C3114 - Progress made in implementing Article 15

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Party 2020 2018 2016 Region
Afghanistan Protocol is under process to be approved by parliament Protocol is under process to be approved by parliament Ministry of finance informed of developed written and pectoral messages and about other measures to prevent illicit products, but still not put in place WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Albania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Algeria Le commerce illicite et la contrebande de tabac est réprimé par les dispositions de lordonnance 05-06 de lannée 2005, relative à la lutte contre la contrebande. Cette ordonnance prévoit des sanctions comportant: la confiscation du tabac et des moyens de transport saisis; + la confiscation de tous matériels destinés à la fabrication illicite de tabac + des peines demprisonnement. Par ailleurs, la contrefaçon est sanctionnée dans le cadre dune réglementation nationale qui a transposé les dispositions de la législation type de lOMC en la matière dans le cadre de la protection des droits de propriété intellectuelle liés au commerce (les ADPICS). Toutes les marchandises de contrefaçon (tabac et autres) sont systématiquement saisies et détruits par décision de justice. De même que le propriétaire de la marque contrefaite peut demander des réparations civiles. Le commerce illicite et la contrebande de tabac est réprimé par les dispositions de lordonnance 05-06 de lannée 2005, relative à la lutte contre la contrebande. Cette ordonnance prévoit des sanctions comportant: la confiscation du tabac et des moyens de transport saisis; + la confiscation de tous matériels destinés à la fabrication illicite de tabac + des peines demprisonnement. Par ailleurs, la contrefaçon est sanctionnée dans le cadre dune réglementation nationale qui a transposé les dispositions de la législation type de lOMC en la matière dans le cadre de la protection des droits de propriété intellectuelle liés au commerce (les ADPICS). Toutes les marchandises de contrefaçon (tabac et autres) sont systématiquement saisies et détruits par décision de justice. De même que le propriétaire de la marque contrefaite peut demander des réparations civiles. Le commerce illicite et la contrebande de tabac est réprimé par les dispositions de lordonnance 05-06 de lannée 2005, relative à la lutte contre la contrebande. Cette ordonnance prévoit des sanctions comportant: la confiscation du tabac et des moyens de transport saisis; + la confiscation de tous matériels destinés à la fabrication illicite de tabac + des peines demprisonnement. Par ailleurs, la contrefaçon est sanctionnée dans le cadre dune réglementation nationale qui a transposé les dispositions de la législation type de lOMC en la matière dans le cadre de la protection des droits de propriété intellectuelle liés au commerce (les ADPICS). Toutes les marchandises de contrefaçon (tabac et autres) sont systématiquement saisies et détruits par décision de justice. De même que le propriétaire de la marque contrefaite peut demander des réparations civiles. WHO African Region
Angola Angola has a National Revenue Authority (ARA) which is under the direct supervision of Ministry of Finance and therefore adheres to the MoF policies. The ARA is the department responsible for collection of customs data and taxes. It is independent of the tax directorate in the MoF and can propose a tax amendment upon request and justification by a relevant Ministry or agency. The approval of the amendment will however be submitted to MoF and the latter will submit it to the Cabinet, the National Assembly, and finally, the President. Angola is facing the challenge of illicit products including tobacco though it was reported to be infrequent. There has been seizure of illicit tobacco products mostly on their way to Namibia. This occurs because cigarettes are considered to be cheaper in Angola comparing to Namibia where the taxes are higher. The other source of illicit tobacco was mentioned to be China. Upon seizure, the products were kept under joint commission by the Revenue Authority, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Finance and Commerce and later burnt. There are fines too upon capture but these were not articulated in details. Any person traveling out of Angola who wishes to carry tobacco is allowed to take 20 packets for personal use. Angola has a National Revenue Authority (ARA) which is under the direct supervision of Ministry of Finance and therefore adheres to the MoF policies. The ARA is the department responsible for collection of customs data and taxes. It is independent of the tax directorate in the MoF and can propose a tax amendment upon request and justification by a relevant Ministry or agency. The approval of the amendment will however be submitted to MoF and the latter will submit it to the Cabinet, the National Assembly, and finally, the President. Angola is facing the challenge of illicit products including tobacco though it was reported to be infrequent. There has been seizure of illicit tobacco products mostly on their way to Namibia. This occurs because cigarettes are considered to be cheaper in Angola comparing to Namibia where the taxes are higher. The other source of illicit tobacco was mentioned to be China. Upon seizure, the products were kept under joint commission by the Revenue Authority, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Finance and Commerce and later burnt. There are fines too upon capture but these were not articulated in details. Any person traveling out of Angola who wishes to carry tobacco is allowed to take 20 packets for personal use. Angola has a National Revenue Authority (ARA) which is under the direct supervision of Ministry of Finance and therefore adheres to the MoF policies. The ARA is the department responsible for collection of customs data and taxes. It is independent of the tax directorate in the MoF and can propose a tax amendment upon request and justification by a relevant Ministry or agency. The approval of the amendment will however be submitted to MoF and the latter will submit it to the Cabinet, the National Assembly, and finally, the President. Angola is facing the challenge of illicit products including tobacco though it was reported to be infrequent. There has been seizure of illicit tobacco products mostly on their way to Namibia. This occurs because cigarettes are considered to be cheaper in Angola comparing to Namibia where the taxes are higher. The other source of illicit tobacco was mentioned to be China. Upon seizure, the products were kept under joint commission by the Revenue Authority, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Finance and Commerce and later burnt. There are fines too upon capture but these were not articulated in details. Any person traveling out of Angola who wishes to carry tobacco is allowed to take 20 packets for personal use. WHO African Region
Antigua and Barbuda Part VI of the Tobacco control act speaks to prevention and control of illicit trade Report not provided This Article of the FCTC is embodied in our draft legislation of which we are currently awaiting legal processing WHO Region of the Americas
Armenia Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Australia The Government announced a suite of tobacco related policy measures in the 2018 19 Budget to help stop illicit tobacco. The Government is building on the measures announced in the 2016 17 and 2017 18 Budgets to establish a strong policy and enforcement framework to tackle illicit tobacco. o This included the establishment on 1 July 2018 of the multi agency Illicit Tobacco Taskforce (ITTF). The 2018-19 Budget measures also introduced strengthened border controls from 1 July 2019, by prohibiting the importation of tobacco without a permit or in contravention of a permit condition. o This will deter the trade in illicit tobacco by providing the ABF with new enforcement options to seize illicit tobacco and issue infringements to tobacco smugglers more easily. In addition, from 1 July 2019, importers are required to pay all duty and tax liabilities when tobacco enters the country, rather than when it leaves a licensed warehouse and enters the domestic market. o This reduces the potential for leakage from warehouses to the black market, where tobacco is distributed without paying excise. The new measures provide enforcement officers, with strengthened enforcement powers to tackle the illicit tobacco trade, and remove barriers to potential prosecution of offenders. Australia has in place a strong legislative and regulatory framework to combat the illicit trade of tobacco products including: • Excise Act 1901 and the Excise Tariff Act 1921 - provide a strong regulatory regime for licensing the manufacture and storage of tobacco products, controlling the movement of product on which excise has not been paid, and sanctions and penalties for contravention of the regulatory provisions. • Criminal Code Act 1995 - contains relevant offences including in relation to bribery of officials, dealing with proceeds of crime, obtaining financial advantage by deception and participating in a criminal group. • Crimes Act 1914 - provides for search and seizure by the Australian Federal Police. • Customs Act 1901 provides for offences and penalties for importation with intent to defraud revenue, unlawful possession of smuggled goods and evading payment of any duty. • Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 - provides a comprehensive scheme for tracing, investigating, restraining and confiscating proceeds generated from Commonwealth indictable offences, foreign indictable offences and certain offences against state and territory law. • Tobacco Plain Packaging Act 2011 – requires all tobacco products sold, offered for sale or otherwise supplied in Australia to be in plain packaging. It provides offences for the selling, supplying, purchasing or manufacturing of non-compliant tobacco products. As part of Australia’s ongoing efforts to combat the illicit trade in tobacco, the Australian Government Department of Home Affairs and Australian Border Force have an active ongoing role in monitoring and undertaking enforcement activity in relation to illicit tobacco importation. In 2015, the Australian Government established the Tobacco Strike Team, to proactively target, disrupt, and dismantle organised crime syndicates involved in large-scale importations of illicit tobacco and their global supply chains. Based on its early successes, in May 2016, the Australian Government announced $7.7 million in additional Tobacco Strike Team funding. In addition the Australian Government has the Illicit Tobacco Interdepartmental Committee (now the Tobacco Control Interdepartmental Committee) which provides whole-of-Government strategic direction and oversight of the government’s response to tackling the illicit trade in tobacco. In relation to the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products (ITP), under domestic arrangements, Australia is able to accede to the Protocol once all the necessary domestic laws to implement obligations under the Protocol are in place. For Australia to become a Party to the Protocol, legal and regulatory changes would be required to achieve full compliance, including the implementation of a track and trace regime. Australia has in place a strong legislative and regulatory framework to combat the illicit trade of tobacco products including: • Excise Act 1901 and the Excise Tariff Act 1921 - provide a strong regulatory regime for licensing the manufacture and storage of tobacco products, controlling the movement of product on which excise has not been paid, and sanctions and penalties for contravention of the regulatory provisions. • Criminal Code Act 1995 - contains relevant offences including in relation to bribery of officials, dealing with proceeds of crime, obtaining financial advantage by deception and participating in a criminal group. • Crimes Act 1914 - provides for search and seizure by the Australian Federal Police. • Customs Act 1901 provides for seizure and disposal by the Australian Border Force. It also includes offences for smuggling tobacco or tobacco products and conveying or possessing smuggled tobacco products, and allows a penalty of up to ten years imprisonment to be imposed, in addition to the monetary penalty of up to five times the amount of duty evaded. • Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 - provides a comprehensive scheme for tracing, investigating, restraining and confiscating proceeds generated from Commonwealth indictable offences, foreign indictable offences and certain offences against state and territory law. • Tobacco Plain Packaging Act 2011 – requires all tobacco products sold, offered for sale or otherwise supplied in Australia to be in plain packaging. It provides offences for the selling, supplying, purchasing or manufacturing of non-compliant tobacco products. As part of Australia’s ongoing work to reduce illicit trade in tobacco, the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) and the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP) have an active ongoing role in monitoring and enforcement activity in relation to illicit tobacco production or importation. In 2015, the DIBP established a specialised intelligence unit and the Tobacco Strike Team, to provide an improved understanding of the illicit tobacco market and the syndicates involved in tobacco smuggling activities, and target serious organised crime syndicates and other commercial enterprises that are exploiting the border to make significant profits from illicit goods including tobacco. In addition the Australian Government established the Illicit Tobacco Interdepartmental Committee which provides whole-of-Government strategic direction and oversight of the government’s response to tackling the illicit trade in tobacco. In relation to the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products (ITP), under domestic arrangements, Australia is able to accede to the Protocol once all the necessary domestic laws to implement obligations under the Protocol are in place. For Australia to become a Party to the Protocol, legal and regulatory changes would be required to achieve full compliance, including the implementation of a track and trace regime. The Department of Immigration and Border Protection is investigating track and trace as part of broader supply chain security measures. WHO Western Pacific Region
Austria Austria, as the first country of the WHO European Region and the first EU Member State, has signed and ratified the Protocol on Illicit Trade in 2014. By doing so, Austria underlined the important role the Protocol is meant to play. Austria supports an enhanced international cooperation by participating in operational activities of the EU-EMPACT action plan. Implementation of an EU-wide track and trace system for tobacco products in progress in accordance with the EU tobacco products directive (TPD II). Austria, as the first country of the WHO European Region and the first EU Member State, has signed and ratified the Protocol on Illicit Trade in 2014. By so doing, Austria underlined the important role the Protocol is meant to play. Austria supports an enhanced international cooperation by participating in operational activities of the EU-EMPACT action plan. Implementation of an EU-wide track and trace system for tobacco products in progress in accordance with the EU tobacco products directive (TPD II). Austria, as the first country of the WHO European Region and the first EU Member State, has signed and ratified the Protocol on Illicit Trade in 2014. By so doing, Austria underlined the important role the Protocol is meant to play. WHO European Region
Azerbaijan There are no updates. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Bahamas Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bahrain (Kingdom of) Ratification of Illicit trade Protocol is still under negotiation by the Government, decision is withhold for the time being. Several reports and recommendations were sent to the government to endorse the ratification of the protocol by the national antismoking committee. Ratification of Illicit trade Protocol is still under negotiation in the Government. Ratification of Illicit trade Protocol is still under negotiation in the Government. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Bangladesh Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Barbados there is continued dialogue with law enforcement and customs departments there is continued dialogue with law enforcement and customs departments Unfortunately not much progress however there is continued dialogue with law enforcement and customs departments WHO Region of the Americas
Belarus Активное выявление и конфискация нелегально продаваемого товара. Лицензирование и другие шаги по контролю или регулированию производства и распределения с целью предотвращения незаконной торговли: лицензирование производства и хранения (как вида предпринимательской деятельности); лицензирование оптовой и розничной торговли; исключительное право на импорт; маркировка акцизными марками; перевозка в транспортных средствах, оснащенных специальными техническими средствами регистрации в автоматическом режиме движения этих транспортных средств; ведение Государственного реестра юридических лиц и индивидуальных предпринимателей, осуществляющих производство, хранение табачных изделий, оптовую и розничную торговлю; государственная регистрация оборудования для производства; декларирование объемов производства, импорта, оптовой торговли; предоставление балансов производства и импорта в налоговые службы; квотирование производства; установление минимальных розничных цен. Активное выявление и конфискация нелегально продаваемого товара. Активное выявление и конфискация нелегально продаваемого товара. WHO European Region
Belgium les articles 15 et 16 de la nouvelle directive européenne 2014/40/UE sont dapplication pour les cigarettes et le tabac à rouler depuis le 20 mai 2019. Ils le seront pour les autres produits du tabac pour le 20 mai 2024. Larticle 15 permet la tracabilité via un code unique imprimé sur chaque paquet. Chaque mouvement du paquet est enregistré dans le système. il en va de même pour les paiements et les factures associés. les articles 15 et 16 de la nouvelle directive européenne 2014/40/UE est dapplication seront dapplication pour les cigarettes et le tabac à rouler à partir du 20 mai 2019. Les autorités belges travaillent activement à la mise en place de ces mesures. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Belize In reference to progress made in the implementation of Article15, no progress has been made with the ratification of this protocol. Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Benin une unité mixte de contrôle des conteneurs est mise en place au niveau du port autonome de Cotonou et le responsable de cette unité est le point focal tabac du ministère de lintérieur. il procède à la saisie de tous les produits de tabac illicite qui arrivent au port de cotonou une unité mixte de contrôle des conteneurs est mise en place au niveau du port autonome de Cotonou et le responsable de cette unité est le point focal tabac du ministère de lintérieur. il procède à la saisie de tous les produits de tabac illicite qui arrivent au port de cotonou une unité mixte de contrôle des conteneurs est mise en place au niveau du port autonome de Cotonou et le responsable de cette unité est le point focal tabac du ministère de lintérieur. il procède à la saisie de tous les produits de tabac illicite qui arrivent au port de cotonou WHO African Region
Bhutan stakeholders consultation meetings were held. stakeholders consultation meetings were held. Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bosnia and Herzegovina Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Botswana Tobacco Control Unit is working in collaboration with other departments including non governmental organisation to investigate and prosecute to eliminate illicit trade. Some of the departments or bodies helping in combating illicit trade are Botswana Unified Revenue Services, Botswana Police Service, Attorney General Chambers, Anti Tobacco Network and Directorate of Public Prosecution. Tobacco Control Unit is working in collaboration with other departments including non governmental organisation to investigate and prosecute to eliminate illicit trade. Some of the departments or bodies helping in combating illicit trade are Botswana Unified Revenue Services, Botswana Police Service, Attorney General Chambers, Anti Tobacco Network and Directorate of Public Prosecution. Report not provided WHO African Region
Brazil - The text of the Protocol was approved by the Chamber of Deputies, Federal Senate and sanctioned by the President of Republic (Brazil became part of the Protocol) - Seminars on the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products were held; - Studies on the subject were conducted. - Brazil already has several measures to combat illicit trade such as the Trace System, which allows full control of all cigarette production lines in its territory, as well as a solid regulatory framework for licensing and inspection. However, there is a need to map and study the current situation of the country against the measures established in the Protocol, to have a better understanding and establish a plan of action for its implementation. - The text of the Protocol was approved by the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. In the Federal Senate, an interpretative declaration was added to his text. Presidential sanction is needed. - Seminars on the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products were held; - Studies on the subject were conducted. - Brazil already has several measures to combat illicit trade such as the Trace System, which allows full control of all cigarette production lines in its territory, as well as a solid regulatory framework for licensing and inspection. However, there is a need to map and study the current situation of the country against the measures established in the Protocol, to have a better understanding and establish a plan of action for its implementation. xxx WHO Region of the Americas
Brunei Darussalam No change from previous report. 1) Customs Excise Order 2017 has been amended by increasing the tax on tobacco products by 100%. 2) Cooperation(s) between other enforcement agencies have been enhanced in areas encompassing inland, maritime and border areas. Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Bulgaria In 2018 and 2019 there was a decrease of illegal trade to about 3.5% of the market, which is a result of increased control. In 2015 and 2016 there was a decrease of illegal trade to about 7% of the market, which is a result of increased control, especially in 2015. In fact, in 2016 and reported the lowest levels of consumption illegal cigarettes - about 1 billion pieces. However, the revenues of the illegal market remain serious - BGN 120-170 million in 2016. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Burkina Faso Le Burkina Faso a adopté le décret 2015-1592/PRES-TRANS promulguant la loi 066-2015/CNT du 20 octobre 2015 portant autorisation de ratification du protocole pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac, adopté le 12 novembre 2012 à Séoul, République de Corée Le Burkina Faso a adopté le décret 2015-1592/PRES-TRANS promulguant la loi 066-2015/CNT du 20 octobre 2015 portant autorisation de ratification du protocole pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac, adopté le 12 novembre 2012 à Séoul, République de Corée Le Burkina Faso a adopté le décret 2015-1592/PRES-TRANS promulguant la loi 066-2015/CNT du 20 octobre 2015 portant autorisation de ratification du protocole pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac, adopté le 12 novembre 2012 à Séoul, République de Corée WHO African Region
