C3212 - Progress made in implementing Article 16

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Party 2020 2018 2016 Region
Afghanistan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Albania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Algeria Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Andorra Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Angola Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Antigua and Barbuda This Article of the FCTC is embodied in our legislation Report not provided This Article of the FCTC is embodied in our draft legislation of which we are currently awaiting legal processing WHO Region of the Americas
Armenia Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Australia Australian states and territories govern the sale of tobacco products to consumers. For further information on state and territory legislation regarding control of sales of tobacco products please refer to the following link: http://www.tobaccoinaustralia.org.au/chapter-15-smokefree-environment/15-7-legislation/table-15-7-1-implementation-dates-aus/ Australian states and territories govern the sale of tobacco products to consumers. Under current Australian laws, persons must be a minimum of 18 years of age to access tobacco and tobacco products in Australia. All Australian states and territories prohibit the sale of single cigarettes and mandate the minimum number of cigarettes in a pack (20 cigarettes), reasoning that small packs, being less expensive, are more attractive to youth. The majority of states and territories have existing legislation controlling the sale and/or marketing of overtly fruit or confectionery-flavoured tobacco products and prohibit the manufacturing and sale of tobacco products resembling toys (on the basis of protecting young people from taking up smoking). In addition states and territories require signage at points of sale, warning of the legal age restriction, and also require the purchaser of tobacco products to provide appropriate evidence of having reached full legal age. The Australian Capital Territory legislates e-cigarettes as smoking products, making their sale to minors illegal. Australian state and territory legislation prohibits or restricts the display of tobacco products at points of sale. The sale of cigarettes in vending machines is also restricted in states and territories in the following ways: • In Victoria, vending machines for operation by the public must be positioned in sight of the service counter in bars, casinos and bottle shops. •In the Australian Capital Territory vending machines may not be used by the public to purchase smoking products. • In New South Wales, vending machines are only allowed in licensed premises restricted to individuals over the age of 18, and like the Australian Capital Territory, may only be operated by staff intervention. • Queensland, Tasmania, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory all have measures in place to ensure that tobacco vending machines are not accessible to minors and do not promote the sale of tobacco products to minors. Further, some jurisdictions have banned the sale of ENDS/ENNDS to minors. In Tasmania, penalties for sale and supply of tobacco to minors were significantly increased to a maximum fine of $19,000 for a first offence, $38,000 for a second offence and $57,000 for a further offence. The sale or supply of electronic cigarettes to a person under 18 years is also banned. New laws also enable a fit and proper test on applicants for a licence to sell tobacco products and electronic cigarettes. For further information on state and territory legislation regarding control of sales of tobacco products please refer to the following link: http://www.tobaccoinaustralia.org.au/chapter-15-smokefree-environment/15-7-legislation/table-15-7-1-implementation-dates-aus/ Australian states and territories govern the sale of tobacco products to consumers. Under current Australian laws, persons must be a minimum of 18 years of age to access tobacco and tobacco products in Australia. In December 2015, the Tasmanian State Government released the Healthy Tasmania Five Year Strategic Plan – Community Consultation Draft, which proposes raising the minimum legal smoking age in Tasmania from 18 to 21 or 25 years of age. All Australian states and territories prohibit the sale of single cigarettes and mandate the minimum number of cigarettes in a pack (20 cigarettes), reasoning that small packs, being less expensive, are more attractive to youth. The majority of states and territories have existing legislation controlling the sale and/or marketing of overtly fruit or confectionery-flavoured tobacco products and prohibit the manufacturing and sale of tobacco products resembling toys (on the basis of protecting young people from taking up smoking). In addition states and territories require signage at points of sale, warning of the legal age restriction, and also require the purchaser of tobacco products to provide appropriate evidence of having reached full legal age. Australian state and territory legislation prohibits or restricts the display of tobacco products at points of sale. The sale of cigarettes in vending machines is also restricted in states and territories in the following ways: • In Victoria, vending machines must be operated by a staff member, except those positioned in sight of the service counter in bars, casinos and bottle shops. • In South Australia, vending machines are permitted in liquor licensed premises and gaming areas but must be operated by tokens obtained from a staff member or by staff with a remote control. • In New South Wales, vending machines are only allowed in licensed premises restricted to individuals over the age of 18, and like the Australian Capital Territory, may only be operated by staff intervention. • Queensland, Tasmania, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory all have measures in place to ensure that tobacco vending machines are not accessible to minors and do not promote the sale of tobacco products to minors. Further, some jurisdictions have begun banning the sale of ENDS/ENNDS to minors. For further information on state and territory legislation regarding control of sales of tobacco products please refer to the following link: http://www.tobaccoinaustralia.org.au/chapter-15-smokefree-environment/15-7-legislation/table-15-7-1-implementation-dates-aus/ WHO Western Pacific Region
Austria Under current Austrian legislation the legal age for purchasing tobacco products is defined on the provincial level; all nine provinces have fixed 18 years as minimum required age in their youth protection acts (Jugensdschutzgesetze). However, efforts in strenghening the law resulted in raising the legal age for purchasing (as of January 2019 according to the amendment of the Tobacco Act of March 2018) as well as for consuming tobacco products (regulated in 2018) from 16 to 18 years of age. As from January 2019 the selling of tobacco products and related products inclusive e-cigarettes, waterpipes etc. is prohibited to minors under 18 (ammendment to the Austrian Tobacco Law Act from April 2018). Under current Austrian legislation the legal age for purchasing tobacco products is defined on the provincial level; all nine provinces have fixed 16 years as minimum required age in their youth protection acts (Jugensdschutzgesetze). However, efforts in strenghening the law will result in raising the legal age for purchasing (as of January 2019 according to the amendment of the Tobacco Act of March 2018) as well as for consuming tobacco products (forseen to be regulated in 2018) from 16 to 18 years of age. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Azerbaijan The Code of the Azerbaijan Republic “On Administrative Violations” enacted in 2000 and updated on 29 December 2015 provides penalties raised up to 100 manats (Article 455.2.) for sale of ethylene (food) alcohol, and alcoholic beverages or tobacco goods to the juveniles (http://azertag.az/store/files/news/ASASNAME.pdf - available in Azerbaijani language only). New ammendment to this Code (Article 212.3.) provide penalty (100 AZN) for involvement of juveniles in tobacco use by way of offering or demanding use of tobacco products by means of obtaining, giving, receiving tobacco products. The new Law "On restriction of tobacco use" (Article 13) prohibiting the sales of tobacco products to minors. (https://tobaccocontrol.az/upload/File/catalog/02-2018/catalog-53-file.pdf - available in Azerbaijani language only) The Code of the Azerbaijan Republic “On Administrative Violations” enacted in 2000 and updated on 29 December 2015 provides penalties raised up to 100 manats (Article 455.2.) for sale of ethylene (food) alcohol, and alcoholic beverages or tobacco goods to the juveniles (http://azertag.az/store/files/news/ASASNAME.pdf - available in Azerbaijani language only). The new Law "On restriction of tobacco use" (Article 13) prohibiting the sales of tobacco products to minors. (https://tobaccocontrol.az/upload/File/catalog/02-2018/catalog-53-file.pdf - available in Azerbaijani language only) The Code of the Azerbaijan Republic “On Administrative Violations” enacted in 2000 and updated on 29 December 2015 provides penalties raised up to 100 manats (Article 455.2.) for sale of ethylene (food) alcohol, and alcoholic beverages or tobacco goods to the juveniles (http://azertag.az/store/files/news/ASASNAME.pdf - available in Azerbaijani language only). WHO European Region
Bahamas Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bahrain (Kingdom of) Law no 8 of 2009 ban the following: sale to minors, sale by minors, sale through vending machines, display tobacco products in a directly reachable shelf, selling sweets or toys that resemble tobacco products, displaying ads or promotions at point of sales . Persons caught violating any of these articles are referred to public prosecutor. Starting 2011 and still ongoing, a campaign was launched to monitor the implementation of anti-smoking law at points of sale of tobacco products including sales to and by minors. Persons caught selling tobacco products to minors are referred to public prosecutor. Starting 2011 and still ongoing, a campaign was launched to monitor the implementation of anti-smoking law at points of sale of tobacco products including sales to and by minors. Persons caught selling tobacco products to minors are referred to public prosecutor. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Bangladesh Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Barbados Generally good compliance by vendors and no reports of breaches Generally good compliance by vendors and no reports of breaches Generally good compliance by vendors and no reports of breaches WHO Region of the Americas
Belarus Запрещается продажа табачных изделий, жидкостей для электронных систем курения лицам моложе 18 лет. Не изменились Не изменились WHO European Region
Belgium Lage en dessous duquel la vente de tabac est interdite est passé de 16 à 18 ans. Un loi interdisant la vente par des distributeurs a été votée au parlement. Elle est actuellement en cours de notification à la Commission européenne. Elle devrait être appliquée en 2023. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Belize No major progress. Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Benin il ny a pas de distributeurs automatiques de cigarettes au Bénin, mais on assiste à une prolifération des chicha , qui passe de bouche à bouche, dans tous les bars et restaurants, sur des terrasses il ny a pas de distributeurs automatiques de cigarettes au Bénin, mais on assiste à une prolifération des chicha , qui passe de bouche à bouche il ny a pas de distributeurs automatiques de cigarettes au Bénin WHO African Region
Bhutan sale of tobacco is banned. Therefore, sales to and by minors is not applicable. sale of tobacco is banned. Therefore, sales to and by minors is not applicable. Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bosnia and Herzegovina Law on Prohibition of Sale and Use of Tobacco Products to Persons under the Age of 18 of Republic of Srpska, defined all measures regarding the sales of tobacco to the minors. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Botswana The draft tobacco control bill prohibits sale of single cigarettes and sale of tobacco products by street vendors. The draft tobacco control bill prohibits sale of single cigarettes and sale of tobacco products by street vendors. Report not provided WHO African Region
Brazil We have been discussing the need to develop research and actions aimed at responsible retailing, due to the advertisements being made at points of sale and also the issue of sales to minors. An important challenge to face is the proof of the majority of the consumer in the purchase of tobacco products. In addition to the lack of specific legislation, children and adolescents are not usually asked about their age at the time of purchase or a proof of age of majority is not required. In this way, access to tobacco products is made easier for young people. We have been discussing the need to develop research and actions aimed at responsible retailing, due to the advertisements being made at points of sale and also the issue of sales to minors. An important challenge to face is the proof of the majority of the consumer in the purchase of tobacco products. In addition to the lack of specific legislation, children and adolescents are not usually asked about their age at the time of purchase or a proof of age of majority is not required. In this way, access to tobacco products is made easier for young people. There are bills in progress at the National Congressin that can be very important (if approved) for prevention of sale to minors, like PLS 236/2016 on the prohibition of the sale of cigarettes to persons under the age of 21. xxx WHO Region of the Americas
