C225 - Details of the mechanism/infrastructure for enforcement

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Party 2018 2016 2014 Region
Afghanistan Allocated separate area for smoking in air ports installing sign of No tobacco on visible places take out of tobacco product during entrance to indoor places fine system ( for ofinders) installing messages regarding tobacco harms water-pipe removal campaign in Kabul city integration of tobacco control in daily supervision of municipality and environmental health office Allocated separate area for smoking installing sign of tobacco use ban in visible places take out of tobacco product during entrance to institutions fine system ( for employees and clients) installing messages on tobacco harms written commitment from owners and managers of pvt hotels and restaurants coffees and Monitoring of public gathering places by environmental health monitors Ban on Import of cigarettes and tobacco productions and cigarette and any kind of the tobacco production in illegal manners WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Albania Report not provided Report not provided Responsible for the implementation of this article are: State Sanitary Inspectorate Municipality and Commune Police. Municipal Police Communal Police and the State Sanitary Inspectorate follow the application of Articles 15 16 prohibiting smoking in enclosed public places. The Minister of Health on 02 August 2012 has set up a task force nr 2 for the implementation of the law (for the control of the smoking ban in public places). The purpose of this order was to create the model for the state inspectorate of how they should work to implement the law. The task force was successful but this model was not implemented on State Sanitary Inspectorate. But the law is not implemented still yet but is raise awareness. WHO European Region
Algeria Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Angola The «Inspecção general de Saúde», at the MoH, is the administrative body responsible for the control of these measures. The «Inspecção general de Saúde», at the MoH, is the administrative body responsible for the control of these measures. Report not provided WHO African Region
Antigua and Barbuda Report not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Armenia Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Australia In Australia, control of environmental tobacco smoke and the issue of smoking in public places is one that generally falls within the jurisdiction of the state and territory governments. All state and territory governments have laws prohibiting smoking in cinemas and theatres, most forms of public transport and in food preparation areas. Most jurisdictions have introduced broader bans on smoking in enclosed public places such as restaurants and shopping centres, pubs and nightclubs and in cars with children. Some jurisdictions have also introduced bans on smoking in outdoor areas such as outdoor eating and drinking places, building entrances, sporting facilities and public beaches. Each state and territory also has occupational health and safety legislation, which imposes a duty on all employers to provide, within reason, a workplace that is free of hazards to health for employees and those entering the premises. This includes smoke-free work environments. Most states and territories provide for enforcement and inspection mechanisms in addition to the statutory penalty provisions. Many jurisdictions have begun banning vaping in areas where tobacco smoking is already banned. The Victorian Government provides funding to local councils to undertake education and enforcement activity in relation to the Victorian Tobacco Act 1987 (Tobacco Act). This arrangement is specified under a Service Agreement between the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services and the Municipal Association of Victoria (the peak body representing local government authorities in Victoria). Victoria Police enforce the ban on smoking in cars with minors and Public Transport Victoria enforces smoking bans at public transport stops and on public transport. In New South Wales, compliance monitoring and investigation is carried out by authorised officers in Public Health Units of the fifteen Local Health Districts across the State. Enforcement activity is also undertaken by the New South Wales Ministry of Health. In South Australia, breaches of the legislation are monitored and enforced by Department of Health authorised officers and South Australian police, while some declared smoke-free areas are also enforced by authorised officers within local government. In Tasmania, the Department of Health and Human Services employs two Tobacco Control Officers to enforce the tobacco provisions of the Public Health Act 1997. Tasmania Police and Local Council Environmental Health Officers are also authorised under the Public Health Act 1997 to enforce these laws. In Western Australia, investigators