Burundi La mise en place dune commission multisectorielle de travail sur la lutte contre le commerce illicite des produits du tabac, Trois réunions de travail de la commission multisectorielle chargée de lutter contre le commerce illicite des produits du tabac ont eu lieu et le rapport de la commission a été produit. Des accords commerciaux au niveau régional et sous régional existe(COMESA,EAC) Report not provided La mise en place dune commission multisectorielle de travail sur la lutte contre le commerce illicite des produits du tabac, Trois réunions de travail de la commission multisectorielle chargée de lutter contre le commerce illicite des produits du tabac ont eu lieu et le rapport de la commission a été produit. Des accords commerciaux au niveau régional et sous régional existe(COMESA,EAC) WHO African Region
Cabo Verde Cabo Verde fait partie des pays qui ont ratifie le protocole pour eliminer le commerce ilicit. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Cambodia Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Cameroon En application des disposition de la loi de finance en vigueur une vignette est apposée sur les paquets de cigarettes en vente dans le pays En application des disposition de la loi de finance en vigueur une vignette est apposée sur les paquets de cigarettes en vente dans le pays En application des disposition de la loi de finance en vigueur une vignette est apposée sur les paquets de cigarettes en vente dans le pays WHO African Region
Canada The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and provincial law enforcement authorities continue to conduct activities to curtail the trade in illicit tobacco. Over the past two years, CBSA continued to disrupt the supply of illicit tobacco at Canadian Ports of Entry pursuant to section 110 of the Customs Act or subsection 489(2) of the Criminal Code. In support of front-line officers, partners and targeting staff, the CBSA maintains a robust and comprehensive intelligence program. This program continued to monitor the environment, identified new trends, entities and concealment methods and allowed for timely and relevant information to be lawfully shared in support of CBSA and partner enforcement activities. CBSA intelligence and enforcement activities with respect to contraband tobacco further support Canada’s Tobacco Strategy, which is a government-wide effort led by Health Canada that seeks to reduce tobacco-related death and disease amongst Canadians. The Alcohol and Tobacco Section of the CBSA Laboratory is also a vital element of the enforcement efforts relating to contraband tobacco. The CBSA Laboratory continues to provide certificates of analysis for court purposes to the federal government. Further to funding received from the initiative to combat contraband tobacco, the CBSA Laboratory enhanced its analytical capabilities in characterizing tobacco products which will help in the fight against contraband tobacco and aid in future tobacco investigations. Under Public Safety Canada, the First Nations Organized Crime Initiative (FNOCI) provides funding to the Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service and the Kahnawake Mohawk Peacekeepers to increase their capacity to combat organized crime in their communities, in cooperation with the RCMP and other law enforcement entities, through specialized training in investigative and policing techniques; as well as to conduct joint operations and for equipment purchases. Public Safety is also conducting an Illicit Tobacco Data and Research Strategy which provides evidence-based information regarding the current state of the illicit tobacco market in Canada. The objective is to improve our understanding of the illicit tobacco market in Canada; enhance partnerships and information sharing between governments; inform Partners’ monitoring and compliance activities; and advance the Government of Canada’s priorities and objectives on illicit tobacco. The strategies core pillars are research, data and stakeholder engagement in order to provide an accurate Canada-wide picture of the illicit tobacco market. Effective January 1, 2018, Ontario introduced restrictions on the import, possession, sale and delivery of cigarette filter components to tobacco manufacturers registered under the province’s Tobacco Tax Act, except for any exemptions prescribed under the regulation. In February 2019, Ontario launched a new Tobacco Enforcement Grants Pilot Program to help offset costs of tobacco investigations undertaken by local law enforcement agencies. Grant recipients can receive up to $7,000 in funding to conduct a time-limited tobacco investigation within their jurisdiction. The Contraband Tobacco Enforcement Team within the Ontario Provincial Police, which focuses on links between organized crime and unregulated tobacco, hired additional staff in 2018 to double in size. On December 1, 2018 the Northwest Territories (NT) adopted the Manitoba Tobacco Stamp in order to alleviate the possibility of contraband tobacco being sold in retail stores. Prior to December 1, 2018 the NT had the peach stamp (blackstock) so when conducting inspections, it was difficult to determine at first glance whether the tobacco product was legally purchased from a registered Tobacco Wholesaler or if the tobacco product was purchased at a Reserve Store in NT or Alberta "tax off" and resold illegally in retail stores "tax on". Since the tax rates for Manitoba and Northwest Territories are similar and of the distance between the jurisdictions, there would be no incentive for anyone in NT to import contraband tobacco from Manitoba. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Central African Republic Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Chad en application de larrêté 039;; la direction de la douane et le service de contrôle économique du ministère de commerce ont saisie plusieurs fois des produits illicites de tabac dont quelques résultats sont les suivantes: Quantité de Produit tabac saisie en 2016 (600 cartons de marque YES et 500 cartons de marque BON INTERNATIONAL); Quantité de Produit tabac saisie en 2017 (1 000 cartons de marque BON INTERNATIONAL en provenance du Niger; 7 colis de cigarettes de marques diverses (MARLBORO, EXCEL, YES, ROTHMAN) ; 3839 paquets de 20 cigarettes de marques diverses (DJ, YES, LB, ORIS, ROTHMAN, MARLBORO, EXCEL). en application de larrêté 039;; la direction de la douane et le service de contrôle économique du ministère de commerce ont saisie plusieurs fois des produits illicites de tabac dont quelques résultats sont les suivantes: Quantité de Produit tabac saisie en 2016 (600 cartons de marque YES et 500 cartons de marque BON INTERNATIONAL); Quantité de Produit tabac saisie en 2017 (1 000 cartons de marque BON INTERNATIONAL en provenance du Niger; 7 colis de cigarettes de marques diverses (MARLBORO, EXCEL, YES, ROTHMAN) ; 3839 paquets de 20 cigarettes de marques diverses (DJ, YES, LB, ORIS, ROTHMAN, MARLBORO, EXCEL). Report not provided WHO African Region
Chile Se ha regularizado el proceso de autorización de productos de tabaco y se está trabajando con el Servicio de Impuestos internos y Aduanas para resolver de manera adecuada los procesos asociados a la internación, comercialización y producción de tabaco. El Servicio de Impuestos Internos implemento el proceso de trazabilidad para los productos de tabaco contendiente a envases de cigarrillos que se se distribuyen y comercializan dentro del territorio nacional, en el futuro se desarrollará este sistema para todos los productos de tabaco pero no hay fecha definida para el desarrollo de ese proyecto. Se ha regularizado el proceso de autorización de productos de tabaco y se está trabajando con el Servicio de Impuestos internos y Aduanas para resolver de manera adecuada los procesos asociados a la internación, comercialización y producción de tabaco. Se ha regularizado el proceso de autorización de productos de tabaco y se está trabajando con el Servicio de Impuestos internos y Aduanas para resolver de manera adecuada los procesos asociados a la internación, comercialización y producción de tabaco. WHO Region of the Americas
China 1.国家烟草局与公安、海关、市场监管、邮政、交通等部门密切协作,不断建立和完善联合打假打私工作机制,始终保持高压态势,严厉打击源头制假和走私贩私违法活动,深入推进打击制售假烟和销售走私烟网络工作,努力实现打假打私形势的不断好转,取得了显著成效。2018年,全国共查处5万元以上假私烟案件9100起;查获假烟40.12万件;查获走私烟15.16万件;收缴制假烟机493台;查获非法烟丝烟叶2.62万吨。2019年,全国共依法查处5万元以上假私烟案件10826起;查获假烟40.97万件;查获走私烟13.91万件;收缴制假烟机337台;查获非法烟丝烟叶2.61万吨。 2.海关总署连续组织开展打击走私“国门利剑2018”、“国门利剑2019”联合专项行动,均将烟草走私列入打击涉税商品走私重点,在打击传统烟草走私及打击电子烟、加热不燃烧卷烟等烟草制品走私方面取得了显著成效。联合相关部门多次开展罚没走私烟公开销毁活动,彰显了中国海关持续加大打击烟草制品走私力度的决心。同时,筹建“海关总署 国家烟草专卖局打击烟草走私情报中心”,为进一步精准打击烟草走私活动提供智力支持。 将打击烟草制品非法贸易作为控烟履约工作的重要组成部分,公安、海关、工商、烟草专卖等部门密切配合,进一步完善联合打假机制,严厉打击烟草制品非法贸易,在有效打击假烟生产能力的同时,持续加大打击假烟、走私烟销售网络力度,取得显著的成效。2016年,全国共查处案值5万元以上假烟案件3884起,收缴制假烟机346台,查获烟丝烟叶1.37万吨、假烟17.87万件、走私烟11.28万件,依法拘留8299人、追究刑事责任4323人。2017年,全国共查处案值5万元以上假烟案件5980起,同比增长53.96%;查获假烟28.4万件,同比增长58.66%;查获走私烟12.7万件,同比增长12.2%;查获烟丝烟叶1.5万吨,同比增长10.1%;收缴制假烟机383台,同比增长10.69%;拘留8552人,同比增长3.05%;追究刑事责任4620人,同比增长6.87%。国内卷烟市场净化率保持在96%以上。 充分发挥公安、海关、工商、烟草专卖等部门联合打假打私工作机制作用,保持高压态势,强化综合治理,坚决遏制假烟和走私烟反弹势头。2014年,全国共查处案值5万元以上假烟案件2196起,破获国标网络案件863起;收缴制假烟机252台,查获烟丝烟叶1.67万吨、假烟10.4万件、走私烟5.3万件,依法拘留6460人、追究刑事责任4261人;2015年,全年共查处案值5万元以上案件2966起,破获国标网络案件992起,收缴制假烟机293台,查获烟丝烟叶1.42万吨、假烟15.72万件、走私烟7.62万件,依法拘留7486人、追究刑事责任4187人。 WHO Western Pacific Region
Colombia 1. Incremento de las aprehensiones de cigarrillo ilícito como resultado de las medidas de control ejercidas por las unidades aprehensoras en el territorio nacional. 2. En el Artículo 27 de la Ley 1335, se establece que se creará el grupo élite anti-contrabando de cigarrillos, tabaco o sus derivados, el cual apropiará recursos de la DIAN para su funcionamiento. Este grupo élite aún no ha sido conformado, dado que no sólo la DIAN tiene competencia en materia de control de contrabando: la Fiscalía General de la Nación, y las entidades territoriales (departamentos y municipios), también cumplen funciones de vigilancia y control del comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco. 3. Se creó el Sistema único de Información y Rastreo (SUNIR), mediante el parágrafo 4° del artículo 227 de la Ley 1450 de 2011, Ley por medio de la cual se aprueba el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2010-2014. "Artículo 227. Obligatoriedad de suministro de información. Parágrafo 4°: “Los Departamentos y el Distrito Capital estarán obligados a integrarse al Sistema Único Nacional de Información y Rastreo, que para la identificación y trazabilidad de productos tenga en cuenta las especificidades de cada uno, y a suministrar la información que este requiera. Este sistema se establecerá para obtener toda la información correspondiente a la importación, producción, distribución, consumo y exportación de los bienes sujetos al impuesto al consumo de licores, vinos, aperitivos y similares, de cerveza, sifones, refajos y mezclas y de cigarrillos y tabaco elaborado. El Sistema Único Nacional de Información y Rastreo será administrado por la Unidad Administrativa Especial Dirección de Impuestos y Aduanas Nacionales y deberá entrar a operar dentro del año siguiente a la expedición de la presente ley. El Gobierno Nacional reglamentará la materia”. Se pretende, con el SUNIR, obtener toda la información correspondiente a la importación, producción, distribución, consumo y exportación de los bienes sujetos al impuesto al consumo, como los cigarrillos y el tabaco elaborado, para así facilitar el control eficiente de la circulación de este tipo de productos. 4. Se expidió el documento Conpes 3719 de 2012, donde se establece el plan de acción para la implementación del Sistema Único de Información y Rastreo (SUNIR). En el año 2013 se dará cumplimiento al plan de acción. El documento Conpes está disponible en: http://www.dnp.gov.co/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=bttC-UKXKBs%3D&tabid=1475 5. Se sancionó el Decreto 602 de 2013, por el cual se reglamenta el Sistema Único Nacional de Información y Rastreo (SUNIR), establecido en el párrafo 40 del artículo 227 de la ley 140 de 2011 6. En 2015 se aprobó la Ley 1762 “Por medio de la cual se adoptan instrumentos para prevenir, controlar y sancionar el contrabando, el lavado de activos y la evasión fiscal ». Ver: http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=62272 7. Decreto 390 de 2016, por el cual se establece la regulación aduanera. Ver: http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=70914 8. Resolución 000042 de 2016. Reglamentación parcial del Decreto 390 de 2016. Ver: https://www.dian.gov.co/normatividad/Normatividad/Resoluci%C3%B3n%20000042%20de%2013-05-2016.pdf 9. Decreto 2106 de 2019. Este Decreto que estableció el nuevo sistema llamadoSistema Integrado de Apoyo al Control de Impuestos al Consumo (Sianco). Este sistema establece que la Federación Nacional de Departamentos apoyará el desarrollo de este sistema. Busca unificar el sistema de administración fiscal. Ver: https://dapre.presidencia.gov.co/normativa/normativa/DECRETO%202106%20DEL%2022%20DE%20NOVIEMBRE%20DE%202019.pdf Adicionalmente: 1. En pro de la búsqueda de la articulación con el sector público- privado, se priorizan los sectores económicos más afectados por el fenómeno del contrabando, por lo cual el 13 de agosto del año 2019 se lanza el Centro Integrado Contra el Contrabando de licores y cigarrillos (CIC2CL), como estrategia contundente para minimizar y atacar esta actividad ilegal. 2. Aumento del 72% de resultados operacionales de aprehensiones del año 2018-2019 realizadas por la Policía Fiscal y Aduanera. 3. Durante los dos últimos años (2018-2019) se desarticularon 7 estructuras criminales dedicadas al contrabando y comercio ilícito de cigarrillos donde se dio la captura de 59 personas, de igual forma se realizaron 3 operaciones de extinción de dominio a 368 bienes avaluados en $27.123 millones. 4. Participación en la Operación Internacional “América” (Primera operación internacional realizada por autoridades de América), desarrollada por 12 cuerpos de policía y 8 países como México, Panamá, El Salvador, Guatemala, Chile, Ecuador, Argentina y Colombia, 803 acciones de control, donde se logró el decomiso de 161.324.140 unidades de cigarrillos por valor de USD $11 millones, 24 estructuras desarticuladas, 264 capturados en flagrancia y 170 vehículos inmovilizados. 1. Incremento de las aprehensiones de cigarrillo ilícito como resultado de las medidas de control ejercidas por las unidades aprehensoras en el territorio nacional. 2. En el Artículo 27 de la Ley 1335, se establece que se creará el grupo élite anti-contrabando de cigarrillos, tabaco o sus derivados, el cual apropiará recursos de la DIAN para su funcionamiento. Este grupo élite aún no ha sido conformado, dado que no sólo la DIAN tiene competencia en materia de control de contrabando: la Fiscalía General de la Nación, y las entidades territoriales (departamentos y municipios), también cumplen funciones de vigilancia y control del comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco. 3. Se creó el Sistema único de Información y Rastreo (SUNIR), mediante el parágrafo 4° del artículo 227 de la Ley 1450 de 2011, Ley por medio de la cual se aprueba el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2010-2014. "Artículo 227. Obligatoriedad de suministro de información. Parágrafo 4°: “Los Departamentos y el Distrito Capital estarán obligados a integrarse al Sistema Único Nacional de Información y Rastreo, que para la identificación y trazabilidad de productos tenga en cuenta las especificidades de cada uno, y a suministrar la información que este requiera. Este sistema se establecerá para obtener toda la información correspondiente a la importación, producción, distribución, consumo y exportación de los bienes sujetos al impuesto al consumo de licores, vinos, aperitivos y similares, de cerveza, sifones, refajos y mezclas y de cigarrillos y tabaco elaborado. El Sistema Único Nacional de Información y Rastreo será administrado por la Unidad Administrativa Especial Dirección de Impuestos y Aduanas Nacionales y deberá entrar a operar dentro del año siguiente a la expedición de la presente ley. El Gobierno Nacional reglamentará la materia”. Se pretende, con el SUNIR, obtener toda la información correspondiente a la importación, producción, distribución, consumo y exportación de los bienes sujetos al impuesto al consumo, como los cigarrillos y el tabaco elaborado, para así facilitar el control eficiente de la circulación de este tipo de productos. 4. Se expidió el documento Conpes 3719 de 2012, donde se establece el plan de acción para la implementación del Sistema Único de Información y Rastreo (SUNIR). En el año 2013 se dará cumplimiento al plan de acción. El documento Conpes está disponible en: http://www.dnp.gov.co/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=bttC-UKXKBs%3D&tabid=1475 5. Se sancionó el Decreto 602 de 2013, por el cual se reglamenta el Sistema Único Nacional de Información y Rastreo (SUNIR), establecido en el párrafo 40 del artículo 227 de la ley 140 de 2011 6. En 2015 se aprobó la Ley 1762 “Por medio de la cual se adoptan instrumentos para prevenir, controlar y sancionar el contrabando, el lavado de activos y la evasión fiscal ». Ver: http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=62272 7. Decreto 390 de 2016, por el cual se establece la regulación aduanera. Ver: http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=70914 8. Resolución 000042 de 2016. Reglamentación parcial del Decreto 390 de 2016. Ver: https://www.dian.gov.co/normatividad/Normatividad/Resoluci%C3%B3n%20000042%20de%2013-05-2016.pdf Resultados contra el contrabando 2.017 • 03 estructuras criminales (24 personas capturadas). • 04 personas capturadas en flagrancias por Ejercicio ilícito de actividad monopolística de arbitrio rentístico. • 19’219.503 cajetillas de cigarrillos aprehendidos por valor avalúo de $11.603 millones. • Los departamentos de mayor aprehensión fueron La Guajira (29%) y Nariño (27%). • Los principales países de procedencia fueron China (56%) y India (12%). • Las principales marcas aprehendidas fueron Modern (14%), Win (13%) y Silver Elephant (11%). Resultados contra el contrabando 2.018 • 1’414.088 cajetillas de cigarrillos aprehendidos por valor avalúo de $1.123 millones. • Los departamentos de mayor aprehensión son Antioquia (57%) y La Guajira (21%). • Los principales países de procedencia son China (36%) y India (25%). • Las principales marcas aprehendidas son Farstar Kingsize (35%) y Jaisalmer (11%). Finalmente, y atendiendo a la normatividad citada y a través los procesos investigativos desarrollados desde 2.015 se ha logrado la Extinción del derecho de dominio a 1 bienes muebles e inmuebles producto del contrabando de cigarrillos, avaluados en 17.360 millones de pesos. 1. Incremento de las aprehensiones de cigarrillo ilícito como resultado de las medidas de control ejercidas por las unidades aprehensoras en el territorio nacional. 2. En el Artículo 27 de la Ley 1335, se establece que se creará el grupo élite anti-contrabando de cigarrillos, tabaco o sus derivados, el cual apropiará recursos de la DIAN para su funcionamiento. Este grupo élite aún no ha sido conformado, dado que no sólo la DIAN tiene competencia en materia de control de contrabando: la Fiscalía General de la Nación, y las entidades territoriales (departamentos y municipios), también cumplen funciones de vigilancia y control del comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco. 3. Se creó el Sistema único de Información y Rastreo (SUNIR), mediante el parágrafo 4° del artículo 227 de la Ley 1450 de 2011, Ley por medio de la cual se aprueba el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2010-2014. "Artículo 227. Obligatoriedad de suministro de información. Parágrafo 4°: “Los Departamentos y el Distrito Capital estarán obligados a integrarse al Sistema Único Nacional de Información y Rastreo, que para la identificación y trazabilidad de productos tenga en cuenta las especificidades de cada uno, y a suministrar la información que este requiera. Este sistema se establecerá para obtener toda la información correspondiente a la importación, producción, distribución, consumo y exportación de los bienes sujetos al impuesto al consumo de licores, vinos, aperitivos y similares, de cerveza, sifones, refajos y mezclas y de cigarrillos y tabaco elaborado. El Sistema Único Nacional de Información y Rastreo será administrado por la Unidad Administrativa Especial Dirección de Impuestos y Aduanas Nacionales y deberá entrar a operar dentro del año siguiente a la expedición de la presente ley. El Gobierno Nacional reglamentará la materia”. Se pretende, con el SUNIR, obtener toda la información correspondiente a la importación, producción, distribución, consumo y exportación de los bienes sujetos al impuesto al consumo, como los cigarrillos y el tabaco elaborado, para así facilitar el control eficiente de la circulación de este tipo de productos. 4. Se expidió el documento Conpes 3719 de 2012, donde se establece el plan de acción para la implementación del Sistema Único de Información y Rastreo (SUNIR). En el año 2013 se dará cumplimiento al plan de acción. El documento Conpes está disponible en: http://www.dnp.gov.co/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=bttC-UKXKBs%3D&tabid=1475 5. Se sancionó el Decreto 602 de 2013, por el cual se reglamenta el Sistema Único Nacional de Information y Rastreo (SUNIR), establecido en e párrafo 40 del articulo 227 de la ley 140 de 2011 WHO Region of the Americas
Comoros Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Congo Larticle 15.4a, 15.4e et 15.7 sont mis en œuvre partiellement. Report not provided Larticle 15.4a, 15.4e et 15.7 sont mis en œuvre partiellement. WHO African Region
Cook Islands No change since the last report - Cook Islands did not signed in the illicit tobacco treaty. No change since the last report - Cook Islands did not signed in the illicit tobacco treaty. No change since the last report - Cook Islands did not signed in the illicit tobacco treaty. WHO Western Pacific Region
Costa Rica Control y fiscalización, creación de reglas de riesgo para la importación y tránsito de tabaco y sus derivados. La Policía de Control Fiscal coordina con sus homólogos de Panamá las rutas complejas de los productos ilícitos, trabajando con controles con base en riesgo e inteligencia para detectar la producción y distribución “clandestinas” ilícitas y la producción no declarada de productores. (“La Policía de Control Fiscal coordina con sus homólogos de Panamá las rutas complejas de los productos ilícitos, trabajando con controles con base en riesgo e inteligencia para detectar la producción y distribución “clandestinas” ilícitas y la producción no declarada de productores”). WHO Region of the Americas