Brunei Darussalam Prohibition of sales to and by minors has been enforced since 2008 through the Tobacco Order 2005. Prohibition of sales to and by minors has been enforced since 2008 through the Tobacco Order 2005. Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Bulgaria Despite the existence in Bulgaria of strong national regulations banning the sale of cigarettes to minors during the last years, the 3 stages of GYTS Bulgaria demonstrate a large accessibility of tobacco products ever for 13-years old students. Age restrictions are difficult to enforce and are not effective unless they are supplemented by enforcement of very strict regulations, creating rationale that underpins them; lobby the community and suitable agencies to enforce the principles of and prosecute offenders of the law. Despite the existence in Bulgaria of strong national regulations banning the sale of cigarettes to minors during the last years, the 3 stages of GYTS Bulgaria demonstrate a large accessibility of tobacco products ever for 13-years old students. Age restrictions are difficult to enforce and are not effective unless they are supplemented by enforcement of very strict regulations, creating rationale that underpins them; lobby the community and suitable agencies to enforce the principles of and prosecute offenders of the law. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Burkina Faso - Mention est faite concernant la vente par et pour les moins de 18 ans au niveau des paquets de cigarettes - Les sorties des agents de la police nationale sur le respect de fumer dans les lieux publics, sont des occasions pour décourager les moins de 18 ans à la vente et à lachat de la cigarette - les ventes promotionnelles sont sanctionnées Le Burkina Faso vient délaborer un draft de texte relatif définition des conditions douverture et dexploitation des points de vente des produits du tabac. Le document est soumis à amendements en vue de sa validation. Le Burkina Faso vient délaborer un draft de texte relatif définition des conditions douverture et dexploitation des points de vente des produits du tabac. Le document est soumis à amendements en vue de sa validation. WHO African Region
Burundi Instructions ministérielles relatives aux: a. Exigence d’informations sanitaires sur les produits du tabac ; b. Interdiction de la vente des cigarettes aux enfants et dans certains lieux publics. c. Interdiction de la publicité, la promotion et le parrainage par lindustrie de tabac. Report not provided Instructions ministérielles relatives aux: a. Exigence d’informations sanitaires sur les produits du tabac ; b. Interdiction de la vente des cigarettes aux enfants et dans certains lieux publics. c. Interdiction de la publicité, la promotion et le parrainage par lindustrie de tabac. WHO African Region
Cabo Verde The new legislation will prohibit any sale or purchase, by and for children under eighteen. Sales of electronic products and devices for smoking through automatic vending machines will be prohibited. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Cambodia Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Cameroon Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Canada In order to protect youth from inducements to use tobacco products and the consequent dependence on them, the Government of Canada is further reducing the attractiveness of tobacco products by limiting the availability of menthol-flavoured tobacco products in Canada. To achieve this objective, the Government of Canada implemented in 2017 an Order Amending the Tobacco Act to prohibit the use of these menthol additives in the manufacture of cigarettes, blunt wraps and most cigars and their sale. This amendment will also mean that the prohibition on the promotion of menthol additives on tobacco product packaging will be applicable. In order to protect youth from inducements to use tobacco products and the consequent dependence on them, the Government of Canada is further reducing the attractiveness of tobacco products by limiting the availability of menthol-flavoured tobacco products in Canada. To achieve this objective, the Government of Canada implemented in 2017 an Order Amending the Tobacco Act to prohibit the use of these menthol additives in the manufacture of cigarettes, blunt wraps and most cigars and their sale. This amendment will also mean that the prohibition on the promotion of menthol additives on tobacco product packaging will be applicable. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Central African Republic Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Chad - en dehors des campagnes de sensibilisation à cet effet, il ya la mention vente interdite aux mineurs de moins de 18 ans sur les paquets de cigarette. Un décret dapplication de la loi 10 portant interdiction de vente par et pour les mineurs en cours dadoption. - en dehors des campagnes de sensibilisation à cet effet, il ya la mention vente interdite aux mineurs de moins de 18 ans sur les paquets de cigarette. Un décret dapplication de la loi 10 portant interdiction de vente par et pour les mineurs en cours dadoption. Report not provided WHO African Region
Chile Ley 19.419 Art 4º Se prohíbe la venta de estos productos en aquellos lugares que se encuentren a menos de cien metros de distancia de los establecimientos de educación básica y media. La distancia se medirá desde cada puerta de acceso de los respectivos establecimientos, por aceras, calles y espacios de uso público. Ley 19.419 Art 4º Se prohíbe la venta de estos productos en aquellos lugares que se encuentren a menos de cien metros de distancia de los establecimientos de educación básica y media. La distancia se medirá desde cada puerta de acceso de los respectivos establecimientos, por aceras, calles y espacios de uso público. Ley 19.419 Art 4º Se prohíbe la venta de estos productos en aquellos lugares que se encuentren a menos de cien metros de distancia de los establecimientos de educación básica y media. La distancia se medirá desde cada puerta de acceso de los respectivos establecimientos, por aceras, calles y espacios de uso público. WHO Region of the Americas
China 1.按照《未成年人保护法》等规定,全国各级烟草行政管理部门大力整治中小学周边零售店向未成年人出售烟草制品的行为。 2.2018年8月,国家烟草局、国家市场监督管理总局发布《关于禁止向未成年人出售电子烟的通告》,规定市场主体不得向未成年人销售电子烟,呼吁社会各界共同保护未成年人免受电子烟侵害。 3.2019年10月,国家卫生健康委、中宣部、教育部、市场监管总局、广电总局、国家烟草局、共青团中央、全国妇联联合发布《关于进一步加强青少年控烟工作的通知》,明确要求严厉查处违法向未成年人销售烟草制品,警示各类市场主体不得向未成年人销售电子烟,尤其是通过互联网向未成年人销售电子烟。 4.2019年11月,国家烟草局、国家市场监督管理总局发布《关于进一步保护未成年人免受电子烟侵害的通告》,敦促电子烟生产、销售企业或个人及时关闭电子烟互联网销售网站或客户端;敦促电商平台及时关闭电子烟店铺,并将电子烟产品及时下架;敦促电子烟生产、销售企业或个人撤回通过互联网发布的电子烟广告,进一步保护青少年免受电子烟危害。 Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Colombia En la Ley 1335 de 2009 se establecen, en el Capítulo I, disposiciones sobre la venta de productos de tabaco a menores de edad: Artículo 2°. Prohibición de vender productos de tabaco a menores de edad. Se prohíbe a toda persona natural o jurídica la venta, directa e indirecta, de productos de tabaco y sus derivados, en cualquiera de sus presentaciones, a menores de dieciocho (18) años. En caso de duda, soliciten que cada comprador de tabaco demuestre que ha alcanzado la mayoría de edad. Parágrafo 1°. Es obligación de los vendedores y expendedores de productos de tabaco y sus derivados indicar bajo un anuncio claro y destacado al interior de su local, establecimiento o punto de venta la prohibición de la venta de productos de tabaco a menores de edad. Este anuncio en ningún caso hará mención a marcas, empresas o fundaciones de empresas tabacaleras; ni empleará logotipos, símbolos, juegos de colores, que permitan identificar alguna de ellas. Parágrafo 2°. Las autoridades competentes realizarán procedimientos de inspección, vigilancia y control a los puntos de venta, local, o establecimientos con el fin de garantizar el cumplimiento de esta disposición. Parágrafo 3°. Se prohíbe el uso de máquinas expendedoras o dispensadores mecánicos de productos de tabaco, en lugares y puntos de venta en los cuales hay libre acceso de los menores de edad. Se debe garantizar que los productos de tabaco no sean accesibles desde los estantes al público sin ningún tipo de control. Artículo 3°. Con el objetivo de salvaguardar la salud pública y evitar el acceso de menores de edad al tabaco y sus derivados, prohíbase la fabricación e importación de cigarrillos en cajetillas o presentaciones que contengan menos de diez (10) unidades. Parágrafo. A partir de los dos (2) años siguientes a la vigencia de la presente ley se prohíbe la venta por unidad de productos de tabaco o sus derivados. Artículo 4°. Se prohíbe la fabricación y comercialización de dulces, refrigerios, juguetes u otros objetos que tengan forma de productos de tabaco y puedan resultar atractivos para los menores. De acuerdo con el Artículo 28 de la Ley 1335, las autoridades policiales realizarán procedimientos de inspecciones aleatorias de vigilancia y control de los puntos de venta, con el fin de garantizar el cumplimiento de esta disposición de la Ley. El incumplimiento de la normatividad dará lugar a las mismas penas establecidas en el Código Nacional de Policía, el Código de Infancia y Adolescencia y demás leyes vigentes que regulan las sanciones en esta materia. En la Ley 1335 de 2009 se establecen, en el Capítulo I, disposiciones sobre la venta de productos de tabaco a menores de edad: Artículo 2°. Prohibición de vender productos de tabaco a menores de edad. Se prohíbe a toda persona natural o jurídica la venta, directa e indirecta, de productos de tabaco y sus derivados, en cualquiera de sus presentaciones, a menores de dieciocho (18) años. En caso de duda, soliciten que cada comprador de tabaco demuestre que ha alcanzado la mayoría de edad. Parágrafo 1°. Es obligación de los vendedores y expendedores de productos de tabaco y sus derivados indicar bajo un anuncio claro y destacado al interior de su local, establecimiento o punto de venta la prohibición de la venta de productos de tabaco a menores de edad. Este anuncio en ningún caso hará mención a marcas, empresas o fundaciones de empresas tabacaleras; ni empleará logotipos, símbolos, juegos de colores, que permitan identificar alguna de ellas. Parágrafo 2°. Las autoridades competentes realizarán procedimientos de inspección, vigilancia y control a los puntos de venta, local, o establecimientos con el fin de garantizar el cumplimiento de esta disposición. Parágrafo 3°. Se prohíbe el uso de máquinas expendedoras o dispensadores mecánicos de productos de tabaco, en lugares y puntos de venta en los cuales hay libre acceso de los menores de edad. Se debe garantizar que los productos de tabaco no sean accesibles desde los estantes al público sin ningún tipo de control. Artículo 3°. Con el objetivo de salvaguardar la salud pública y evitar el acceso de menores de edad al tabaco y sus derivados, prohíbase la fabricación e importación de cigarrillos en cajetillas o presentaciones que contengan menos de diez (10) unidades. Parágrafo. A partir de los dos (2) años siguientes a la vigencia de la presente ley se prohíbe la venta por unidad de productos de tabaco o sus derivados. Artículo 4°. Se prohíbe la fabricación y comercialización de dulces, refrigerios, juguetes u otros objetos que tengan forma de productos de tabaco y puedan resultar atractivos para los menores. De acuerdo con el Artículo 28 de la Ley 1335, las autoridades policiales realizarán procedimientos de inspecciones aleatorias de vigilancia y control de los puntos de venta, con el fin de garantizar el cumplimiento de esta disposición de la Ley. El incumplimiento de la normatividad dará lugar a las mismas penas establecidas en el Código Nacional de Policía, el Código de Infancia y Adolescencia y demás leyes vigentes que regulan las sanciones en esta materia. En la Ley 1335 de 2009 se establecen, en el Capítulo I, disposiciones sobre la venta de productos de tabaco a menores de edad: Artículo 2°. Prohibición de vender productos de tabaco a menores de edad. Se prohíbe a toda persona natural o jurídica la venta, directa e indirecta, de productos de tabaco y sus derivados, en cualquiera de sus presentaciones, a menores de dieciocho (18) años. En caso de duda, soliciten que cada comprador de tabaco demuestre que ha alcanzado la mayoría de edad. Parágrafo 1°. Es obligación de los vendedores y expendedores de productos de tabaco y sus derivados indicar bajo un anuncio claro y destacado al interior de su local, establecimiento o punto de venta la prohibición de la venta de productos de tabaco a menores de edad. Este anuncio en ningún caso hará mención a marcas, empresas o fundaciones de empresas tabacaleras; ni empleará logotipos, símbolos, juegos de colores, que permitan identificar alguna de ellas. Parágrafo 2°. Las autoridades competentes realizarán procedimientos de inspección, vigilancia y control a los puntos de venta, local, o establecimientos con el fin de garantizar el cumplimiento de esta disposición. Parágrafo 3°. Se prohíbe el uso de máquinas expendedoras o dispensadores mecánicos de productos de tabaco, en lugares y puntos de venta en los cuales hay libre acceso de los menores de edad. Se debe garantizar que los productos de tabaco no sean accesibles desde los estantes al público sin ningún tipo de control. Artículo 3°. Con el objetivo de salvaguardar la salud pública y evitar el acceso de menores de edad al tabaco y sus derivados, prohíbase la fabricación e importación de cigarrillos en cajetillas o presentaciones que contengan menos de diez (10) unidades. Parágrafo. A partir de los dos (2) años siguientes a la vigencia de la presente ley se prohíbe la venta por unidad de productos de tabaco o sus derivados. Artículo 4°. Se prohíbe la fabricación y comercialización de dulces, refrigerios, juguetes u otros objetos que tengan forma de productos de tabaco y puedan resultar atractivos para los menores. De acuerdo con el Artículo 28 de la Ley 1335, las autoridades policiales realizarán procedimientos de inspecciones aleatorias de vigilancia y control de los puntos de venta, con el fin de garantizar el cumplimiento de esta disposición de la Ley. El incumplimiento de la normatividad dará lugar a las mismas penas establecidas en el Código Nacional de Policía, el Código de Infancia y Adolescencia y demás leyes vigentes que regulan las sanciones en esta materia. Las sanciones por el incumplimiento de estas disposiciones se incluyen en el artículo 29 de la Ley de control de tabaco. WHO Region of the Americas