are gazetted to enforce the legislation. Restricted powers are also given to police and local authorities. In the Australian Capital Territory, enforcement is regulated under the Smoke-Free Public Places Act 2003 including powers to direct people to stop smoking, enter premises, require identification and seize related items. Police also have the power to stop vehicles to enforce the ban on smoking in cars with minors. The smoking in cars legislation is enforced by law enforcement officials. Penalties apply, in the Australian Capital Territory, for smoking in an enclosed public place, in an outdoor eating and drinking area, at an underage function, at declared smoke-free public places (currently children’s play spaces and public transport waiting areas) and at declared smoke-free events. Penalties also apply for smoking in a car when children are present. The Australian Capital Territory Government is responsible for enforcing the Australian Capital Territory’s smoke-free public places legislation. In the Northern Territory, non-compliance with the legislation is subject to on-the-spot fines of AUD $200-400 or prosecution. Authorised persons employed by the Northern Territory health department are also able to assist with enforcement. In Queensland, compliance monitoring and investigation is undertaken by Environmental Health Officers in the Public Health Units of the seventeen Hospital and Health Services across the State. Police officers also have the power to stop vehicles to enforce the ban on smoking in cars with children aged less than sixteen years and for smoking in a vehicle being used for business purposes if there is anyone else in the vehicle. Park Rangers are authorised to enforce smoking bans in National Parks and Local Government officers can be authorised to enforce smoking bans at outdoor public places in their local council area. As stated above in C223, the protection from exposure to tobacco smoke in Australia is primarily the responsibility of state and territory governments. All Australian state and territories have bans on smoking in offices, bars, restaurants and other indoor public spaces. All Australian states and territory tobacco control legislation have penalty and enforcement provisions. Most states and territories provide for enforcement and inspection mechanisms in addition to the statutory penalty provisions. Many jurisdictions have begun banning vaping in areas where tobacco smoking is already banned. Smokefree legislation is varied across different jurisdictions in Australia, for example, the Victorian Government provides funding to local councils to undertake education and enforcement activity in relation to tobacco smoking at workplaces, eating establishments, and licensed premises. This arrangement is specified under a Service Agreement between the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services and the Municipal Association of Victoria (the peak body representing local government authorities in Victoria). A Memorandum of Understanding between the Victorian Department of Health and WorkSafe Victoria for inspection and enforcement activity exists for workplaces where there have been more than two complaints, and the investigating council has not been able to resolve the matter via standard protocols. Victorian council inspectors are also empowered to enforce the smoking bans: • at patrolled beaches (from 1 December 2012) and the smoking bans: • at outdoor children’s playground equipment, skate parks, public swimming pool complexes and sporting venues during organised underage sporting events • in outdoor areas of, and at and within 4 metres of entrances to, childcare centres, kindergartens and schools • at and within 4 metres of entrances to children’s indoor play centres and Victorian public premises (public hospitals, registered community health centres and certain Victorian Government buildings) Victorian police enforce the ban on smoking in cars with minors and Public Transport Victoria enforces smoking bans at public transport stops and on public transport. In New South Wales, compliance monitoring and investigation is carried out by authorised officers in Public Health Units of the fifteen Local Health Districts across the State. Enforcement activity is also undertaken by the New South Wales Ministry of Health. In South Australia, breaches of the legislation are enforced by South Australian police and monitored by Department of Health authorised officers. In Tasmania, the Department of Health and Human Services employs two Tobacco Control Officers to enforce the tobacco provisions of the Public Health Act 1997. Tasmanian police and Local Council Environmental Health Officers are also authorised under the Public Health Act 1997 to enforce these laws. In Western Australia, investigators are gazetted to enforce the legislation. Restricted powers are also given to police and local authorities. In the Australian Capital Territory, powers