibición total de la publicidad, promoción y patrocinio de los productos de tabaco-. - Falta de conocimiento de la Ley y las resoluciones reglamentarias de la misma, por parte de la sociedad civil, entes territoriales y gubernamentales, así como de las instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud. - Limitada articulación intersectorial entre los entes responsables de dar cumplimiento a la norma. WHO Region of the Americas
Comoros Non implication effective de lEtat sur la mise en oeuvre des activités de lutte antitabac. Instabilité politique ( changement de gouvernement rapidement qui entraine la non continuite des activités de lutte antitabac) Sources humaines et financieres insuffisants Non implication effective de lEtat sur la mise en oeuvre des activités de lutte antitabac. Instabilité politique ( changement de gouvernement rapidement qui entraine la non continuite des activités de lutte antitabac) Sources humaines et financieres insuffisants Report not provided WHO African Region
Congo 1. La non inclusion des activités de lutte antitabac dans les activités de PNUD; 2. le manque du programme de lutte antitabac; 3. la faiblesse du comité de coordination de lutte antitabac due à la non fidélisation des cadres des autres ministères faisant parti de cette coordination. Report not provided 1. La non inclusion des activités de lutte antitabac dans les activités de PNUD; 2. Labsence des données car aucune enquête na été réalisée sur le plan national en dehors de GYTS en 2006 et 2009; 3. le manque du programme de lutte antitabac; 4. la faiblesse du comité de coordination de lutte antitabac due à la non fidélisation des cadres des autres ministères faisant parti de cette coordination. WHO African Region
Cook Islands Enforcement and monitoring of some of the program and activities. Enforcement and monitoring of some of the program and activities. Enforcement and monitoring of some of the program and activities. WHO Western Pacific Region
Costa Rica Carencia de una coordinación intersectorial que impulse la aplicación del CMCT. Algunas instituciones no han asumido responsabilidades específicas establecidas en la Ley 9028. Programa de Control de Tabaco del Ministerio de Salud con recurso humano insuficiente e itinerante. Posible interferencia de la industria tabacalera en las decisiones gubernamentales. *No se cuenta con pruebas fehacientes. Ha habido un aumento en la comercialización de cigarrillos electrónicos y vaporizadores, especialmente destinados a los jóvenes- Algunas instituciones que no han asumido las responsabilidades establecidas en la Ley 9028, especialmente en el deporte y recreación, en la fiscalización por parte de las municipalidades. Poco recurso humano para el control y fiscalización del cumplimiento de la Ley por parte del Ministerio de Salud, a quien la ley le responsabiliza de esta tarea. Esto se ve limitado por la orden de la Contraloría General de la República, que se pronuncio en contra de que se utilicen los recursos del impuesto al tabaco para contratar personal en alguna de las cuatro instituciones que reciben dinero (Ministerio de Salud, CCSS, IAFA e ICODER). Interferencia de la industria tabacalera a través de los grupos fachada, que son las cámaras empresariales, las cuales se han manifestado en contra de medidas más restrictivas, como en el caso del sistema de trazabilidad a los productos de tabaco. Hay una falta de estudios desde las instituciones públicas sobre el problema del comercio ilícito, lo que provoca que no se cuenten con cifras oficiales, obtenidas por métodos independientes de los que manejan las cámaras empresariales y la industria tabacalera. Ha habido un aumento en la comercialización de cigarrillos electrónicos y vapeadores, especialmente destinados a los jóvenes, y la legislación actual ha dejado portillos abiertos en ese sentido, anudado a un desconocimiento sobre estos de parte de las autoridades e inspectores. Instituciones que no han asumido las responsabilidades establecidas en la Ley 9028 Poco recurso humano para el control y fiscalización del cumplimiento de la Ley por parte del Ministerio de Salud a quien la ley 9028 responsabiliza de esta tarea. Interferencia de la Industria Tabacalera a través de grupos fachada WHO Region of the Americas
Côte d'Ivoire Ingérence de lindustrie du tabac; lapplication des directives de lUEMOA relatives à la fiscalité sur les produits du tabac; Insuffisance de renforcement des capacités des acteurs de la lutte antitabac; Insuffisance de formations des agents de santé à la promotion du sevrage tabagique; Insuffisance de formation et de sensibilisation du public aux risques pour la santé liés à la consommation des produits du tabac. Ingérence de lindustrie du tabac Ingérence de lindustrie du tabac WHO African Region
Croatia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Cyprus There are notable difficulties in enforcing the relevant legislation in terms of not smoking in public places. There are notable difficulties in enforcing the relevant legislation in terms of not smoking in public places. There are notable difficulties in enforcing the relevant legislation in terms of not smoking in public places. WHO European Region
Czech Republic There is lack of accredited laboratories to analyse tobacco products, e.g. novel tobacco products, smokeless tobacco (excluding the emission measurement in cigarettes) For example lack of personal capacities at the Ministry of Health, the Office of the Government, etc. for tobacco control measures. For example lack of personal capacities at the Ministry of Health for tobacco control measures. WHO European Region
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Strong advocacy for highlighting the risks associated with tobacco use and the need to strengthen effective practices for enforcing legal provisions. More efforts are needed to engage with all partners and stakeholders across multiple sectors for implementing effective tobacco control measure. Answer not provided Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1. manque de formation continue, 2. absence de coordination au niveau de toutes les provinces du pays, 3. interférence de lindustrie du tabac, 4. collaboration faible avec les ONGs de lutte antitabac. lAbscence de la Loi Anti-tabac insuffisance du personnel suite à la suspension des récrutements durant la réforme administrative alors que le pays est passé de 11 à 26 provinces sur un térritoire de 26345000 m2 avec 80.000.000 dhabitants -Manque de Loi anti tabac - Manque de volonté politique WHO African Region
Denmark Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Djibouti la coopération régionale et intergouvernementale qui ne ciblent pas la lutte antitabac en république de djibouti. Le soutien insuffisant pour le renforcement des capacités des cadres impliqués dans la mise en oeuvre. la coopération régionale et intergouvernementale qui ne ciblent pas la lutte antitabac en république de djibouti. Le soutien insuffisant pour le renforcement des capacités des cadres impliqués dans la mise en oeuvre. la coopération régionale et intergouvernementale qui ne cible pas la lutte antitabac. la diffusion dinformation relative WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Dominica Report not provided Report not provided Political will Perception that there is minimal tobacco consumption in the country hence this is not seen as a priority Local manufacturing of tobacco products exists and is seen as contributing to the economy WHO Region of the Americas
Ecuador Limitaciones en los recursos humanos para la propuesta e implementación de acciones en materia de control de tabaco. Limitaciones en los recursos humanos para la propuesta e implementación de acciones en materia de control de tabaco. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Egypt الحاجة الي توافق العديد من القطاعات الوطنية و وجود خطه عمل مشتركه شاملة لتحقيق اهداف الاتفاقية الحاجة الي توافق العديد من القطاعات الوطنية و وجود خطه عمل مشتركه شاملة لتحقيق اهداف الاتفاقية الحاجة الي توافق العديد من القطاعات الوطنية و وجود خطه عمل مشتركه شاملة لتحقيق اهداف الاتفاقية WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