Côte d'Ivoire Il a été crée, par arrêté interministériel n°045 MCI/MSHP/MPMBPE du 19 décembre 2019, un Comité Technique du Système(CTS) de marquage,de suivi, de traçabilité, et de vérification fiscale des produits du tabac fabriqués ou importés en Côte dIvoire. Le CTS est chargé de: -mettre en oeuvre larticle 8 relatif au suivi et traçabilité du Protocole de lOMS pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac; -valider le choix du système de marquage, de suivi, de traçabilité et de vérification fiscale des produits du tabac fabriqués ou importés en Côte dIvoire, conforme aux normes du Protocole; -contrôler et de veiller à la bonne exécution du système de marquage, de suivi, de traçabilité et de vérification fiscale des produits du tabac fabriqués ou importés en Côte dIvoire; -assurer le suivi du système de marquage, de suivi, de traçabilité et de vérification fiscale des produits du tabac fabriqués ou importés en Côte dIvoire; -formuler des recommandations pour assurer un bon fonctionnement du système de marquage, de suivi, de traçabilité et de vérification fiscale des produits du tabac fabriqués ou importés en Côte dIvoire; -établir chaque trimestre un rapport dactivités à transmettre aux Ministres de tutelles. La ratification du protocole pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac en Mai 2016. La loi de ratification du protocole pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac a été votée le 18 Décembre 2015 ensuite le décret portant ratification du protocole a été signé le 30 Décembre 2015 WHO African Region
Croatia Croatia adopted a new The Law on Ratification of the Protocol on the Elimination of illicit trade in tobacco products in May 2019. (Official Gazette No. 4/19) Draft of the Law on Ratification of the Protocol on the Elimination of illicit trade in tobacco products was suggested. Draft of the Law on Ratification of the Protocol on the Elimination of illicit trade in tobacco products was suggested. WHO European Region
Cyprus Please also note that the new EU Directive on Tobacco specially addresses matters of illicit trade, especially regarding an EU traceability system. Cyprus has also signed and ratified the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products on 29/8/2017 Please note that the practical tracking and tracing regime mentioned above applies for tobacco products produced in the Republic of Cyprus. Please also note that the new EU Directive on Tobacco specially addresses matters of illicit trade, especially regarding an EU traceability system which will be in production in May 2019 Cyprus has also signed and ratified the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products on 29/8/2017 Please note that the practical tracking and tracing regime mentioned above applies for tobacco products produced in the Republic of Cyprus. Please also note that the new EU Directive on Tobacco specially addresses matters of illicit trade. Cyprus has also signed the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products and is in the procedure to ratify it. WHO European Region
Czech Republic On 10 October 2019, the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control entered into force for the Czech Republic. In the Czech Republic is implementation of the Protocol the responsibility of the General Directorate of Customs of the Czech Republic. Due to its recent entry into force, it is too early to evaluate it. The traceability system is fully functional since May 2019.The Czech Republic appointed the ID Issuer in October 2018 and was one of the first Member States of the EU which started the registration of economic operators (April 2019) in order to ensure the traceability system as laid down in Art.15 of the Directive 2014/40/EU. In addition to that, according to the Art. 16 of the above-mentioned Directive, all units of cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco placed on the market after May 2019 have to carry a required security feature in order to prove that respective product is genuine. In the Czech Republic a tax stamp for fiscal purposes is used as this security feature. Public administration regularly organises meetings with stakeholder associations in order to inform about developments and problems connected with the system. The ID issuer operates a helpdesk for the economic operators. Czech Republic has already started the process of accession to the FCTC Protocol which is foreseen to be accomplished in the year 2018. There are ongoing preparatory works on ratification process of the Protocol to eliminate the illicit trade in tobacco products and implementation of the new EU Tobacco Products Directive including among others measures against illicit trade in line with the Protocol. Czech Republic will be ready to ratify the Protocol as soon as final position within the EU is agreed. WHO European Region
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Tobacco production, sale and import is highly regulated by the government. The Tobacco control law permits production, sale and import of tobacco only by the licensed institutions, enterprises and organizations in specified quantities only. Tobacco production, sale and import is highly regulated by the government. The Tobacco control law permits production, sale and import of tobacco only by the licensed institutions, enterprises and organizations in specified quantities only. Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Democratic Republic of the Congo La promulgation de la loi antitabac ainsi que le projet de Protocole de collaboration à signer entre services publics de létat pour élimine le commerce illicite des produits du tabac nous aidera à avoir des informations et données à cet effet. A défaut de la loi, le PNLCT fonctionne sur base de larrêté ministériel 010/2007 et de la Directive n° du Directeur. Mais sans finances, il est difficile de parcourir un pays de 2.345.000 KM pour rechercher les infractions. A défaut de la loi, le PNLCT fonctionne sur base de larrêté ministériel 010/2007 et de la Directive n° du Directeur. Mais sans finances, il est difficile de parcourir un pays de 2.345.000 KM pour rechercher les infractions. WHO African Region
Denmark To strengthen the legislation with appropriate penalties and remedies, against illicit trade in tobacco products we have enacted legislation to double the fine for the avoidance of tobacco taxes. Penalties has also been added in cases where economic operators within the tobacco trade, does not fulfill the requirements under the EU track and trace legislation. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Djibouti Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Dominica Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Ecuador Ecuador en atención a las directrices de la OMS ha incrementado las tarifas de los impuestos a los cigarrillos, actualmente la tarifa por Impuesto a los Consumos Especiales corresponde a USD 0,16 por unidad. Adicionalmente, con la Publicación de la ley de Simplificación y Progresividad Tributaria el 31 de diciembre de 2019. Se desagregó a los consumibles de tabaco calentado y líquidos que contengan nicotina a ser administrados por medio de sistemas de administración de nicotina una tarifa ad valorem de 150% El Servicio de Rentas Internas en cumplimiento al Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito de Productos de Tabaco numeral 3, artículo 8 que versa sobre el seguimiento y localización eficaces como mecanismo de control necesario para una recaudación efectiva, eficiente, minimizar la evasión y mejorar el control atacando el mercado ilegal que afecta a la producción y venta de cigarrillos de producción nacional, estableció el Sistema de identificación, marcación, autentificación, rastreo y trazabilidad fiscal – SIMAR – para bebidas alcohólicas, cervezas y cigarrillos de producción nacional el mismo que se encuentra en operación desde el 23 de febrero de 2017. Producto de los controles y labores de inteligencia sobre personas, mercancías y medios de transporte, se ha logrado impedir la comercialización ilícita de cigarrillos y productos de tabaco, siendo para el año 2019 el valor de incautación de estas mercancías más de 2 millones de dólares americanos. Fuente SENAE: Cuerpo de Vigilancia Aduanera A partir de la implementación del SIMAR se han incrementado los programas de control a los cigarrillos de producción nacional con la finalidad de verificar las cajetillas que no poseen el componente físico de seguridad CFS. Por otro lado, para cumplir con la obligación de que todos los paquetes y envases de productos de tabaco para uso al detalle y al por mayor que se vendan en el mercado interno lleven la declaración: «Venta autorizada únicamente en (…)», o lleven cualquier otra indicación útil en la que figure el destino final, el Ministerio de Salud Pública estableció mediante Acuerdo Ministerial 0188 de 13 de marzo de 2018, la aprobación de la VII ronda de advertencias sanitarias para empaquetados y envases de productos de tabaco 2018-2019, la cual incluye en su manual de aplicación y en las imágenes la declaración “Producto de venta exclusiva para Ecuador”. Sistema de Identificación, Marcación, Autentificación y Rastreo (SIMAR): En cumplimiento a las disposiciones relacionadas al control de la cadena suministro, estipuladas en el Protocolo, el Servicio de Rentas Internas resuelve crear y regular el SIMAR, mediante Resolución No. NAC-DGERCGC14-000749, publicada en Registro Oficial NO. 338. Tiene como finalidad la identificación, marcación y rastreo de bienes gravados con el Impuesto a los Consumos Especiales de producción nacional: cigarrillos, bebidas alcohólicas y cerveza. Mesa de diálogo protocolo del comercio ilícito (Sesión del Pleno del CILA): Se realizó una mesa de diálogo para identificar las necesidades para trabajar en temas de control de tabaco y en concreto para la implementación del protocolo del comercio ilícito. En este aspecto, se obtuvo el apoyo y la experiencia de la Comisión interinstitucional para la implementación del protocolo en Uruguay, a cargo de la Dr. Ana Lorenzo, delegada del Ministerio de Salud de Uruguay. WHO Region of the Americas
Egypt Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
El Salvador DECRETO Nº 771. Ley para el control de tabaco, 2011 Descripción del Producto Art. 16.- El etiquetado de los envases primarios, secundarios y terciarios de los productos de tabaco que se comercialicen en el país, deberán indicar claramente en forma impresa: el nombre del producto, el nombre del fabricante, lugar de fabricación y el nombre del importador con su respectivo registro de importación, todo lo anterior en idioma castellano, a excepción de las marcas registradas. Además, permanentemente, dichos envases deberán llevar impreso el precio sugerido de venta al consumidor, el cual deberá incluir el impuesto ad-valorem, el impuesto a la Transferencia de Bienes Muebles y a la Prestación de Servicios y el Impuesto Específico, establecidos en la Ley que los regula, sin que en ningún caso el impuesto ad-valorem se calcule sobre impuesto ad-valorem, u otros impuestos regulados por la ley. Las autoridades de Seguridad Pública y el Ministerio de Hacienda, serán las responsables de la verificación del cumplimiento de las disposiciones establecidas en el presente artículo. Etiquetado Art. 17.- El etiquetado de los envases primarios, secundarios y terciarios de los productos de tabaco que se comercialicen en el país, deberán indicar claramente en forma impresa: “Producto autorizado para la venta en El Salvador”. Traslado de Productos Art. 18.- Las autoridades competentes adoptarán medidas para documentar, vigilar y controlar el traslado de los productos de tabaco que ingresen al territorio nacional en condición de tránsito hacia otro país. Destrucción de Productos Decomisados Art. 19.- Todo producto de tabaco, que sea decomisado por comercio ilícito o contrabando, será destruido o eliminado, por las autoridades competentes, sin responsabilidad para el Estado. Para esta destrucción se aplicarán métodos inocuos al medio ambiente. Venta sin Autorización Art. 26.- LA VENTA, FABRICACIÓN, IMPORTACIÓN, COMERCIALIZACIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN DE PRODUCTOS DEL TABACO, SIN LA AUTORIZACIÓN DEL MINISTERIO DE SALUD, EN LOS TÉRMINOS ESTABLECIDOS EN LA PRESENTE LEY, SERÁ SANCIONADA CON UNA MULTA DE UNO A DIEZ SALARIOS MÍNIMOS Y EL DECOMISO DE LOS PRODUCTOS DE TABACO. LO ESTABLECIDO EN EL INCISO ANTERIOR, OBLIGA A LAS AUTORIDADES CON EL AUXILIO DE LA POLICÍA NACIONAL CIVIL AL DECOMISO Y A DESTRUIR DE FORMA INMEDIATA LOS PRODUCTOS. (1) Reglamento de la Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Ejecutivo No. 63, de fecha 29 de mayo de 2015, publicado en el Diario Oficial No. 101, Tomo 407, de fecha 5 de junio de 2015 Capítulo IV. MEDIDAS PARA COMBATIR LA PRODUCCIÓN ILEGAL Y EL COMERCIO ILÍCITO De la vigilancia Art. 37.- El MINSAL vigilará que los productos de tabaco y derivados, así como la materia de importación, cumplan con la Ley y este Reglamento y demás disposiciones legales aplicables. Coordinación interinstitucional Art. 38.- El MINSAL, a través de las Regiones de Salud, en coordinación con las autoridades correspondientes de Seguridad Pública y Ministerio de Hacienda, está facultado para intervenir en puertos marítimos y aéreos, en las fronteras y, en general, en cualquier punto del territorio nacional, para los efectos de vigilancia y control sanitario. Decomiso. Art. 39.- Los inspectores de salud, orientados por el Asesor Jurídico de la Dirección Regional de Salud, que en el ejercicio de sus funciones y con el auxilio de la Policía Nacional Civil de la localidad, decomisen de manera preventiva en forma total o parcial productos de tabaco y derivados, deben levantar acta de lo suscitado y lo pondrá a disposición de la Dirección Regional de Salud de su jurisdicción en donde se dé el hecho, a más tardar en tres días hábiles. Finalizado el proceso con la resolución administrativa, la autoridad que conoció del asunto ordenará la destrucción o devolución de los productos de tabaco y derivados, según corresponda. Una vez resuelto el proceso administrativo a favor del presunto infractor y no se apersonare a retirar el producto decomisado, el MINSAL ordenará la destrucción de los bienes, para lo cual deberá levantarse el acta correspondiente. Cuando se proceda a la destrucción de estos bienes, los gastos correrán a cargo del propietario del producto y deberán tomarse las medidas adecuadas para evitar riesgos a la salud y al ambiente. DECRETO Nº 771. Ley para el control de tabaco, 2011 Descripción del Producto Art. 16.- El etiquetado de los envases primarios, secundarios y terciarios de los productos de tabaco que se comercialicen en el país, deberán indicar claramente en forma impresa: el nombre del producto, el nombre del fabricante, lugar de fabricación y el nombre del importador con su respectivo registro de importación, todo lo anterior en idioma castellano, a excepción de las marcas registradas. Además, permanentemente, dichos envases deberán llevar impreso el precio sugerido de venta al consumidor, el cual deberá incluir el impuesto ad-valorem, el impuesto a la Transferencia de Bienes Muebles y a la Prestación de Servicios y el Impuesto Específico, establecidos en la Ley que los regula, sin que en ningún caso el impuesto ad-valorem se calcule sobre impuesto ad-valorem, u otros impuestos regulados por la ley. Las autoridades de Seguridad Pública y el Ministerio de Hacienda, serán las responsables de la verificación del cumplimiento de las disposiciones establecidas en el presente artículo. Etiquetado Art. 17.- El etiquetado de los envases primarios, secundarios y terciarios de los productos de tabaco que se comercialicen en el país, deberán indicar claramente en forma impresa: “Producto autorizado para la venta en El Salvador”. Traslado de Productos Art. 18.- Las autoridades competentes adoptarán medidas para documentar, vigilar y controlar el traslado de los productos de tabaco que ingresen al territorio nacional en condición de tránsito hacia otro país. Destrucción de Productos Decomisados Art. 19.- Todo producto de tabaco, que sea decomisado por comercio ilícito o contrabando, será destruido o eliminado, por las autoridades competentes, sin responsabilidad para el Estado. Para esta destrucción se aplicarán métodos inocuos al medio ambiente. Venta sin Autorización Art. 26.- LA VENTA, FABRICACIÓN, IMPORTACIÓN, COMERCIALIZACIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN DE PRODUCTOS DEL TABACO, SIN LA AUTORIZACIÓN DEL MINISTERIO DE SALUD, EN LOS TÉRMINOS ESTABLECIDOS EN LA PRESENTE LEY, SERÁ SANCIONADA CON UNA MULTA DE UNO A DIEZ SALARIOS MÍNIMOS Y EL DECOMISO DE LOS PRODUCTOS DE TABACO. LO ESTABLECIDO EN EL INCISO ANTERIOR, OBLIGA A LAS AUTORIDADES CON EL AUXILIO DE LA POLICÍA NACIONAL CIVIL AL DECOMISO Y A DESTRUIR DE FORMA INMEDIATA LOS PRODUCTOS. (1) Reglamento de la Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Ejecutivo No. 63, de fecha 29 de mayo de 2015, publicado en el Diario Oficial No. 101, Tomo 407, de fecha 5 de junio de 2015 Capítulo IV. MEDIDAS PARA COMBATIR LA PRODUCCIÓN ILEGAL Y EL COMERCIO ILÍCITO De la vigilancia Art. 37.- El MINSAL vigilará que los productos de tabaco y derivados, así como la materia de importación, cumplan con la Ley y este Reglamento y demás disposiciones legales aplicables. Coordinación interinstitucional Art. 38.- El MINSAL, a través de las Regiones de Salud, en coordinación con las autoridades correspondientes de Seguridad Pública y Ministerio de Hacienda, está facultado para intervenir en puertos marítimos y aéreos, en las fronteras y, en general, en cualquier punto del territorio nacional, para los efectos de vigilancia y control sanitario. Decomiso. Art. 39.- Los inspectores de salud, orientados por el Asesor Jurídico de la Dirección Regional de Salud, que en el ejercicio de sus funciones y con el auxilio de la Policía Nacional Civil de la localidad, decomisen de manera preventiva en forma total o parcial productos de tabaco y derivados, deben levantar acta de lo suscitado y lo pondrá a disposición de la Dirección Regional de Salud de su jurisdicción en donde se dé el hecho, a más tardar en tres días hábiles. Finalizado el proceso con la resolución administrativa, la autoridad que conoció del asunto ordenará la destrucción o devolución de los productos de tabaco y derivados, según corresponda. Una vez resuelto el proceso administrativo a favor del presunto infractor y no se apersonare a retirar el producto decomisado, el MINSAL ordenará la destrucción de los bienes, para lo cual deberá levantarse el acta correspondiente. Cuando se proceda a la destrucción de estos bienes, los gastos correrán a cargo del propietario del producto y deberán tomarse las medidas adecuadas para evitar riesgos a la salud y al ambiente. Reglamento de la Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Ejecutivo No. 63, de fecha 29 de mayo de 2015, publicado en el Diario Oficial No. 101, Tomo 407, de fecha 5 de junio de 2015Capítulo IV. Medidas para combatir la producción ilegal y el comercio ilícito. Coordinación interinstitucional. Art. 38.- El MINSAL, a través de las Regiones de Salud, en coordinación con las autoridades correspondientes de Seguridad Pública y Ministerio de Hacienda, está facultado para intervenir en puertos marítimos y aéreos, en las fronteras y, en general, en cualquier punto del territorio nacional, para los efectos de vigilancia y control sanitario. WHO Region of the Americas
Equatorial Guinea NO EXISTE UNA LEY NO EXISTE UNA LEY NO EXISTE UNA LEY WHO African Region
Estonia No changes from the last report. No changes from the last report. No changes from the last report. WHO European Region
Eswatini Report not provided Report not provided No information available. WHO African Region
Ethiopia Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
European Union The EU Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU introduced comprehensive rules on traceability and security features for tobacco products. The provisions on traceability require all unit packets of tobacco products produced in, destined for or placed on the EU market to be marked with a unique identifier and their movements tracked and traced throughout the supply chain (from the manufacturer to the last level before the retail outlet). On 20 May 2019, the EU-wide systems of traceability and security features for tobacco products became operational. During its first 10 months of operations, the EU traceability system tracked and traced over 21 billion packets of cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco products through the network of over 1.4 million registered facilities in the EU. It is the world’s largest tracking system of this kind, capturing data for every pack of tobacco products and providing competent authorities with visibility over all activity along the supply chain. The EU traceability system uses international standards, thereby driving innovation and ensuring interoperability. Independent providers can offer their services, which further strengthens the checks and balances. The system currently has 21 ID issuers, i.e. independent entities entrusted with generating unique identifiers, and 10 providers of independent data storage systems. Several other IT providers deliver various sub-components of the system, such as scanners or cloud-based reporting solutions. In 2024, the EU systems will be extended to cover all other types of tobacco products (beyond cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco products). Full information on the EU systems is available at: https://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/tracking_tracing_system_en The implementation of the traceability system has enabled the EU to meet the requirements under Article 15 FCTC and Article 8 FCTC Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products. The European Union produced the 2nd Action Plan to fight the illicit tobacco trade which puts forward both policy and operational law enforcement measures aiming for a sustainable reduction in illicit tobacco trade: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52018DC0846 The European Union produced a progress report in May 2017 on its comprehensive strategy on “Stepping up the fight against cigarette smuggling and other forms of illicit trade in tobacco products” https://ec.europa.eu/anti-fraud/sites/antifraud/files/tobacco_implementation_report_12052017_en.pdf The EU Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU introduced comprehensive rules on traceability and security features for tobacco products, to be applied to cigarettes and RYO from 20 May 2019 and to all other tobacco products from 20 May 2024. The provisions on traceability require all unit packets of tobacco products produced in, destined for or placed on the EU market to be marked with a unique identifier and their movements tracked and traced throughout the supply chain (from the manufacturer to the last level before the retail outlet). The provisions relating to security features require all unit packets of tobacco products placed on the EU market to carry a security feature to facilitate their authentication by consumers and authorities. The secondary legislation necessary to technically implement the systems of traceability and security features was adopted by the EU on 15 December 2017. (See: https://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/tracking_tracing_system_en) The implementation of the traceability system will enable the EU to meet many of the requirements under Article 15 of the FCTC (and aims in particular to meet the requirements of Article 8 of the FCTC Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products). The European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) and the Member States of the European Union hold open communication channels to discuss policy and investigative issues relating to illicit tobacco trade. OLAF also organises an Expert Group on Fighting the Illicit Tobacco Trade. The Group aims to share operational expertise in view of policy reflections. Membership of this Expert Group is limited to representatives of EU Member States. The European Union has developed a comprehensive EU strategy on “Stepping up the fight against cigarette smuggling and other forms of illicit trade in tobacco products” https://ec.europa.eu/antifraud/sites/antifraud/files/docs/body/communication_en.pdf which contains the Action Plan on Cigarette Communication https://ec.europa.eu/anti-fraud/sites/antifraud/files/docs/body/action_plan_en.pdf. The EU Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU will also introduce comprehensive rules on traceability for tobacco products and applies for cigarettes and RYO from 20 May 2019 and for other tobacco products from 20 May 2024. WHO European Region