Comoros Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Congo la publication du décret n°2018-218 du 5 juin 2018 fixant les modalités dapplication de linterdiction de la publicité, de la promotion du tabac, de ses dérivés et de la vente aux mineurs et par les mineurs est un progrès Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Cook Islands No change since the last report. No change since the last report. No change since the last report. WHO Western Pacific Region
Costa Rica - Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Côte d'Ivoire Il ny a pour lheure pas un système de surveillance qui encadre notre Loi sur les dispositions relatives à la vente aux mineurs et par les mineurs. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Croatia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Cyprus Some progress made in this Article. The new tobacco legislation states that it is illegal to sell packs of cigarettes with less than 20 items and regarding roll-your-own tobacco no less than 30grms. This will ensure that no low cost tobacco is available for purchasing by children. The definition of minors was extended from the age of 16 to the age of 18. Tobacco industries voluntarily have a sign on each packet not to be sold for persons under the age of 18. Some progress made in this Article. The new tobacco legislation states that it is illegal to sell packs of cigarettes with less than 20 items and regarding roll-your-own tobacco no less than 30grms. This will ensure that no low cost tobacco is available for purchasing by children. The definition of minors was extended from the age of 16 to the age of 18. No progress made in this Article. In the new proposed legilation it will be illegal to sell packs of cigarettes with less than 20 items and regarding roll-your-own tobacco no less than 30grms. This will ensure that no low cost tobacco is available for purchasing by children. WHO European Region
Czech Republic On 31st May 2017 new act No. 65/2017 Coll., on the protection of health against harmful effects of addictive substances, came into effect. This act replaced act No. 379/2005 Coll. Act No. 65/2017 Coll. contains for example: • stronger restrictions on the availability of tobacco products, smoking accessories, herbal products for smoking, electronic cigarettes (containing nicotine and nicotine-free) e.g. stricter regulation of the sale of tobacco products by vending machines*, alongside restrictions on the places where tobacco products, electronic cigarettes, etc. can be sold, and more stringent regulations on the distance sale of tobacco products and related products through a communication device (internet sale), • a broadening of the range of control authorities and specification of their competencies in the area of the protection of health against addictive substances. • distance sales of tobacco products are regulated in both cross-border sales as required by the Directive 2014/40/EU and national sales. Economic operators must operate an age verification system which verifies that the purchasing consumer is adult. • a broadening of the acts constituting an administrative offence and more stringent penalties for certain administrative offences, e.g. for those who sell a tobacco products or related products to minors. etc. *According to section 3 paragraph 3 act No. 65/2017 Coll. It is prohibited to sell tobacco products, smoking accessories, herbal products for smoking and electronic cigarettes through a vending machine unless it can be excluded that these products will be sold to a person under 18 years of age; for this purpose, the seller selling through a vending machine shall verify the age of the buyer by means of a designated person. On 31st May 2017 new Act No. 65/2017 Coll., on the protection of health against harmful effects of addictive substances, came into effect. This act replaced Act No. 379/2005 Coll. New Act No. 65/2017 Coll. contains for example: • stronger restrictions on the availability of tobacco products, smoking accessories, herbal products for smoking, electronic cigarettes (containing nicotine and nicotine-free), e.g. stricter regulation of the sale of tobacco products by vending machines*, alongside restrictions on the places where tobacco products, electronic cigarettes, etc. can be sold, and more stringent regulations on the distance sale of tobacco products and related products through a communication device (internet sale), • broadening of the range of control authorities and specification of their competencies in the area of the protection of health against addictive substances, • broadening of the definition of acts constituting an administrative offence and more stringent penalties for certain administrative offences, e.g. for those who sell a tobacco products or related products to minors, etc. *According to the section 3 subsection 3 act No. 65/2017 Coll. It shall be prohibited to sell tobacco products, smoking accessories, herbal products for smoking and electronic cigarettes through a vending machine unless it can be excluded that these products will be sold to a person under 18 years of age; for this purpose, the seller selling through a vending machine shall verify the age of the buyer by means of a designated person. In June 2015, the Czech government approved a Draft Act on the protection of health against the harmful effects of addictive substances. This act will replace the Act No. 379/2005 Coll. Text of the draft act is publicly available online in English and other languages: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/tris/en/search/?trisaction=search.detail&year=2015&num=331). The governmental Act was submitted to the Parliament of the Czech Republic and it is being in the legislative process in the Parliament of the Czech Republic - discussed as document No. 508 ( in the phase before the third reading in the Chamber of Deputies). The draft act contains for example: restrictions on the availability of tobacco products, smoking accessories, herbal products for smoking, electronic cigarettes (containing nicotine and nicotine-free) e.g. stricter regulation of the sale of tobacco products by vending machines, alongside restrictions on the places where tobacco products, electronic cigarettes, etc. can be sold, and more stringent regulations on the distance sale of tobacco products and related products through a communication device, a broadening of the range of control bodies and specification of their competencies in the area of the protection of health against addictive substances, a broadening of the acts constituting an administrative offence and more stringent penalties for certain administrative offences, e.g. for those who sell a tobacco product to minors. etc. WHO European Region
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Article 24 of National Tobacco Control Law articulates sale of tobacco products to minors and students are banned. Article 36 articulates those who violate the tobacco law including selling tobacco to minors and students are subject to legal liability. Monitoring and supervision on compliance of no tobacco law are strengthened. It is clearly laid down and is being implemented the Article No 24 of Law on Tobacco Control to prohibit sale to minors and students. Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Democratic Republic of the Congo Interdiction bien affichée sur sur le paquet de cigarettes et marteler à chaque occasion (ateliers, conférences,...). Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Denmark The fines for sales to minors have been raised and sellers who repeatedly sell tobacco to minors may now be temporarily banned from selling tobacco. To strengthen enforcement and ensure compliance, the task of enforcing the ban on sales to minors has been assigned to the Danish Safety Technology Authority. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Djibouti Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Dominica Report not provided Report not provided Documentation has been submitted for inclusion of article 16 in proposed tobacco legislation WHO Region of the Americas
Ecuador Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Egypt Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
El Salvador Ley para el Control del Tabaco, 2011 Prohibiciones Art. 9.- Se prohíbe la venta de tabaco y sus productos: a) A menores de edad. b) Por menores de edad. c) POR UNIDADES O CAJETILLAS DE MENOS DE DIEZ CIGARRILLOS. (1) d) Cigarros por unidades. e) En máquinas expendedoras. f) En los lugares no permitidos para el consumo, establecidos en la presente Ley, excepto en los supermercados y tiendas. g) Que estén elaborados en formas o figuras que induzcan al consumo del mismo a menores de edad. h) Que estén directamente accesibles en los lugares de venta. i) A personas que no prueben su mayoría de edad cuando se considere necesario. Reglamento de la Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Ejecutivo No. 63, de fecha 29 de mayo de 2015, publicado en el Diario Oficial No. 101, Tomo 407, de fecha 5 de junio de 2015. Capítulo II. Lugares o puntos de venta. Art. 7.- Cada lugar o punto de venta deberá cumplir con los siguientes requisitos: …b) Mantener un anuncio situado al interior del establecimiento con las leyendas sobre la prohibición de venta, distribución o suministro a título gratuito a menores de edad; de acuerdo a lo establecido en la norma técnica sanitaria respectiva. c) Exigir a la persona que se presente a adquirir productos del tabaco y derivados, que acredite su mayoría de edad con identificación oficial que contenga fotografía, …h) Se prohíben los exhibidores, dispensadores u otras modalidades de autoservicio o venta impersonal en los supermercados y tiendas de conveniencia, para evitar la inducción del consumo a niñas, niños y adolescentes. Sólo se permitirá la colocación de una lista textual de los productos de tabaco que se expenden, con sus respectivos precios y deberá exhibirse la información que advierta sobre el perjuicio causado por el humo de tabaco, con el objeto de evitar el consumo compulsivo entre aquellas personas que quieren dejar de fumar. Objetos prohibidos. Art. 16.- Se prohíbe la fabricación, importación, distribución gratuita y venta de alimentos, juguetes u otros objetos que tengan la forma, marca y diseño de productos de tabaco y derivados. Ley para el Control del Tabaco, 2011 Prohibiciones Art. 9.- Se prohíbe la venta de tabaco y sus productos: a) A menores de edad. b) Por menores de edad. c) POR UNIDADES O CAJETILLAS DE MENOS DE DIEZ CIGARRILLOS. (1) d) Cigarros por unidades. e) En máquinas expendedoras. f) En los lugares no permitidos para el consumo, establecidos en la presente Ley, excepto en los supermercados y tiendas. g) Que estén elaborados en formas o figuras que induzcan al consumo del mismo a menores de edad. h) Que estén directamente accesibles en los lugares de venta. i) A personas que no prueben su mayoría de edad cuando se considere necesario. Reglamento de la Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Ejecutivo No. 63, de fecha 29 de mayo de 2015, publicado en el Diario Oficial No. 101, Tomo 407, de fecha 5 de junio de 2015. Capítulo II. Lugares o puntos de venta. Art. 7.- Cada lugar o punto de venta deberá cumplir con los siguientes requisitos: …b) Mantener un anuncio situado al interior del establecimiento con las leyendas sobre la prohibición de venta, distribución o suministro a título gratuito a menores de edad; de acuerdo a lo establecido en la norma técnica sanitaria respectiva. c) Exigir a la persona que se presente a adquirir productos del tabaco y derivados, que acredite su mayoría de edad con identificación oficial que contenga fotografía, …h) Se prohíben los exhibidores, dispensadores u otras modalidades de autoservicio o venta impersonal en los supermercados y tiendas de conveniencia, para evitar la inducción del consumo a niñas, niños y adolescentes. Sólo se permitirá la colocación de una lista textual de los productos de tabaco que se expenden, con sus respectivos precios y deberá exhibirse la información que advierta sobre el perjuicio causado por el humo de tabaco, con el objeto de evitar el consumo compulsivo entre aquellas personas que quieren dejar de fumar. Objetos prohibidos. Art. 16.- Se prohíbe la fabricación, importación, distribución gratuita y venta de alimentos, juguetes u otros objetos que tengan la forma, marca y diseño de productos de tabaco y derivados. Reglamento de la Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Ejecutivo No. 63, de fecha 29 de mayo de 2015, publicado en el Diario Oficial No. 101, Tomo 407, de fecha 5 de junio de 2015. Capítulo II. Lugares o puntos de venta. Art. 7.- Cada lugar o punto de venta deberá cumplir con los siguientes requisitos: …b) Mantener un anuncio situado al interior del establecimiento con las leyendas sobre la prohibición de venta, distribución o suministro a título gratuito a menores de edad; de acuerdo a lo establecido en la norma técnica sanitaria respectiva. c) Exigir a la persona que se presente a adquirir productos del tabaco y derivados, que acredite su mayoría de edad con identificación oficial que contenga fotografía, …h) Se prohíben los exhibidores, dispensadores u otras modalidades de autoservicio o venta impersonal en los supermercados y tiendas de conveniencia, para evitar la inducción del consumo a niñas, niños y adolescentes. Sólo se permitirá la colocación de una lista textual de los productos de tabaco que se expenden, con sus respectivos precios y deberá exhibirse la información que advierta sobre el perjuicio causado por el humo de tabaco, con el objeto de evitar el consumo compulsivo entre aquellas personas que quieren dejar de fumar. Objetos prohibidos. Art. 16.- Se prohíbe la fabricación, importación, distribución gratuita y venta de alimentos, juguetes u otros objetos que tengan la forma, marca y diseño de productos de tabaco y derivados. WHO Region of the Americas
