C429 - Additional information concerning liability

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Party 2020 2018 2016 Region
Afghanistan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Albania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Algeria Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Angola Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Antigua and Barbuda Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Armenia Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Australia https://www.tobaccoinaustralia.org.au/chapter-16-litigation/16-1-personal-injury-claims-against-the-tobacco-in Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Austria For questions regarding civil liability the general provisions and principles for compensation of damages established under Austrian law/jurisdiction apply; those provisions/principles, however, require the proof of an unlawful action committed by the defendant. Violations of the advertising/sponsoring ban, sale of tobacco products that do not comply with the requirements set in the Austrian Tobacco Act (concerning packaging and labelling, max. tar/nicotine/carbonmonoxide contents, etc.), violations of the smoking bans for public indoor places and hospitality venues and of the obligation to report tobacco products ingredients are fined in the course of administrative proceedings according to the provisions of article 14 of the Austrian Tobacco Act. Violations against the Unfair Competition Act (UWG) could lead to sanction up to EUR 100,000. Within the observation period there were various injunctions issued against restaurant owners violating the UWG. For questions regarding civil liability the general provisions and principles for compensation of damages established under Austrian law/jurisdiction apply; those provisions/principles, however, require the proof of an unlawful action committed by the defendant. Violations of the advertising/sponsoring ban, sale of tobacco products that do not comply with the requirements set in the Austrian Tobacco Act (concerning packaging and labelling, max. tar/nicotine/carbonmonoxide contents, etc.), violations of the smoking bans for public indoor places and hospitality venues and of the obligation to report tobacco products ingredients are fined in the course of administrative proceedings according to the provisions of article 14 of the Austrian Tobacco Act. Violations against the Unfair Competition Act (UWG) could lead to sanction up to EUR 100,000. Within the observation period there were various injunctions issued against restaurant owners violating the UWG. For questions regarding civil liability the general provisions and principles for compensation of damages established under Austrian law/jurisdiction apply; those provisions/principles, however, require the proof of an unlawful action committed by the defendant. Violations of the advertising/sponsoring ban, sale of tobacco products that do not comply with the requirements set in the Austrian Tobacco Act (concerning packaging and labelling, max. tar/nicotine/carbonmonoxide contents, etc.), violations of the smoking bans for public indoor places and hospitality venues and of the obligation to report tobacco products ingredients are fined in the course of administrative proceedings according to the provisions of article 14 of the Austrian Tobacco Act. WHO European Region
Azerbaijan The new Law "On restriction of tobacco use" (Article 6.1.6) - Physical and legal persons have the right to demand compensation for damages inflicted on their lives and health and property as a result of breach of law by other persons. The new Law "On restriction of tobacco use" (Article 6.1.6) - Physical and legal persons have the right to demand compensation for damages inflicted on their lives and health and property as a result of breach of law by other persons. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Bahamas Report not provided Report not provided Legislation drafted. WHO Region of the Americas
Bahrain (Kingdom of) Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Bangladesh Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Barbados Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Belarus Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Belgium Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Belize Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Benin Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Bhutan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bosnia and Herzegovina No data available. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Botswana None None Report not provided WHO African Region
Brazil xxx xxx xxx WHO Region of the Americas