for the inspection of premises are regulated under the Smoke-Free Public Places Act 2003 (ACT). Police also have the power to stop vehicles to enforce the ban on smoking in cars with minors. In the Northern Territory, non-compliance with the legislation is subject to on-the-spot fines of AUD $200-400 or prosecution. Authorised persons employed by the Northern Territory health department are also able to assist with enforcement. In Queensland, compliance monitoring and investigation is undertaken by Environmental Health Officers in the Public Health Units of the seventeen Hospital and Health Services across the State. Police officers also have the power to stop vehicles to enforce the ban on smoking in cars with children aged less than sixteen years and for smoking in a vehicle being used for business purposes if there is anyone else in the vehicle. In the ACT, penalties apply for smoking in an enclosed public place, in an outdoor eating and drinking area, or at an underage function. Penalties also apply for smoking in a car when children are present. Access Canberra is responsible for enforcing the ACT’s smoke-free public places legislation. The smoking in cars legislation is enforced by Australian Federal Police ACT-Policing. All Australian state and territory tobacco control legislation has penalty and enforcement provisions. Most states and territories provide for enforcement and inspection mechanisms additional to the statutory penalty provisions. The Victorian Government provides funding to local councils to undertake education and enforcement activity in relation to tobacco smoking at workplaces. eating establishments. and licensed premises. This arrangement is specified under a Service Agreement between the Victorian Department of Health and the Municipal Association of Victoria (the peak body representing local government authorities in Victoria). A Memorandum of Understanding between the Victorian Department of Health and WorkSafe Victoria for inspection and enforcement activity exists for workplaces where there have been more than two complaints. and the investigating council has not been able to resolve the matter via standard protocols. Victorian council inspectors are also empowered to enforce the smoking bans at patrolled beaches (from 1 December 2012) and the smoking bans at outdoor children''s playground equipment. skate parks. public swimming pool complexes and sporting venues during organised underage sporting events (from 1 April 2014). Victorian police enforce the ban on smoking in cars with minors. Public Transport Victoria enforce smoking bans at public transport stops and on public transport. In New South Wales. compliance monitoring and investigation is carried out by authorised officers in Public Health Units of the fifteen Local Health Districts across the State. Enforcement activity is also undertaken by the New South Wales Ministry of Health. In South Australia. breaches of the legislation are enforced by South Australian police and monitored by Department of Health authorised officers. In Tasmania. the Department of Health and Human Services employs two Tobacco Control Officers to enforce the tobacco provisions of the Public Health Act 1997. Tasmanian police and Local Council Environmental Health Officers are also authorised under the Public Health Act 1997 to enforce these laws. In Western Australia. investigators are gazetted to enforce the legislation. Restricted powers are also given to police and local authorities. In the Australian Capital Territory. powers for the inspection of premises are regulated under the Smoke-Free Public Places Act 2003 (ACT). Police also have the power to stop vehicles to enforce the ban on smoking in cars with minors. In the Northern Territory. non-compliance with the legislation is subject to on-the-spot fines of AUD $200-400 or prosecution. Authorised persons employed by the Northern Territory health department are also able to assist with enforcement. In Queensland. compliance monitoring and investigation is undertaken by Environmental Health Officers in the Public Health Units of the seventeen Hospital and Health Services across the State. Police officers also have the power to st WHO Western Pacific Region