El Salvador 1. Interferencia de la industria tabacalera. 2. Comercio ilícito de productos del tabaco y derivados. 3. Cambios en las gestiones gubernamentales, dada la necesidad de iniciar nuevos procesos de cabildeo de formación de los cuerpos políticos y técnicos vinculados. Interferencia de la industria tabacalera. Comercio ilícito de productos del tabaco y derivados Formación de competencia en los recursos sanitarios para contrarrestar la interferencia de la industria tabacalera y para el ejercicio de la autoridad regulatoria. Interferencia de la industria tabacalera. Comercio ilícito de productos del tabaco y derivados Formación de competencia en los recursos sanitarios para contrarrestar la interferencia de la industria tabacalera y para el ejercicio de la autoridad regulatoria. WHO Region of the Americas
Equatorial Guinea INSUFICIENCIAS DE MEDIOS FINANCIEROS. INSUFICIENCIAS DE MEDIOS FINANCIEROS. INSUFICIENCIAS DE MEDIOS FINANCIEROS. WHO African Region
Estonia The opposition of the tobacco industry lobby in other governmental and public institutions and in the Parliament to implementing stricter tobacco control policies. The opposition of the tobacco industry lobby in other governmental and public institutions and the Parliament in implementing stricter tobacco control policies. The opposition of the tobacco industry lobby in other governmental and public institutions and the Parliament in implementing stricter tobacco control policies. WHO European Region
Eswatini Report not provided Report not provided Technical Assistance; Mentoring. WHO African Region
Ethiopia Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
European Union Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Fiji tobacco industry interference Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Finland None. None. None. WHO European Region
France Contournements aux dispositif réglementaires (publicité pour les nouveaux produits du tabac, dossiers de notification des produits incomplets) ; une implication de l’ensemble des professionnels de santé à accroître ; une application défaillante de la réglementation, notamment, de l’interdiction de la vente aux mineurs ; un dispositif de contrôle à améliorer ; un effort de prévention à renforcer, en particulier dans les établissements scolaires. L’ingérence de l’industrie ainsi que des acteurs économiques partenaires (Buralistes) ; Une appréciation toujours incertaine des coûts sanitaires liés au tabac ; une implication de l’ensemble des professionnels de santé à accroître ; une application défaillante des réglementations sanitaires et, notamment, de l’interdiction de la vente aux mineurs ; des contrôles déficients ; un effort de prévention très timide, en particulier dans les établissements scolaires. (rapport de la cour de comptes : https://www.ccomptes.fr/sites/default/files/EzPublish/RPA2016-Tome-2-integral.pdf ) La nécessité de plus de transparence et de moins dinfluence des lobbies pro-tabac. En ce sens a été voté larticle 26 de la loi de santé. La nécessité dune augmentation de la fréquence des contrôles. En ce sens a été voté larticle 31 de la loi de santé. WHO European Region
Gabon Linsuffisance des moyens financiers et logistiques. Linsuffisance du personnel de qualité; Insuffisance des moyens logistiques. Linsuffisance du personnel de qualité; Insuffisance des moyens logistiques (le Directeur du Programme de Lutte antitabac demeure sans bureau) WHO African Region
Gambia Capacity development to meet the growing challenges faced by the tobacco industries and strengthening the community engagement. Tobacco Industry Interference. Capacity development to meet the growing challenges faced by the tobacco industries and strengthening the community engagement this is addressed in the needs assessment report 2012 WHO African Region
Georgia Main barrier remains tobacco industry influence and lack of sensitization and support of government officials outside of health sector on the benefits of comprehensive tobacco control measures for both, health and development. Main barrier remains tobacco industry influence and lack of sensitization of government officials outside of health sector on the benefits of comprehensive tobacco control measures for both, health and development. Despite the aforementioned efforts, analysis of current tobacco control legislation and Its implementation shows that on the one hand there is a solid background for significant improvements in tobacco-related situation in the country, however it is of utmost importance to strengthen the legislation in-line with the WHO FCTC and EU Directives on tobacco and enhance the political will for enabling effective enforcement of the existing laws. Main barrier remains tobacco industry influence and lack of sensitization of government officials outside of health sector on the benefits of comprehensive tobacco control measures for both, health and development. WHO European Region
Germany Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Ghana There is increasing popularity of Shisha and ENDS becoming a serious emerging tobacco control problem. Food and Drug Authority (FDA) has been pulling Down Bill Board advertising Shisha and efforts are underway to see how Administrative Instrument could be used to stop its use. There is increasing popularity of Shisha and ENDS becoming a serious emerging tobacco control problem. Food and Drug Authority (FDA) has been pulling Down Bill Board advertising Shisha and efforts are underway to see how Administrative Instrument could be used to stop its use. 1. Possible tobacco industry interference 2. Increasing popularity of Shisha and ENDS requiring regulation WHO African Region
Greece ongoing reforms ongoing reforms ongoing reforms WHO European Region
Grenada Limited political will due to the perceived low tobacco use in the country Limited political will due to the perceived low tobacco use in the country Limited political will due to the perceived low tobacco use in the country WHO Region of the Americas
Guatemala Interferencia de la industria Dificultad para satisfacer requerimientos de transparencia, en comparación con las provisiones del artículo 5.3 Limitaciones constitucionales Limitaciones en la regulación para atender productos novedosos Inestabilidad política en el país (afectado la continuidad de las autoridades sanitarias) Interferencia de la industria Dificultad para satisfacer requerimientos de transparencia, en comparación con las provisiones del artículo 5.3 Limitaciones constitucionales Inestabilidad política en el país (afectado la continuidad de las autoridades sanitarias) Interferencia de la industria Dificultad para satisfacer requerimientos de transparencia, en comparación con las provisiones del artículo 5.3 Limitaciones constitucionales WHO Region of the Americas
Guinea Report not provided Report not provided Les obstacles sont liés en grande partie outre le manque de ressources a lappui technique pour la réalisation des priorités ci-dessus citées. Les écarts partent de la budgétisation des priorités . A ce jour, aucun financement nest attendu sauf pour la célébration de la journée mondiale sans tabac qui est financée par les fonds réguliers de lOMS qui en général dépassent rarement 3000 USD WHO African Region
Guinea-Bissau Faible implication des décideurs, instabilité politique et gouvernementale, manque de fonds pour la mise en œuvre des activités et manque dassistance technique. Weak involvement of decision makers, political and governmental instability, lack of funds to implement activities and lack of technical assistance. Weak involvement of decision makers, political and governmental instability, lack of funds to implement activities and lack of technical assistance. WHO African Region
Guyana The Tobacco Company is still aggressive in its efforts to delay the Tobacco Control process for example, indirect sponsorship and advertising. The Tobacco Company is still aggressive in its efforts to delay the Tobacco Control process for example, indirect sponsorship and advertising. The Tobacco Company is still aggressive in its efforts to delay the Tobacco Control process for example, indirect sponsorship and advertising. WHO Region of the Americas
Honduras La falta de un trabajo insterinstitucional coordinado en base a la aplicaciòn de la Ley por parte de otras instituciones tanto del Estado como del apoyo y acompañamiento de las ONGs La falta de personal capacitado para llevar a cabo las funciones de inspectoría en coordinación con las Alcaldías Municipales del país. La falta de un trabajo insterinstitucional coordinado en base a la aplicaciòn de la Ley por parte de otras instituciones tanto del Estado como del apoyo y acompañamiento de las ONGs La falta de personal capacitado para llevar a cabo las funciones de inspectoría en coordinación con las Alcaldías Municipales del país. La falta de un trabajo insterinstitucional coordinado en base a la aplicaciòn de la Ley por parte de otras instituciones tanto del Estado como del apoyo y acompañamiento de las ONGs La falta de personal capacitado para llevar a cabo las funciones de inspectoría en coordinación con las Alcaldías Municipales del país. WHO Region of the Americas