Brunei Darussalam For 3.4.2.1, offences and penalties under the Tobacco Order 2005 can be accessed at this URL: http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LAWS/Gazette_PDF/2005/EN/S049.pdf Excise Order can be accessed through this URL: http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LOB/Order/DEF/E/Excise%20Order,%202006.pdf For 3.4.2.1, offences and penalties under the Tobacco Order 2005 can be accessed at this URL: http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LAWS/Gazette_PDF/2005/EN/S049.pdf Excise Order can be accessed through this URL: http://www.agc.gov.bn/agc1/images/LOB/Order/DEF/E/Excise%20Order,%202006.pdf Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Bulgaria Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Burkina Faso Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Burundi Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Cabo Verde Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Cambodia Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Cameroon Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Canada Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Central African Republic Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Chad La loi a pris en compte la question de mesures en matières de responsabilité pénale et civile, y compris les indemnisations mais aucun cas de progrés na été enregistré encore au Tchad. La loi a pris en compte la question de mesures en matières de responsabilité pénale et civile, y compris les indemnisations mais aucun cas de progrés na été enregistré encore au Tchad. Report not provided WHO African Region
Chile Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
China Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Colombia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Comoros Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Congo Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Cook Islands no change since the last report no change since the last report Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Costa Rica Nota: C421 Art. 188 Bis, incisos 3 y 4 Código Penal. En relación a la pregunta C426, en el año 2003 un ciudadano presentó un recurso de amparo contra el Estado y las empresas Tabacalera Costarricense S.A y British American Tobacco S.A por permitir la promoción y comercialización de un producto dañino para la salud pública. Sin embargo, la Sala Constitucional lo declaró sin lugar por el fondo del recurso. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Côte d'Ivoire Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Croatia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Cyprus Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Czech Republic Explanatory notes: C422: Although there is no specific criminal offence related to tobacco control legislation, there are general offences covering the more serious forms of offensive behaviour. There are criminal offences of Endangering Public Health by Unhealthy Food and other Objects (Section 156) and its negligent form (Section 157), more extreme cases are covered by criminal offences of Public Menace (Section 272) and Negligent Public Menace (Section 273) incorporated into the Criminal Code (Act No. 40/2009 Coll.). C424: One can be awarded damages in case of intentional action contra bonos mores, culpable breach of law or breach of a contract. (Sections 2909 – 2913 of Act No. 89/2012, Civil Code) Explanatory notes: to C422: Although there is no specific criminal offence related to tobacco control legislation, there are general offences covering the more serious forms of offensive behaviour. There are criminal offences of Endangering Public Health by Unhealthy Food and other Objects (Section 156) and its negligent form (Section 157), more extreme cases are covered by criminal offences of Public Menace (Section 272) and Negligent Public Menace (Section 273) incorporated into the Criminal Code (Act No. 40/2009 Coll.). to C424: One can be awarded damages in case of intentional action contra bonos mores, culpable breach of law or breach of a contract. (Sections 2909 – 2913 of Act No. 89/2012, Civil Code) Explanatory notes: to C422: Although there is no specific criminal offence related to tobacco control legislation, there are general offences covering the more serious forms of offensive behaviour. There are criminal offences of Endangering Public Health by Unhealthy Food and other Objects (Section 156) and its negligent form (Section 157), more extreme cases are covered by criminal offences of Public Menace (Section 272) and Negligent Public Menace (Section 273) incorporated into the Criminal Code (Act No. 40/2009 Coll.). to C424: One can be awarded damages in case of intentional action contra bonos mores, culpable breach of law or breach of a contract. (Sections 2909 – 2913 of Act No. 89/2012, Civil Code) WHO European Region
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Democratic Republic of the Congo Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Denmark Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Djibouti Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Dominica Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Ecuador Conforme lo dispone la Constitución de la República, es uno de los deberes primordiales del Estado garantizar sin discriminación alguna el efectivo goce de los derechos establecidos en dicha Norma Suprema, en particular la salud de los habitantes. En este contexto, mediante Acuerdo Interministerial No.1 publicado en el Registro Oficial No. 918 de 09 de enero de 2017, Ministra de Inclusión Económica y Social, la Ministra de Salud Publica, el Ministro de Educación,el Ministro