Austria Article 14 of the Austrian tobacco act provides for the possibility to impose fines on smokers and tenants of public indoor places (including workplaces accessible to the public); the district administration authorities are competent for prosecuting violations of the tobacco act. The provisions of the Austrian law on health and safety at work act are controlled by specific inspectors ("Arbeitsinspektoren") on a regular basis and fines can be imposed if provisions for the protection of workers are violated. If there are sever threats to workers health and safety an establishment can even be closed down Article 14 of the Austrian tobacco act provides for the possibility to impose fines on smokers and tenants of public indoor places (including workplaces accessible to the public); the district administration authorities are competent for prosecuting violations of the tobacco act. The provisions of the Austrian law on health and safety at work act are controlled by specific inspectors ("Arbeitsinspektoren") on a regular basis and fines can be imposed if provisions for the protection of workers are violated. If there are sever threats to workers health and safety an establishment can even be closed down Para. 14 of the Austrian tobacco act provides for the possibility to impose fines on smokers and tenants of public indoor places (including workplaces accessible to the public); the district administration authorities are competent for prosecuting violations of the tobacco act. The provisions of the Austrian law on health and safety at work act are controlled by specific inspectors (''Arbeitsinspektoren'') on a regular basis and fines can be imposed if provisions for the protection of workers are violated. If there are sever threats to workers'' health and safety an establishment can even be closed down WHO European Region
Azerbaijan The Code of the Azerbaijan Republic On administrative violations enacted in 2000 and updated in 2015 provides range of penalties for smoking in different prohibited areas. It is expected that after adopting of new Law "On restriction of tobacco use" the changes will affect to the Code of the Azerbaijan Republic On administrative violations, and the fines will increase significantly by several times. http://www.taxes.gov.az/uploads/qanun/2011/mecelleler/inzibati_xetalar_mecellesi_eng.pdf or http://www.tobaccocontrol.az/upload/File/catalog/10-2015/catalog-14-file.pdf (only on Azerbaijan language) The Code of the Azerbaijan Republic On administrative violations enacted in 2000 and updated in 2015 provides penalties: for smoking cigarette in aircraft, railway, sea and river transports (Articles 134; 140; 148), in metro (only by web-link on Azerbaijan language - http://dyp.gov.az/index.php?/az/content/203), including crossings and platphorms (Article 140-1.4.), in urban, country and international bus routes (Article 150-2.1.4. - only by web-link on Azerbaijan language - http://dyp.gov.az/index.php?/az/content/203). sa=t&rct=j&q=The+Code+of+the+Azerbaijan+Republic+On+administrative+violations+&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCEQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Flegislationline.org%2Fdownload%2Faction%2Fdownload%2Fid%2F3439%2Ffile%2FAzerbaijan_Code%2520on%2520Administrative%2520offences_2000_eng.pdf&ei=natQUOH1NYjAhAfD9YHYDA&usg=AFQjCNGzsGVV2FAq7cCOwoo-FtJ7pLCVRA&cad=rjt The Code of the Azerbaijan Republic On administrative violations enacted in 2000 provides penalties: for smoking cigarette in aircraft railway sea and river transports (Articles 134; 140; 148. The draft new Law on Smoking Restriction currently being developed and is expected to introduce more stringent antismoking regulations. WHO European Region
Bahamas Report not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bahrain (Kingdom of) Article 4 of antismoking law, smoking is prohibited in all closed public places, however a designated area for smokers can be allocated provided it is compliant with specifications of smoking areas stated in decree (2)/2011 issued by Minister of Health. (decree attached) Article 4 of antismoking law, smoking is prohibited in all closed public places, however a designated area for smokers can be allocated provided it is compliant with specifications of smoking areas stated in decree (2)/2011 issued by Minister of Health. (decree attached) Article 4 of antismoking law smoking is prohibited in all colsed public places however a designated area for smokers can be allocated provided it is compliant with specifications of smoking areas stated in decree (2)/2011 issued by Minister of Health. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Bangladesh Formed National, District and Upazila (Sub district) Taskforce Committee for Implementation of Tobacco Control Law Formed National, District and Upazilla(Sub district) Taskforce Committee for Implementation of Tobacco Control La Formed National District and Upazilla(Sub district) taskforce committee for law enforcement WHO South-East Asia Region
Barbados Monitored and policed by the Environmental health Department and the Health Promotion Unit Monitored and policed by the Environmental health Department and the Health Promotion Unit The Environmental Health Division of the Ministry of Health has statutory responsibility for enforcement of these regulations. WHO Region of the Americas