Hungary Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Iceland Iceland has a very small population. We do not have manpower and institutions to deal with all issues and aspects of the Convention as we would want. Cooperation is very valuable for Iceland in lower the harm caused by tobacco consumption. Iceland has a very small population, little over 300 thousand inhabitants. We do not have manpower and institutions to deal with all issues and aspects of the Convention as we would want. Cooperation is very valuable for Iceland in lower the harm caused by tobacco consumption. Iceland has a very small population, little over 300 thousand inhabitants. We do not have manpower and institutions to deal with all issues and aspects of the Convention as we would want. Cooperation is very valuable for Iceland in lower the harm caused by tobacco consumption. WHO European Region
India India is the 2nd consumer and 3rd largest producer of tobacco products in the world and a plethora of tobacco products (both smoking and smokeless) are used in India. A very large section of the tobacco industry is unorganised and bidi industry is a home based industry, mostly women from the low socio-economic strata of the society. India is the 2nd consumer and 3rd largest producer of tobacco products in the world and a plethora of tobacco products (both smoking and smokeless) are used in India. A very large section of the tobacco industry is unorganised and bidi industry is a home based industry, mostly women from the low socio-economic strata of the society. India is the 2nd consumer and 3rd largest producer of tobacco products in the world and a plethora of tobacco products (both smoking and smokeless) are used in India. A very large section of the tobacco industry is unorganised and bidi industry is a home based industry providing employment to 6.3 million people, mostly women from the low socio-economic strata of the society. WHO South-East Asia Region
Iran (Islamic Republic of) In raising tax on tobacco products still there is a debate on its effect on increasing the rate of illicit trade and employment In raising tax on tobacco products still there is a debate on its effect on increasing the rate of illicit trade and employment In raising tax on tobacco products still there is a debate on its effect on increasing the rate of illicit trade WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Iraq unstable the security and financial conditions in our country. The impact of tobacco industry interference in public health policies. unstable the security and financial conditions in our country. Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Ireland Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Israel The tobacco and nicotine industry interference in the parliament while promoting tobacco control regulation, and also challenging that regulation in the Supreme Court afterward. The period of year and a half of pre implementation and implementation processes consumed a significant time and resources on our behalf. The delicate political situation in Israel in the last two years and the current struggle with the Corona virus influence our capability to promote needed regulations. Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Italy The main difficulties are related to the coordination with other sectors of Italian Administration (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economical Development and Ministry of Agriculture) and other stakeholders. The main difficulties are related to the coordination with other sectors of Italian Administration (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economical Development and Ministry of Agriculture) and other stakeholders. The main difficulties are related to the coordination with other sectors of Italian Administration (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economical Development and Ministry of Agriculture) and other stakeholders. WHO European Region
Jamaica Interference by the Tobacco Industry and lack of capacity for enforcement in some areas. High attrition rates and the need for re-sensitization is also a factor. Interference by the Tobacco Industry and lack of capacity for enforcement in some areas. High attrition rates and the need for re-sensitization is also a factor. Interference by the Tobacco Industry and lack of capacity in some areas WHO Region of the Americas
Japan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Jordan عدم التوقيع على البروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع لمنتجات التبغ عدم التوقيع على البروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع لمنتجات التبغ Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kazakhstan Противодействие табачной индустрии и бизнес-ассоциаций Противодействие табачной индустрии и бизнес-ассоциаций Report not provided WHO European Region
Kenya Litigation by tobacco industry/ tobacco industry interference Reporting mechanism Enforcement mechanism Litigation by tobacco industry/ tobacco industry interference Reporting mechanism Enforcement mechanism Litigation by tobacco industry/ tobacco industry interference Reporting mechanism Enforcement mechanism WHO African Region
Kiribati (Please refer to Article 21.1(b).) (Please refer to Article 21.1(b).) (Please refer to Article 21.1(b).) WHO Western Pacific Region
Kuwait CApacity building Enforcement of the Law CApacity building Enforcement of the Law CApacity building Enforcement of the Law WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kyrgyzstan Report not provided Report not provided скрытое вмешательство табачной промышленности на всех уровнях принятия Решений WHO European Region
Lao People's Democratic Republic Constraints 1. National Tobacco Control Committee 2. Government commitment 3. Tobacco Control Law, Decrees and regulations Barriers 1. Tobacco Industry interference 2. There is no measure enforce for Tobacco Control Law/decree and regulation violation 3. Lack of resources 4. Limited knowledge on FCTC particularly non health sectors Constraints 1. National Tobacco Control Committee 2. Government commitment 3. Tobacco Control Law, Decrees and regulations Barriers 1. Tobacco Industry interference 2. There is no measure enforce for Tobacco Control Law/decree and regulation violation 3. Lack of resources 4. Limited knowledge on FCTC particularly non health sectors Constraints 1. National Tobacco Control Committee 2. Government commitment 3. Tobacco Control Law, Decrees and regulations Barriers 1. Tobacco Industry interference 2. There is no measure enforce for Tobacco Control Law/decree and regulation violation 3. Lack of resources 4. Limited knowledge on FCTC particularly non health sectors WHO Western Pacific Region
Latvia The growing market of new nicotine containing products, which are not covered by the FCTC and TPD2, but are made as tobacco containing and non-containing substitutes; impact of tobacco industry to tobacco control policy development through different stakeholders; cooperation with other institutions because of different interests. The growing market of new products, which are not covered by the FCTC, but are made as tobacco and smoking products substitutes; impact of tobacco industry to tobacco control policy development through different stakeholders; cooperation with other institutions because of different interests. The growing market of new products, which are not covered by the FCTC, but are made as tobacco products substitutes; impact of tobacco industry to tobacco control policy development through different stakeholders; Tobacco industry interference with the development of track-and-trace system. WHO European Region