del Deporte, el Ministro del Trabajo,el Secretario Técnico de Drogas, expidieron el “ACUERDO INTERINSTITUCIONAL PARA FORTALECER LA ATENCIÓN INTEGRAL A PERSONAS QUE USAN O CONSUMEN ALCOHOL, TABACO Y OTRAS DROGAS.” En el Registro Oficial No. 359 de 31 de octubre de 2018, se publicó el “PROTOCOLO PARA LA ELIMINACIÓN DEL COMERCIO ILÍCITO DE PRODUCTOS DE TABACO”. Con Acuerdo Interministerial No. 38 publicado en el Registro Oficial No. 114 de 06 de enero de 2020, el Ministro del Trabajo y la Ministra de Salud Pública expidieron “LAS DIRECTRICES PARA LA FORMULACIÓN E IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE PROGRAMAS DE PREVENCIÓN INTEGRAL DEL USO Y CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL, TABACO U OTRAS DROGAS EN LOS ESPACIOS LABORALES PÚBLICOS Y PRIVADOS”, a efectos de fomentar en los servidores públicos y/o trabajadores prácticas de vida saludable, para evitar retrasar y reducir las consecuencias del fenómeno socio económico de las drogas. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Egypt Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
El Salvador Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Equatorial Guinea NO HAY NO HAY NO HAY WHO African Region
Estonia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Eswatini Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Ethiopia Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
European Union Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Fiji Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Finland Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
France Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Gabon Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Gambia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Georgia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Germany There is a Council directive of 25 July 1985 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning liability for defective products (RL 85/374/EWG). So Germany can’t set other standards. The directive is implemented in the following law: Produkthaftungsgesetz (Gesetz über die Haftung für fehlerhafte Produkte - ProdHaftG) vom 15. Dezember 1989 (BGBl. I S. 2198). For Clarification: Condition for liability under the ProdHaftG is a defect of the product. Such a defect is not present at or in a tobacco product in its original condition, because there is no harmless tobacco in any condition. There is a Council directive of 25 July 1985 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning liability for defective products (RL 85/374/EWG). So Germany can’t set other standards. The directive is implemented in the following law: Produkthaftungsgesetz (Gesetz über die Haftung für fehlerhafte Produkte - ProdHaftG) vom 15. Dezember 1989 (BGBl. I S. 2198). For Clarification: Condition for liability under the ProdHaftG is a defect of the product. Such a defect is not present at or in a tobacco product in its original condition, because there is no harmless tobacco in any condition. There is a Council directive of 25 July 1985 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning liability for defective products (RL 85/374/EWG). So Germany can’t set other standards. The directive is implemented in the following law: Produkthaftungsgesetz (Gesetz über die Haftung für fehlerhafte Produkte - ProdHaftG) vom 15. Dezember 1989 (BGBl. I S. 2198). For Clarification: Condition for liability under the ProdHaftG is a defect of the product. Such a defect is not present at or in a tobacco product in its original condition, because there is no harmless tobacco in any condition. WHO European Region
Ghana Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Greece Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Grenada N/A N/A N/A WHO Region of the Americas
Guatemala Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Guinea Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Guinea-Bissau Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Guyana Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Honduras En la actualidad el IHADFA continuará vigilante del cumplimiento a la disposición del Artículo 19 del CMCT de la OMS referente a la responsabilidad de la industria tabacalera en relación a demanda civil y/o penal que pueda incoar persona natural o jurídica referente a daños y perjuicios en relación con cualquier efecto adverso para salud causado por el consumo de tabaco. En la actualidad el IHADFA continuará vigilante del cumplimiento a la disposición del Artículo 19 del CMCT de la OMS referente a la responsabilidad de la industria tabacalera en relación a demanda civil y/o penal que pueda incoar persona natural o jurídica referente a daños y perjuicios en relación con cualquier efecto adverso para salud causado por el consumo de tabaco. En la actualidad el IHADFA continuará vigilante del cumplimiento a la disposición del Artículo 19 del CMCT de la OMS referente a la responsabilidad de la industria tabacalera en relación a demanda civil y/o penal que pueda incoar persona natural o jurídica referente a daños y perjuicios en relación con cualquier efecto adverso para salud causado por el consumo de tabaco. WHO Region of the Americas