Equatorial Guinea NO EXISTE UNA LEY NO EXISTE UNA LEY NO EXISTE UNA LEY WHO African Region
Estonia The biggest change from the last report is the point of sale displayban for tobacco products. No changes from the last report. No changes from the last report. WHO European Region
Eswatini Report not provided Report not provided No information available. WHO African Region
Ethiopia Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
European Union The Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU, stipulates that a unit packet of cigarettes shall include at least 20 cigarettes. A unit packet of roll-your-own tobacco shall contain tobacco weighing not less than 30g. The Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU, stipulates that a unit packet of cigarettes shall include at least 20 cigarettes. A unit packet of roll-your-own tobacco shall contain tobacco weighing not less than 30g. The Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU, stipulates that a unit packet of cigarettes shall include at least 20 cigarettes. A unit packet of roll-your-own tobacco shall contain tobacco weighing not less than 30g. WHO European Region
Fiji Tobacco Control Act 2010: Part 5-Restrictions on Sale and Smoking of Tobacco Products; 13 (1)(a) A person must not-sell or supply any tobacco product to a person under the age of 18 years; (b) purchase a tobacco product for the use of a person under the age of 18 years.(2) A person retailing in tobacco products must- (a) place a clear and prominent notice inside the retail outlet, notifying on prohibition of sale tobacco products to any person under 18 years old and (b) prior to selling a tobacco product to any person suspected to be under the age of 18 years, must request for a document of identification. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Finland Answer not provided Answer not provided Under Section 10 a of the Tobacco Act, it is forbidden to sell tobacco products from automatic vending machines. The ban entered into force on 1 January 2015. WHO European Region
France Une étude menée en 2019 montre que la signalétique dans les lieux de vente est défaillante : plus de 40% des buralistes n’ont pas l’affichette conforme et visible. Il a été constaté également l’absence de contrôle de la pièce d’identité du mineur. Ce contrôle imposé par la loi est assuré par moins de 1 buraliste sur 5. Près de 10% des buralistes vendent du tabac à des enfants de 12 ans (tous non-fumeurs), et deux buralistes sur trois en vendent aux mineurs de 17 ans. La loi est moins respectée dans les moyennes et grandes villes : en Île-de-France, 92% des débitants de tabac vendent aux mineurs de 17 ans, quils soient fumeurs ou non-fumeurs. Article L3512-12 du code de la santé publique prévoit que : "La personne qui délivre lun de ces produits exige du client quil établisse la preuve de sa majorité". Le buraliste a maintenant lobligation de demander une preuve de majorité. Depuis le 26 janvier 2016, les polices municipales sont autorisées à contrôler l’interdiction de vente aux mineurs au sein de débits de tabac. Article 24 de la loi du 26/01/2016 prévoit que : "La personne qui délivre lun de ces produits exige du client quil établisse la preuve de sa majorité". Sil y avait auparavant possibilité, il y a maintenant obligation de la part des buralistes de demander une preuve de majorité. Depuis le 26 janvier 2016, les polices municipales sont autorisées à contrôler linterdiction de vente aux mineurs au sein de débits de tabac. WHO European Region
Gabon Aucun progrès na été réalisé dans ce domaine Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Gambia Tobacco Control Act, 2016 has a section on "Exposure to and by Minors". The Act is in force since December 2018. The Draft Bill covered the exposure of tobacco products to and by minors. The Draft Bill covered the exposure of tobacco products to and by minors. WHO African Region
Georgia Intensive enforcement of the law is assured by the Ministry of International Affairs (Police). Additionally, monitoring group works through all Georgia to identify violations. National emergency line 112 also receives calls from citizens to report violations and transfers the call the the police. Above listed prohibitions are included in the tobacco control national law.new tobacco control law has improved and simplified administrative mechanisms if the regulations are violated. Above listed prohibitions are included in the current tobacco control national law but there are challenges in terms of its full implementation because of the weak administrative mechanisms. The penalty sanctions for the infringement of the law are very low and mechanism of penalizing is very complicated. Amendment project to the current legislation include the simplification of administrative mechanisms but it is not passed in the Parliament yet. WHO European Region
Germany As part of an intensive education and information work, the federal government has been conducting projects and campaigns for the purpose of effective compliance with the youth protection law prohibitions. In addition, the federal government supports numerous prevention activities, in particular to prevent problematic consumption patterns of children and adolescents. As part of an intensive education and information work, the federal government has been conducting projects and campaigns for the purpose of effective compliance with the youth protection law prohibitions. In addition, the federal government supports numerous prevention activities, in particular to prevent problematic consumption patterns of children and adolescents. As part of an intensive education and information work, the federal government has been conducting projects and campaigns for the purpose of effective compliance with the youth protection law prohibitions. In addition, the federal government supports numerous prevention activities, in particular to prevent problematic consumption patterns of children and adolescents. WHO European Region
Ghana Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Greece Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Grenada This section is addressed in our draft legislation which have not yet been made into law. Most point of sale for tobacco products do have notice prohibiting sale to minors and tobacco products are not sold on open shelves. Presently there are not tobacco vending machines in Grenada Free cigarettes or tobacco products are not promoted or distributed in Grenada This section is addressed in our draft legislation which have not yet been made into law. Most point of sale for tobacco products do have notice prohibiting sale to minors and tobacco products are not sold on open shelves. Presently there are not tobacco vending machines in Grenada Free cigarettes or tobacco products are not promoted or distributed in Grenada This section is addressed in our draft legislation which have not yet been made into law. Most point of sale for tobacco products do have notice prohibiting sale to minors and tobacco products are not sold on open shelves. Presently there are not tobacco vending machines in Grenada Free cigarettes or tobacco products are not promoted or distributed in Grenada WHO Region of the Americas
Guatemala Ninguno. Las disposiciones legales prohibitivas se han mantenido inalteradas. Éstas se encuentran en el Código de Salud. Ninguno. Las disposiciones legales prohibitivas se han mantenido inalteradas. Éstas se encuentran en el Código de Salud. Ninguno. Las disposiciones legales prohibitivas se han mantenido inalteradas. WHO Region of the Americas
Guinea Report not provided Report not provided Il na pas de machines distributrices de tabac en Guinée La vente de tabac aux mineurs et par les mineurs nai pas controlée WHO African Region
Guinea-Bissau This item is included in the draft bill. This item is included in the draft bill. This item is included in the draft bill. WHO African Region
Guyana Part 8 of the Tobacco Control Act provides for all of the measures listed above and this is now law. Part 8 of the Tobacco Control Act provides for all of the measures listed above and this is now law. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Honduras En los dos últimos años desde el 2018 a la fecha se han dado avances en el cumplimiento de la disposición del Artículo 16 del CMCT de la OMS con respecto a la prohibición de productos derivados de tabaco a menores y por menores. Para tal efecto es. Imperativo el apoyo de cada Corporación Municipal para alcanzar un amplio cumplimiento de dichas disposiciones. En los dos últimos años se han dado avances en el cumplimiento de la disposición del Artículo 16 del CMCT de la OMS con respecto a la prohibición de productos derivados de tabaco a menores y por menores. En los dos últimos años se han dado avances en el cumplimiento de la disposición del Artículo 16 del CMCT de la OMS con respecto a la prohibición de productos derivados de tabaco a menores y por menores. WHO Region of the Americas
Hungary Electronic cigarettes can be only purchased in the National Tobacco stores according to the amendment of the Act CXXXIV of 2012 on “Reducing Smoking Prevalence among Young People and Retail of Tobacco Products. (Introduced: 23 December 2015, entry into force: 20 May 2016) Electronic cigarettes can be only purchased in the National Tobacco stores according to the amendment of the Act CXXXIV of 2012 on “Reducing Smoking Prevalence among Young People and Retail of Tobacco Products. (Introduced: 23 December 2015, entry into force: 20 May 2016) In September 2012 the Parliament adopted the Act on „Reducing Smoking Prevalence among Young People and Retail of Tobacco Products”, also known as the “Tobacco Shop Law”. In consequence of the Act, selling of tobacco products can only be permitted in supervised tobacco stores, where only adults above 18 can purchase. The aim of the Act is to restrict the widespread availability and presence of tobacco products in order to promote tobacco control among young people, furthermore to supply smokers with tobacco products professionally and satisfyingly in compliance with consumer protection rules, thereby to prevent the illegal trade of tobacco products. As a result of the Act, from 1st July 2013, tobacco products can only be purchased in 7000 supervised tobacco stores with concession, instead of in more than 40 000 shops all over the country before. At retail, young people need to be prevented from buying tobacco products as much as possible. If there is a doubt about the age of the customer, the retailer must check the documents proving the age of the customer. In case of contravening these requirements, the consumer protection agency can impose a fine on the tobacco product retailer. On the outer walls of the tobacco store it is prohibited to display any picture or visualization relating to tobacco products or smoking. As a result of these measures, purchasing tobacco products has become more difficult for young people. Results of Youth Surveys in 2012 and 2013 The youth surveys in 2012 and 2013 were conducted within the WHO Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). Respondents of the surveys were pupils in the 7th, 8th and 9th grades in the age group of 13-15. In 2012 the rate of current – both daily and occasional – smokers was 27%; 31% of boys and 25% of girls smoked. This rate decreased by 3% in 2013. The decrease was observed among boys: the rate of current smokers among boys fell to 24% by 2013 and there was no change among girls. In 2012, 7% of the age group of 13-15 were daily smokers, that is, 9% of boys and 5% of girls. The rate of current smokers among young people rose to 9% by 2013. The increase was 1% among boys and 2% among girls. In 2012, 45% of young people bought cigarettes in shops; this rate decreased significantly to 20% by 2013. In 2012, 43% of young people were not prevented by shop assistants in 56 service from buying cigarettes because of their age, this rate unfortunately increased by 2013: 50% of the age group of 13-15 were not refused during service because of their age. The Adult Tobacco Survey 2013 contains that 58% of the smokers said, that it is more or much more difficult to buy a tobacco product than before decreasing the number of the tobacco-selling places. Four important measures on tobacco control implemented since 2012 in Hungary: smoking ban in enclosed air space public places and in some of the open air space places, the significant tax increase on cigarettes, the warnings combined with pictures on cigarette packages and the drastic decrease in the number of stores selling tobacco products. A significant decline of the prevalence among adults and slight decline of the prevalence among the youth occurred related to the four measures. The reduction of the number of smokers is expected to help reduce tobacco related morbidity, mortality and tobacco related economic and social burden. The rules of the marketing of electronic cigarettes have been recorded during the transfer of the directive 2014/40/EU of the European Parliament and the Council to the Hungarian legislation.. Electronic cigarettes can be only purchased in the National Tobacco stores according to the amendment of the Act CXXXIV of 2012 on “Reducing Smoking Prevalence among Young People and Retail of Tobacco Products. (Introduced: 23 December 2015, entry into force: 20 May 2016) WHO European Region