Fiji In October 2018 Fiji participated in a subregional workshop on implementing the Protocol along with other PICs using the ASYCUDA platform. IN July 2019, Fiji held a national tobacco control enforcement for the prevention of illicit trade of tobacco workshop which engaged Health, Customs, Post, and Police. Ever since then, we have a more coordinated approach in tobacco control and enforcement in our borders especially in Air and sea ports. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Finland Finland has implemented EU Tobacco Products Directive (2014/40/EU) articles by the Tobacco Act. The new regulation has entered into force in 2019. The new national legislation covers issues relating to tracking&tracing, markings and security features, record-keeping, licencing, penalties and remedies. No progress with the ratification of the Protocol. The ratification of the WHO FCTC protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products has been prepared in 2017 and the protocol will be ratified in fall 2018. The EU has enacted new stricter legislation regarding tobacco and tobacco products in the form of the new tobacco products directive (2014/40/EU). Finland has implemented TPD regulation in by Tobacco Act. The new regulation will entry into force in 2019 or 2024. The new national legialation will also cover issues relating to tracking&tracing, markings and security features, record-keeping, licencing, penalties and remedies etc. The EU has enacted new stricter legislation regarding tobacco and tobacco products in the form of the new tobacco products directive (2014/40/EU). One of the aims of this new directive is to implement the WHO FCTC protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products. Finland is in the process of implementing this EU directive into its national tobacco legislation. This new national legialation will also cover issues relating to tracking&tracing, markings and security features, record-keeping, licencing, penalties and remedies etc. Finland is also taking part in the EU level discussions on the technical features and options for a new EU level tracking & tracing system. WHO European Region
France La directive 2014/40/UE a confié des compétences d’exécution à la Commission afin de préciser l’architecture du système de traçabilité et les solutions techniques retenues pour la mise en place des dispositifs de traçage à partir de la fabrication et jusqu’à la commercialisation au détail, et ce pour tous les produits de tabac, qu’ils soient fabriqués, exportés ou importés au sein de l’Union. Ces actes ont été adoptés et les obligations concernant la traçabilité est entrée en vigueur dans les pays membres de l’Union Européenne le 20 mai 2019 pour les cigarettes et le tabac à rouler. Depuis cette date, les paquets commercialisées en France disposent d’un marquage unique, sécurisé, apposé de façon inamovible et indélébile sur chaque conditionnement permettant d’identifier l’origine et la destination de chaque produit du tabac. La directive 2014/40/UE a confié des compétences d’exécution à la Commission afin de préciser l’architecture du système de traçabilité et les solutions techniques retenues pour la mise en place des dispositifs de traçage à partir de la fabrication et jusqu’à la commercialisation au détail, et ce pour tous les produits de tabac, qu’ils soient fabriqués, exportés ou importés au sein de l’Union. Ces actes ont été adoptés et les obligations concernant la traçabilité devront entrer en vigueur dans les pays membres de l’Union Européenne le 20 mai 2019 pour les cigarettes et le tabac à rouler et à compter du 20 mai 2024 pour les autres produits du tabac. L’application d’un marquage unique, sécurisé, imprimé ou apposé de façon inamovible et indélébile sur chaque conditionnement (du paquet unitaire à la palette de cartons) permettra d’identifier l’origine et la destination de chaque produit du tabac. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Gabon Le Gabon a ratifié le Protocole pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac depuis octobre 2014 mais na pas encore élaboré les mesures de sa mise en oeuvre. Le Gabon a ratifié le Protocole pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac depuis octobre 2014 mais na pas encore élaboré les mesures de sa mise en oeuvre. Le Gabon a ratifié le Protocole pour éliminer le commerce illicite des produits du tabac depuis octobre 2014. Un atelier de sensibilisation a été organisé à lattention des agents des Ministères et ONG impliqués dans la lutte antitabac. WHO African Region
Gambia Tobacco Control Act, 2016 has been enacted and into force since December 2018. There is no documentation on illicit trade in tobacco in the Gambia. Most of the Gaps are dealt with in the draft National tobacco control bill. There is no documentation on illicit trade in tobacco in the Gambia. Most of the Gaps are dealt with in the draft National tobacco control bill. WHO African Region
Georgia Inter-ministerial consultations are currently underway to ratify the Protocol. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Germany The Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was signed by Germany on 1. October 2013 and ratified in 2017. The instrument of ratification was deposited on 31. October 2017, based on the ratification law of 17. July 2017. Amongst other factors, further measures depend on the common approach of the European Commission an the Member States of the European Union (discussions currently ongoing). https://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IX-4-a&chapter=9&lang=e The Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was signed by Germany on 1. October 2013 and ratified in 2017. The instrument of ratification was deposited on 31. October 2017, based on the ratification law of 17. July 2017. Amongst other factors, further measures depend on the common approach of the European Commission an the Member States of the European Union (discussions currently ongoing). https://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IX-4-a&chapter=9&lang=e The Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was signed by Germany on 17 July 2013. Amongst other factors, further measures depend on the common approach of the European Commission an the Member States of the European Union (discussions currently ongoing). WHO European Region
Ghana Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Greece 1) Increase in checks and in seizures of tobacco products 2) activities to implement the illicit trade protocol in Greece 3) Alignment with EU directives of track and tracing. 1) Increase in checks and in seizures of tobacco products 2) activities to implement the illicit trade protocol in Greece 3) Alignment with EU directives of track and tracing. 1) Increase in checks and in seizures of tobacco products 2) activities to implement the illicit trade protocol in Greece 3) Alignment with EU directives of track and tracing. WHO European Region
Grenada Grenada Customs have enacted the New Customs Act in 2015:-Act 9 of 2015. There are no specific reference to Tobacco Products except Smuggling in General: in Pages 6,140,195,196,197 and 202. Grenada Customs have enacted the New Customs Act in 2015:-Act 9 of 2015. There are no specific reference to Tobacco Products except Smuggling in General: in Pages 6,140,195,196,197 and 202. Grenada Customs have enacted the New Customs Act in 2015:-Act 9 of 2015. There are no specific reference to Tobacco Products except Smuggling in General: in Pages 6,140,195,196,197 and 202. WHO Region of the Americas
Guatemala El consejo de la Comisión Interinstitucional contra el Contrabando y la Defraudación Aduanera (COINCON) es el órgano, liderado por la autoridad tributaria y aduanera, que está a cargo de la coordinación referida. Acciones más frecuentes de autoridades aduaneras, en conjunto con las autoridades sanitarias, para el combate al comercio ilícito de diversos productos, incluyendo los productos del tabaco. Operación FOX es un ejemplo de los esfuerzos, sin embargo, incipientes, en el tema de cooperación interinstitucional. El consejo de la Comisión Interinstitucional contra el Contrabando y la Defraudación Aduanera (COINCON) es el órgano, liderado por la autoridad tributaria y aduanera, que está a cargo de la coordinación referida. Acciones dispersas de autoridades aduaneras, a veces, en conjunto con las autoridades sanitarias, para el combate al comercio ilícito de los productos del tabaco. WHO Region of the Americas
Guinea Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Guinea-Bissau Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Guyana The Tobacco Control Act provides measures for implementation of Article 15 however the Guyana Revenue Authority has taken the full lead in the implementation of this Article by instituting markings and beefing up personnel to be able to detect cross border illicit trading. There are penalties involved for breach. The Tobacco Control Act provides measures for implementation of Article 15 however the Guyana Revenue Authority has taken the full lead in the implementation of this Article by instituting markings and beefing up personnel to be able to detect cross border illicit trading. There are penalties involved for breach. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Honduras Desde el 2018 a la fecha se cuenta con los operadores de Justicia del Estado y se han llevado a cabo diversos operativos de manera permanente en todo el territorio nacional, en cumplimiento de lo establecido en el Artículo 15 referente al control del comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco específicamente en los decomisos y destrucciones de los referidos productos de ilícito comercio en el territorio nacional. Se requiere mejorar en llevar a cabo registros de dichas actividades. El IHADFA con el apoyo de organizaciones o instituciones del Estado han llevado a cabo diversos operativos de manera permanente en todo el territorio nacional, en cumplimiento de lo establecido en el Artículo 15 referente al comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco. El IHADFA con el apoyo de organizaciones o instituciones del Estado han llevado a cabo diversos operativos de manera permanente en todo el territorio nacional, en cumplimiento de lo establecido en el Artículo 15 referente al comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco. WHO Region of the Americas
Hungary The government proposal draft of Hungarian ratification of the Protocol is prepared for decision. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Iceland No new laws or legislation under this article. Ongoing preparation for implementing TPD 2014/40/EB No new laws or legislation under this article. Answer not provided WHO European Region
India An expert committee has been formed by Ministry of Finance with Ministry of Health & Family Welfare as a member. This committee looks into the possible amendments in the various domestic legislations and has been tasked to draw the road map for implementation of the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products. Govt. of India acceded to the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products on 5th June, 2018. An expert committee has been formed by Ministry of Finance with Ministry of Health & Family Welfare as a member. This committee looks into the possible amendments in the various domestic legislations and has been tasked to draw the road map for implementation of the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products. Govt. of India acceded to the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products on 5th June, 2018. An expert committee has been formed by Ministry of Finance with Ministry of Health & Family Welfare as a member. This committee is looking into the possible amendments in the various domestic legislations and has been tasked to draw the road map for implementation of the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products. WHO South-East Asia Region
Iran (Islamic Republic of) The licensing system has been implemented up to the retail sellers. So all tobacco suppliers must have a license to sell tobacco products. In the recent two years almost 50,000 tobacco dispensaries at retail level have got the license All whole sellers has been given the license The licensing system has been implemented up to the retail sellers. So all tobacco suppliers must have a license to sell tobacco products. In the recent two years almost 33000 tobacco dispensaries at retail level have got the license All whole sellers has been given the license The licensing system has been implemented up to the retail sellers. So all tobacco suppliers must have a license to sell tobacco products. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Iraq Iraq ratified the Protocol of Eliminate Illicit Trade on Tobacco Products in 2015. Also establish a central authority to share knowledge, information and experiences at national and international level for he purposes of well implementation of the protocol. Iraq ratified the Protocol of Eliminate Illicit Trade on Tobacco Products in 2015. Iraq ratified on the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade on Tobacco Products in 2015. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Ireland Articles 15 and 16 of the Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU provide for traceability and security features systems to help combat illicit tobacco products within the Union in line with FCTC policy. The Directive was transposed into Irish law by the European Union (Manufacture, Presentation and Sale of Tobacco and Related Products) Regulations 2016 and came into force on 20 May 2016. The EU Commission has adopted three draft Implementing Acts providing the specifications for the system and discussions on these drafts. These Acts will be transposed into Irish law. The traceability and security features systems shall apply to cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco from 20 May 2019 and to tobacco products other than cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco from 20 May 2024. In 2019 the Irish Government approved the drafting of legislation that would include the creation of a new licensing system for tobacco products and nicotine inhaling products such as electronic cigarettes. The proposed licensing system will replace the current Tobacco Retail Register, providing improved regulation how tobacco products are sold in Ireland. Work on the proposed legislation is ongoing. Articles 15 and 16 of the Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU provide for traceability and security features systems to help combat illicit tobacco products within the Union in line with FCTC policy. The Directive was transposed into Irish law by the European Union (Manufacture, Presentation and Sale of Tobacco and Related Products) Regulations 2016 and came into force on 20 May 2016. The EU Commission has adopted three draft Implementing Acts providing the specifications for the system and discussions on these drafts. These Acts will be transposed into Irish law. The traceability and security features systems shall apply to cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco from 20 May 2019 and to tobacco products other than cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco from 20 May 2024. In addition, in 2014 the Irish Government approved the drafting of legislation to introduce, inter alia, a licensing system for the retail sale of tobacco products. The proposed licensing system will replace the current Tobacco Retail Register and will better regulate how tobacco products are sold and who sells such products. Work on the proposed legislation is ongoing. The Tobacco Products Directive (2014/40/EU) was adopted in 2014. All Member States must transpose the Articles of the Directive into national legislation by 20 May 2016. Articles 15 and 16 of the Directive provide for traceability and security features to help combat illicit tobacco products within the Union, in line with FCTC policy. In addition, in 2014 the Irish Government approved the drafting of legislation to introduce, inter alia, a licensing system for the retail sale of tobacco products. The proposed licensing system will replace the current Tobacco Retail Register and will better regulate how tobacco products are sold and who sells such products. Work on the proposed legislation is ongoing. WHO European Region
Israel Israel signed but didnt not ratified yet the protocol on illicit trade of tobacco. Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Italy On May 20th 2019, entered in force the track and trace system in the European Union (italy included). there is a grace period up to May, 20, 2020. https://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/tracking_tracing_system_en This year Italy, with the Legislative decree n.6/2016, adopted the European Directive 40/2014/UE which regulate, tracking and tracing of tobacco products. In 2016-2017 Italy participate to the production of secondary legislation realted to the TPD in order to implement a tracking and tracing system in the European Union. This year Italy, with the Legislative decree n.6/2016, adopted the European Directive 40/2014/UE which regulate, tracking and tracing of tobacco products WHO European Region
Jamaica There has been increased vigilance in identifying illicit trade in tobacco products. This will however be treated with comprehensively under the impending comprehensive tobacco control legislation. There is has been an increased vigilance in identifying illicit trade in tobacco products. This will however be treated with comprehensively under the impending comprehensive tobacco control legislation. There is has been an increased vigilance in identifying illicit trade in tobacco products. WHO Region of the Americas
Japan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Jordan لم يتم لغاية تاريخه توقيع على بروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع لمنتجات التبغ حيث يوجد لجنة في وزارة العدل لدراسة امكانية التوقيع على بروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع وايجاد توصيات تناسب وضع الاردن ولكن يوجد لجنة حكومية لضبط واتلاف الكميات التي يتم مصادرتها ضمن الاصول القانونية المعتمدة من الحكومة الاردنية لم يتم لغاية تاريخه توقيع على بروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع لمنتجات التبغ حيث يوجد لجنة في وزارة العدل لدراسة امكانية التوقيع على بروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع وايجاد توصيات تناسب وضع الاردن ولكن يوجد لجنة حكومية لضبط واتلاف الكميات التي يتم مصادرتها ضمن الاصول القانونية المعتمدة من الحكومة الاردنية لم يتم لغاية تاريخه توقيع على بروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع لمنتجات التبغ ولكن يوجد لجنة حكومية لضبط واتلاف الكميات التي يتم مصادرتها ضمن الاصول القانونية المعتمدة من الحكومة الاردنية WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kazakhstan Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Kenya We have signed the Protocol and in the process of ratification the following have been put in place under the protocol. - Licence, equivalent approval or control system- All manufacturers are licensed, all importers registered. All products registered. Noncompliance leads to revocation of licences. - Due diligence - implemented administratively, all tobacco traders are expected to undertake due diligence and are required to provide information on whom they trade with with their returns. -Track and trace - Paper stamps implemented to enable public verification, mobile app verification by public and stakeholders (stamp checker), Production accounting to ensure proper accounting of production, exports and tax payment, Track and trace to enable field verification by Field Officers, products for export market marked- ‘For Sale in *destination country*; Electronic Cargo Monitoring System (EGMS) used to track all exports and Transit Tobacco and Tobacco Products; Geo-mapping of all Export and Transit routes under Electronic Cargo Tracking System (ECTS). - Record Keepeing- The licensee must maintain records in Prescribed forms (materials and production account); Receipt of leaf into the leaf store - materials account;offal account;- to account for all offal, shorts, stalks, winnowing, and other forms of tobacco refuse transferred to the offal store and which they intend to dispose of for non-dutiable use; A stock book must be maintained in the prescribed form. It should be available to the officer for inspection at all times, and must not be removed from stock room; Use of Production Accounting technology to account for production ; All exports must be declared in the Customs System; All exports must have export markings on the Packages - for use in country of final destination); - Security and preventive measures - Requirement for bond cancellation on exports ; Requirement to do payments for exports made through banks only; - Sale by Internet, telecommunication or any other evolving technology - not implemented - Free zones and international transit - Effective controls for importation into an Export Processing Zone ( EPZ), manufacturing, control and delivery from EPZ; - Duty free - All duty free businesses and premises are licensed and all products traded are under control of customs - Unlawful conduct including criminal offences - Offences are clearly provided for and penalties provided for under statute law - Liability of legal person and - Clearly provided for under the Statute law - Prosecutions and sanctions - clearly provided under the statute law - Seizure payment - Seizure, penalties and Interest are provided for in the Revenue Acts - disposal or destruction -The destruction of tobacco and tobacco products is done under supervision of a Revenue officer and a destruction certificate issued. The method of destruction must be approved by National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA). We have signed the Protocol and in the process of ratification the following have been put in place under the protocol. - Licence, equivalent approval or control system- All manufacturers are licensed, all importers registered. All products registered. Noncompliance leads to revocation of licences. - Due diligence - implemented administratively, all tobacco traders are expected to undertake due diligence and are required to provide information on whom they trade with with their returns. -Track and trace - Paper stamps implemented to enable public verification, mobile app verification by public and stakeholders (stamp checker), Production accounting to ensure proper accounting of production, exports and tax payment, Track and trace to enable field verification by Field Officers, products for export market marked- ‘For Sale in *destination country*; Electronic Cargo Monitoring System (EGMS) used to track all exports and Transit Tobacco and Tobacco Products; Geo-mapping of all Export and Transit routes under Electronic Cargo Tracking System (ECTS). - Record Keepeing- The licensee must maintain records in Prescribed forms (materials and production account); Receipt of leaf into the leaf store - materials account;offal account;- to account for all offal, shorts, stalks, winnowing, and other forms of tobacco refuse transferred to the offal store and which they intend to dispose of for non-dutiable use; A stock book must be maintained in the prescribed form. It should be available to the officer for inspection at all times, and must not be removed from stock room; Use of Production Accounting technology to account for production ; All exports must be declared in the Customs System; All exports must have export markings on the Packages - for use in country of final destination); - Security and preventive measures - Requirement for bond cancellation on exports ; Requirement to do payments for exports made through banks only; - Sale by Internet, telecommunication or any other evolving technology - not implemented - Free zones and international transit - Effective controls for importation into an Export Processing Zone ( EPZ), manufacturing, control and delivery from EPZ; - Duty free - All duty free businesses and premises are licensed and all products traded are under control of customs - Unlawful conduct including criminal offences - Offences are clearly provided for and penalties provided for under statute law - Liability of legal person and - Clearly provided for under the Statute law - Prosecutions and sanctions - clearly provided under the statute law - Seizure payment - Seizure, penalties and Interest are provided for in the Revenue Acts - disposal or destruction -The destruction of tobacco and tobacco products is done under supervision of a Revenue officer and a destruction certificate issued. The method of destruction must be approved by National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA). Answer not provided WHO African Region