Hungary Our Criminal Code does not provide for any specific regulation on the eventual criminal liability of the tobacco industry. Our Penal Code does not provide for any specific regulation on the eventual penal liability of the tobacco industry. Our Penal Code does not provide for any specific regulation on the eventual penal liability of the tobacco industry. WHO European Region
Iceland There has been no known action taken against tobacco company in Iceland over the last years. There has been no known action taken against tobacco company in Iceland over the last years. There has been no known action taken against tobacco company in Iceland over the last years. WHO European Region
India Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Iraq Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Ireland Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Israel Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Italy Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Jamaica Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Japan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Jordan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kazakhstan Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Kenya Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Kiribati Not available Not available Not available WHO Western Pacific Region
Kuwait Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kyrgyzstan Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Lao People's Democratic Republic Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Latvia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Lebanon Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lesotho Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Liberia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Libya Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lithuania Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Luxembourg Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Madagascar Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Malaysia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Maldives Penalties for non-compliance with the provisions of the Tobacco Control Act is included in the DRAFT General Regulations for Tobacco Control. However, this piece of legislation remains to be enacted, awaiting clearance from the government Penalties for non-compliance with the provisions of the Tobacco Control Act is included in the DRAFT General Regulations for Tobacco Control. However, this piece of legislation remains to be enacted, awaiting clearance from the government Penalties for non-compliance with the provisions of the Tobacco Control Act is included in the DRAFT General Regulations for Tobacco Control. However, this piece of legislation remains to be enacted, awaiting clearance from the government WHO South-East Asia Region
Mali Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Malta nil nil Answer not provided WHO European Region
Marshall Islands Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Mauritania - - - WHO African Region
Mauritius NONE NONE Answer not provided WHO African Region
Mexico Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Micronesia (Federated States of) NA NA NA WHO Western Pacific Region
Mongolia Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Montenegro Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Myanmar Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Namibia Victims of tobacco smoke may launch a complaint to the relevant authorities if they feel offended by any one smoking in their presence. Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Nauru Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Nepal Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Netherlands After introducing a smoking ban in the hospitality business (since 2008) there have been several liability procedures from entrepreneurs, smoking interest groups and smokers against the government. Last year there came an end in the procedure against the government about smoking rooms. Smoking rooms have to close in the hospitality business this year and in public places in 2021 and in the working places in 2022. After introducing a smoking ban in public places there have been several liability procedures from entrepreneurs, smoking interest groups and smokers against the government. After introducing a smoking ban in public places there have been several liability procedures from entrepreneurs, smoking interest groups and smokers against the government. WHO European Region