Lebanon Lack of funding. Socio-political instability due to neighboring conflict in Syria. Lack of funding. Socio-political instability due to neighboring conflict in Syria. Lack of funding. Socio-political instability due to neighboring conflict in Syria. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lesotho Lack of capacity Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Liberia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Libya عدم إصدار قانون مكافحة التدخين و إستخدام التبغ حالة الطواري الموجودة في الدولة عدم تخصيص موارد ماليه A new Draft of tobacco control law has been made. it was proposed by minister of health to the cabinet. However, due to the emergency situation in the country and to the political crisis, this new law has not yet been adopted. عدم إصدار قانون مكافحة التدخين و إستخدام التبغ A new tobacco control law has been made. it was proposed by minister of health to the cabinet. However, due to the emergency situation in the country and to the political crisis, this new law has not yet been adopted. عدم إصدار قانون مكافحة التدخين و إستخدام التبغ A new tobacco control law has been made. it was proposed by minister of health to the cabinet. However, due to the emergency situation in the country and to the political crisis, this new law has not yet been adopted. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lithuania The main issue is neighbouring countries which did not ratified or become parties to the FCTC Protocol (Poland, Belarus, Russia). Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Luxembourg Article 17 et surtout larticle 6, Manque de ressouces humaines et financières. Article 17 et surtout larticle 6, Manque de ressouces humaines et financières Article 17 et surtout larticle 6, Manque de ressouces humaines et financières WHO European Region
Madagascar lourdeur de la procédure OMS pour débloquer le financement instabilité politique: pas de continuité des activités à chaque changement des autorités (il faut plaidoyer de nouveau) absence de Loi présence de l’épidémie (saisonnière, coronavirus) lourdeur de la procédure OMS pour débloquer le financement instabilité politique: pas de continuité des activités à chaque changement des autorités (il faut plaidoyer de nouveau) absence de Loi instabilité politique, WHO African Region
Malaysia Working with other Ministry and working with local Universities through various task force. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Maldives 1- High industry interference 2- Lax enforcement of tobacco control legislation 1- High industry interference 2- Lax enforcement of tobacco control legislation 1- High industry interference 2- Lax enforcement of tobacco control legislation WHO South-East Asia Region
Mali Adhésion de la population; Le respect des textes; la méconnaissance des effets du tabagisme Adhésion de la population; Le respect des textes Adhésion de la population; Le respect des textes WHO African Region
Malta n/a n/a Answer not provided WHO European Region
Marshall Islands Protocol of reviewing for feedback and comments with appropriate individual accordingly Protocol of reviewing for feedback and comments with appropriate individual accordingly Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Mauritania essentiellement, le manque de ressource, le non engagement des autres partenaires techniques et financiers qui ne sont pas lOMS essentiellement, le manque de ressource, le non engagement des autres partenaires techniques et financiers qui ne sont pas lOMS essentiellement, le manque de ressource, le non engagement des autres partenaires techniques et financiers qui ne sont pas lOMS WHO African Region
Mauritius The lack of technical expertise and assistance from WHO is strongly felt in the implementation of some articles of the WHO FCTC for example Article 9 and 10. There is a high need for the Convention Secretariat to help countries, willing to further implement the different articles of the Convention, by soliciting the technical assistance of WHO as and when required. The technical and complex nature of few articles of the WHO FCTC which render their application and implementation even more difficult. The implementation of the different articles of the WHO FCTC is also based on the realities in the related Parties The tobacco industry interference remains a constant barrier in the successful implementation of the Convention. WHO African Region
Mexico El cabildeo que la industria tabacalera hace en el congreso legislativo es uno de los principales obstáculos. Asimismo, la industria ha empleado amparos jurídicos que le permiten introducir en el mercado nuevos productos y evitar actos de autoridad por parte de las instancias del gobierno responsables de la regulación de sus productos. En las dos últimas legislaturas del congreso legislativo (ambas cámaras Diputados y Senadores) se han presentado más de 30 iniciativas para modificar y fortalecer la Ley General para el control del Tabaco Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Micronesia (Federated States of) Lack of commitment from political arena General Public view on the danger of tobacco use is less concern compare to communicable diseases Lack/less understanding Lack of commitment from political arena General Public view on the danger of tobacco use is less concern compare to communicable diseases Lack/less understanding Lack of commitment from political arena General Public view on the danger of tobacco use is less concern compare to communicable diseases Lack/less understanding WHO Western Pacific Region
Mongolia No full-time focal point for the FCTC at the Ministry of Health (MoH) Lack of capacity on introducing cost-effective interventions including tobacco cessation services Political instability reflects poor institutional memory at the MoH Frequent changes of the trained officer responsible for FCTC at the national level Tobacco Industrys Interference Conflict of interest at Parliament No full time focal point for the FCTC at Ministry of Health (MoH) Lack of capacity on introducing cost effective interventions including tobacco cessation services Political instability reflects poor institutional memory at the MoH Frequent changes of the trained officer responsible for FCTC at the national level Tobacco Industrys s Interference Conflict of interest at Parliament Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Montenegro Lack of human and technical resources. Better promotion of importance of FCTC application by the other sectors, except health, better implementation of laws which regulate use of tobacco products in public places, better monitoring and application of criminal provisions. Lack of human and technical resources. Better promotion of importance of FCTC application by the other sectors, except health, better implementation of laws which regulate use of tobacco products in public places, better monitoring and application of criminal provisions. Lack of human and technical resources. Better promotion of importance of FCTC application by the other sectors, except health, better implementation of laws which regulate use of tobacco products in public places, better monitoring and application of criminal provisions. WHO European Region
Myanmar Article 5.2: Multisectoral National Strategic Plan for tobacco control need to be developed. Article 5.3: All stakeholders and policy makers still need to be aware of and interested in protecting the public health policy from interfering by the tobacco industries. The multisectoral cooperation and collaboration need to be strengthened. Article 6: Various kinds of smoking and smokeless tobacco products are used in Myanmar. The tax rate and the price are still need to be raised. The tax structure is complicated. Article 8: Public awareness and compliance still low and law enforcement. is still weak. Article 11: It takes a long time to implement the pictorial health warning in Myanmar. The capacity and facilities are required for defining the potency of toxic chemicals of tobacco products. Article 12: Financial resources and effective strategies are required for raising public awareness. Article 13: Although Myanmar has comprehensive ban on TAPS, law enforcement is still required. Article 14: The National standard guideline still need to be developed and logistic support is required for counselling and cessation clinics. Article 15: The relevant regulations and multisectoral cooperation is required for controlling illicit tobacco products in Myanmar. Article 16: Law enforcement is still need to be strengthened. Article 5.2: Multisectoral National Strategic Plan for tobacco control need to be developed. Article 5.3: All stakeholders and policy makers still need to be aware of and interested in protecting the public health policy from interfering by the tobacco industries. The multisectoral cooperation and collaboration need to be strengthened. Article 6: Various kinds of smoking and smokeless tobacco products are used in Myanmar. The tax rate and the price are still need to be raised. The tax structure is complicated. Article 8: Public awareness