Iceland Results showed through randomized control system done by town council near Reykjavik for many years that young people can buy tobacco to some extent. This is one priority to consider when making new official tobacco policy in tobacco control in Iceland Results showed through randomized control system done by town council near Reykjavik for many years that young people can buy tobacco to some extent. This is one priority to consider when making new official tobacco policy in tobacco control in Iceland Results showed through randomized control system done by town council near Reykjavik for many years that young people can buy tobacco to some extent. This is one priority to consider when making new official tobacco policy in tobacco control in Iceland WHO European Region
India State Governments are encouraged to organize sensitisation programmes for law enforcers. Some of the states have used innovative strategies like partnering with corporates for display of signages at points of sale. Many educational institutions/universities/colleges are taking steps to become and be declared as tobaccofree, using/adapting the guidelines of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is undertaking activities under National Population Education Project (NPEP) and Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) under which the students are made aware of the ill effects of tobacco/smoking. For the Central Board of Secondary Education, the Board has sensitized all its affiliated schools vide circular No. Acad-04/2012 dated 24.04.2012 for promoting healthy food habits amongst students which also emphasize on tobacco free school. State Governments are encouraged to organize sensitisation programmes for law enforcers. Some of the states have used innovative strategies like partnering with corporates for display of signages at points of sale. Many educational institutions/universities/colleges are taking steps to become and be declared as tobaccofree, using/adapting the guidelines of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is undertaking activities under National Population Education Project (NPEP) and Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) under which the students are made aware of the ill effects of tobacco/smoking. For the Central Board of Secondary Education, the Board has sensitized all its affiliated schools vide circular No. Acad-04/2012 dated 24.04.2012 for promoting healthy food habits amongst students which also emphasize on tobacco free school. State Governments are encouraged to organize sensitisation programmes for law enforcers. Some of the states have used innovative strategies like partnering with corporates for display of signages at points of sale. Many educational institutions/universities/colleges are taking steps to become and be declared as tobaccofree, using/adapting the guidelines of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. WHO South-East Asia Region
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Rate of penalties has been increased By enforcement of licensing system, this article would be better supervised. By enforcement of licensing system, this article would be better supervised. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Iraq Unfortunately there is no obvious progress made in implementing article 16. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Ireland In October 2019 the Government approved the drafting of a Public Health (Tobacco and Nicotine Inhaling Products) Bill. Measures included in the General Scheme of the Bill would prohibit the sale of tobacco products from self-service vending machines. Work on the proposed legislation is ongoing. Test purchasing remains a method of inspection of retailers, with authorised minors attempting to purchase tobacco products. In 2018 more than 300 test purchases were carried out by the Health Service Executive. In 2014 the Irish Government approved the drafting of legislation to introduce a licensing system and other measures in relation to retail sale of tobacco products and electronic non-medicinal nicotine delivery systems. The proposed legislation will prohibit the sale of tobacco products from self-service vending machines. It will also prohibit the sale of electronic non-medicinal nicotine delivery systems to persons under 18 years and the sale of electronic non-medicinal nicotine delivery systems and tobacco products by persons under the age of 18 years (minors). Work on the proposed legislation is ongoing. In 2014 the Irish Government approved the drafting of legislation to introduce a licensing system and other measures in relation to retail sale of tobacco products. The proposed legislation will prohibit the sale of tobacco products from self-service vending machines. It will also prohibit the sale of tobacco products by persons under the age of 18 years (minors). Work on the proposed legislation is ongoing. WHO European Region
Israel 1. Total ban on vending machines (2014) 2. Ban on selling all smoking products, including HTP, Electronic cigarettes and herbal products. 3. Ban on snacks and toys resemble to cigarettes 4. No person shall market, distribute or loan a smoking product to another in a commercial framework, including at marketing and sales promotions events for products other than smoking products, without remuneration, for symbolic remuneration or in return for another smoking product or ancillary to the purchase of another product, including in return for participation in a consumer survey, registration on a mailing list or the furnishing of personal details. Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Italy on 2016 Italy with the Legislative decree n.6/2016 adopted the European Directive 40/2014/UE which prohibits 10 cigarettes packs, the same law introduce penalties and fees for sellers who sale tobacco products to minors and distribute that promoting tobacco products. This year Italy with the Legislative decree n.6/2016 adopted the European Directive 40/2014/UE which prohibits 10 cigarettes packs, the same law introduce penalties and fees for sellers who sale tobacco products to minors and distribute that promoting tobacco products. This year Italy with the Legislative decree n.6/2016 adopted the European Directive 40/2014/UE which prohibits 10 cigarettes packs, the same law introduce penalties and fees for sellers who sale tobacco products to minors and distribute that promoting tobacco products. WHO European Region
Jamaica The Child Care and Protection Act makes provision for the prohibition of sale of some forms of tobacco products to and by minors. The provisions in the Child Care and Protection Act is limited as the prohibitions do not apply broadly to all forms of tobacco products (including electronic nicotine delivery systems) to and by minors. The current provision restrictively references cigarettes, cigars, cheroots, and cigarillos. Attempts are being made to amend the Act to accord with the FCTC requirements. The Child Care and Protection Act makes provision for the prohibition of sale of some forms of tobacco products to and by minors. The Child Care and Protection Act does not prohibit the sale of tobacco products in general (including electronic nicotine delivery systems) to and by minors. The current provision restrictively references cigarettes, cigars, cheroots, and cigarillos. Attempts are being made to amend the Act to accord with the FCTC requirements. The Child Care and Protection Act, 2004 makes provision for the prohibition of sale to and by minors. The Act is presently being updated. WHO Region of the Americas
Japan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Jordan تم تضمين منع بيع منتجات التبغ للقصر في قانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 الحدث ( لمن لم يكمل 18 عام ) وتم منع استخدام منع ماكينات بيع منتجات التبغ في قانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 ، ويتضمن قانون سلوك الاحداث منع بيع القصر وبيع التجزئة . ومنع مقلدات التبغ وقد تم تغليظ العقوبات على بيع التبغ للقصر لتصل العقوبة لتصبح العقوبة من 1000الى 3000 الاف دينار او الحبس من 3-6 اشهر وذلك في تعديلات القانون رقم 11لسنة 2017 القانون المعدل لقانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 تم تحديد 19 عام للسماح بشراء التبغ المسخن او السجائر الالكترونية حسب تعليمات الغذاء والدواء الصادرة عام 2019 قرار خاص بالأعمال الخطرة أو المرهقة أو المضرة بالصحة للأحداث لسنة 2011 تم تضمين منع بيع منتجات التبغ للقصر في قانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 الحدث ( لمن لم يكمل 18 عام ) وتم منع استخدام منع ماكينات بيع منتجات التبغ في قانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 ، ويتضمن قانون سلوك الاحداث منع بيع القصر وبيع التجزئة . ومنع مقلدات التبغ وقد تم تغليظ العقوبات على بيع التبغ للقصر لتصل العقوبة لتصبح العقوبة من 1000الى 3000 الاف دينار او الحبس من 3-6 اشهر وذلك في تعديلات القانون رقم 11لسنة 2017 القانون المعدل لقانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 تم تضمين منع بيع منتجات التبغ للقصر في قانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 الحدث ( لمن لم يكمل 18 عام ) وتم منع استخدام منع ماكينات بيع منتجات التبغ في قانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 ، ويتضمن قانون سلوك الاحداث منع بيع القصر وبيع التجزئة . ومنع مقلدات التبغ WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kazakhstan Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Kenya Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Kiribati Most retail shops are in compliance with this Article, however, monitoring the extent of compliance is weak and needs to be strengthened Most retail shops are in compliance with this Article, however, monitoring the extent of compliance is weak and needs to be strengthened Most retail shops are in compliance with this Article, however, monitoring the extent of compliance is weak and needs to be strengthened WHO Western Pacific Region
Kuwait The new Law 42/2014 will be amended to include specific penalties for sales to minors The new Law 42/2014 will be amended to include specific penalties for sales to minors The new Law 42/2014 will be amended to include specific penalties foe sales to minors WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kyrgyzstan Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Lao People's Democratic Republic The sales to and buy by minors bans by Tobacco Control Law, however, it is not strictly implemented The sales to and buy by minors bans by Tobacco Control Law, however, it is not strictly implemented The sales to and buy by minors bans by Tobacco Control Law, however, it is not strictly implemented WHO Western Pacific Region
Latvia Answer not provided Answer not provided Since 2014 all purchasers aged 18-25 purchasing tobacco products obliged to present the identity document to retailer in all cases regardless of, whether it is requested by the retailer. Sale of tobacco products to persons whose age retailer has a reasonable doubt, and who does not show an identity document confirming the person ages is prohibited. Following the supervisory and control authorities to request any purchaser is obliged to confirm their identity and age by presenting a personal identification document. WHO European Region
Lebanon Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lesotho Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Liberia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Libya هناك صعوبة في تفعيل التشريع الصادر بالخصوص هناك صعوبة في تفعيل التشريع الصادر بالخصوص هناك صعوبة في تفعيل التشريع الصادر بالخصوص WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lithuania Draft amendment to the Tobacco Control Law was registered in March 2020 in the Parliament (draft prepared by the Ministry of Health) to introduce ban of sale of devices intended for consumption of tobacco and related products for persons under 18 years old. Control of the prohibition to sale tobacco products to minors is adopted in the Law on Tobacco Control of Republic of Lithuania: https://www.e-tar.lt/portal/lt/legalAct/TAR.F8090E375DA0/kWOxTjTByd Control of the prohibition to sale tobacco products to minors is adopted in the Law on Tobacco Control of Republic of Lithuania http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter2/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=266840 WHO European Region
Luxembourg Depuis lentrée en vigueur de la loi antitabac du 13 juin 2017, transposant la directive tabac 2014/40/UE en droit national, lâge minimum pour acheter des produits du tabac est de 18 ans au Luxembourg. Cette interdiction de vente aux mineurs sappliqe à tous les produits du tabac: cigarettes, cigars, tabacs à rouler, shishas, cigarettes électronqiues, produits du tabac à base de plantes et nouveaux produits du tabac. Passage de lâge dinterdiction de 16ans à 18ans pour lachat de produits du tabac et de vapotage. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Madagascar des réunions ont été effectué avec le responsable de la lutte contre les drogues au niveau du Primature et des agents oppresseurs pour la stratégie de lapplication de ce texte. Un draft du texte réglementaire interdisant de vente autour de 200m des établissements scolaires a été élaboré. Une sensibilisation au niveau de la radio nationale a été effectuée une sensibilisation auprès du public pour faire connaître lexistence de la loi est réalisée par la société civile des écriteaux sur linterdiction aux ventes par et aux mineurs sont distribués aux quelques vendeurs WHO African Region
Malaysia NO CHANGES SINCE 2014 IMPLEMENTATION NO CHANGES SINCE 2014 IMPLEMENTATION NO CHANGES SINCE 2014 IMPLEMENTATION WHO Western Pacific Region
Maldives NONE NONE NONE WHO South-East Asia Region
Mali A létat actuel des dispositions légales sont entrain d*être développées pour lapplication et le suivi A létat actuel des dispositions légales sont entrain d*être développées pour lapplication et le suivi A létat actuel des dispositions légales sont entrain d*etre développées pour lapplication et le suivi WHO African Region