New Zealand Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Nicaragua Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Niger Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Nigeria Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Niue Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Norway Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Oman لا يوجد لدينا لا يوجد لدينا لا يوجد WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Pakistan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Palau Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Panama El Ministerio de Salud intercambia información a solicitud de otras partes o bien de la sociedad civil nacional o internacional. Adicionalmente, Incluye los resultados de todos los estudios efectuados en materia de tabaco y enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, en su página Web: www.minsa.gob.pa y www.panamalibredetabaco.com, como también lo hace el Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios en Salud en su página web www.gorgas.gob.pa. a través del Observatorio de Tabaco de Panamá. De igual forma y para divulgar la información de las investigaciones nacionales se realizan publicaciones en revistas científicas indexadas. Los medios de comunicación son utilizados para facilitar información sobre control de tabaco a la población del país. El Ministerio de Salud intercambia información a solicitud de otras partes o bien de la sociedad civil nacional o internacional. Adicionalmente, Incluye los resultados de todos los estudios efectuados en materia de tabaco y enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, en su página Web: www.minsa.gob.pa como también lo hace el Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios en Salud en su página web www.gorgas.gob.pa. Actualmente, se esta trabajando en la organización y puesta en funcionamiento del Observatorio de Tabaco de Panamá. En el año 2017, se efectuó en la Ciudad de Panamá el primer taller sobre el artículo 19 en el que participaron representantes de los ministerios de salud, Organo Judicial, Ministerio Público, Defensoría del Pueblo y Procuraduría de la Administración de algunos países de la región con finalidad de explorar las posibilidades de contar con una legislación que permita implementar normativas para litigar y aplicar la responsabilidad penal y civil de la industria tabacalera frente daños y gastos que en la atención de los problemas de salud de la población consumidora y la expuesta a los riesgos que ocasiona la exposición al humo de tabaco de II y III mano. El Ministerio de Salud intercambia información a solicitud de otras partes o bien de la sociedad civil nacional o internacional. Adicionalmente, Incluye los resultados de todos los estudios efectuados en materia de tabaco y enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, en su página Web: www.minsa.gob.pa como también lo hace el Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios en Salud en su página web www.gorgas.gob.pa. Actualmente, se esta trabajando en la organización y puesta en funcionamiento del Observatorio de Tabaco de Panamá. WHO Region of the Americas
Papua New Guinea Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Paraguay Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno WHO Region of the Americas
Peru No. No. No. WHO Region of the Americas
Philippines Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Poland Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Portugal Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Qatar Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Republic of Korea *In regard to C421 answer, it is addressed in Penal Provisions, Chapter 5, Tobacco Business Act. *In regard to C424 answer, it is addressed generally in Product Liability Act and Torts in Article 750 of Civil Act. *In regard to C425 answers, it is addressed in Right of Indemnity, Article 58 of National Health Insurance Act. It stated that Article 58(1), When the Corporation (it means National Health Insurance Service) has provided an insurance benefit to a policyholder or dependent because the grounds for the insurance benefit have arisen due to the act of a third party, the Corporation shall have the right to claim compensation from the third party up to the amount of the expenses incurred for the benefit concerned. *In regard to C421 answer, it is addressed in Penal Provisions, Chapter 5, Tobacco Business Act. *In regard to C424 answer, it is addressed generally in Product Liability Act and Torts in Article 750 of Civil Act. *In regard to C425 answers, it is addressed in Right of Indemnity, Article 58 of National Health Insurance Act. It stated that Article 58(1), When the Corporation (it means National Health Insurance Service) has provided an insurance benefit to a policyholder or dependent because the grounds for the insurance benefit have arisen due to the act of a third party, the Corporation shall have the right to claim compensation from the third party up to the amount of the expenses incurred for the benefit concerned. *In regard to C421 answer, it is addressed in Penal Provisions, Chapter 5, Tobacco Business Act. *In regard to C424 answer, it is addressed generally in Product Liability Act and Torts in Article 750 of Civil Act. *In regard to C425 answers, it is addressed in Right of Indemnity, Article 58 of National Health Insurance Act. It stated that Article 58(1), When the Corporation (it means National Health Insurance Service) has provided an insurance benefit to a policyholder or dependent because the grounds for the insurance benefit have arisen due to the act of a third party, the Corporation shall have the right to claim compensation from the third party up to the amount of the expenses incurred for the benefit concerned. WHO Western Pacific Region