Kiribati The Customs Division has the powers to implement Article 15, however, with a small country like Kiribati, activities of this kind hardly occur but if it does the Customs take control. The Customs Division has the powers to implement Article 15, however, with a small country like Kiribati, activities of this kind hardly occur but if it does the Customs take control. The Customs Division has the powers to implement Article 15, however, with a small country like Kiribati, activities of this kind hardly occur but if it does the Customs take control. WHO Western Pacific Region
Kuwait الكويت صدقت على البروتوكول في فبراير 2019 وبذلك أصبحت العضو رقم (62) في البروتوكول The protocol was send to the different sectors: and MOFA will guide the ratification guided steps A workshop held in Kuwait to promote the protocol on illicit Tobacco trade with ollaboration with FCTC Secretariateand EMRO. all GCC countires participated. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kyrgyzstan Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Lao People's Democratic Republic No implement in Lao PDR Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Latvia Compared to 2018,in 2019 the number of initiated criminal proceedings on criminal offences in tobacco products has reamainded the level of the previous Year. The number of the confiscated cigarettes in the same period of time by 1.8 x less. Since the 2010 of May in Latvia is implemented "law Enforcement Action Plan for the fight Against illegal movement of excise Goods in Latvia", wich is involved in the State Revenue Service, the State Border Guard, the State Police, the Security Police and the Corruption Prevention and Combatting Bureau. The result of the action plan - illegal excise goods market decrease. Perfomance indicator - will reduce illegal excise goods market share and losses caused as a result of the illegal movement of unpaid excise tax. The State Revenue Service continues to work 2020. In 2019 SRS employees have participated in: Cepol training courses "Excise fraud" and "Online smuggling - trafficking from customs perspective" in Hungary EUROPOL EMPACT (ES multidisciplinary platform) operational planning and coordination meeting "Fighting against criminal threats in the field of excise goods" in Hague. The European Anti -Fraud Officce (OLAF) meetings of the working group on "Fighting against illicit Tobacco Trade" (FITT) in Brussels Compared to 2016, in 2017 the number of initiated criminal proceedings on criminal offences in tobacco business has fell by 30%. The number of confiscated cigarettes in the same period of time has increased by 5%. In 2016 and 2017: The State Revenue Service (SRS) continues to work on “Action Plan for Improving the Situation on the Eastern Border and Borderland of the Republic of Latvia”, who has been approved by the State Revenue Service order. The SRS is working on an "Interdepartmental Co-operation Agreement in the Matters of State Border Security". The State Revenue Service, based on Articles 15 and 16 of the Directive 2014/40/EU (TPD), is working on tracking and tracing systems implementation in May 20, 2019 Since the 2010 of May in Latvia is implemented “Law Enforcement Action Plan for the fight Against Illegal Movement of excise Goods in Latvia”, which is involved in the State Revenue Service, the State Border Guard, the State Police, the Security Police and the Corruption Prevention and Combatting Bureau. The result of the action plan – illegal excise goods market decrease. Performance indicator - will reduce illegal excise goods market share and losses caused as a result of the illegal movement of unpaid excise tax. SRS employees have participated in: CEPOL training courses “Excise fraud” and “Online smuggling - trafficking from customs perspective” in Hungary. EUROPOL EMPACT (ES multidisciplinary platform) operational planning and coordination meeting “Fighting against criminal threats in the field of excise goods” in Hague. The European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) meetings of the working group on “Fighting against Illicit Tobacco Trade” (FITT) in Brussels. Over the last three years, the number of initiated criminal proceedings on criminal offences in tobacco business has increased by 58%. The number of confiscated cigarettes in the same period of time has increased 1.9 times. In 2015: “Action Plan for Improving the Situation on the Eastern Border and Borderland of the Republic of Latvia has been approved by the State Revenue (SRS) order. The SRS continues to work on the “Law Enforcement Action Plan for the Fight Against Illegal Movement of Excise Goods in Latvia”. The SRS is working on an “Interdepartmental Co-operation Agreement in the Matters of State Border Security”. SRS employees have participated in CEPOL training course “Cigarette Smuggling” in Hungary. WHO European Region
Lebanon Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lesotho Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Liberia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Libya لا تتوفر اي بيانات بالخصوص لوجود عدد من الجهات المختلفة مسؤلة علي المنافد Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lithuania The tobacco traceability system was successfully introduced timely 2019/05/20 in Lithuania. From 2019/11/01 raw tobacco became the object of excise in Lithuania. One of the priority actions of the activity of the Lithuanian Customs is: Strengthening the fight against unfair and illegal international trade, crime and threats to national and international security. The contraband of tobacco products is one of the most profitable kinds of smuggling. In order to prevent fraud, corruption and other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the Union, the Customs Department under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania implements the Project under Hercule III program “Strengthening of operational and technical capacities of the Lithuanian customs to detect smuggled goods, in particular cigarettes”. The aim of this project is the acquisition and installation of a high power stationary x-ray system at the Šalčininkai road post, which is located on the border with the Republic of Belarus. The high power x-ray system acquired during this project will enable the Lithuanian customs to ensure high-level national security, prevent illegal movement of goods crossing the Lithuanian border and create a better environment for business to carry out customs formalities. In year 2019 Lithuanian Customs started to update a monitoring system. This system will collect data on excise goods seized by all law enforcement authorities of the Republic of Lithuania. In year 2019 a common plan of measures to prevent illegal movements of excise goods has been developed by law enforcement authorities of the Republic of Lithuania. A meeting was organised with the representatives of Lithuanian Customs and the Authorities of Customs of the Belarussian Republic to discuss preventive measures against the illegal movement of cigarettes from the Belarussian Republic. The Customs Department under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania hosted Country study visit held 4 December, 2018 in Vilnius under the EU-FCTC project "Illicit Tobacco Trade in the EU 2017-2019". Lithuanian delegation representing Ministry of Finance LT, Customs Department under the MoF, Ministry of Health and Drug, Tobacco and Alcohol Control Department) attended the Multi-Sectoral Workshop in Riga Dec 9-10, 2019. Lithuanian experience in ratification and implementation was presented during the Workshop. Lithuanian Delegation also exchanged relevant information with the FCTC/Protocol Secretariat during the Bilateral Meeting. Lithuania also accepted invitation to present Lithuanian experience in ratification and implementation of the Protocol during Multi-Sectoral Workshop on the Harmonization of Georgian Tobacco Control Legislation with the EU Acquis and the Accession to the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in order to promote ratification of the Protocol and share knowledge and experience in field of addressing tobacco illicit trade. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Luxembourg Le Luxembourg a mis en place lapplication des articles 15 et 16 de la directive européenne 2014/40/UE, relatifs à la traçabilité et la sécurité des produits de tabac et le combat contre le commerce illicite des produits du tabac. Le Luxembourg est entrain de mettre en place lapplication des articles 15 et 16 de la directive européenne 2014/40/UE, visant la traçabilité et la sécurité des produits de tabac, contre le commerce illicite des produits du tabac. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Madagascar Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Malaysia Interministerial Consultation for ratification of the Protocol. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Maldives National consultation involving, Customs, Police, Trade and Attorney Generals Office officials on preparatory work for becoming a Party to the Protocol held, and refresher/sensitization sessions held to Customs officials on reinforcing existing measures to control illicit trade National consultation involving, Customs, Police, Trade and Attorney Generals Office officials on preparatory work for becoming a Party to the Protocol held, and refresher/sensitization sessions held to Customs officials on reinforcing existing measures to control illicit trade National consultation involving, Customs, Police, Trade and Attorney Generals Office officials on preparatory work for becoming a Party to the Protocol held, and refresher/sensitization sessions held to Customs officials on reinforcing existing measures to control illicit trade WHO South-East Asia Region
Mali ARRETE INTERMINISTERIEL N°2019-1184/MCCMEF-MDIPI/SG DU 17 AVRIL 2019 INSTITUANT UN SYSTEME DE SUIVI ET DE TRAÇABILITE DES PRODUITS DU TABAC FABRIQUES ET IMPORTES AU MALI Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Malta Excise Act Chapter 382 has been amended for better control of illicit trade in tobacco products. The Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU transposed in national legislation requires action on traceability and security features with a transitional period of 3 years for cigarettes and RYO and 8 years for other tobacco products Excise Act Chapter 382 has been amended for better control of illicit trade in tobacco products. The Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU transposed in national legislation requires action on traceability and security features with a transitional period of 3 years for cigarettes and RYO and 8 years for other tobacco products Excise Act Chapter 382 has been amended for better control of illicit trade in tobacco products. The Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU transposed in national legislation requires action on traceability and security features with a transitional period of 3 years for cigarettes and RYO and 8 years for other tobacco products WHO European Region
Marshall Islands Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Mauritania - - - WHO African Region
Mauritius Illicit trade is being monitored and enforced jointly by the Ministry of Health and Wellness and the Customs Department of the Mauritius Revenue Authority. The number of illicit cigarettes seized indicates the relentless fight against illicit trade in tobacco products. Illicit trade is being controlled jointly by the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life and the Customs Department. of the Mauritius Revenue Authority Answer not provided WHO African Region
Mexico 09 modificaciones al “ACUERDO mediante el cual se dan a conocer las disposiciones para la formulación, aprobación, aplicación, utilización e incorporación de las leyendas, imágenes, pictogramas, mensajes sanitarios e información que deberá figurar en todos los paquetes de productos del tabaco y en todo empaquetado y etiquetado externo de los mismos”. Para comunicar a la población de las marcas ilegales que se han detectado en el país y así como combatir la ilegalidad de los productos del tabaco, se han emitido alertas sanitarias. La COFEPRIS firmó junto con la Secretaría de Gobernación, Comisión Nacional de Seguridad, Policía Federal, Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público, Sistema de Administración Tributaria, Procuraduría fiscal de la Federación, Procuraduría General de la República, Subprocuraduría Jurídica de Asuntos Internacionales, Instituto Mexicano de Propiedad Industrial, Procuraduría Federal del Consumidor las “Bases generales de colaboración para fortalecer las acciones tendientes a la prevención, investigación y persecución de los delitos y para sancionar las conductas que constituyan infracciones administrativas”. Dicho instrumento tiene como objeto establecer las bases de colaboración interinstitucional para las acciones tendientes a la prevención, investigación y persecución de los delitos y para sancionar las conductas que constituyan infracciones administrativas relacionadas con las materias de Derecho de Autor y de propiedad Industrial; Contrabando y sus equiparados y Adulteración, falsificación, contaminación o alteración de bebidas alcohólicas, medicamentos o productos del tabaco. Realizar acciones de vigilancia sanitaria permanente y de manera aleatoria para que los productos de tabaco que se comercialice en el territorio nacional cumplan con los requisitos establecidos. 09 modificaciones al “ACUERDO mediante el cual se dan a conocer las disposiciones para la formulación, aprobación, aplicación, utilización e incorporación de las leyendas, imágenes, pictogramas, mensajes sanitarios e información que deberá figurar en todos los paquetes de productos del tabaco y en todo empaquetado y etiquetado externo de los mismos”. Para comunicar a la población de las marcas ilegales que se han detectado en el país y así como combatir la ilegalidad de los productos del tabaco, se han emitido alertas sanitarias. La COFEPRIS firmó junto con la Secretaría de Gobernación, Comisión Nacional de Seguridad, Policía Federal, Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público, Sistema de Administración Tributaria, Procuraduría fiscal de la Federación, Procuraduría General de la República, Subprocuraduría Jurídica de Asuntos Internacionales, Instituto Mexicano de Propiedad Industrial, Procuraduría Federal del Consumidor las “Bases generales de colaboración para fortalecer las acciones tendientes a la prevención, investigación y persecución de los delitos y para sancionar las conductas que constituyan infracciones administrativas”. Dicho instrumento tiene como objeto establecer las bases de colaboración interinstitucional para las acciones tendientes a la prevención, investigación y persecución de los delitos y para sancionar las conductas que constituyan infracciones administrativas relacionadas con las materias de Derecho de Autor y de propiedad Industrial; Contrabando y sus equiparados y Adulteración, falsificación, contaminación o alteración de bebidas alcohólicas, medicamentos o productos del tabaco. Realizar acciones de vigilancia sanitaria permanente y de manera aleatoria para que los productos de tabaco que se comercialice en el territorio nacional cumplan con los requisitos establecidos. 08 modificaciones al “ACUERDO mediante el cual se dan a conocer las disposiciones para la formulación, aprobación, aplicación, utilización e incorporación de las leyendas, imágenes, pictogramas, mensajes sanitarios e información que deberá figurar en todos los paquetes de productos del tabaco y en todo empaquetado y etiquetado externo de los mismos”. Para comunicar a la población de las marcas ilegales que se han detectado en el país y así como combatir la ilegalidad de los productos del tabaco, se han emitido alertas sanitarias. La COFEPRIS firmó junto con la Secretaría de Gobernación, Comisión Nacional de Seguridad, Policía Federal, Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público, Sistema de Administración Tributaria, Procuraduría fiscal de la Federación, Procuraduría General de la República, Subprocuraduría Jurídica de Asuntos Internacionales, Instituto Mexicano de Propiedad Industrial, Procuraduría Federal del Consumidor las “Bases generales de colaboración para fortalecer las acciones tendientes a la prevención, investigación y persecución de los delitos y para sancionar las conductas que constituyan infracciones administrativas”. Dicho instrumento tiene como objeto establecer las bases de colaboración interinstitucional para las acciones tendientes a la prevención, investigación y persecución de los delitos y para sancionar las conductas que constituyan infracciones administrativas relacionadas con las materias de Derecho de Autor y de propiedad Industrial; Contrabando y sus equiparados y Adulteración, falsificación, contaminación o alteración de bebidas alcohólicas, medicamentos o productos del tabaco. Realizar acciones de vigilancia sanitaria permanente y de manera aleatoria para que los productos de tabaco que se comercialice en el territorio nacional cumplan con los requisitos establecidos. WHO Region of the Americas
Micronesia (Federated States of) FSM has not signed the Protocol FSM has not signed the Protocol FSM has not signed the Protocol WHO Western Pacific Region
Mongolia Mongolia has signed the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products, in November 2013 Mongolia has signed the Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products, in November 2013 Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Montenegro The Law on ratification of the Protocol on the elimination of illegal trade of tobacco product is signed. http://www.sluzbenilist.me/PravniAktDetalji.aspx?tag=%7B2D98CD78-E8A6-4FF2-B70B-E3ECDE4C6445%7D The Law on ratification of the Protocol on the elimination of illegal trade of tobacco product is signed. http://www.sluzbenilist.me/PravniAktDetalji.aspx?tag=%7B2D98CD78-E8A6-4FF2-B70B-E3ECDE4C6445%7D Answer not provided WHO European Region
Myanmar The internal revenue department under Ministry of Planning and Finance expanded the coverage of putting the tax stamp on cheroots, in addition to cigarette packets which are manufactured within the country. The multisectoral mobile teams has been confiscating the illicit tobacco products at the border area. The Peoples Health Foundation has made translations of the protocol into Myanmar language. The self-assessment for implementation of protocol in Myanmar is still underway. The internal revenue department under Ministry of Planning and Finance expanded the coverage of putting the tax stamp on cheroots, in addition to cigarette packets which are manufactured within the country. The multisectoral mobile teams has been confiscating the illicit tobacco products at the border area. The Peoples Health Foundation has made translations of the protocol into Myanmar language. The self-assessment for implementation of protocol in Myanmar is still underway. The internal revenue department under Ministry of Finance made a system to put the tax stamp on the cigarette packets which are manufactured within the country. The custom department under Ministry of Finance made the confiscation of illicit tobacco products at the border area previously. Myanmar had signed the Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in 2013. Since then, the multisectoral mobile teams were established and confiscated the illicit tobacco products at the border area. Myanmar hosted the ‘Regional Workshop on Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products’ which is organized by FCTC Secretariat in December 2014. A National seminar on Protocol was also conducted in June 2015. Now, it is still in the process for self-assessment for implementation of protocol in Myanmar. WHO South-East Asia Region