and compliance still low and law enforcement. is still weak. Article 11: It takes a long time to implement the pictorial health warning in Myanmar. The capacity and facilities are required for defining the potency of toxic chemicals of tobacco products. Article 12: Financial resources and effective strategies are required for raising public awareness. Article 13: Although Myanmar has comprehensive ban on TAPS, law enforcement is still required. Article 14: The National standard guideline still need to be developed and logistic support is required for counselling and cessation clinics. Article 15: The relevant regulations and multisectoral cooperation is required for controlling illicit tobacco products in Myanmar. Article 16: Law enforcement is still need to be strengthened. Article 5.3: All stakeholders and policy makers still need to be aware of and interested in protecting the public health policy from interfering by the tobacco industries. The multisectoral cooperation and collaboration is required apart from the Ministry of Health’s effort. Article 6: In Myanmar, the use of cheroots, cigars and smokeless tobacco products are more prevalent than the manufactured cigarettes. So, the tax still need to raise harmoniously. Although the tax levied on cigarettes is 100% of the amount of sale price, the retail sale prices of cigarettes are still cheap in Myanmar in compared to other regional countries. Article 8: Public awareness still required and still need to strengthen the law enforcement. Article 11: It takes a long time to implement the pictorial health warning in Myanmar. The capacity and facilities are required for defining the potency of toxic chemicals of tobacco products. Article 12: Financial resources and effective strategies are required for raising public awareness. Article 13: Although Myanmar has comprehensive ban on TAPS, law enforcement is still required. Article 14: The National standard guideline still need to be developed and logistic support is required for counselling and cessation clinics. Article 15: The relevant regulations and multisectoral cooperation is required for controlling illicit tobacco products in Myanmar. Article 16: Law enforcement is still need to be strengthened. WHO South-East Asia Region
Namibia Lack of programme specific officers that can stear the programme to success. Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Nauru Wrong priorities lack of political will with stalling of tobacco legislation amendments. Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Nepal a. Tobacco Industry Interference in implementing tobacco control law b. Lack of coordination between stakeholders working on Tobacco control c. Lack of compliance among general public on tobacco control law. a. Tobacco Industry Interference in implementing tobacco control law b. Lack of public awareness on health risks and socioeconomic consequences of tobacco use Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Netherlands - Interpretation of the scope of the article - The support of citizens and the parliament. - Interpretation of the scope of the article - The support of citizens and the parliament. - Interpretation of the scope of the article - The support of citizens and the parlimen WHO European Region
New Zealand Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Nicaragua Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Niger INSUFFISANCE DANS LE FINANCEMENT DU TABAC PAR LETAT ET LES PTF ABSENCE DUN PROGRAMME NATIONAL POUR LA LUTTE ANTITABAC INSUFFISANCE DES MOYENS DE LA POLICE SANITAIRE CHARGEE DE LAPPLICATION DES TEXTES ANTITABAC INSUFFISANCE DE CAMPAGNES DE COMMUNICATION EN VERS LE GRAND PUBLIC SUR LES MEFAITS DU TABAC L’INGÉRENCE DE LINDUSTRIE DU TABAC Report not provided L’INGÉRENCE DE LINDUSTRIE DU TABAC WHO African Region
Nigeria Tobacco industry interference No donor partners to support tobacco control activities No donor partners to support tobacco control activities WHO African Region
Niue Lack of technical expertise and capacity, financial constraints, implementation problems Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Norway A feeling of "job done" among politicians and tobacco industry interference. A feeling of "job done" among politicians and tobacco industry interference. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Oman أ- تغلغل شركات التبغ لدي بعض العاملين من الجهات الحكومية الأخري وفي قراراتهم ب- الإلتزام السياسي ضعيف من بعض الجهات الحكومية ج-نقص في الموارد المالية لتنفيذ بنود الاتفاقية وفي توفير القوي العاملة في مكافحة التبغ أ- تغلغل شركات التبغ لدي بعض العاملين من الجهات الحكومية الأخري وفي قراراتهم ب- الإلتزام السياسي ضعيف من بعض الجهات الحكومية ج-نقص في الموارد المالية لتنفيذ بنود الاتفاقية وفي توفير القوي العاملة في مكافحة التبغ أ- تغلغل شركات التبغ لدي بعض العاملين من الجهات الحكومية الأخري وفي قراراتهم ب- الإلتزام السياسي ضعيف من بعض الجهات الحكومية ج-نقص في الموارد المالية لتنفيذ بنود الاتفاقية وفي توفير القوي العاملة في مكافحة التبغ WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Pakistan i. Tobacco industry tactics to influence tobacco control policy decisions and legislation development. iii. Lack of scientific evidences regarding health cost of tobacco use. iv. Lack of quitting services/ cessation clinics. i. Tobacco industry tactics to influence tobacco control policy decisions and legislation development. ii. Lack of comprehensive national tobacco control policy and plan of action. iii. Lack of scientific evidences regarding health cost of tobacco use. iv. Lack of quitting services/ cessation clinics. i. Tobacco industry tactics to influence tobacco control policy decisions and legislation development. ii. Lack of comprehensive national tobacco control policy and plan of action. iii. Lack of scientific evidences regarding health cost of tobacco use. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Palau One barrier is that we don’t have local evidence on the cost savings with effective tobacco control. Thus we need targeted assistance with the development of an investment case for tobacco control as has been provided to several countries over the last couple of years. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Panama La limitación más relevante es la interferencia de la industria, pues no deja de influenciar negativamente la toma de decisiones de algunos entes gubernamentales y permanentemente tratan de utilizar a grupos de fachada o a "actores de prestigio" a nivel nacional o internacional para impedir los progresos del país en la implementación efectiva del CMCT. También influyen patrones culturales y sociales principalmente por el incremento de residentes extranjeros en el país. La limitación más relevante es la interferencia de la industria, pues no deja de influenciar en la toma de decisiones de algunos entes gubernamentales y permanentemente tratan de utilizar a grupos de fachada o a "actores de prestigio" a nivel nacional o internacional para impedir los progresos del país en la implementación efectiva del CMCT. También influyen patrones culturales y sociales principalmente por el exagerado incremento de residentes extranjeros en el país. La limitación más relevante es la a interferencia de la industria, pues no deja de influenciar en la toma de decisiones de algunos entes gubernamentales y permanente tratan de utilizar a grupos de fachada o a actores de prestigio a nivel nacional o internacional para impedir los progresos del país en la implementación efectiva del CMCT. También influyen patrones culturales y sociales principalmente por el exagerado incremento de residentes extranjeros en el país. WHO Region of the Americas
Papua New Guinea Industry interference Industry interference Industry interference WHO Western Pacific Region
Paraguay La limitación siempre ha sido la falta de recurso humano calificado y financiero; que siempre son escasos para hacer frente al poderío de la IT. La capacidad de lobby de las industrias son una limitante para la implementacion de políticas públicas en línea con el CMCT La limitación siempre ha sido la falta de recurso humano calificado y financiero; que siempre son escasos para hacer frente al poderío de la IT. La limitación siempre ha sido la falta de recurso humano calificado y financiero; que siempre son escasos para hacer frente al poderío de la IT. WHO Region of the Americas