Republic of Moldova Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Romania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Russian Federation Верховный суд Российской Федерации вынес определение, в соответствии с которым взыскана компенсация морального вреда за нарушение прав гражданина в сфере охраны здоровья от воздействия окружающего табачного дыма и последствий потребления табака (а именно за курение на балконе в многоквартирном доме). Report not provided Кодексом Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях установлен ряд санкцией за нарушения законодательства в области борьбы против табака. Статья 6.24. Нарушение установленного федеральным законом запрета курения табака на отдельных территориях, в помещениях и на объектах Кодекса Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях гласит: 1. Нарушение установленного федеральным законом запрета курения табака на отдельных территориях, в помещениях и на объектах, за исключением случаев, предусмотренных частью 2 настоящей статьи, - влечет наложение административного штрафа на граждан в размере от пятисот до одной тысячи пятисот рублей. 2. Нарушение установленного федеральным законом запрета курения табака на детских площадках - влечет наложение административного штрафа на граждан в размере от двух тысяч до трех тысяч рублей. Статья 6.25 Кодекса об административных правонарушениях Несоблюдение требований к знаку о запрете курения, обозначающему территории, здания и объекты, где курение запрещено, и к порядку его размещения - влечет наложение административного штрафа на должностных лиц в размере от десяти тысяч до двадцати тысяч рублей; на юридических лиц - от тридцати тысяч до шестидесяти тысяч рублей. Несоблюдение требований к выделению и оснащению специальных мест на открытом воздухе для курения табака либо выделению и оборудованию изолированных помещений для курения табака (проект) - влечет наложение административного штрафа на должностных лиц в размере от двадцати тысяч до тридцати тысяч рублей; на юридических лиц - от пятидесяти тысяч до восьмидесяти тысяч рублей. Неисполнение индивидуальным предпринимателем или юридическим лицом обязанностей по контролю за соблюдением норм законодательства в сфере охраны здоровья граждан от воздействия окружающего табачного дыма и последствий потребления табака на территориях и в помещениях, используемых для осуществления своей деятельности, - влечет наложение административного штрафа на индивидуальных предпринимателей в размере от тридцати тысяч до сорока тысяч рублей; на юридических лиц - от шестидесяти тысяч до девяноста тысяч рублей. По данным Роспотребнадзора, в 2014 г. по фактам нарушений требований, установленных нормами Федерального закона от 23 февраля 2013 г. № 15-ФЗ «Об охране здоровья граждан от воздействия окружающего табачного дыма и последствий потребления табака», должностными лицами Роспотребнадзора было наложено около 13,6 тыс. административных штрафов, из них более 8 тыс. – на граждан, более 2,8 тыс. – на должностных лиц (работников организаций – продавцов табачной продукции), более 1 700 – на индивидуальных предпринимателей и около 1 000 – на юридических лиц. При этом общая сумма административных штрафов составила 89 млн руб. Наиболее часто выявление и пресечение указанных правонарушений должностными лицами Роспотребнадзора отмечалось в г. Санкт-Петербурге, Алтайском и Пермском краях, Ханты-Мансийском АО, Липецкой области. За нарушение действующих запретов курения табака на отдельных территориях, в помещениях и на объектах, в т. ч. на детских площадках (статья 6.24 Кодекса Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях, далее – КоАП РФ) Роспотребнадзором привлечено к административной ответственности 6,6 тыс. граждан. Общая сумма штрафов на граждан, не соблюдавших запрет на курение, составила 4,4 млн руб. За несоблюдение требований к знаку о запрете курения, обозначающему места, где курение запрещено, а также к оснащению специальных мест для курения (статья 6.25 КоАП РФ) наложено более 2,5 тыс. административных штрафов на общую сумму 43 млн руб. По фактам стимулирования продажи табачной продукции или потребления табака (часть 1 статьи 14.3.1 КоАП РФ) к административной ответственности Роспотребнадзор привлек более 200 физических и юридических лиц. Сумма административных штрафов при этом составила около 2 млн руб. Особое внимание уделялось контролю за соблюдением требований в сфере торговли табачной продукцией, причем основная масса нарушений при реализации табачной продукции потребителям отмечалась на объектах мелкорозничной торговли. Несоблюдение ограничений в сфере торговли табачной продукцией (статья 14.53 КоАП РФ) повлекло административную ответственность для более 500 юридических лиц и более 1 тыс. индивидуальных предпринимателей. Общее же количество правонарушителей, привлеченных Роспотребнадзором по указанной статье КоАП РФ, составило 4,2 тыс. лиц, из них около 1 тыс. лиц привлечено к ответственности по фактам продажи табачной продукции несовершеннолетним. Сумма административных штрафов при этом составила более 35 млн руб. Уклонение от уплаты акцизов на табачную в крупных размерах, согласно Уголовном кодексу Российской Федерации, является уголовным преступлением: Статья 199. Уклонение от уплаты налогов и (или) сборов с организации. 