Namibia Article 17 of the law refers to measures on illicit trade in tobacco products. Section 12 of the regulations will provide for further measures to combat illicit trade in tobacco products. Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Nauru Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Nepal Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products is in process of approval however consensus from other relevant ministries awaited. Protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco products is in process of approval however consensus from other relevant ministries awaited. Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Netherlands EU Track and Trace system is implemented Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
New Zealand New Zealand participated in the intergovernmental negotiating body (INB) negotiation of the Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products. On 23 May 2017, the New Zealand Government made the decision to defer consideration of New Zealand becoming a party to the Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products until there are changes in circumstance that warrant reconsideration. Further information about the decision can be found on the Ministrys website: https://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/preventative-health-wellness/tobacco-control/who-framework-convention-tobacco-control/illicit-trade-protocol New Zealand participated in the intergovernmental negotiating body (INB) negotiation of the Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products. On 23 May 2017, the New Zealand Government made the decision to defer consideration of New Zealand becoming a party to the Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products until there are changes in circumstance that warrant reconsideration. Further information about the decision can be found on the Ministrys website: https://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/preventative-health-wellness/tobacco-control/who-framework-convention-tobacco-control/illicit-trade-protocol New Zealand participated in the INB negotiation of the FCTC Protocol on Illicit Trade and is considering accession to the agreement. WHO Western Pacific Region
Nicaragua Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Niger Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Nigeria Nigeria acceded to the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (ITP) on 8 March 2019 Yet to sign and ratify the protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco and tobacco products. However the Nigeria Customs Service has been carrying measures to control illicit in tobacco and tobacco products. Administrative Process to establish a trace and track system commenced. Yet to sign and ratify the protocol to eliminate illicit trade in tobacco and tobacco products. However the Nigeria Customs Service has been carrying measures to control illicit in tobacco and tobacco products. WHO African Region
Niue Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Norway No particular changes. No particular changes. No particular changes. WHO European Region
Oman يوجد قانون الجمارك الذي يحكم قضايا الاتجار والتهريب تعمل السلطنة على اجراءات الانضمام للبرتوكول الخاص بالقضاء على الاتجار غير المشروع بالتبغ. تعمل السلطنة على اجراءات الانضمام للبرتوكول الخاص بالقضاء على الاتجار غير المشروع بالتبغ. تعمل السلطنة على اجراءات الانضمام للبرتوكول الخاص بالقضاء على الاتجار غير المشروع بالتبغ. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Pakistan In Pakistan, illicit sector is about 15.9 % of the total domestic market of cigarette which include smuggled, counterfeit and non duty paid locally manufactured products. Government of Pakistan has already taken many steps to curb the share of the illicit sector. One key measure is the minimum price law. In addition to that, Government has mandated the following: • Printing of manufacturer’s name & retail price • Third party Audits • Destruction of machinery and Confiscation of Conveyance used for counterfeit • Disclosure of Bank Accounts • Submission of Audited Bank Accounts to FBR • Mobile enforcement teams The Tobacco Cell is coordinating with Custom Intelligence and other law enforcement agencies for proper enforcement of laws related to illicit trade. On 28 th June 2018, Pakistan has signed the WHO FCTC new treaty, “Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products” and became 42 nd country to ratify this treaty (46 in total). In Pakistan, illicit sector is about 18.5 % of the total domestic market of cigarette which include smuggled, counterfeit and non duty paid locally manufactured products. Government of Pakistan has already taken many steps to curb the share of the illicit sector. One key measure is the minimum price law. In addition to that, Government has mandated the following: • Printing of manufacturer’s name & retail price • Third party Audits • Destruction of machinery and Confiscation of Conveyance used for counterfeit • Disclosure of Bank Accounts • Submission of Audited Bank Accounts to FBR • Mobile enforcement teams The Tobacco Cell is coordinating with Custom Intelligence and other law enforcement agencies for proper enforcement of laws related to illicit trade. In Pakistan, illicit sector of about 18 % of the total domestic market of cigarette which include smuggled, counterfeit and non duty paid locally manufactured products. Government of Pakistan has already taken many steps to curb the share of the illicit sector. One key measure is the minimum price law. In addition to that, Government has mandated the following: • Printing of manufacturer’s name & retail price • Third party Audits • Destruction of machinery and Confiscation of Conveyance used for counterfeit • Disclosure of Bank Accounts • Submission of Audited Bank Accounts to FBR • Mobile enforcement teams The Tobacco Cell is coordinating with Custom Intelligence and other law enforcement agencies for proper enforcement of laws related to illicit trade. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Palau NO changes since last report Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Panama Panamá ratificó el Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito de Productos de Tabaco mediante Ley 27 de 1 julio de 2016, luego de la modificación al Código Penal mediante Ley 34 de 8 de mayo de 2015 que tipifica el comercio ilícito de los productos de tabaco como delito penal. El artículo 288-A de esta disposición establece: Artículo 288-A. Quien introduzca o extraiga del territorio aduanero mercancías de cualquier clase, origen o procedencia, eludiendo la intervención de la Autoridad Aduanera, aunque no cause perjuicio fiscal, o quien evada el pago de los derechos, impuestos, tasas y cualquier otro gravamen que corresponda, será sancionado con prisión de dos a cinco años. Igual sanción se impondrá a quien realice alguna de las conductas siguientes:... 6. Posea o introduzca productos de tabaco a la República de Panamá sin que se hayan pagado los impuestos de su introducción, o incumpla con las regulaciones sanitarias y normas de salud vigentes en el territorio nacional. Los productos de tabaco que se encuentren en la condición descrita por el numeral 6 serán decomisados y destruidos por la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas, la Policía Nacional o el Ministerio de Salud, indistintamente. La sanción prevista en el presente artículo será aplicada siempre que la cuantía del contrabando sea igual o superior a quinientos mil balboas (B/. 500,000.00) tomando en cuenta el monto más alto entre el valor aduanero de las mercancías o de todos los impuestos y las demás contribuciones emergentes que pudieran causarse en una importación legal a consumo definitivo. Con finalidad de avanzar en la implementación de este protocolo, se han realizado talleres y múltiples reuniones con la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas contándose con un informe que refleja las debilidades y fortalezas para su implementación. Detalles se ubican en www.gorgas.gob.pa/SitioWebTabaco/Documentos.htm De igual forma, en el segundo semestre de 2019 se conformó la Comisión Nacional para la Implementación del Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito de Productos de Tabaco, misma que se ha reunido en dos ocasiones. Panamá fue el anfitrión de la primera reunión del primer grupo de trabajo del Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito de Productos de Tabaco organizada por el Secretariado del Protocolo. La reunión tuvo como tema central los sistemas de seguimiento y localización, incluido el centro mundial de intercambio de información y las marcas de identificación específicas de los paquetes y envases de cigarrillos. Esta reunión se efectuó del 26 al 28 de noviembre, cuyo objetivo fue el intercambio de experiencias entre las Partes del Protocolo con la finalidad de preparar un primer borrador del documento orientador sobre los temas abordados, para su aprobación durante la Segunda Reunión de las Partes del precitado Protocolo (MOP 2) que se llevará a cabo en noviembre de 2020. En esta reunión hubo participantes de las 6 regiones de la OMS y países miembros de la Unión Europea con la siguiente composición 23 Estados Partes del Protocolo y del CMCT, 8 Estados No Partes del Protocolo, pero Partes del CMCT, 4 funcionarios del Secretariado del Protocolo, 3 representantes organizaciones intergubernamentales con experiencia en el tema, 3 expertos de organizaciones no gubernamentales internacionales (Framework Convention Alliance y la American Cancer Society) y otros 3 expertos en el tema. Por Panamá se contó con la asistencia de funcionarios de la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas y del Ministerio de Salud. En la Comisión de Salud de la Asamblea Nacional de Diputados se presentó el proyecto de Ley 136 mediante el cual se incluía el establecimiento de licencias para la comercialización, importación y exportación de productos de tabaco. Sin embargo, no se ha podido avanzar en la implementación de estas disposiciones debido a que durante varios primer debate (3), en la Comisión de Salud estuvo presente una amplia y nutrida representación de la IT que participó con su equipo técnico, abogados, asesores, lobistas y otros aliados interfiriendo con el debate. También estuvieron representantes de la Cámara de Comercio de Panamá quienes manifestaron su oposición marcada a muchos puntos del proyecto. Esta disposición fue aprobada en tercer debate por la Asamblea Nacional de Diputados, pero su contenido no cumplía con las disposiciones del CMCT por lo que a solicitud del Ministerio de Salud fue vetada parcialmente por la Presidencia de la República en junio de 2019. El Proyecto de Ley 136 no ha sido sancionado y reposa en la Asamblea Nacional de Diputados. En 2018, se realizaron reuniones con las nuevas autoridades de la Dirección General de Ingresos y la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas para tratar los hallazgos identificados en los estudios de mercado de productos de tabaco, respecto de la subdeclaración de ventas y ambas autoridades se comprometieron a investigar en detalle esta situación. También se han adelantado, en repetidas ocasiones, conversaciones con la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas referentes al establecimientos de criterios para la implementación a futuro de un sistema de trazabilidad de productos de tabaco. La ANA esta explorando los mecanismos para cumplir con esta disposición de cara a la entrada en vigor del Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito de Productos de Tabaco del que Panamá es Parte. En estos momentos, de conformidad con sus disposiciones vigentes la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas aplica sanciones a quienes incumplan con las disposiciones del artículo 11 del Protocolo (entremezclado de productos de tabaco). Además, se avanza en la reglamentación para reforzar la normativa, ajustándose a las disposiciones del protocolo en este aspecto. Sobre el cumplimiento de la prohibición de la comercialización de los SEAN que se aplica en Panamá, la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas ha capacitado a su personal y reafirma los conocimientos suministrados en años anteriores al personal de las empresas que se dedican a la importación de estos productos vía courier. Así mismo, efectúa las incautaciones de estos dispositivos para evitar la entrada de los mismos al país, e incauta en conjunto con el personal de salud regional aquellos dispositivos que han entrado al mercado. En este informe, se ha podido aportar, por primera vez, información sobre las incautaciones de SEAN y sus accesorios. El MINSA y ANA han cerrado varias empresas que se dedicaban a la venta exclusiva de los SEAN, atendiendo a las disposiciones contenidas en el marco legal vigente. Informe sobre Cigarrillos electrónicos. Sistemas electrónicos administradores o no de nicotina. https://panamalibredetabaco.com/informacion-general1 Panamá ratificó el Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito de Productos de Tabaco mediante Ley 27 de 1 julio de 2016, luego de la modificación al Código Penal mediante Ley 34 de 8 de mayo de 2015 que tipifica el comercio ilícito de los productos de tabaco como delito penal. El artículo 288-A de esta disposición establece: Artículo 288-A. Quien introduzca o extraiga del territorio aduanero mercancías de cualquier clase, origen o procedencia, eludiendo la intervención de la Autoridad Aduanera, aunque no cause perjuicio fiscal, o quien evada el pago de los derechos, impuestos, tasas y cualquier otro gravamen que corresponda, será sancionado con prisión de dos a cinco años. Igual sanción se impondrá a quien realice alguna de las conductas siguientes:... 6. Posea o introduzca productos de tabaco a la República de Panamá sin que se hayan pagado los impuestos de su introducción, o incumpla con las regulaciones sanitarias y normas de salud vigentes en el territorio nacional. Los productos de tabaco que se encuentren en la condición descrita por el numeral 6 serán decomisados y destruidos por la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas, la Policía Nacional o el Ministerio de Salud, indistintamente. La sanción prevista en el presente artículo será aplicada siempre que la cuantía del contrabando sea igual o superior a quinientos mil balboas (B/. 500,000.00) tomando en cuenta el monto más alto entre el valor aduanero de las mercancías o de todos los impuestos y las demás contribuciones emergentes que pudieran causarse en una importación legal a consumo definitivo. Con finalidad de avanzar en la implementación de este protocolo, se han realizado talleres y múltiples reuniones con la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas contándose con un informe que refleja las debilidades y fortalezas para su implementación. Detalles se ubican en www.gorgas.gob.pa/SitioWebTabaco/Documentos.htm El Proyecto de Ley 136, actualmente en debate en la Comisión de Salud, incluye el establecimiento de licencias para la comercialización, importación y exportación de productos de tabaco. Se espera que en el transcurso del año 2018 este proyecto haya sido aprobado. Se sostuvieron reuniones con la Dirección General de Ingresos y la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas para tratar los hallazgos identificados en los estudios de mercado de productos de tabaco, respecto de la subdeclaración de ventas y ambas autoridades se comprometieron a investigar en detalle esta situación. Adicionalmente, se han adelantado conversaciones con la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas referentes a establecimientos de los criterios para la implementación a futuro de un sistema de trazabilidad de productos de tabaco. En estos momentos, de conformidad con sus disposiciones vigentes la Autoridad de Aduanas aplica sanciones a quienes incumplan con las disposiciones del artículo 11 del Protocolo. Además, ha iniciado el proceso de reglamentación para reforzar la normativa, ajustándose a las disposiciones del protocolo en este aspecto. Sobre el cumplimiento de la prohibición de la comercialización de los SEAN que se que aplica en Panamá, la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas está realizando las capacitaciones a su personal, a las empresas que se dedican a la importación de estos productos vía courier. Así mismo, efectúa las incautaciones de estos dispositivos para evitar la entrada de los mismos al país, e incauta en conjunto con el personal de salud regional aquellos dispositivos que han entrado al mercado. El MINSA y ANA han cerrado varias empresas que se dedicaban a la venta exclusiva de los SEAN. Con la finalidad de avanzar hacia la ratificación del protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito de Productos de Tabaco, el MINSA ha realizado múltiples reuniones con la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas (ANA), la Cancillería y la Procuraduría de la Nación en virtud de una nota emitida por esta última entidad indicando que en virtud de que el Código Penal no tipificaba como delitos penales los establecidos en los artículos 14, 29 y 30 del Protocolo. En este marco, se han realizado las siguientes gestiones: 1. Reunión con la Dirección de Tratados de Cancillería para impulsar el proceso de ratificación en el 2013, 2014 y 2015. 2. Envió de reiteradas notas del Ministro de Salud al Canciller con la finalidad de impulsar la ratificación del protocolo en mención. La Dirección de Tratados ha estado en contacto con la Fiscalía Superior de Asuntos Internacionales a raíz de lo expresado en la nota emitida por esta entidad con respecto a la viabilidad de la ratificación a saber: o La legislación panameña no tiene tipificadas las conductas descritas en el artículo 14, por tal razón, por lo que no podríamos atender un requerimiento de asistencia judicial internacional y tampoco en materia de extradición, ordenar la detención de alguna persona extranjera que contravenga lo establecido en el referido artículo. Además se tienen situaciones similares con respecto a los artículos 29 y 30 del precitado protocolo. o No cabe duda que el protocolo presentado a consideración podrá ser una herramienta valiosa para apoyar la lucha contra el tabaquismo y a su vez combatir el comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco, todo lo cual redunda en la protección y salvaguarda de la salud pública de nuestros país. 3. Reunión con la Sra. Procuradora General de la Nación quien indicó que: o Es una política de la institución que dirige combatir los delitos relacionados con drogas lícitas como el tabaco y el alcohol. o Que hará las gestiones correspondientes para que la ratificación e implementación del protocolo sea una realidad en Panamá debido a los daños que el consumo de tabaco y su humo ocasiona a la salud pública. o Que se potenciarán los esfuerzos y alianzas conjuntas entre el MINSA y su Despacho para combatir los ilícitos relacionados con el tabaco. • Reunión con el Lic. José Gómez, Director General de Aduanas con la finalidad de intercambiar elementos relacionados con la situación de los componentes técnicos contenidos en el protocolo, para que los mismos puedan ser implementados efectivamente al momento en que el protocolo sea ratificado por nuestro país y entre efectivamente en vigencia según lo establecido en su articulado correspondiente, la institución aplicará la lista de cotejo para la implementación del protocolo. • En Panamá, se realizó en conjunto con el Secretariado de CMCT y la OPS una reunión para los países de Centroamérica y México, apoyada financieramente por Panamá con la finalidad de debatir multisectorialmente como avanzar en la ratificación de este protocolo. Con anterioridad, se había efectuado una reunión Regional para atender los aspectos de la aprobación del protocolo y otros temas a tratar durante la Sexta Conferencia de las Partes. En cuanto a la ratificación del Protocolo,se ha avanzado con la aprobación de la Ley 34 de 8 de Mayo de 2015, que modifica y adiciona artículos al Código Penal, y dicta otras disposiciones en su artículo 288-A establece lo siguiente: Artículo 288-A. Quien introduzca o extraiga del territorio aduanero mercancías de cualquier clase, origen o procedencia, eludiendo la intervención de la Autoridad Aduanera, aunque no cause perjuicio fiscal, o quien evada el pago de los derechos, impuestos, tasas y cualquier otro gravamen que corresponda, será sancionado con prisión de dos a cinco años. Igual sanción se impondrá a quien realice alguna de las conductas siguientes:... 6. Posea o introduzca productos de tabaco a la República de Panamá sin que se hayan pagado los impuestos de su introducción, o incumpla con las regulaciones sanitarias y normas de salud vigentes en el territorio nacional. Los productos de tabaco que se encuentren en la condición descrita por el numeral 6 serán decomisados y destruidos por la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas, la Policía Nacional o el Ministerio de Salud, indistintamente. La sanción prevista en el presente artículo será aplicada siempre que la cuantía del contrabando sea igual o superior a quinientos mil balboas (B/. 500,000.00) tomando en cuenta el monto más alto entre el valor aduanero de las mercancías o de todos los impuestos y las demás contribuciones emergentes que pudieran causarse en una importación legal a consumo definitivo. En estos momentos, la documentación ha sido aprobada por el Consejo de Gabinete y está en proceso su presentación ante la Comisión de Relaciones Exteriores de la Asamblea Nacional de Diputados. WHO Region of the Americas
Papua New Guinea this article was omitted from the original draft. It is still considered and a review will done in the near future. this article was omitted from the original draft. It is still considered and a review will done in the near future. Illicit trading is ripe especially at the National Borders of PNG and indonesia. Efforts are put into legislating to implement this article. WHO Western Pacific Region
Paraguay La creación de la Comisión Nacional Ejecutiva para el Control del tabaco , por medio de un decreto Nº 1711/19 además se esta promoviendo desde el ejecutivo la ratificación / aceptación del protocolo sobre comercio ilícito de productos de tabaco. Ninguno. Ninguno. WHO Region of the Americas