Peru * Interferencia de la industria tabacalera, lo que obstaculiza la implementación de nuevas medidas y el cumplimiento de las existentes Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Philippines Political environment Political environment The following contraints or barriers were encountered in the implementation of the FCTC: Tobacco industry interference in policy development Lack of political will from national and local leaders Change in political leadership Competing priorities of the national and local leadership WHO Western Pacific Region
Poland Answer not provided Answer not provided Tobacco industry lobbing for blocking or delaying the implementation of comprehensive tobacco control policies; lack of comprehensive monitoring system for tobacco control law compliance; weak sanctions for breaking the provisions of tobacco control law. WHO European Region
Portugal The pressures from the tobacco industry and affiliated sector. The rise on the market of novel tobacco products and nicotine tobacco products and the industry harm reduction arguments. Difficulties in getting co-operation with other sectors. Social awareness about smoking risks is still low.Low perception of risk. Social acceptance of smoking. Low investment in the underraduate training of health professionals in smoking cessation and prevention. The pressures from the economic sector related with tobacco industry. Difficulties in geting the co-operation of other sectors. Social awareness about smoking risks is still low. Social acceptance of smoking. Low investment in the pregraduate training of health professionals in smoking cessation and prevention. The pressures from the economic sector related with tobacco industry. Social awareness about smoking risks is still low. Social acceptance of smoking. Low investment in the pregraduate training of health professionals in smoking cessation and prevention. WHO European Region
Qatar Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Republic of Korea * Deterioration of smoking cessation environment due to the launch of novel tobacco products and diverse tobacco advertisement and promotional activities including Youtube - Establishment and implementation of the Comprehensive Tobacco Control Policy which includes reinforcement of tobacco and other nicotine-included products and smoking device control to eradicate smoking-encouraging environment and properly respond to novel tobacco products (May 21, 2019) * Requirement of measures to protect the public health as severe lung disease occurred due to the use of liquid type e-cigarette in the USA (Sep 2019) and suspected domestic cases of lung disease (Oct 2019) - Establishment of the Safety Management Policy for liquid type e-cigarette jointly by related Ministries and agencies to take precautionary measures such as education of risk of liquid type e-cigarette use and recommendation of cessation (Oct. 2019) - Since the launching of the HTPs in May 2017, regulating and testing of tobacco products become an emerging challenge especially in controlling novel tobacco product. Ministry of Health and Welfare reaffirms that all tobacco products are harmful and there is no zero risk from using any types of tobacco products, and advocates its position with national and international evidence. -The National Assembly passed a bill that mandates the tobacco manufacturer to include graphic health warnings on cigarette packs in May 2015. However, the bill includes a provision stipulating that the images on cigarette packs must not be “excessively” repulsive, which likely to leaves room for argument between the responsible authorities and tobacco industries. Ministry of Health and Welfare has been conducting a research on effectiveness of the measure based on the evidence from other Parties, and best practices of other Parties in order to respond to any possible situation. - In relation to banning tobacco advertisement and promotion, the Ministry of Health and Welfare conducts monitoring on tobacco industry’s marketing activities and raise public awareness on the status of tobacco promotion in retail stores in order to create public supports on this issue. WHO Western Pacific Region
Republic of Moldova - Insufficient involvement in tobacco control measures of some relevant ministries as of Economy and of Finance, - Insufficient trained staff in National Agency for Public Health for Law on Tobacco Control fully enforcement - Insufficient involvement in tobacco control measures of some relevant ministries as of Economy and of Finance, - Insufficient trained staff in Public health Service for Law on Tobacco Control fully enforcement - Insufficient involvement in tobacco control measures of some relevant ministries as of Economy and of Finance, - Insufficient trained staff in Public health Service for Law on Tobacco Control fully enforcement WHO European Region
Romania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Russian Federation 1. Евразийский экономический союз не является членом-Стороной РКБТ ВОЗ, что создает определенные препятствия для реализации отдельных положений Конвенции на территории стран-участников ЕАЭС, и в России, частности. Барьером является международные договоры о торговых отношениях между Россией и странами Евразийского экономического союза и требования о гармонизации акцизов на табачные изделия, препятствующие повышению акцизов на табачную продукцию в России до уровня, рекомендованного ВОЗ. 2. Серьезным препятствием для осуществления Конвенции в России является постоянное лоббирование табачной индустрией своих коммерческих интересов в обход действующего законодательства и попытки вмешательства в государственную политику противодействия потреблению табака и иной никотинсодержащей продукции. Report not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Rwanda The revised tobacco control law pending enactment The revised tobacco control law pending enactment Report not provided WHO African Region
Saint Kitts and Nevis Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Lucia Concern of policy makers for the impact on tourism Public support for tobacco control needs to be galvanized Interference by Tobacco Industry in control efforts Concern of policy makers for the impact on tourism Public support for tobacco control needs to be galvanized Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Samoa Lack of finance and technical support. Lack of finance and technical support. Lack of finance and technical support. WHO Western Pacific Region
San Marino Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Sao Tome and Principe Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Saudi Arabia - - - WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Senegal Des problèmes sont notés dans les domaines suivants: - faire en sortes que lappui des bailleurs soit pérennisé. - de l application des moyens de surveillance de l’industrie du tabac; - de la taxation du tabac et des produits du tabac; - de poursuite les activités déducation, de sensibilisation, communication et de formation des populations vulnérables en occurrence les jeunes et surtout les filles et les femmes en âge de reproduction; - de la Protection des populations contre lexposition à la fumée du tabac; - de lapplication des sanctions prévues par la loi. Des problèmes sont notés dans les domaines: - faire en sortes que lappui des bailleurs soit perennisé. - de l application des moyens de surveillance de l’industrie du tabac; - de la taxation du tabac et des produits du tabac; - de Poursuite les activités déducation, de sensibilisation, communication et de formation des populations vulnérables en occurrence les jeunes et les surtout les filles et les femmes en âge de reproduction. - de la Protection des population contre lexposition à la fumée du tabac. - de lapplication des sanctions prévues par la loi. Answer not provided WHO African Region