1. Уклонение от уплаты налогов и (или) сборов с организации путем непредставления налоговой декларации или иных документов, представление которых в соответствии с законодательством РФ о налогах и сборах является обязательным, либо путем включения в налоговую декларацию или такие документы заведомо ложных сведений, совершенное в крупном размере, - наказывается штрафом в размере от ста тысяч до трехсот тысяч рублей или в размере заработной платы или иного дохода осужденного за период от одного года до двух лет, либо арестом на срок от четырех до шести месяцев, либо лишением свободы на срок до двух лет с лишением права занимать определенные должности или заниматься определенной деятельностью на срок до трех лет или без такового. 2. То же деяние, совершенное: а) группой лиц по предварительному сговору; б) в особо крупном размере, - наказывается штрафом в размере от двухсот тысяч до пятисот тысяч рублей или в размере заработной платы или иного дохода осужденного за период от одного года до трех лет либо лишением свободы на срок до шести лет с лишением права занимать определенные должности или заниматься определенной деятельностью на срок до трех лет или без такового. Примечание. Крупным размером в настоящей статье, а также в статье 199.1 настоящего Кодекса признается сумма налогов и (или) сборов, составляющая за период в пределах трех финансовых лет подряд более пятисот тысяч рублей, при условии, что доля неуплаченных налогов и (или) сборов превышает 10 процентов подлежащих уплате сумм налогов и (или) сборов, либо превышающая один миллион пятьсот тысяч рублей, а особо крупным размером - сумма, составляющая за период в пределах трех финансовых лет подряд более двух миллионов пятисот тысяч рублей, при условии, что доля неуплаченных налогов и (или) сборов превышает 20 процентов подлежащих уплате сумм налогов и (или) сборов, либо превышающая семь миллионов пятьсот тысяч рублей. WHO European Region
Rwanda Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Saint Kitts and Nevis Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Lucia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Samoa Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
San Marino No tobacco growing or manufactoring in San Marino. No tobacco growing or manufactoring in San Marino. No tobacco growing or manufactoring in San Marino. WHO European Region
Sao Tome and Principe Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Saudi Arabia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Senegal Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Serbia - Question C421: Tobacco control legislation contains measures regarding misdemeanor liability. - Question C422: Basic provisions of the criminal liability are provided in the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia (“Official Gazette of RS”, No. 85/2005, 88/2005 - correction, 107/05 - correction, 72/09, 111/09, 121/12, 104/13, 108/14, 94/16 and 35/19). This Law defines several offences in relation to tobacco control - Unlawful Manufacture (Article 234), Unlawful Commerce (Article 235), Smuggling (Article 236). - Questions C424 and C425: Basic provisions dealing with the civil liability are stipulated by the Law on Contracts and Torts (“Official Journal of SRJ", No. 31/93 and "Official Journal of SCG", No. 1/03 – Constitutional Charter). Chapter 2, Section 2 of this Law thoroughly defines civil wrongs (torts) as the origin of obligations. - Question C421: Tobacco control legislation contains measures regarding misdemeanor liability. - Question C422: Basic provisions of the criminal liability are provided in the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia (“Official Gazette of RS”, No. 85/2005, 88/2005 - correction, 107/05 - correction, 72/09, 111/09, 121/12, 104/13, 108/14 and 94/16). This Law defines several offences in relation to tobacco control - Unlawful Manufacture (Article 242), Unlawful Commerce (Article 243), Deceiving Byers (Article 244). - Questions C424 and C425: Basic provisions dealing with the civil liability are stipulated by the Law on Contracts and Torts (“Official Journal of SFRJ", No. 29/78, 39/85, 45/89 – decision of the Constitutional Court of YU and 57/89, "Official Journal of SRJ", No. 31/93 and "Official Journal of SCG", No. 1/03 – Constitutional Charter). Chapter 2, Section 2 of this Law thoroughly defines civil wrongs (torts) as the origin of obligations. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Seychelles Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Sierra Leone Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Singapore Nil. Nil. Nil. WHO Western Pacific Region
Slovakia We have approved general liability person, legal persons and self-employed in special areas of law since 1997. For instance by law of non-smokers there are getting the sanctions for incompliance of concrete articles. We have approved general liability person, legal persons and self-employed in special areas of law since 1997. For instance by law of non-smokers there are getting the sanctions for incompliance of concrete articles. We have approved general liability person, legal persons and self-employed in special areas of law since 1997. For instance by law of non-smokers there are getting the sanctions for incompliance of concrete articles. WHO European Region