Peru Los esfuerzos desarrollados en la actualidad de manera articulada entre los diferentes sectores han permitido que: Sectores: Ministerio del Interior y Superintendencia Nacional de Aduanas y de Administración Tributaria 1.- Año 2018 se decomisen 26,468,845 cigarrillos de diversas marcas. 2.- Año 2019 se decomisen 74,420,532 cigarrillos de diversas marcas. 3.- Año 2020 se decomisen 1,059.200 cigarrillos de diversas marcas. Los esfuerzos que realizan las autoridades por contrarrestar el contrabando de cigarrillos no son suficientes, pues durante el 2016 ingresaron al país más de 420 millones de cigarrillos de los cuales apenas el 9% fueron incautados, sostiene un comunicado de la Comisión de Lucha Contra el Contrabando de la Sociedad Nacional de Industria ( SNI) Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Philippines The BIR Strike team (BIRST) was created in 2018, and conducted several enforcement operations which resulted in the closure of five (5) illicit cigarette factories located in Pampanga, Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental, Pangasinan and Bulacan. BIRST also seized millions of untaxed illict cigarette sticks and fake stamps. To counter illicit cigarette activities, the BIR has implemented various measures such as the affixture of internal revenue stamps with security features on imported and locally manufactured cigarettes and the use of Internal Revenue Stamps Integrated System (IRSIS) for the ordering, distribution and monitoring capability that will ensure the collection of correct excise tax on cigarette products as prescribed under Revenue Regulations No. 7-2014. Another measure is the institutionalization of the Electronic Official Registry Book (e-ORB) on tobacco products which is an automated facility that allows excise taxpayers to electronically submit the ORBs for monitoring and reconciliation purposes with the end view of uncovering possible discrepancies on declarations of removals of cigarette manufacturers. Also implemented is the round the clock (24/7) monitoring of Revenue Officers on Premise (ROOPs) on cigarette manufacturer’s plant sites and the installation of Close Circuit Camera (CCTV) to close monitor the operations of one major cigarette manufacturer. Likewise, Republic Act (RA) No. 10863 or the Customs Modernization and Tariff Act was signed into law on 30 May 2016. CMTA amended the Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines with the aim of modernizing Customs rules and procedures for faster trade, reduce opportunities for corruption, improve Customs service delivery and improve supply chain thereby strengthening crackdown against illicit tobacco products. To counter illicit cigarette activities, the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) has implemented various measures such as the affixture of internal revenue stamps with security features on imported and locally manufactured cigarettes and the use of Internal Revenue Stamps Integrated System (IRSIS) for the ordering, distribution and monitoring capability that will ensure the collection of correct excise tax on cigarette products as prescribed under Revenue Regulations No. 7-2014. Another measure is the institutionalization of the Electronic Official Registry Book (e-ORB) on tobacco products which is an automated facility that allows excise taxpayers to electronically submit the ORBs for monitoring and reconciliation purposes with the end view of uncovering possible discrepancies on declarations of removals of cigarette manufacturers. Also implemented is the round the clock (24/7) monitoring of Revenue Officers on Premise (ROOPs) on cigarette manufacturer’s plant sites and the installation of Close Circuit Camera (CCTV) to close monitor the operations of one major cigarette manufacturer. WHO Western Pacific Region
Poland From 20th of May 2019 Poland fully implement to national law article 15 and article 16 of the Directive 2014/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the council of 3 April 2014 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning the manufacture, presentation and sale of tobacco and related products and repealing Directive 2001/37/EC. Poland i.e. ensure that all unit packets of tobacco products are marked with a unique identifier (art. 15). The unique identifier shall allow the following to be determined: (a) the date and place of manufacturing. (b) the manufacturing facility. (c) the machine used to manufacture the tobacco products. (d) the production shift or time of manufacture. (e) the product description. (f) the intended market of retail sale. (g) the intended shipment route. (h) where applicable, the importer into the Union. (i) the actual shipment route from manufacturing to the first retail outlet, including all warehouses used as well as the shipment date, shipment destination, point of departure and consignee. (j) the identity of all purchasers from manufacturing to the first retail outlet; and (k) the invoice, order number and payment records of all purchasers from manufacturing to the first retail outlet. What’s more Poland i. e. require that all unit packets of tobacco products, which are placed on the market, carry a tamper proof security feature, composed of visible and invisible elements. The security feature shall be irremovable printed or affixed, indelible and not hidden or interrupted in any form, including through tax stamps and price marks, or other elements imposed by legislation (art. 16). There was no changes from 2016 The amendments of Act on Excise Duty introduced to eliminate tax evasion: - definition of raw tobacco has been modified in order to eliminate attempts to circumvent the requirements concerning trade in dry tobacco leafs; - definition of production of tobacco products has been extended also to production of cigarettes by a consumer with the use of a cigarette rolling machine; the tax base for cigars and cigarillos has been changed from per 1000 pieces to per kilogram basis in order to eliminate the phenomenon of so-called “party-cigars WHO European Region
Portugal Portugal have ratified the Illicit Trade Protocol of the FCTC on June/ 2015, however, the measures we describe over the next paragraphs were already implemented long before 2015. A recent assessment lead us to the conclusion that the framework in use is effective and contributing to the implementation of article 15 as it is, so there were not major changes to the status quo existent before ratification. As competent authority responsible for applying the customs and the excise legislation, Portuguese Tax and Customs Authorities (AT) may carry out any controls they deem necessary, namely, examining goods, taking samples, verify the accuracy and completeness of the information given in a declaration or any other document, , examining the accounts of economic operators and other records, inspecting means of transport, inspecting luggage and other goods carried by or on persons and carrying out official enquiries and other similar acts. For this purpose, AT implemented methods of risk management, based on risk analysis making use of electronic data processing techniques, with the purpose of identifying and evaluating the risks and developing the necessary counter measures and to differentiate between the levels of risk associated with goods subject to control or supervision and to determine whether the goods will be subject to specific controls, and if so, where. As a result of threat assessments, AT implemented a number of risk profiles, in the automated targeting system associated to the import/ export/ excise declarations systems. These measures have a double role of monitoring and supervision of all tobacco products that circulate under suspension (meaning traditional own resources plus excise or just excise) and potential identification of high risk consignments, as a result of implementation of specific risk criteria. Portuguese Tax and Customs Authority as powers of criminal investigation, which provides Customs with extra-capacity on fighting certain forms of criminality associated with smuggling of tobacco products. These powers are exercised by Customs as sole responsible or in special demanding investigation, in close cooperation either with OLAF and/ or with other national law enforcement. The cooperation between national and international agencies is an important tool in the scope of investigations, prosecutions and proceedings with a view to eliminating illicit trade in tobacco products, and whenever it is needed it is used by Portugal. AT also have in place systems especially conceived for collection of all information on controls and respective results of control, enabling us a general picture of all data concerning illicit trafficking of tobacco products. (...) Portugal have ratified the Illicit Trade Protocol of the FCTC on June/ 2015, however, the measures we describe over the next paragraphs were already implemented long before 2015. A recent assessment lead us to the conclusion that the framework in use is effective and contributing to the implementation of article 15 as it is, so there were not major changes to the status quo existent before ratification. As competent authority responsible for applying the customs and the excise legislation, Portuguese Tax and Customs Authorities (AT) may carry out any controls they deem necessary, namely, examining goods, taking samples, verify the accuracy and completeness of the information given in a declaration or any other document, , examining the accounts of economic operators and other records, inspecting means of transport, inspecting luggage and other goods carried by or on persons and carrying out official enquiries and other similar acts. For this purpose, AT implemented methods of risk management, based on risk analysis making use of electronic data processing techniques, with the purpose of identifying and evaluating the risks and developing the necessary counter measures and to differentiate between the levels of risk associated with goods subject to control or supervision and to determine whether the goods will be subject to specific controls, and if so, where. As a result of threat assessments, AT implemented a number of risk profiles, in the automated targeting system associated to the import/ export/ excise declarations systems. These measures have a double role of monitoring and supervision of all tobacco products that circulate under suspension (meaning traditional own resources plus excise or just excise) and potential identification of high risk consignments, as a result of implementation of specific risk criteria. Portuguese Tax and Customs Authority as powers of criminal investigation, which provides Customs with extra-capacity on fighting certain forms of criminality associated with smuggling of tobacco products. These powers are exercised by Customs as sole responsible or in special demanding investigation, in close cooperation either with OLAF and/ or with other national law enforcement. The cooperation between national and international agencies is an important tool in the scope of investigations, prosecutions and proceedings with a view to eliminating illicit trade in tobacco products, and whenever it is needed it is used by Portugal. AT also have in place systems especially conceived for collection of all information on controls and respective results of control, enabling us a general picture of all data concerning illicit trafficking of tobacco products. (...) Portugal ratified the Ilicit Trade Protocol of the FCTC on 22 June of 2015. WHO European Region
Qatar there are an inter-sectoral cooperation with many sections in the public health in the MOPH such as the Borders Ports Health & Food Monitoring Section in which they are responsible to implement the tobacco law and the specifications from the specification and standardizations section in the ministry of environment and determining whether the product will enter the country and are legally sold on the domestic market . and any illegal products will be sent to the place of origin immediately and prohibited from entering the country. there are an inter-sectoral cooperation with many sections in the public health in the MOPH such as the Borders Ports Health & Food Monitoring Section in which they are responsible to implement the tobacco law and the specifications from the specification and standardizations section in the ministry of environment and determining whether the product will enter the country and are legally sold on the domestic market . and any illegal products will be sent to the place of origin immediately and prohibited from entering the country. there are an inter-sectoral cooperation with many sections in the public health in the MOPH such as the Borders Ports Health & Food Monitoring Section in which they are responsible to implement the tobacco law and the specifications from the specification and standardizations section in the ministry of environment and determining whether the product will enter the country and are legally sold on the domestic market . and any illegal products will be sent to the place of origin immediately and prohibited from entering the country. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Republic of Korea Answer not provided * Monitoring information for illicit tobacco trade and execution of special investigation (2 times per year) * C314 - To prevent any possible smuggling or bootlegging of duty-free cigarettes due to the price hike in January 2015, a monitoring mechanism to surveil entire processes including, but not limited to, manufacturing, logistics and distribution of tobacco is under development by the Korea Customs Service and Ministry of Interior. The idea is to liaise the “Import and Export System” and “Local Taxes Management System” of the Korean Customs Service and the Ministry of Interior respectively to create the “Integrated Tobacco Management System” *C319 - Confiscated goods have been disposed of in accordance with the Anweisung of Korea Customs Service. *C3111 - In accordance with Article 30 of the Tobacco Business Act, tobacco leaf and related products that are related to crime should be confiscated, and when confiscation is not possible, an estimated price of the products should be paid. *The Korean government signed the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products on January 1st, 2013 and has prepared for its ratification. * C314 -To prevent any possible smuggling or bootlegging of duty-free cigarettes due to the price hike in January 2015, a monitoring mechanism to surveil entire processes including, but not limited to, manufacturing, logistics and distribution of tobacco is under development by the Korea Customs Service and Ministry of Interior. The idea is to liaise the “Import and Export System” and “Local Taxes Management System” of the Korean Customs Service and the Ministry of Interior respectively to create the “Integrated Tobacco Management System” *C319 -Confiscated goods have been disposed of in accordance with the Anweisung of Korea Customs Service. *C3111 -In accordance with Article 30 of the Tobacco Business Act, tobacco leaf and related products that are related to crime should be confiscated, and when confiscation is not possible, an estimated price of the products should be paid. WHO Western Pacific Region
Republic of Moldova Custom Service is collaborating with EUBAM on counteracting illicit trade. Was established a Working Group at the Ministry of Internal Affairs for developing Law on accession to the FCTC Protocol on Eliminating Illicit trade. A draft Law was presented to the Government for approval. Custom Service is collaborating with EUBAM on counteracting illicit trade. Was established a Working Group at the Ministry of Internal Affairs for developing Law on accession to the FCTC Protocol on Eliminating Illicit trade. A draft Law was presented to the Government for approval. Custom Service is collaborating with EUBAM on counteracting illicit trade. Was established a Working Group at the Ministry of Internal Affairs for developing Law on accession to the FCTC Protocol on Eliminating Illicit trade. WHO European Region
Romania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Russian Federation В соответствии со статьей 18 Федерального закона № 15-ФЗ принято постановление Правительства Российской Федерации от 28.02.2019 N 224 "Об утверждении Правил маркировки табачной продукции средствами идентификации и особенностях внедрения государственной информационной системы мониторинга за оборотом товаров, подлежащих обязательной маркировке средствами идентификации, в отношении табачной продукции". На территории Российской Федерации ввод в оборот сигарет и папирос без нанесения на них средств идентификации и передачи в информационную систему мониторинга сведений о маркировке указанных видов табачной продукции средствами идентификации и их первой продаже (передаче, реализации) не допускается с 1 июля 2019 г. Оборот произведенных ранее этой даты сигарет и папирос, не маркированных средствами идентификации, допускается до 1 июля 2020 г., а прочих видов табачной продукции до 1 июля 2021 г. Report not provided В соответствии с Федеральным законом от 31.12.2014 N 530-ФЗ, проверка подлинности федеральных специальных марок и акцизных марок проводится организациями, осуществляющими оптовую и розничную торговлю табачной продукцией и табачными изделиями, визуально, а также с использованием доступа к информационным ресурсам уполномоченного Правительством Российской Федерации федерального органа исполнительной власти. Проверка подлинности федеральных специальных марок и акцизных марок проводится уполномоченными органами визуально, с использованием соответствующих приборов, а также с использованием доступа к информационным ресурсам уполномоченного Правительством Российской Федерации федерального органа исполнительной власти. Таким образом, созданы условия для практичного режима отслеживания и расследования, который дополнительно обеспечит систему распределения и будет способствовать расследованиям незаконной торговли. В то же время, сама система отслеживания находится в процессе разработки WHO European Region
Rwanda Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Saint Kitts and Nevis Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Lucia Measures to support the implementation of control on Illicit trade of tobacco products is prioritized as part of comprehensive tobacco control policy and legislation. Measures to support the implementation of control on Illicit trade of tobacco products is prioritized as part of comprehensive tobacco control legislation. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Samoa Licensing regulation has been approved and is at the process of implementation and enforce of manufactures, importers, distributors, hotels and nightclubs. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
San Marino No tobacco growing or manufactoring in San Marino. All tobacco products come form Italy and are labelled as italian products. No tobacco growing or manufactoring in San Marino. All tobacco products come form Italy and are labelled as italian products. No tobacco growing or manufactoring in San Marino. All tobacco products come form Italy and are labelled as italian products. WHO European Region
Sao Tome and Principe sin datos sin datos Report not provided WHO African Region
Saudi Arabia - وافقت وصدقت المملكه العربيه السعوديه للانضمام الى بروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع لمنتجات التبغ قامت المملكة بعمل نظام ختم ضريبي لتتبع جميع منتجات التبغ بحيث لا يمكن تهريبها، وأي منتج لا يحمل الختم الضريبي يعتبر مخالف ويصادر ويغرم - وافقت المملكه العربيه السعوديه للانضمام الى بروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع لمنتجات التبغ - وافقة المملكه العربيه السعوديه للانضمام الى بروتوكول الاتجار غير المشروع لمنتجاتال تبغ WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Senegal Une étude sur l’analyse situationnelle du commerce illicite du tabac a été menée en partenariat entre le PNLT et le CEPOD en 2018. Les résultats sont disponibles. Une étude a été menée en partenariat entre le PNLT et le CEPOD. Answer not provided WHO African Region
Serbia No progress has been made since the previous FCTC Report 2018. Serbia ratified the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade of Tobacco Products. The Law on Ratification, approved in the Parliament, entered into force on May 4, 2017. There were intensive activities regarding the ratification of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicite Trade of Tobacco Products. At the moment, Draft Law on Ratification is still within the Government (waiting for approval of relevant Ministries, Institute for Public Policies and Serbian Integration Office). However, as all of these institutions already approved the text of the Protocol and Justification for Ratification, we expect their positive responses very soon. After that stage the Draft will be submitted to the Parliament. However, there will be parliament elections on April 24, 2016, therefore probably the Law on ratification wont be approved till summer/autumn 2016. WHO European Region
Seychelles Seychelles Government has approved the ratification to the WHO FCTC Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade of Tobacco Products and all the documents related to the ratification were deposited to the UN. Seychelles ratification to the protocol will come in to force on 1st April 2020. The same can be viewed at: https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IX-4-a&chapter=9&clang=_en Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Sierra Leone Financial act 2010 imposes a Revenue stamps for tobacco and alcohol products. The Custom Act 2011 in its section 74 as well (attached) Task force started high level consultations for its ratification Financial act 2010 imposes a Revenue stamps for tobacco and alcohol products. The Custom Act 2011 in its section 74 as well (attached) Task force started high level consultations for its ratification No progress.Task force started high level consultations for its ratification WHO African Region
Singapore Singapore Customs is a member of World Customs Organisation (WCO) Regional Intelligence Liaison Offices Asia Pacific (RILO AP) and participates in Regional Expert Group (REG) for Regional Illicit Tobacco Enforcement Package (RITEP). This is an extended enforcement package from the existing “Project Crocodile”, which is a project that combats cigarette smuggling in the AP region. The RITEP included the formation of a Regional Experts Group (REG) and set-up of the Regional Targeting Unit (RTU), incorporating elements on information exchange, risk analysis and capacity building to identify the sophisticated methodologies used by cigarette smugglers to circumvent border control. Singapore Customs is a member of World Customs Organisation (WCO) Regional Intelligence Liaison Offices Asia Pacific (RILO AP) and participates in Regional Expert Group (REG) for Regional Illicit Tobacco Enforcement Package (RITEP). This is an extended enforcement package from the existing “Project Crocodile”, which is a project that combats cigarette smuggling in the AP region. The RITEP included the formation of a Regional Experts Group (REG) and set-up of the Regional Targeting Unit (RTU), incorporating elements on information exchange, risk analysis and capacity building to identify the sophisticated methodologies used by cigarette smugglers to circumvent border control. As of 2009, all cigarettes sold in Singapore are required to have the “SDPC” mark to indicate that duties have been paid. From 1 March 2013, all cigarettes sold in Singapore will have a revised “SDPC” mark. In addition to the letters “SDPC”, the new mark features a series of vertical bars around the cigarette stick. The purpose of this SDPC regulation is to reinforce Singapore Customs’ intensified operations to keep contraband cigarettes off the streets. It acts as a measure to visibly differentiate duty-paid cigarettes from contraband cigarettes to enhance detection by Customs’ enforcement officers. It also introduces deterrent effect to curb the peddling and smoking/buying of contraband cigarettes in Singapore as the easy visibility would make the act of smoking/possessing contraband cigarettes more visible in public. WHO Western Pacific Region