Belarus За курение в (потребление) табачных изделий в запрещенных местах в соответствии со статьей 17.9 Кодекса Республики Беларусь об административных правонарушениях к административной ответственности в 2017 году привлечено 13456 лиц, в т.ч. 158 несовершеннолетних. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Belgium Le contrôle du respect de la législation est assuré en fonction des lieux par les services d’inspection du SPF Santé publique, de l’agence fédérale pour la sécurité alimentaire ou du SPF Emploi. La police est compétente pour l’ensemble de ces contrôles. Le contrôle du respect de la législation est assuré en fonction des lieux par les services d’inspection du SPF Santé publique, de l’agence fédérale pour la sécurité alimentaire ou du SPF Emploi. La police est compétente pour l’ensemble de ces contrôles. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Belize Report not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Benin decret dapplication de cette loi decret dapplication de cette loi ministère de la santé ministère du commerce ministère de lartisanat et du tourisme ministère de lintérieur et de la sécurité publique et enfin ministère de la justice de la législation et des droits de lhomme. WHO African Region
Bhutan Places designated as smoke-free zone under Tobacco Control Act 2010. The Bhutan Narcotics Control Authority and The Royal Bhutan Police is responsible to enforce smoke-free zone. Places designated as smoke free zone under Tobacco Control Act 2010. Royal Bhutan Police is responsible to enforce smoke free zone. From the national legislation and executive orders/notifications/ administration order WHO South-East Asia Region
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bosnia and Herzegovina Monitoring of laws enforcement is performed by the following inspection services within their respective jurisdictions prescribed by laws: health inspectors, sanitary inspectors, educational inspectors and labour inspectors, inspectors for protection in workplace, communal police and the police. Inspection services responsible for monitoring of law enforcement More active involvement of inspection services needed for enforcement of ban of smoking in all enclosed public places; Monitoring with regards to the application of those bans are conducted by the following inspectors within their respective jurisdictions prescribed by law: health inspectors sanitary inspectors educational inspectors and labour inspectors inspectors for protection in workplace communal police and the police WHO European Region
Botswana The law provides for partitioning of restaurants to seperate smokers from non smokers. Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Brazil The enforcement of the smoke free law is in charge of the municipal health surveillance system, imposing penalties for noncompliance with the smoking ban, which can be monetary fines or suspension of the trade license. The enforcement of the smoke free law is in charge of the municipal health surveillance system, imposing penalties for noncompliance with the smoking ban, which can be monetary fines or suspension of the trade license. The enforcement of the smoke free law is in charge of the municipal health surveillance system. imposing penalties for noncompliance with the smoking ban. which can be monetary fines or suspension of the trade license WHO Region of the Americas
Brunei Darussalam The national laws contain provisions for penalties and compounding (issuance of fines). Enforcement is conducted by the Health Enforcement Unit, Ministry of Health. Report not provided The national laws contain provisions for penalties and compounding (issuance of fines). Enforcement is conducted by the Health Enforcement Unit Ministry of Health WHO Western Pacific Region
Bulgaria Health Law - Article 11 (Amended, SG No. 98/2010, effective 1.01.2011) State health control shall be exercised in order to protect public health within the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria by implementing the activities under Article 15. Article 15 (Amended, SG No. 98/2010, effective 1.01.2011) (1) The government policy for public health protection and Regional health inspectorates shall exercise the state health control within the territory of administrative regions shall be implemented by RIPHPCby implementing activities related to:. 7. exercising control in respect of the compliance with prohibitions and limitations laid down in statutory instruments as to smoking; Health Law - Article 11 (Amended, SG No. 98/2010, effective 1.01.2011) State health control shall be exercised in order to protect public health within the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria by implementing the activities under Article 15. Article 15 (Amended, SG No. 98/2010, effective 1.01.2011) (1) The government policy for public health protection and Regional health inspectorates shall exercise the state health control within the territory of administrative regions shall be implemented by RIPHPCby implementing activities related to:. 7. exercising control in respect of the compliance with prohibitions and limitations laid down in statutory instruments as to smoking; Health Act Article 11 (Amended SG No. 98/2010 effective 1.01.2011) State health control shall be exercised in order to protect public health within the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria by implementing the activities under Article 15. Article 15 (Amended SG No. 98/2010 effective 1.01.2011) (1) The government policy for public health protection and Regional health inspectorates (RHI) shall exercise the state health control within the territory of administrative regions shall be implemented by RHI by implementing activities related to: 7. exercising control in respect of the compliance with prohibitions and limitations laid down in statutory instruments as to smoking; WHO European Region