Slovenia Report not provided Restriction on the Use of Tobacco and Related Products Act determines penalty provisions for violations of the act. In Slovenia there are no specific rules regarding criminal and civil liability for acts committed in relation to tobacco products. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Solomon Islands Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
South Africa Criminal liability for any violations of tobacco control legislation according to the Tobacco Control Act of South Africa includes penalties for smoking in public places for employers- liable to a fine not exceeding R50 000; owner of the premises of a workplace – liable to a fine of R100 000; Tobacco Advertising direct or indirect or sponsorship liable to a fine of R1million; and a person who smokes in a public place is liable to a fine of R500 Criminal liability for any violations of tobacco control legislation according to the Tobacco Control Act of South Africa includes penalties for smoking in public places for employers- liable to a fine not exceeding R50 000; owner of the premises of a workplace – liable to a fine of R100 000; Tobacco Advertising direct or indirect or sponsorship liable to a fine of R1million; and a person who smokes in a public place is liable to a fine of R500 Criminal liability for any violations of tobacco control legislation according to the Tobacco Control Act of South Africa includes penalties for smoking in public places for employers- liable to a fine not exceeding R50 000; owner of the premises of a workplace – liable to a fine of R100 000; Tobacco Advertising direct or indirect or sponsorship liable to a fine of R1million; and a person who smokes in a public place is liable to a fine of R500 WHO African Region
Spain En relación a la pregunta C426 cabe mencionar que todas las acciones por responsabilidad penal o civil planteadas en España han sido desestimadas. En relación a la pregunta C426 cabe mencionar que todas las acciones por responsabilidad penal o civil planteadas en España han sido desestimadas. En relación con la pregunta C426, en 2002 la Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía interpuso una demanda civil contra seis empresas tabaqueras en reclamación del coste del tratamiento de 135 pacientes con morbilidad atribuible al tabaco, atendidos en los hospitales de su región. En diciembre de 2013 la Audiencia Nacional desestimó la reclamación. WHO European Region
Sri Lanka Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Sudan Answer not provided لايوجد Report not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Suriname Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Sweden Regarding C425. Sweden do not have special provisions that provide for compensation for adverse health effects and/or for reimbursement of medical, social or other relevant costs. However, general provisions may be applicable. Regarding C425. Sweden do not have special provisions that provide for compensation for adverse health effects and/or for reimbursement of medical, social or other relevant costs. However, general provisions may be applicable. Regarding C425. Sweden do not have special provisions that provide for compensation for adverse health effects and/or for reimbursement of medical, social or other relevant costs. However, general provisions may be applicable. WHO European Region
Syrian Arab Republic Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Tajikistan Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Thailand Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Timor-Leste Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Togo Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Tonga n/a Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Trinidad and Tobago - Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Tunisia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Turkey Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Turkmenistan Внутренний документ Министерства внутренних дел Туркменистана Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Tuvalu Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Uganda Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Ukraine Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
United Arab Emirates Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
United Republic of Tanzania Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Uruguay Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Uzbekistan Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Vanuatu Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Venezuela Se han aperturado procedimientos administrativos que conllevan a sanciones tributarias a la industria tabacalera. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Viet Nam Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Yemen Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Zambia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Zimbabwe None None Answer not provided WHO African Region
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