Slovakia There is a good co-operation in field of tax administration. There are used procedures as e.g. exchange the exchange of information, different databases and electronic system (ELO) or bilateral contacts. There are good results at national level related to fulfillment of agreements between tobacco industry and EU bodies. There is a good co-operation in field of tax administration. There are used procedures as e.g. exchange the exchange of information, different databases and electronic system (ELO) or bilateral contacts. There are good results at national level related to fulfillment of agreements between tobacco industry and EU bodies. There is a good co-operation in field of tax administration. There are used procedures as e.g. exchange the exchange of information, different databases and electronic system (ELO) or bilateral contacts. There are good results at national level related to fulfillment of agreements between tobacco industry and EU bodies. WHO European Region
Slovenia Report not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Solomon Islands The country is currently working on a Cabinet submission for the ascension of the country to the Protocol to eliminate Illicit Trade of tobacco working closely with WHO. Ministry of Health Executives have endorsed the proposal for the Protocol, and it will be going to the Attorney Generals Chambers soon for vetting before it is presented to Cabinet. In the Solomon Islands we do not have to go to Parliament for endorsement and this can be done at the Cabinet level. The country is currently working on a Cabinet submission for the ascension of the country to the Protocol to eliminate Illicit Trade of tobacco working closely with WHO Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
South Africa Minister of Health, South Africa signed the International Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in Jan 2013. Initiatives by South African Revenue Services: • Tighter supervision of warehouses, where officials closely monitor the packing and unpacking of cigarettes containers. • Performance of integrated audits on cigarette manufactures where a client is assessed across all tax types (VAT, EXCISE, PAYE, IT etc.). • Modernisation interventions aimed at reducing cross-border cigarette smuggling, - Focus on strengthening risk management and enhancing risk engine - Implemented cargo scanners to Increase the non-intrusive inspection capability - deployed jet skis to patrol the Orange River bordering Namibia - Start-to-end electronic excise system, allowing for electronic submission of excise accounts. • Further training of Detector Dogs South Africa is planning to ratify the protocol on illicit trade in 2018, ahead of the ratification deadline. Minister of Health, South Africa signed the International Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in Jan 2013. Initiatives by South African Revenue Services: • Tighter supervision of warehouses, where officials closely monitor the packing and unpacking of cigarettes containers. • Performance of integrated audits on cigarette manufactures where a client is assessed across all tax types (VAT, EXCISE, PAYE, IT etc.). • Modernisation interventions aimed at reducing cross-border cigarette smuggling, - Focus on strengthening risk management and enhancing risk engine - Implemented cargo scanners to Increase the non-intrusive inspection capability - deployed jet skis to patrol the Orange River bordering Namibia - Start-to-end electronic excise system, allowing for electronic submission of excise accounts. • Further training of Detector Dogs South Africa is planning to ratify the protocol on illicit trade in 2018, ahead of the ratification deadline. Minister of Health, South Africa signed the International Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in Jan 2013. Initiatives by South African Revenue Services: • Tighter supervision of warehouses, where officials closely monitor the packing and unpacking of cigarettes containers. • Performance of integrated audits on cigarette manufactures where a client is assessed across all tax types (VAT, EXCISE, PAYE, IT etc.). • Modernisation interventions aimed at reducing cross-border cigarette smuggling, - Focus on strengthening risk management and enhancing risk engine - Implemented cargo scanners to Increase the non-intrusive inspection capability - deployed jet skis to patrol the Orange River bordering Namibia - Start-to-end electronic excise system, allowing for electronic submission of excise accounts. • Further training of Detector Dogs WHO African Region
Spain La legislación existente está en línea con el Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito. En este sentido, España fue uno de los primeros países en formar parte del mismo tras su acceso en diciembre de 2014. Mediante el artículo 21 del RD 579/2017 se establece un sistema integral de trazabilidad de los productos del tabaco junto a las otras medidas de seguridad de su artículo 22. Así, y para mejorar la trazabilidad se ha implementado un sistema complejo de etiquetado mediante un identificador único que permite trazar cada paquete de tabaco o picadura de liar desde el inicio de la fabricación hasta el consumidor final, facilitando así el trabajo de control de los inspectores en materia de fraude y fiscalidad principalmente. La legislación existente está en línea con el Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito. En este sentido, España fue uno de los primeros países en formar parte del mismo tras su acceso en diciembre de 2014. Mediante el artículo 21 del RD 579/2017 se establece un sistema integral de trazabilidad de los productos del tabaco junto a las otras medidas de seguridad de su artículo 22. La legislación existente está en línea con el Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito. En este sentido, España ha sido de los primeros países en formar parte del mismo tras su acceso en diciembre de 2014. Según lo establecido en la nueva Directiva de Productos del Tabaco se prevé un sistema de seguimiento y rastreo a nivel de la UE. Así, el artículo 19 del Proyecto de Real Decreto de transposición de la Directiva establece la obligatoriedad de adoptar un identificador único junto a las otras medidas de seguridad de su artículo 20. WHO European Region
Sri Lanka Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Sudan تم البدء في اجراءات التصادق علي برتوكول الاتجار غير المشرع لا توجد أي إنجازات Report not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Suriname Officials oft the MOH and Ministry of Finance have participated in Regional Meeting Re Tobacco Control -Adoption of the Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products - increasing the national capacity. The elimination of all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products, including smuggling, illicit manufacturing and counterfeiting are essential components of tobacco control. Therefore, all unit packets and packages of tobacco products and any outside packaging of such products are marked (special excise stamps) to assist in determining the origin of tobacco products. However, a sharp increase of the sale of illegal cigarettes is noticed since the taxes increased and also due to the crisis in Suriname the current exchange rate of the US $ increased twice as high as 2 years before for the SR $ (Surinamese Dollar). More stringent measures has been taken to enact and enforce the provision of the law and Regulation E35 (Smuggling Regulation) which regulate all goods confiscated from smuggling and the Law “Tegen gaan Smokkelen” State Gazette 1986 no 03. The elimination of all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products, including smuggling, illicit manufacturing and counterfeiting are essential components of tobacco control. Therefore, all unit packets and packages of tobacco products and any outside packaging of such products are marked (special excise stamps) to assist in determining the origin of tobacco products. However, Suriname’s biggest tobacco import company has noticed a sharp increase in the sale of illegal cigarettes. More stringent measures are needed to enact and enforce the provision of the law and Regulation E35 (Smuggling Regulation) which regulate all goods confiscated from smuggling and the Law “Tegen gaan Smokkelen” State Gazette 1986 no 03. WHO Region of the Americas
Sweden Sweden has passed a new law on tobacco and similar Products (2018:2088). Articles 15 and 16 of the Directive on traceability and safety marking have been implemented in the new law. According to the directive, these provisions will apply on May 20, 2019 in the case of cigarettes and rolling tobacco and on May 20, 2024, in the case of other tobacco products. Sweden has successfully implemented the EU regulation on track & trace and security features. https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/dokument-lagar/dokument/svensk-forfattningssamling/lag-20182088-om-tobak-och-liknande-produkter_sfs-2018-2088 http://www.regeringen.se/rattsdokument/proposition/2018/03/prop.-201718156/ Sweden has from 2015 been participating in the new Tobacco Products Committee under Dir. 2014/40/EU, which in due course (20 May 2019 respectively 20 May 2024) will increase the regulations particularly in the area or article 15. The Swedish government has decided on a proposition that the Dir 2014/40/EU, Art 15 and 16, traceability and security feature shall be implemented to the Swedish law. http://www.regeringen.se/rattsdokument/proposition/2018/03/prop.-201718156/ Sweden has from 2015 been participating in the new Tobacco Products Committee under Dir. 2014/40/EU, which in due course (20 May 2019 respectively 20 May 2024) will increase the regulations particularly in the area or article 15. WHO European Region
Syrian Arab Republic Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Tajikistan Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Thailand Under implementing in related issues Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Timor-Leste There was implemented of controlling of illict trade in tobacco product, finance have taking lead control through customs at border control and port of entry. However, there is no mechanism and coordination in place between multisectoral institutional and lack of data information available There was implemented of controlling of illict trade in tobacco product, finance have taking lead control through customs at border control and port of entry. However, there is no mechanism and coordination in place between multisectoral institutional and lack of data information available Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Togo Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Tonga There is strong collaboration among responsible sectors over the past years that resulted in identification of few cases of illicit trade of tobacco products and brought into custody. Remains the same as in the last Report 2016. There is strong collaboration among responsible sectors over the past years that resulted in identification of few cases of illicit trade of tobacco products and brought into custody. Remains the same as in the last Report 2014. WHO Western Pacific Region
Trinidad and Tobago Discussions have been held with critical stakeholders such as the Customs and Excise Division to ascertain a way forward in treating with illicit trade. These discussions have been based on TTOs preparedness for ratification of the Protocol which presents a challenge especially where resources to facilitate such are concerned. The country however is committed to treating with the issue and has deemed it as a high priority as part of local tobacco control efforts. With support from PAHO, the Tobacco Control Unit prepared a framework for the surveillance of illicit tobacco and tobacco products - completed in December 2015. With support from PAHO, the Tobacco Control Unit prepared a framework for the surveillance of illicit tobacco and tobacco products - completed in December 2015. WHO Region of the Americas
Tunisia la Douane Tunisienne a fait beaucoup defforts pour la lutte contre le commerce illicite des produits de tabac, le pourcentage du commerce illicite des produits du tabac à passé de presque 40% en 2016 par rapport au marché intérieur du pays à 25% en 2019 Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Turkey Turkey has been implementing Banderoled Product Tracking System in order to prevent tax loss and evasion, and to maintain product security via applied banderoles in tobacco products and alcoholic beverages since 2007. Significant progress has been made in implementing the system. Throughout the country, inspections within the Tobacco Products and Alcoholic Beetle Tracking System are carried out by using mobile inspection devices for specially trained bandroll control teams. Intensification of audits, especially in risky areas, and training to audit staff have led to an increase in the total amount of special irregularity penalties and in the number of audited products. In order to enable consumers to more actively participate in the auditing process, inquiry has been made via smart phone application, SMS and website (www.buis.com.tr) is available so that they can control the label on the product they buy. Its possible to download the smartphone app (GIB BUIS) from the Apple Store and Google Play. The application was updated in February 2017. The provision to imprisonment for up to 6 years from 3 years to those who make tobacco trade without obtaining a certificate from the licensor or without notifying, and to those who sell for commercial purposes macaron or leaf cigarette paper filled with shredded tobacco, broken tobacco or any substance other than tobacco has been added to the Anti-Smuggling Law No. 5607. Moreover, Regulation on Procedures and Principles Regarding the Production and Trade of Leaf Cigarette Paper was published in the Official Gazette dated 25/10/2016 no 29868. With the Law no 7061/62 dated 28/11/2017, the "For commercial purposes; it is forbidden to fill in any item other than tobacco, decomposed tobacco or cut tobacco into the macaron or leaf cigarette paper; it is also forbidden to offer sale, to sell, to keep or to transport the products produced in this matter. "provision was adopted. The provision has been entered into force on 1/7/2018. The action plan on the prevention of illicit trade of tobacco products 2020-2023 has been developed and entered into force. Turkey has been implementing Banderoled Product Tracking System in order to prevent tax loss and evasion, and to maintain product security via applied banderoles in tobacco products and alcoholic beverages since 2007. Significant progress has been made in implementing the system. Throughout the country, inspections within the Tobacco Products and Alcoholic Beetle Tracking System are carried out by using mobile inspection devices for specially trained bandroll control teams. Intensification of audits, especially in risky areas, and training to audit staff have led to an increase in the total amount of special irregularity penalties and in the number of audited products. In order to enable consumers to more actively participate in the auditing process, inquiry has been made via smart phone application, SMS and website (www.buis.com.tr) is available so that they can control the label on the product they buy. Its possible to download the smartphone app (GIB BUIS) from the Apple Store and Google Play. The application was updated in February 2017. The provision to imprisonment for up to 6 years from 3 years to those who make tobacco trade without obtaining a certificate from the licensor or without notifying, and to those who sell for commercial purposes macaron or leaf cigarette paper filled with shredded tobacco, broken tobacco or any substance other than tobacco has been added to the Anti-Smuggling Law No. 5607. Moreover, Regulation on Procedures and Principles Regarding the Production and Trade of Leaf Cigarette Paper was published in the Official Gazette dated 25/10/2016 no 29868. With the Law no 7061/62 dated 28/11/2017, the "For commercial purposes; it is forbidden to fill in any item other than tobacco, decomposed tobacco or cut tobacco into the macaron or leaf cigarette paper; it is also forbidden to offer sale, to sell, to keep or to transport the products produced in this matter. "provision was adopted. The provision will enter intoforce on 1/7/2018. Turkey has been implementing Banderoled Product Tracking System in order to prevent tax loss and evasion, and to maintain product security via applied banderoles in tobacco products and alcoholic beverages since 2007. Significant progress has been made in implementing the system as the new tender realized in the year of 2014 and new regulations put into place: *implementation of code application for tobacco products *application of banderole for macarons *provision of new mobile audit devices for field audit *development of new banderols for tobacco products with more secure visible and invisible features. Moreover, particularely in recent years, in order to increase efficiency in fighting against smuggling, remarkable steps have been taken in human resources, technical and administrative structure and regulatory infrastructure. Since the beginning of the 2000’s “Vehicles and Container Scanning Systems (X-rays)” have been used at border gates, railway gates and ports. The systems have facilitated determination of hidden tobacco and tobacco products into vehicles and containers and the mentioned systems have been one of the most deterrent factors against smugglers. In addition to the Vehicles and Container Scanning Systems, especially in the fight against cigarette smuggling in terms of passenger operations, another deterrent factor is “baggage x-ray” devices. “Mobile intervention vehicles” which is currently widely used, has been increasing the mobility of the field service of the Customs Administrations. By “vehicles tracking systems” tobacco and tobacco products control capacity in transit has been improved according to previous terms. “Customs Enforcement tip-off line” which enables transmission of notifications from anywhere in Turkey by phone has been activated. Currently there are many “tobacco sniffers dogs” that lead the customs enforcement teams in tobacco smuggling. Such trained dogs having sensitive sense of smell are playing significant roles in especially capturing large amounts of smuggled cigarettes. WHO European Region
Turkmenistan Туркменистан ратифицировал Протокол о ликвидации незаконной торговле табачными изделиями Туркменистан ратифицировал Протокол о ликвидации незаконной торговле табачными изделиями Answer not provided WHO European Region
Tuvalu Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Uganda Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Ukraine Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
United Arab Emirates تم عرض ومناقشة بروتوكول الإتجار غير المشروع مع وزارة المالية والهيئة الإتحادية للجمارك وتم تقريب وجهات النظر بين مختلف الأطراف وتم رفعه الي مجلس الوزارء لاتخاذ مايراه مناسباً في هذا الشأن تم عرض ومناقشة بروتوكول الإتجار غير المشروع مع وزارة المالية والهيئة الإتحادية للجمارك وتم تقريب وجهات النظر بين مختلف الأطراف وتم رفعه الي مجلس الوزارء لاتخاذ مايراه مناسباً في هذا الشأن Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The UK ratified the FCTC Protocol in June 2018. Since the completion of the previous questionnaire we have published a refreshed joint HMRC/Border Force strategy entitled ‘Tackling Illicit Tobacco: from leaf to light’. This was published in March 2015 and will continue to target illicit tobacco, building on the successes of past tobacco strategies. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/tackling-illicit-tobacco-from-leaf-to-light Since the completion of the previous questionnaire we have published a refreshed joint HMRC/Border Force strategy entitled ‘Tackling Illicit Tobacco: from leaf to light’. This was published in March 2015 and will continue to target illicit tobacco building on the successes of past tobacco strategies. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/tackling-illicit-tobacco-from-leaf-to-light In 2016 the UK Government will also be holding a public consultation on how to implement a licencing scheme for tobacco manufacturing equipment and also on whether or not to introduce a licencing scheme across the tobacco supply chain. WHO European Region
United Republic of Tanzania Illicit trade in tobacco products is enforced by Revenue Authority for Tax collection initiative. Illicit trade in tobacco products is enforced by Revenue Authority for Tax collection initiative. Illicit trade in tobacco products is enforced by Revenue Authority for Tax collection initiative. WHO African Region
Uruguay Continúa el trabajo de la Comisión interinstitucional establecida para la implementación del Protocolo. Se deriva a la Justicia las infracciones constatadas en la violación de la normativa y se detecta que proviene del comercio ilícito. Continúa el trabajo de la Comisión interinstitucional establecida para la implementación del Protocolo. Se deriva a la Justicia las infracciones constatadas en la violación de la normativa y se detecta que proviene del comercio ilícito. Uruguay ratificó el Protocolo para la Eliminación del Comercio Ilícito de Productos de Tabaco. Posteriormente estableció una Comisión para su implementación que se encuentra actualmente trabajando, con una integración interinstitucional. WHO Region of the Americas
Uzbekistan Report not provided Report not provided За последние два года прогресс отсутствует WHO European Region
Vanuatu Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Venezuela Actualmente no hay progreso. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Viet Nam Based on the annual report of Smuggling Control Committee No 389 that led by Deputy Prime Minister, more than 10 million pack of smuggled cigarette has been seized in 2015 and the rate of share of smuggling cigarette has been reduced to 15% Based on the annual report of Smuggling Control Committee No 389 that led by Deputy Prime Minister, more than 10 million pack of smuggled cigarette has been seized in 2015 and the rate of share of smuggling cigarette has been reduced to 15% Based on the annual report of Smuggling Control Committee No 389 that led by Deputy Prime Minister, more than 10 million pack of smuggled cigarette has been seized in 2015 and the rate of share of smuggling cigarette has been reduced to 15% WHO Western Pacific Region
Yemen Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Zambia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Zimbabwe Though Zimbabwe is in the process of accession to the Protocol to eliminate Illicit Trade in tobacco products measures are taken to reduce this activity of illicit trade Though Zimbabwe is in the process of accession to the Protocol to eliminate Illicit Trade in tobacco products measures are taken to reduce this activity of illicit trade Answer not provided WHO African Region
Region

Survey answers in 2020

  • 1: Answer not provided
  • 2: Report not provided
  • 3: Answer available


Survey answers in 2020

Answers evolution

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