Serbia 1. Lack of awareness and knowledge of obligations that originate from the WHO FCTC which has been in force since 2006 in Serbia; 2. Low priority of tobacco control in the governmental policy; 3. Strong influence of tobacco industry through difference routes, including government, various employers’ organizations, foreign chamber of commerce, etc.; 4. Insufficient multisectorial coordination; 5. Scarce and scattered human resources in tobacco control; 6. Insufficient involvement of civil society organizations in different aspects of tobacco control. 1. Lack of awareness and knowledge of obligations that originated from the WHO FCTC which has been in force since 2006 in Serbia; 2. Low priority of tobacco control in the Governmental policy; 3. Strong influence of tobacco industry through difference routes, such as various employers organizations, foreign chamber of commerce, etc; 4. Insufficient multisectorial coordination; 5. Scarce and scattered human resources in tobacco control; 6. Insufficient involvement of civil society organizations in different aspects of tobacco control. 1. Lack of awareness and knowledge of obligations that originated from the WHO FCTC which has been in force since 2006 in Serbia; 2. Low priority of tobacco control in the Governmental policy, as economic crisis and transitions attract more attention; 3. Strong influence of tobacco industry through difference routes, such as various employers organizations, foreign chamber of commerce, etc; 4. Insufficient multisectorial coordination; 5. Scarce and scattered human resources in tobacco control; 6. Insufficient involvement of civil society organizations in different aspects of tobacco control. WHO European Region
Seychelles Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Sierra Leone 1. Absence of legislation on tobacco control 2. Lack of established functional FCTC Secretariat 3. Change of public health priorities such as Ebola outbreak & mudslide 4. Bureaucracy in accessing/contacting line Ministries, Parliament etc 1. Absence of legislation on tobacco control 2. Lack of established functional FCTC Secretariat 3. Change of public health priorities such as Ebola outbreak & mudslide 4. Closure of parliament due to national electioneering process, led to a halt in the implementation of the convention, especially in the area of legislation Answer not provided WHO African Region
Singapore Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Slovakia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Slovenia Report not provided Tobacco industry interference by: submitting “economic” analysis on impact of tax increase on revenue; Raising fear of illicit trade as a consequence of plain packaging Aggressive communication via media Threating with possible law suits as tobacco industry will not be able to use their brands on packaging Prominent individuals warning against the strict tobacco-control law claiming that it represents Threat to public health Threat to security Tobacco industry interference by: submitting “economic” analysis on impact of tax increase on revenue; Raising fear of illicit trade as a consequence of plain packaging Aggressive communication via media Threating with possible law suits as tobacco industry will not be able to use their brands on packaging Prominent individuals warning against the strict tobacco-control law claiming that it represents Threat to public health Threat to security WHO European Region
Solomon Islands Mixed bag of political commitment, lack of awareness of FCTC, tobacco industry interference, lack of funds Mixed bag of political commitment, lack of awareness of FCTC, tobacco industry interference, lack of funds Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
South Africa Implementation of Article 5.3 and industry influence on politicians and the media Implementation of Article 5.3 and industry influence on politicians and the media Implementation of Article 5.3 and industry influence on politicians and the media WHO African Region
Spain Dificultad a la hora de trasladar las motivaciones de salud pública a otras entidades ministeriales y hacerlas primar frente a las consideraciones de estos Departamentos que cuentan con un mayor peso en las decisiones gubernamentales. Esta dificultad conlleva la necesidad de aumentar los esfuerzos para coordinar y consensuar medidas o actuaciones de política frente al tabaquismo. Dificultad a la hora de trasladar las motivaciones de salud pública a otras entidades ministeriales y hacerlas primar frente a las consideraciones de estos Departamentos que cuentan con un mayor peso en las decisiones gubernamentales. Esta dificultad conlleva la necesidad de aumentar los esfuerzos para coordinar y consensuar medidas o actuaciones de política frente al tabaquismo. Dificultad a la hora de trasladar las motivaciones de salud pública a otras entidades ministeriales y hacerlas primar frente a las consideraciones de estos Departamentos que cuentan con un mayor peso en las decisiones gubernamentales. WHO European Region
Sri Lanka Lack of human resources to implementing relevant activities Lack of support from the Finance ministry Tobacco Company Interference Lack of human resources to implementing relevant activities Lack of support from the Finance ministry Tobacco Company Interference Lack of human resources to implementing relevant activities. WHO South-East Asia Region
Sudan ١. عدم وجود بحوث او دراسات تمثل قاعدة بيانات 2. السودان بلد مترامي الاطراف و تكثر فيه اللغات 3.وجود مزارع التبغ في السودان ١.عدم وجود احصائيات ودراسات او مسوحات حديثة للاستفادة منها في التدخلات المطلوبة لمكافحة التبغ ٢. زراعة التبغ بالسودان والأموال الطائلة التي يطلبها للمزارعين الذين توارثو زراعة التبغ Report not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Suriname Most likely many different types of illegal cigarettes in circulation. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Sweden Conclusions from the assessment of previous strategy for alcohol, narcotic drugs, doping and tobacco (ANDT) policy 2011-2015 may be found in the revised strategy. http://www.regeringen.se/rattsdokument/skrivelse/2016/02/skr.20151686/ Sweden has made progress in tobacco prevention and implemented rules in line with the WHO FCTC, but the efforts in tobacco prevention needs to continue. A governmental investigation will, among other things, review the regulation of marketing and sponsorship of tobacco products, the regulation of ENDS and make suggestions on how to regulate novel products. Conclusions from the assessment of previous strategy for alcohol, narcotic drugs, doping and tobacco (ANDT) policy 2011-2015 may be found in the revised strategy. http://www.regeringen.se/rattsdokument/skrivelse/2016/02/skr.20151686/ Conclusions from the assessment of previous strategy for alcohol, narcotic drugs, doping and tobacco (ANDT) policy 2011-2015 may be found in the revised strategy. http://www.regeringen.se/rattsdokument/skrivelse/2016/02/skr.20151686/ WHO European Region
Syrian Arab Republic Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Tajikistan Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Thailand Article 5.3: (1) Inconsistent campaign activities which supposed to be done continuously to educate the public and (2) even though ministerial notification in preventing the interference on tobacco control policy has been enacted, it covers only government officers from Ministry of Public Health only. Article 6: an estimated 50% of tobacco consumed in Thailand is "rolled-your own (RYO), which is taxed at a very low level as compared to manufactured cigarette. Article 8: Ineffective law enforcement and weak monitoring Article 13: Ineffective law enforcement; especially sale and promotion on internet Article 14 : most current smokers do not visit health care facilities for cessation service. Article 15: illicit tobacco product still found at street vendor and flea market. Article 16: Ineffective law enforcement on the sale to minor because some smokers aged under 20 years can still purchase manufactured cigarette at retailer store, illegal sale of tobacco in small packets in small shops. Article 5.3: (1) Inconsistent campaign activities which supposed to be done continuously to educate the public and (2) even though ministerial notification in preventing the interference on tobacco control policy has been enacted, it covers only government officers. Article 6: an estimated 50% of tobacco consumed in Thailand is "rolled-your own (RYO), which is taxed at a very low level as compared to manufactured cigarette. Article 8: Ineffective law enforcement. Article 14 : most current smokers do not visit health care facilities for cessation service. Article 15: illicit tobacco product still found at street vendor and flea market. Article 16: Ineffective law enforcement about the sell to minor because some smoker aged under 20 years can purchase manufactured cigarette at retailer store. Article 5.3: (1) Inconsistent campaign activities which supposed to be done continuously to educate the public and (2) even though ministerial notification in preventing the interference on tobacco control policy has been enacted, it covers only government officers. Article 6: an estimated 50% of tobacco consumed in Thailand is "rolled-your own (RYO), which is taxed at a very low level as compared to manufactured cigarette. Article 8: Ineffective law enforcement. Article 13: the Tobacco Control Product Act, 1992 does not cover some tobacco advertising, especially CSR and live broadcasts and internet from aboard. So, the country are on the process of amendment the act to ensure comprehensive tobacco control legislation. Article 15: illicit tobacco product still found at street vendor and flea market. Article 14 : most current smokers do not visit health care facilities for cessation service. Article 16: Ineffective law enforcement about the sell to minor because current smoker aged 15 - 17 years can purchase manufactured cigarette for themselves at store where cigarette are sold. WHO South-East Asia Region