Malta Improved enforcement of legislation requiring vending machines to be supervised by an adult to ensure that no minors make use of them. Improved enforcement of legislation requiring vending machines to be supervised by an adult to ensure that no minors make use of them. Improved enforcement of legislation requiring vending machines to be supervised by an adult to ensure that no minors make use of them. WHO European Region
Marshall Islands KUMIT AND POLICE FOR ARE WORKING ON COMPLIANCE KUMIT AND POLICE FOR ARE WORKING ON COMPLIANCE KUMIT AND POLICE FOR ARE WORKING ON COMPLIANCE WHO Western Pacific Region
Mauritania - - - WHO African Region
Mauritius The current tobacco legislation is being fully enforced by the Authorities and several contraventions have been established for all cases of breach of the relevant provisions of the law pertaining to the sale of tobacco products to and by minors. The tobacco legislation is being fully enforced and all breach of the law is dealt with by enforcement officers comprising of Police and Public health and Food Safety Inspectors whereby contraventions are established and severe warnings administered as the case may be Answer not provided WHO African Region
Mexico Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Micronesia (Federated States of) Compliance check to Article 16 is conducted twice a year throughout the four states in FSM (SYNAR) Compliance check to Article 16 is conducted twice a year throughout the four states in FSM Compliance check to Article 16 is conducted twice a year throughout the four states in FSM WHO Western Pacific Region
Mongolia Prohibited: the sale of tobacco to and by persons under the age of 21; the introduction of tobacco vending machines; the organization of promotional sales in any form and lotteries in order to increase tobacco sales. Prohibited: the sale of tobacco to and by persons under the age of 21; the introduction of tobacco vending machines; the organization of promotional sales in any form and lotteries in order to increase tobacco sales. Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Montenegro Article 10 The sale of tobacco products to persons under age of 18 is prohibited. Article 11 In retail stores, prohibition on sale of tobacco products to persons under 18 years of age must be displayed. Article 68 A legal person will be fined between € 500 and € 20,000 for selling tobacco products to persons under 18 years of age The item is referred to in the Law. Article 18 "If the seller in the store as referred in paragraph 1 of this Article, suspects that the buyer is less than 18 years of age old, he may require from that person to show an appropriate documents in order to prove legal age, and if they refuse, the seller shall not sell to such person a tobacco product." Penalties were increased through amending the Law on limitation of tobacco products, and the group of subjects related to the prohibition significantly expanded, we therefore see improvements in the implementation of this area The item is referred to in the Law. Article 18 "If the seller in the store as referred in paragraph 1 of this Article, suspects that the buyer is less than 18 years of age old, he may require from that person to show an appropriate documents in order to prove legal age, and if they refuse, the seller shall not sell to such person a tobacco product." Penalties were increased through amending the Law on limitation of tobacco products, and the group of subjects related to the prohibition significantly expanded, we therefore see improvements in the implementation of this area WHO European Region
Myanmar Ministry of Education, in collaboration with MOHS, conducted national level seminar and workshops for development of ways forward for strengthening 7 priority areas, including tobacco control, in 2019. Peer education programme has been launched to increase awareness including provisions of the law,focusing on prevention of minors from tobacco use. MOE has been working in close collaboration with parent teachers association and Students Unions to strengthen necessary areas. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Namibia References in the Act No 1 of 2010: 3.3.2.1: Article 18(1)(a) of the Act. 3.3.2.2: Article 18(2) of the Act. 3.3.2.5: Article 15(4) of the Act. 3.3.2.6: Acticle 20(1) of the Act, but measure in force from a date determined by the Minister of Health in the regulations. 3.3.2.8: Article 19(1) of the Act. 3.3.2.11: Article 18(1)(b) of the Act. Remaining items will be referred to in section 7 of the regulations. Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Nauru Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Nepal Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Netherlands by 2022 neutral vending machines are only allowed with the intervention of a sales person Displayban by juli the first 2020 in supermarkets and other points of sale by the first of januari 2021. An exception is made for tobacco speciality shops Plain packaging: for sigarettes and RYO is foreseen for october 1, 2020 Answer not provided The age limit for Tobacco products has been increased from 16 to 18 from January 1st 2014. WHO European Region
New Zealand No changes since legislative changes in July 2012. No changes since legislative changes in July 2012. No changes since legislative changes in July 2012 which provided for increased fines and for infringement notices for several offences including sales to minors. Tobacco vending machines are only located in places to which minors do not have access, principally clubs. WHO Western Pacific Region
Nicaragua Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Niger Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Nigeria NTC Act 2015 and its implementing Regulations 2019 Honorable Minister of Health announced during the 2017 WNTD immediate implementation of Prohibition of sale of tobacco products to and by anyone below 18. Answer not provided WHO African Region
Niue Persons under 21 years of age are no longer allowed to buy tobacco products. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Norway Answer not provided As of 1 January 2018 all wholesalers and retailers (except distance sales) of tobacco products and tobacco surrogates (e.g. e-cigarettes and herbal tobacco products) must register in a national tobacco sales registry. A ban on self-service of tobacco products was adopted in 2013 and entered into force from 1 July 2014. WHO European Region
Oman لا جديد لا جديد لا جديد WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Pakistan Under Article 16 of FCTC, Pakistan is mandated to prohibit the sales of tobacco products to persons under 18. National law prohibits sale of tobacco products to persons under 18. Pakistan has also banned offering free samples, cash rebates, discounts and sponsorship of events. No one shall manufacture or offer for sale sweets, snacks, or toys in the form of cigarettes. There is also ban on manufacture, sale, or offer for sale or import of packs having less than 20 cigarette sticks. Every retailer is mandated to display a poster inside their point of sale about the prohibition of tobacco sales to minors. Recently, Pakistan has banned sale of individual cigarette sticks by retailers. Under Article 16 of FCTC, Pakistan is mandated to prohibit the sales of tobacco products to persons under 18. National law prohibits sale of tobacco products to persons under 18. Pakistan has also banned offering free samples, cash rebates, discounts and sponsorship of events. No one shall manufacture or offer for sale sweets, snacks, or toys in the form of cigarettes. There is also ban on manufacture, sale, or offer for sale or import of packs having less than 20 cigarette sticks. Every retailer is mandated to display a poster inside their point of sale about the prohibition of tobacco sales to minors. Recently, Pakistan has banned sale of individual cigarette sticks by retailers. Under Article 16 of FCTC, Pakistan is mandated to prohibit the sales of tobacco products to persons under 18. National law prohibits sale of tobacco products to persons under 18. Pakistan has also banned offering free samples, cash rebates, discounts and sponsorship of events. No one shall manufacture or offer for sale sweets, snacks, or toys in the form of cigarettes. There is also ban on manufacture, sale, or offer for sale or import of packs having less than 20 cigarette sticks. Every retailer is mandated to display a poster inside their point of sale about the prohibition of tobacco sales to minors. In future, Tobacco control Cell is planning to ban sale of individual cigarette sticks by retailers. Furthermore, minors age limit i.e. 18 years may be increased for sale of tobacco products. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Palau Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Panama Los resultados de la GYTS evidencian un descenso progresivo de los jóvenes que compran cigarrillos en la tienda, este descenso se reporta en cerca del 50% al comparar las cifras 2002 con 2012. Sin embargo, en el año 2017 hubo un repunte de 9.6 puntos porcentuales con relación a los jóvenes que compran cigarrillos en la tienda. En cuanto a la posibilidad de comprar cigarrillos a pesar de la edad, las cifras reportadas son fluctuantes, aunque presentan un descenso porcentual de 24.1% al comparar las cifras del año 2002 con las reportadas en el 2017. En el 2017, el 58.7% de los jóvenes de 13 a 15 años que fumaban compraron cigarrillos sueltos a pesar de que está prohibida este tipo de venta. Se realizan operativos programados destinados a la vigilancia y control de la normativa vigente en materia de control de tabaco, durante los mismos se evalúa el cumplimiento integral de las disposiciones vigentes, entre ellos se verifica la existencia de los letreros de prohibición de la venta a menores en los puntos de venta. En los casos de incumplimiento se aplican las sanciones correspondientes. De igual forma, se realizan acciones de vigilancia durante operativos especiales o aquellos que se organizan para la atención de una queja o denuncia. Informes de GYTS en http://www.gorgas.gob.pa/SitioWebTabaco/Documentos.htm Como parte de los resultados del estudio observacional para la evaluación del cumplimiento de la prohibición de publicidad, promoción y patrocinio de productos de tabaco en puntos de venta, medios de comunicación, internet, redes sociales, plataformas móviles de mensajería, video juegos y empaquetado/etiquetado de productos de tabaco, se encontró que el 45% de una muestra de 1532 establecimientos visitados que vendía productos tenía letreros de prohibida la venta a menores de los cuales el 22.7% cumplían con las disposiciones establecidas en el Decreto 230 de 2008. Detalles del estudio en http://www.gorgas.gob.pa/SitioWebTabaco/Publicaciones.htm Los resultados de la GYTS evidencian un descenso progresivo de los jóvenes que compran cigarrillos en la tienda, este descenso se reporta en cerca del 50% al comparar las cifras 2002 con 2012. En cuanto a la posibilidad de comprar cigarrillos a pesar de la edad, las cifras reportadas son fluctuantes, pero en general se da un descenso al compararlas con las del año 2002. Se realizan operativos programados destinados a la vigilancia y control de la normativa vigente en materia de control de tabaco, durante los mismos se evalúa el cumplimiento integral de las disposiciones vigentes, entre ellos se verifica la existencia de los letreros de prohibición de la venta a menores en los puntos de venta. En los casos de incumplimiento se aplican las sanciones correspondientes. De igual forma, se realizan acciones de vigilancia durante operativos especiales o aquellos que se organizan para la atención de una queja o denuncia. Informe de GYTS 2012 en http://www.gorgas.gob.pa/SitioWebTabaco/Documentos.htm Como parte de los resultados del estudio observacional para la evaluación del cumplimiento de la prohibición de publicidad, promoción y patrocinio de productos de tabaco en puntos de venta, medios de comunicación, internet, redes sociales, plataformas móviles de mensajería, video juegos y empaquetado/etiquetado de productos de tabaco, se encontró que el 45% de una muestra de 1532 establecimientos visitados que vendía productos tenía letreros de prohibida la venta a menores de los cuales el 22.7% cumplían con las disposiciones establecidas en el Decreto 230 de 2008. Detalles del estudio en http://www.gorgas.gob.pa/SitioWebTabaco/Publicaciones.htm Los resultados de la GYTS evidencian un descenso progresivo de los jóvenes que compran cigarrillos en la tienda, este descenso se reporta en cerca del 50% al comparar las cifras 2002 con 2012. En cuanto a la posibilidad de comprar cigarrillos a pesar de la edad las cifras reportadas son fluctuantes, pero en general se da un descenso al compararlas con las del año 2002. Se realizan operativos programados destinados a la vigilancia y control de la normativa vigente en materia de control de tabaco, durante los mismos se evalúa el cumplimiento integral de las disposiciones vigentes de control de tabaco, entre ellos se verifica la existencia de los letreros de prohibición de la venta a menores en los puntos de venta. En los casos de incumplimiento se aplican las sanciones correspondientes. De igual forma, se realizan acciones de vigilancia durante operativos especiales o aquellos que se organizan para la atención de una queja o denuncia. Informe de GYTS 2012 en http://www.gorgas.gob.pa/SitioWebTabaco/Documentos.htm WHO Region of the Americas
Papua New Guinea this article is captured. Vending machine is prohibited in the new law. this article is captured. Vending machine is prohibited in the new law. Efforts are put into legislating this article WHO Western Pacific Region