Burkina Faso Answer not provided Answer not provided Les amendes et autres sanctions prévues par la loi 040 et les autres instruments juridiques tirent leur source dans le code pénal du Burkina Faso. Par conséquent leur application relève des différentes juridictions nationales (police gendarmerie justice…) WHO African Region
Burundi Report not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Cabo Verde Autorités nationales de surveillance et judiciaire Autorités nationales de surveillance et judiciaire Report not provided WHO African Region
Cambodia Answer not provided Report not provided See the the Minister of Health Circular on Measures for the Banning of Smoking and Blowing of Tobacco Products at workplaces and public place WHO Western Pacific Region
Cameroon Des affiches et des roll-up et stick sont conçus et matérialisés pour amener les usagers à respecter les dispositions des textes administratifs portant interdiction de fumer en ces différents lieux. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Canada National, sub-national and municipal legislation includes enforcement support. Annex B highlights the various mechanisms and infrastructure support. National, sub-national and municipal legislation includes enforcement support. Annex B highlights the various mechanisms and infrastructure support. National. sub-national and municipal legislation include enforcement support. Annex B highlights the various mechanisms and infrastructure support. WHO Region of the Americas
Central African Republic Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Chad la police sanitaire mais ce corps sera mis en place après adoption dudit décret. Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Chile La fiscalización es realizada por las Secretarías Regionales Ministeriales de Salud (Autoridad Sanitaria) y mediante la modificaciones aprobadas en la Ley 19.419 (2013) Art 15º, se incorporan a esta función los Inspectores de la municipalidad respectiva de cada localidad. Esto permite un mayor número de personas fiscalizando su cumplimiento en el nivel local. Dicho artículo refiere lo siguiente: Los inspectores de la municipalidad respectiva también fiscalizarán el cumplimiento de esta ley, y denunciarán ante los tribunales señalados en el inciso precedente las infracciones que constatan. En caso de infracciones, se traspasa el caso a Juzgados de Policía Local. El Juez de dicho establecimiento será el facultado para imponer la sanción correspondiente, y contra su resolución procederán los recursos que franquea la ley. La fiscalización es realizada por las Secretarías Regionales Ministeriales de Salud (Autoridad Sanitaria) y mediante la modificaciones aprobadas en la Ley 19.419 (2013) Art 15º, se incorporan a esta función los Inspectores de la municipalidad respectiva de cada localidad. Esto permite un mayor número de personas fiscalizando su cumplimiento en el nivel local. Dicho artículo refiere lo siguiente: Los inspectores de la municipalidad respectiva también fiscalizarán el cumplimiento de esta ley, y denunciarán ante los tribunales señalados en el inciso precedente las infracciones que constatan. En caso de infracciones, se traspasa el caso a Juzgados de Policía Local. El Juez de dicho establecimiento será el facultado para imponer la sanción correspondiente, y contra su resolución procederán los recursos que franquea la ley. La fiscalización es realizada por las Secretarías Regionales Ministeriales de Salud (Autoridad Sanitaria) y mediante la modificaciones aprobadas en la Ley 19.419 (2013) Art 15º. se incorporan a esta función los Inspectores de la municipalidad respectiva de cada localidad. Esto permite un mayor número de personas fiscalizando su cumplimiento en el nivel local. Dicho artículo refiere lo siguiente: Los inspectores de la municipalidad respectiva también fiscalizarán el cumplimiento de esta ley. y denunciarán ante los tribunales señalados en el inciso precedente las infracciones que constatan. En caso de infracciones. se traspasa el caso a Juzgados de Policía Local. El Juez de dicho establecimiento será el facultado para imponer la sanción correspondiente. y contra su resolución procederán los recursos que franquea la ley. WHO Region of the Americas