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia No effective controls of the process of implementation of the law No effective controls of the process of implementation of the law No effective controls of the process of implementation of the law WHO European Region
Timor-Leste Limited funding for implementation and lack of human resources. Limited funding for implementation and lack of human resources. Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Togo Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Tonga > Influence from Tobacco Industries at high levels of Government and has sought to weaken legislation and influence amendments on smoke-free bans. > Influence from Tobacco Industries at high levels of Government and has sought to weaken legislation and influence amendments on smoke-free bans. > Influence from Tobacco Industries at high levels of Government and has sought to weaken legislation and influence amendments on smoke-free bans. WHO Western Pacific Region
Trinidad and Tobago Multi-ministry and multi-agency collaboration remains a challenge in the country. Multi-ministry and multi-agency collaboration is a challenge in the country. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Tunisia - la loi 17/98 a été révisée selon les directives de la convention cadre. Néanmoins, nous sommes en attente de la ratification de cette nouvelle loi par le parlement - le non respect de la loi dans les espaces où il est interdit de fumer - le manque dimplication des autres partenaires concernés par la lutte antitabac - la loi 17/98 a été révisée selon les directives de la convention cadre. Néanmoins, nous sommes en attente de la ratification de cette nouvelle loi par le parlement - le non respect de la loi dans les espaces où il est interdit de fumer - le manque dimplication des autres partenaires impliqués dans la lutte antitabac - la loi 17/98 a été révisée selon les directives de la convention cadre. Néanmoins, nous sommes en attente de lapprobation de cette nouvelle loi par le parlement - le non respect de la loi dans les espaces où il est interdit de fumer WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Turkey Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Turkmenistan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Tuvalu Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Uganda Report not provided Report not provided Limited expertise in terms of human resource in Tobacco Control, poor knowledge amongst other relevant sectors and Tobacco industry interference. WHO African Region
Ukraine Tobacco industry lobbying Tobacco industry lobbying Tobacco industry lobbying WHO European Region
United Arab Emirates لا توجد موازنه ماليه لدعم انشطة مكافحة التبغ لا توجد وحدة مستقله مسؤوله عن تنفيذ البرنامج لا يوجد موظفين مفرغين للقيام بتنفيذ البرنامج لا توجد موازنه ماليه لدعم انشطة مكافحة التبغ لا توجد وحدة مستقله مسؤوله عن تنفيذ البرنامج لا يوجد موظفين مفرغين للقيام بتنفيذ البرنامج لا توجد موازنه ماليه لدعم انشطة مكافحة التبغ WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
United Republic of Tanzania Lack of information on Tobacco control for decision makers Lack of information on Tobacco control for decision makers Lack of information on Tobacco control for decision makers WHO African Region
Uruguay - Dificultad de acceso a la conformación de equipos técnicos calificados. - Limitaciones en la consolidación de sistemas informáticos. - Escasa fluidez de la gestión administrativa. - Dificultad de acceso a la conformación de equipos técnicos calificados. - Limitaciones en la consolidación de sistemas informáticos. - Escasa fluidez de la gestión administrativa. Litigios por parte de la industria tabacalera. WHO Region of the Americas
Uzbekistan Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Vanuatu Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Venezuela Venezuela ha ido progresando en la aplicación del Convenio. Sin embargo tenemos unos retos en los cuales debemos seguir trabajando. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Viet Nam 1. Lack of capacity of tobacco control workforce at grass root levels 2. Tobacco industry interference 3. Lack of effective law enforcement 4. Lack policy for managing novel emerging tobacco products Lack of capacity of tobacco control workforce at grass root levels Tobacco industry interference Lack of effective law enforcement Lack of capacity of tobacco control workforce at grass root levels Tobacco industry interference Lack of effective law enforcement WHO Western Pacific Region
Yemen ضعف الالتزام الحكومي والسياسي والاجتماعي ومؤسسات المجتمع المدني والقطاع الخاص نحو مكافحة التبغ بشكل عام مؤدياً الى ضعف تنفيذ القوانين واللوائح الحالية الصادرة مُنذ سنوات والتعاون والتواصل مع الجهات ذات العلاقة والمؤسسات الحكومية المختلفة، إضافة الى ضعف البنية التحتية لبرنامج مكافحة التدخين وبالتالي ضعف القدرة على التعاون والتنسيق مع المنظمات المحلية والدولية العاملة في مجال مكافحة التبغ، ومن جانب آخر ضراوة اللوبي الداعم لشركات التبغ وذلك بتعطيل و/أو تأخير إصدار وتنفيذ القوانين واللوائح المختلفة لإجراءات مكافحة التبغ والاستمرار في الدعاية والإعلان غير المباشر وأحياناً المباشر منها ضعف الالتزام الحكومي والسياسي والاجتماعي ومؤسسات المجتمع المدني والقطاع الخاص نحو مكافحة التبغ بشكل عام مؤدياً الى ضعف تنفيذ القوانين واللوائح الحالية الصادرة مُنذ سنوات والتعاون والتواصل مع الجهات ذات العلاقة والمؤسسات الحكومية المختلفة، إضافة الى ضعف البنية التحتية لبرنامج مكافحة التدخين وبالتالي ضعف القدرة على التعاون والتنسيق مع المنظمات المحلية والدولية العاملة في مجال مكافحة التبغ، ومن جانب آخر ضراوة اللوبي الداعم لشركات التبغ وذلك بتعطيل و/أو تأخير إصدار وتنفيذ القوانين واللوائح المختلفة لإجراءات مكافحة التبغ والاستمرار في الدعاية والإعلان غير المباشر وأحياناً المباشر منها ضعف الالتزام الحكومي والسياسي والاجتماعي ومؤسسات المجتمع المدني والقطاع الخاص نحو مكافحة التبغ بشكل عام مؤدياً الى ضعف تنفيذ القوانين واللوائح الحالية الصادرة مُنذ سنوات والتعاون والتواصل مع الجهات ذات العلاقة والمؤسسات الحكومية المختلفة، إضافة الى ضعف البنية التحتية لبرنامج مكافحة التدخين وبالتالي ضعف القدرة على التعاون والتنسيق مع المنظمات المحلية والدولية العاملة في مجال مكافحة التبغ، ومن جانب آخر ضراوة اللوبي الداعم لشركات التبغ وذلك بتعطيل و/أو تأخير إصدار وتنفيذ القوانين واللوائح المختلفة لإجراءات مكافحة التبغ والاستمرار في الدعاية والإعلان غير المباشر وأحياناً المباشر منها WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Zambia Current legislation not meeting obligations of the WHO FCTC Information on Tobacco and Tobacco Control laws adhoc 1. Stalling of the Tobacco Products Control Bill 2. International Tobacco Industry interference with pro-public health policies on tobacco control 3. Exploring and finding Alternatives to Tobacco Growing for Small Scale Farmers 4. Monitoring and surveillance system weak Current legislation not meeting obligations of the WHO FCTC Information on Tobacco and Tobacco Control laws adhoc 1. Stalling of the Tobacco Products Control Bill 2. International Tobacco Industry interference with pro-public health policies on tobacco control 3. Exploring and finding Alternatives to Tobacco Growing for Small Scale Farmers 4. Monitoring and surveillance system weak Current legislation not meeting obligations of the WHO FCTC Information on Tobacco and Tobacco Control laws adhoc 1. Stalling of the Tobacco Products Control Bill 2. International Tobacco Industry interference with pro-public health policies on tobacco control 3. Exploring and finding Alternatives to Tobacco Growing for Small Scale Farmers 4. Monitoring and surveillance system weak WHO African Region
Zimbabwe Political will needs strengthening Tobacco control regulation needs to be reviewed Political will needs strengthening Tobacco control regulation needs to be reviewed Political will needs strengthening Tobacco control regulation needs to be reviewed WHO African Region
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