Paraguay La Ley Nº 5538/15, establece en su Capitulo II y artículos 5,6,7: la venta, suministro de productos de tabaco asi como la prohibición de venta a menores y por menores. La Ley Nº 5538/15, establece en su Capitulo II y artículos 5,6,7 La Ley Nº 5538/15, establece en su Capitulo II y artículos 5,6,7 WHO Region of the Americas
Peru Existe un mayor numero de municipalidad haciendo fizcalización en el maco de sus funciones de la venta de cigarrillos al menudeo y por y a menores en la calle y bodegas En el año 2010 se promulgó la Ley N° 29517 que modifica la Ley 28705, Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los riesgos del consumo de tabaco, para adecuarse al convenio marco de la OMS para el control del tabaco Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Philippines In 2017, Executive order on smoke-free environments in public and enclosed places was signed by President Rodrigo Duterte. It encourages local government units to pass ordinances that will promote 100% smoke-free environment. Under EO 26, the selling, distributing or purchasing tobacco products to and from minors is deemed unlawful. Sections 7 to 12 of the Republic Act of 9211 (Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003) on Access Restrictions has prohibited the sale and distribution of tobacco products to minors, purchase of tobacco products from a minor, sale of tobacco products by a minor and for a minor to smoke tobacco products. Moreover, sale of tobacco products is prohibited within 100 meters of school perimeters as well as sale to minors by means of a vending machine or any self-service facility. The law also requires warning to minors about unlawful sale or distribution to minors of tobacco products at points of sale and need for age verification during purchase. The Department of Education has issued policies to address sales of cigarettes to and by minors within the school such as school premises, school canteens and in the implementation of school activities. Policies are: Operating Guidelines on Canteen Management, 100% Smoke Free Environment, adoption and observance of related provisions of RA 9211 as well as the adoption and implementation of the Joint Memorandum Circular on Protecting the Bureaucracy Against Tobacco Industry Interference (Article 5.3). The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) through their Balik Eskwela (Back to School) program conducts daily inspection of stores for display of tobacco products and warning to minors, within the 100% meter school perimeters in Metropolitan Manila. To date, 2,183 stationary stores and 780 ambulant vendors had been monitored by the MMDA for compliance to access restriction laws. In 2017, Executive order on smoke-free environments in public and enclosed places was signed by President Rodrigo Duterte. It encourages local government units to pass ordinances that will promote 100% smoke-free environment. Under EO 26, the selling, distributing or purchasing tobacco products to and from minors is deemed unlawful. Sections 7 to 12 of the Republic Act of 9211 (Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003) on Access Restrictions has prohibited the sale and distribution of tobacco products to minors, purchase of tobacco products from a minor, sale of tobacco products by a minor and for a minor to smoke tobacco products. Moreover, sale of tobacco products is prohibited within 100 meters of school perimeters as well as sale to minors by means of a vending machine or any self-service facility. The law also requires warning to minors about unlawful sale or distribution to minors of tobacco products at points of sale and need for age verification during purchase. The Department of Education has issued policies to address sales of cigarettes to and by minors within the school such as school premises, school canteens and in the implementation of school activities. Policies are: Operating Guidelines on Canteen Management, 100% Smoke Free Environment, adoption and observance of related provisions of RA 9211 as well as the adoption and implementation of the Joint Memorandum Circular on Protecting the Bureaucracy Against Tobacco Industry Interference (Article 5.3). The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) through their Balik Eskwela (Back to School) program conducts daily inspection of stores for display of tobacco products and warning to minors, within the 100% meter school perimeters in Metropolitan Manila. To date, 2,183 stationary stores and 780 ambulant vendors had been monitored by the MMDA for compliance to access restriction laws. Sections 7 to 12 of the Republic Act of 9211 (Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003) on Access Restrictions has prohibited the sale and distribution of tobacco products to minors, purchase of tobacco products from a minor, sale of tobacco products by a minor and for a minor to smoke tobacco products. Moreover, sale of tobacco products is prohibited within 100 meters of school perimeters as well as sale to minors by means of a vending machine or any self-service facility. The law also requires warning to minors about unlawful sale or distribution to minors of tobacco products at points of sale and need for age verification during purchase. The Department of Education has issued policies to address sales of cigarettes to and by minors within the school such as school premises, school canteens and in the implementation of school activities. Policies are: Operating Guidelines on Canteen Management, 100% Smoke Free Environment, adoption and observance of related provisions of RA 9211 as well as the adoption and implementation of the Joint Memorandum Circular on Protecting the Bureaucracy Against Tobacco Industry Interference (Article 5.3). The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) through their Balik Eskwela (Back to School) program conducts daily inspection of stores for display of tobacco products and warning to minors, within the 100% meter school perimeters in Metropolitan Manila. To date, 2,183 stationary stores and 780 ambulant vendors had been monitored by the MMDA for compliance to access restriction laws. WHO Western Pacific Region
Poland No changes from last report. Poland in 2016 implement ban on the sale of electronic cigarettes to adolescents under 18 years of age and introduction of text warnings at the locations of sales on the prohibition of the sale of electronic cigarettes to persons under 18 years of age. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Portugal Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Qatar In implementing article 16 from the FCTC and article 7 in LAW NO. 10 OF 2016 ON THE CONTROL OF TOBACCO AND ITS DERIVATIVES states in Article 13: The sale of cigarettes or tobacco or its derivatives at a distance of less than 1000 meters from schools and other educational and training institutions shall be prohibited. stated that Article 18 Without prejudice to any more severe penalty stipulated in any other law, a penalty not exceeding three thousand (3000) Riyals shall be imposed on anyone who smokes cigarettes while driving a vehicle in the presence of any person under the age of 18.. And health inspectors in the MOPH if they caught any sellers who sells to minors will be violated and sent to the public persecution In implementing article 16 from the FCTC and article 7 in LAW NO. 10 OF 2016 ON THE CONTROL OF TOBACCO AND ITS DERIVATIVES states in Article 13: The sale of cigarettes or tobacco or its derivatives at a distance of less than 1000 meters from schools and other educational and training institutions shall be prohibited. stated that Article 18 Without prejudice to any more severe penalty stipulated in any other law, a penalty not exceeding three thousand (3000) Riyals shall be imposed on anyone who smokes cigarettes while driving a vehicle in the presence of any person under the age of 18.. And health inspectors in the MOPH if they caught any sellers who sells to minors will be violated and sent to the public persecution In implementing article 16 from the FCTC and article 7 in Qatar national tobacco law no 20 for the year 2002 , stated that it is prohibited to sell any tobacco derivatives to any person under 18 years Gregorian years and the sellers should take all precautionary measures to make sure of the buyers age. And health inspectors in the MOPH if they caught any sellers who sells to minors will be violated and sent to the public persecution WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Republic of Korea Answer not provided *Amended definition of tobacco related articles harmful to juveniles(from "device and components for inhaling nicotine liquid" to "device and components for inhaling tobacco contents including nicotine liquid, etc.") and banned sale of device for Heated Tobacco Product to minors (Oct.2017) *Designated product mimicking smoking behaviour as articles harmful to juvenile under the Juvenile Protection Act, such as Vitamin Stick and banned its sale to minors (Dec. 2017) Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Republic of Moldova New Tobacco Control Law provisions prohibit location of tobacco selling points closer than 200m of educational institutions and health care facilities. New Tobacco Control Law provisions prohibit location of tobacco selling points closer than 200m of educational institutions and health care facilities. New Tobacco Control Law provisions prohibit location of tobacco selling points closer than 200m of educational institutions and health care facilities. WHO European Region
Romania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Russian Federation Все законодательные изменения были приняты до начала отчетного периода. Report not provided Все законодательные изменения были приняты до начала отчетного периода WHO European Region
Rwanda Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Saint Kitts and Nevis Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Lucia The Education Act prohibits the sale of tobacco products at schools (page 101). General legislation prohibiting sales to and by minors is prioritized as part of comprehensive tobacco control legislation. In 2019 the Public Health (Smoking Control) Amendment 2019 prohibits the sale of tobacco products to and by minors. The Regulations will provide penalties for breaches and offences. The Education Act prohibits the sale of tobacco products at schools (page 101). General legislation prohibiting sales to and by minors is prioritized as part of comprehensive tobacco control legislation. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Samoa This has been legislated and health awareness programs are continuous to enforce this measure. This has been legislated and health awareness programs are continuous to enforce this measure. This has been legislated and health awareness programs are continuous to enforce this measure. WHO Western Pacific Region
San Marino Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Sao Tome and Principe sin datos sin datos Report not provided WHO African Region
Saudi Arabia -يمنع بيع منتجات التبغ للقصر اقل من 18 سنه ويمنع البيع المفرد لمنتجات التبغ وهناك عقوبات تشمل عدم تطبيق هذا المنع كذلك هناك حظر لبيع او صنع الحلوه او الالالعاب على شكل منتجات التبغ -يمنع بيع منتجات التبغ للقصر اقل من 18 سنه ويمنع البيع المفرد لمنتجات التبغ وهناك عقوبات تشمل عدم تطبيق هذا المنع كذلك هناك حظر لبيع او صنع الحلوه او الالالعاب على شكل منتجات التبغ -يمنع بيع منتجات التبغ للقصر اقل من 18 سنه ويمنع البيع المفرد لمنتجات التبغ وهناك عقوبات تشمل عدم تطبيق هذا المنع كذلك هناك حظر لبيع اوصنع الحلوه او الالالعاب على شكل منتجات التبغ WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Senegal Il concerne larticle 17 de la loi n ° 2014-14 du 28 mars 2014. un nouveau projet de décret sur les débits de tabac est dans le circuit pour signature. Il concerne larticle 17 de la loi n ° 2014-14 du 28 mars 2014. Answer not provided WHO African Region
Serbia To the inspectors a new power have been given, e.g., "mystery shopper" that can help detecting the offenders. Prohibition of sale of tobacco products to minors is regulated, apart from the Tobacco Law, by the Law on Consumer Protection (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No 62/14, 6/16) that entered into force in 2014. According to the article 24 (1) of the Law on Consumer Protection, sale, serving and giving tobacco products as gifts to persons below the age of 18 is prohibited. Moreover, this article 24 (2) defined that, in case of doubt, seller of tobacco products can request from the purchaser to provide evidence of reaching the full legal age. For the infringement of the article 24 a fine for the legal entity is RSD 300,000 to 2,000,000,000, for entrepreneur RSD 50,000 to 150,000 and for the individual person RSD 50,000 to 500,000. Prohibition of sale of tobacco products to minors is regulated, apart from the Tobacco Law, by the new Law on Consumer Protection (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No 62/14, 6/16) that entered into force in 2014. According to the article 24 (1) of the Law on Consumer Protection, sale, serving and giving tobacco products as gifts to persons below the age of 18 is prohibited. Moreover, this article 24 (2) defined that, in case of doubt, seller of tobacco products can request from the purchaser to provide evidence of reaching the full legal age. For the infringement of the article 24 a fine for the legal entity is RSD 300,000 to 2,000,000,000, for entrepreneur RSD 50,000 to 150,000 and for the individual person RSD 50,000 to 500,000. WHO European Region
Seychelles As per section 27 (f) and (g) of the Tobacco Control Act, a regulation on Sale of Packages and Single Cigarette came in to force as from 1st July 2019. The regulation includes mandatory sale of cigarettes by packets of not less than 10 sticks and ban the sale of individual cigarettes. The regulations shall not apply for the sale of cigar. The regulation also includes a spot fine for anyone who fails to comply. Several media programs and sessions to sensitize the general public and specific stakeholders on the regulation in 2019. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Sierra Leone There is no policy requiring such measures but we are on the process of legislating tobacco products protecting children from getting access to tobacco products. There is no policy requiring such measures but we are on the process of legislating tobacco products protecting children from getting access to tobacco products. we are on the process of legislating tobacco products protecting children from getting access WHO African Region
Singapore In Nov 2017, the Tobacco Act was amended to increase the minimum legal age (MLA) for the purchase, use and possession of tobacco products from 18 to 21 in stepwise fashion from 2019 onwards (i.e. MLA will be 19 from 1 Jan 2019, 20 from 1 Jan 2020 and finally 21 from 1 Jan 2021). Nil. Nil. WHO Western Pacific Region
Slovakia In the past two years any change. In the past two years any change. In the past two years any change. WHO European Region
Slovenia Report not provided The Restriction of the Use of Tobacco and Related Products Act (Official Gazette of RS, Nos. 9/17 and 29/17) is from 11.3. 2017: - banning the sale of tobacco and related products in any manner by which they are directly accessible, such as open store shelves - prohibiting the manufacture and sale of sweets, snacks, toys or any other objects in the form of tobacco products which appeal to minors - banning the sale of tobacco, tobacco products, e-cigarettes and other related products to minors (under 18); - banning the sale of tobacco, tobacco products and related products from vending machines and from mobile points of sale. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Solomon Islands There are provisions for the sale to minors but nothing on sale by minors. No prosecution made as yet as the enforcement and compliance strategic plan is still to be finalized and endorsed. Selling to minors is one of the 3 major areas targeted as low hanging fruits which the Enforcement/ Compliance for tobacco control strategic plan is targeting. The other two areas are second hand smoking and the selling of single rolls. There are provisions for the sale to minors but nothing on sale by minors. No prosecution made as yet as the enforcement and compliance strategic plan is still to be finalized and endorsed. Selling to minors is one of the 3 major areas targeted as low hanging fruits which the Enforcement/ Compliance for tobacco control strategic plan is targeting. The other two areas are second hand smoking and the selling of single rolls. Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
South Africa The current law forbids sales to minors below 18yrs The current law forbids sales to minors below 18yrs Answer not provided WHO African Region
Spain No se han realizado progresos No se han realizado progresos No se han realizado progresos WHO European Region
Sri Lanka Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Sudan رغم ان البيع ممنوع للقصر واذ شك البائع لابد من السؤال عن اثبات العمر ببطاقة ااو غيره ولكن هناك قصور في التنفيذ يباع التبغ بكل سهولة للقصر Report not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Suriname Our aim: To protect current and future gene rations from the effects of tobacco consumption and to reduce tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke. Also aiming to reduce tobacco initiation, some progress has made since the tobacco went into effect (monitoring through the GYTS instruments). Much more needs to be done. The GYTS/GSHS 2016 data was published on WNTDay 2018 to a large audience. Some indicators show a decreasing trend when compared to the previous GYTS data set. Also new data (for the first time) was revealed on the use of e-cigarettes and the use of water pipes. The MOH used this event as a momentum to bring these risk /protective factors to the attention of different parties dealing with youth and their development. A intersectoral working group was formed and tasked to develop a GYTS/GSHS Action plan. Tobacco Law SB No 39 2013 Tobacco Law SB No 39 2013 WHO Region of the Americas
Sweden No progress. No progress. From 1st of May 2014 a method to improve age control by shopkeepers was implemented in 22 a) and 22 b) §§ of the Tobacco Act (1993:581). The method includes among others the following components: use adults over the legal limit i.e. 18 year - who look to be ”younger”, trying to purchase beer, tobacco or prescription free medication, be truthful about age, check if business operator ask for identification (ID), the result is documented outside the shop by the “control purchaser”, immediate feedback by staff from the local authority to the business operator. The purpose of the method is to create a dialog with the shop keeper about current age-control mechanisms in place. The method can however not be used as a basis for administrative sanctions. https://www.notisum.se/rnp/sls/sfs/20140119.pdf From 1st of April 2015 complementing regulations and advice was implemented by the Public Health Agency of Sweden. FoHMFS 2015:1 Folkhälsomyndighetens föreskrifter och allmänna råd om kontrollköp av folköl och tobaksvaror http://www.folkhalsomyndigheten.se/documents/publicerat-material/foreskrifter1/fohmfs-2015-1.pdf WHO European Region
Syrian Arab Republic الوضع مقبول عموماً وسيتم تعزيزه بعد المصادقة على بروتكول منظمة الصحة العالمية بشأن مكافحة الاتجار غير المشروع بمنتجات التبغ الوضع مقبول عموماً وسيتم تعزيزه بعد المصادقة على بروتكول منظمة الصحة العالمية بشأن مكافحة الاتجار غير المشروع بمنتجات التبغ الوضع مقبول عموماً وسيتم تعزيزه بعد المصادقة على بروتكول منظمة الصحة العالمية بشأن مكافحة الاتجار غير المشروع بمنتجات التبغ WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Tajikistan Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Thailand Currently, Thailand has the Tobacco Control Products Act 2560 (BE 2560), indicates that no person shall be allowed to sell or give tobacco product to a person who does not attain 20 full years of age, No one shall assign, employ, ask or allow the person who is below 18 full years of age to sell or give tobacco product. Prohibiting the sale of cigarettes individually or in small packets, prohibiting the sale of tobacco products by vending machines, prohibiting the sale of tobacco products through electronic media or computer network, prohibiting the sale of tobacco products with the distribution, addition, gift of or exchange of tobacco product with other product, provision of service or other privilege.No person shall advertise or conduct marketing communications of tobacco products and no business operator and related person shall sponsor or support person,group of persons, state agency or private organization to create image of tobacco products, to advertise tobacco products Currently, Thailand has the Tobacco Control Products Act 2560 (BE 2560), indicates that no person shall be allowed to sell or give tobacco product to a person who does not attain 20 full years of age, No one shall assign, employ, ask or allow the person who is below 18 full years of age to sell or give tobacco product. Prohibiting the sale of cigarettes individually or in small packets, prohibiting the sale of tobacco products by vending machines, prohibiting the sale of tobacco products through electronic media or computer network, prohibiting the sale of tobacco products with the distribution, addition, gift of or exchange of tobacco product with other product, provision of service or other privilege.No person shall advertise or conduct marketing communications of tobacco products and no business operator and related person shall sponsor or support person,group of persons, state agency or private organization to create image of tobacco products, to advertise tobacco products Tobacco Product Control Act B.E.2535 (1992), Section 4 indicates that no person shall be allowed to dispose, sell, exchange or give out tobacco products to a person, who is the buyer or reciever that is known to be under fully 18 years of age. WHO South-East Asia Region
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Timor-Leste There was some implementation and instruction from the Prime Minister during the lsat two years. There was some implementation and instruction from the Prime Minister during the lsat two years. Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Togo La loi antitabac du Togo et ses décret dapplications réglementent la vente aux et par les mineurs et les décrets dapplication de cette loi renforcent cette interdiction. La loi antitabac du Togo et ses décret dapplications réglementent la vente aux et par les mineurs et les décrets dapplication de cette loi renforcent cette interdiction. La loi antitabac du Togo et ses décret dapplications réglementent la vente aux et par les mineurs et les décrets dapplication de cette loi renforcent cette interdiction. WHO African Region
Tonga The current TCA 2014 has covered most of the areas in Article 16 that werent covered by the principal Act in the past years, particularly on banning display at point of sale, and prohibiting the sale to and by minors. There is ongoing active enforcement of the Act on this area with few cases have brought into custody and found quilt for violating the Act. The new amended TCA 2014 has covered most of the areas in Article 16 that werent covered by the principal Act in the past years, particularly on banning display at POS, and prohibiting the sale to and by minors. There is ongoing active enforcement of the Act on this area with few cases have brought into custody and found quilt for violating the Act. The new amended TCA 2014 has covered most of the areas in Article 16 that werent covered by the principal Act in the past years, particularly on banning display at POS, and prohibiting the sale to and by minors. WHO Western Pacific Region
Trinidad and Tobago Enforcement of this article and adherence by retailers continue. Enforcement of this article is continuous and there is a high level of adherence by retailers. Enforcement of this article is continuous and there is a high level of adherence by retailers. WHO Region of the Americas
Tunisia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Turkey No new implementation since the last report No progression or new implementation since the last report Answer not provided WHO European Region
Turkmenistan Ужесточение мер административного взыскания за нарушение законодательства в этой области Ужесточение мер административного взыскания за нарушение законодательства в этой области Статья 13 п..5 Закона Туркменистана «Об охране здоровья граждан от воздействия табачного дыма и последствий потребления табачных изделий» запрещена продажа несовершеннолетним и несовершеннолетними WHO European Region
Tuvalu 2017 amendments prevent sales to and BY minors (under 18 years); it also prohibits loose cigarette/tobacco sales Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Uganda Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Ukraine Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
United Arab Emirates Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Standardised packaging continues to be in force for HRT and cigarettes and flavourings are banned in these products too (except menthol, until 2020). Standardised packaging has been introduced for HRT and cigarettes and flavourings are banned in these products too (except menthol, until 2020). On the 1 October 2015, the following UK wide legislation was introduced, making it an offence: • to sell e-cigarettes to anyone under the age of 18 • for adults to buy tobacco or e-cigarettes for those aged under 18 WHO European Region
United Republic of Tanzania Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Uruguay Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Uzbekistan Report not provided Report not provided Принято 10 августа 2016 г. постановление Кабинета Министров Республики Узбекистан, предусматривающее внесение изменений и дополнений в Правила розничной торговли в Республике Узбекистан, утвержденный постановлением Кабинета Министров от 13 февраля 2003 г. №75. В Правила розничной торговли внесены следующие дополнения: «60. Запрещается реализация табачной продукции: - имитирующей детские игрушки, конфеты или другие товары детского ассортимента; - при отсутствии в местах продажи предупреждающих надписей о недопущении ее реализации лицам, не достигшим двадцатилетнего возраста, а также о негативном воздействии алкогольной и табачной продукции на здоровье человека. 60-1. Продавец, осуществляющий реализацию алкогольной и табачной продукции, обязан потребовать от покупателя, выглядящего моложе двадцати лет, предъявления документа, удостоверяющего его возраст, а в случае отсутствия документа - отказать в реализации алкогольной и табачной продукции.». WHO European Region
Vanuatu There is no vending machine that operates in Vanuatu. The ones were before were removed Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Venezuela Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Viet Nam There is no policy development in last period There is no policy development in last period There is no policy development in last period WHO Western Pacific Region
Yemen صدرت اللائحة التنفيذية للقانون رقم 26 بشأن مكافحة التدخين في يوليو 2013م وفيها مواد تخص حظر بيع القصر وحظر البيع لهم صدرت اللائحة التنفيذية للقانون رقم 26 بشأن مكافحة التدخين في يوليو 2013م وفيها مواد تخص حظر بيع القصر وحظر البيع لهم صدرت اللائحة التنفيذية للقانون رقم 26 بشأن مكافحة التدخين في يوليو 2013م وفيها مواد تخص حظر بيع القصر وحظر البيع لهم WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Zambia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Zimbabwe As awareness increases in this area observation to this also increases As awareness increases in this area observation to this also increases Answer not provided WHO African Region
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