China 1.国家卫生计生委定期组织暗访工作,对全国卫生计生系统的无烟环境进行评估。 2.北京、上海、深圳等通过地方无烟环境立法的城市,有具体的执法机构和协调机制。 无国家级法律。 These departments'' regulations or normative documents have clearly defined concrete mechanisms for enforcement or penalties; have adopted environmental legislation for a smoke-free city almost all have a complete and systematic mechanism for the coordination and implementation mechanism. WHO Western Pacific Region
Colombia La Ley 1335 establece, en el parágrafo del Artículo 19, las competencias de las autoridades respecto al cumplimiento de la normativa sobre ambientes libres de humo de tabaco. De acuerdo con la ley, las autoridades sanitarias (Secretarías de Salud de los Municipios y Departamentos de Colombia), vigilarán el cumplimiento del artículo 19 en coordinación con las autoridades de Policía y demás autoridades de control. Asimismo, en el Artículo 20 de la Ley, se definen como obligaciones de los propietarios, empleadores y administradores respecto del cumplimiento de los ambientes libres de humo: – Garantizar el cumplimiento de la prohibición de uso de los productos del tabaco con el objetivo de proteger a las personas contra la exposición al humo de tabaco ambiental. – Mostrar advertencias visibles con mensajes alusivos a los ambientes libres de humo de tabaco, de conformidad con las normas emitidas por el Ministerio de Bienestar Social. – Adoptar medidas razonables y específicas para disuadir a la gente de fumar en el lugar, tales como pedir a la persona que no fume, interrumpir el servicio, pedirle que abandone el local o ponerse en contacto con la autoridad competente. Recientemente, el Código de Policía, Ley 1801 de 2016 ha establecido una serie de disposiciones que se deben interpretar armónicamente con el contenido de la Ley 1335 de 2009 en lo que corresponde con los procedimientos sancionatorios y las respectivas multas derivadas del incumplimiento de la norma. Por una parte, el artículo 33 estipula los comportamientos que afectan la tranquilidad y relaciones respetuosas de las personas en donde incluye, fumar en lugares prohibidos. Esta disposición normativa debe interpretarse en conjunto con el artículo 19 de la Ley 1335 de 2009, pues en este último artículo se establece el listado de lugares donde no se puede fumar. El artículo 38 señala los comportamientos que afectan la integridad de niños, niñas y adolescentes, donde expresamente indica lo siguiente: 1. Permitir, auspiciar, tolerar, inducir o constreñir el ingreso de los niños, niñas y adolescentes a los lugares donde: e) Se realicen actividades de diversión destinadas al consumo de bebidas alcohólicas y consumo de cigarrillo, tabaco y sus derivados y sustancias psicoactivas; 5. Facilitar, distribuir, ofrecer, comercializar, prestar o alquilar, cualquiera de los siguientes elementos, sustancias o bebidas, a niños, niñas o adolescentes: b) Bebidas alcohólicas, cigarrillo, tabaco y sus derivados, sustancias psicoactivas o cualquier sustancia que afecte su salud; 6. Inducir a niños, niñas o adolescentes a: a) Consumir bebidas alcohólicas, cigarrillo, tabaco y sus derivados, sustancias psicoactivas o cualquier sustancia que afecte su salud. Finalmente el artículo 94 del Código de Policía consagra los comportamientos relacionados con la salud pública que afectan la actividad económica y que por lo tanto no deben realizarse, entre los cuales refiere: Permitir el consumo de tabaco y/o sus derivados en lugares no autorizados por la ley y la normatividad vigente. En cuanto a las multas este código incluye una tabla que gradúa el monto de la sanción. En todo caso la Ley 1335 de 2009 por tratarse de una ley especial, mantiene la competencia de las autoridades y se complementa con las demás disposiciones del Código de Policía. En el caso de la aplicación de ley en los municipios, algunos han establecido instrumentos en los cuales verifican el cumplimiento de los ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco en los establecimientos señalados en el artículo 19 ya citado. Actualmente el Ministerio de Salud, puntualmente las áreas de enfermedades no transmisibles y salud ambiental se encuentran desarrollando los instrumentos de inspección, vigilancia y control sanitario de la Ley 1335 de 2009. El principal instrumento es el Acta de Inspección y Vigilancia de la ley, la cual se encuentra en periodo de prueba en 9 entidades territoriales, incluyendo a Bogotá D.C. Se continúan desarrollando procesos de movilización social alrededor de los procesos de denuncia ante el incumplimiento de estas medidas, liderado por las autoridades competentes de los procesos de inspección, vigilancia y control: Policía Nacional y Ministerio de Salud. En efecto, la Policía ha impuesto 902 comparendos en atención a lo establecido en el artículo 33 del Código de Policía (comportamientos que afectan la tranquilidad y las relaciones respetuosas de las personas). También se han impuestos 186 comparendos por violar el artículo 38 del Código de Policía. Así mismo, se realizaron 145 comparendos, considerando lo estipulado en el artículo 94 del Código de Policía. Ver: http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=66661 La Ley 1335 establece, en el parágrafo del Artículo 19, las competencias de las autoridades respecto al cumplimiento de la normativa sobre ambientes libres de humo de tabaco: de acuerdo con la Ley, las autoridades sanitarias (Secretarías de Salud de los Municipios y Departamentos de Colombia), vigilarán el cumplimiento del artículo 19 en coordinación con las autoridades de Policía y demás autoridades de control. Asimismo, en el Artículo 20 de la Ley, se definen como obligaciones de los propietarios, empleadores y administradores respecto del cumplimiento de los ambientes libres de humo: – Garantizar el cumplimiento de la prohibición de uso de los productos del tabaco con el objetivo de proteger a las personas contra la exposición al humo de tabaco ambiental. – Mostrar advertencias visibles con mensajes alusivos a los ambientes libres de humo de tabaco, de conformidad con las normas emitidas por el Ministerio de Bienestar Social. – Adoptar medidas razonables y específicas para disuadir a la gente de fumar en el lugar, tales como pedir a la persona que no fume, interrumpir el servicio, pedirle que abandone el local o ponerse en contacto con la autoridad competente. En el artículo 24 del Capítulo VII de la Ley 1335 se establecen sanciones por fumar en lugares públicos y define que “los elementos y recursos necesarios para la aplicación de las sanciones” serán fijados por el Ministerio de la Protección Social y la Policía Nacional. Además, el Artículo 32 establece que el Gobierno Nacional podrá determinar y especificar el sistema de sanciones, las autoridades competentes y el procedimiento para la aplicación de dichas sanciones. En el caso de la aplicación de esta en los municipios, algunos dentro del proceso de implementación de la ley han establecido actos administrativos en los cuales verifican el cumplimiento de los ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco en los establecimientos señalados en el artículo 19 ya citado. Actualmente se está desarrollando el proceso de movilización social alrededor de los procesos de denuncia ante el incumplimiento de estas medidas, liderado por las autoridades competentes de los procesos de inspección vigilancia y control: Policía Nacional y Ministerio de Salud. La Ley 1335 establece. en el parágrafo del artículo 19. las competencias de las autoridades respecto al cumplimiento de la normativa sobre ambientes libres de humo de tabaco: de acuerdo con la Ley. las autoridades sanitarias (Secretarías de Salud de los Municipios y Departamentos de Colombia). vigilarán el cumplimiento del artículo 19 en coordinación con las autoridades de Policía y demás autoridades de control. Asimismo. en el artículo 20 de la Ley 1335. se definen las obligaciones de los propietarios. empleadores y administradores respecto del cumplimiento de los ambientes libres de humo: Artículo 20. Obligaciones. Los propietarios. empleadores y administradores d de los lugares a los que hace referencia el artículo 19 tienen las siguientes obligaciones: a) Velar por el cumplimiento de las prohibiciones establecidas en la presente ley con el fin de proteger a las personas de la exposición del humo de tabaco ambiental; b) Fijar en un lugar visible al público avisos que contengan mensajes alusivos a los ambientes libres de humo. conforme a la reglamentación que expida el Ministerio de la Protección Social; c) Adoptar medidas específicas razonables a fin de disuadir a las personas de que fumen en el lugar. tales como pedir a la persona que no fume. interrumpir el servicio. pedirle que abandone el local o ponerse en contacto con la autoridad competente. En el caso de la aplicación de esta en los municipios. algunos dentro del proceso de implementación de la ley han establecido actos administrativos en los cuales verifican el cumplimiento de los ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco en los establecimientos señalados en el artículo 19 ya citado. Actualmente se está desarrollando el proceso de movilización social alrededor de los procesos de denuncia ante el incumplimiento de estas medidas. liderado por las autoridades competentes de los procesos de inspección vigilancia y control: Policía Nacional y Ministerio de Salud. WHO Region of the Americas
Comoros Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Congo Report not provided Voir l’article 2 de la loi relative à la lutte antitabac. Affichage d’un avis d’interdiction (Voir loi n°12-2012 du 4 juillet 2012 relative à la lutte antitabac dans son article 3 WHO African Region
Cook Islands We do have an enforcement mechanism, however monitoring is weak. We do have an enforcement mechanism, however monitoring is weak. Site inspections with verbally communication reminding proprietors/manager/owners; however monitoring is lacking WHO Western Pacific Region
Costa Rica La Ley 9028 da la potestad al Ministerio de Salud para velar por la protección de los sitios prohibidos para fumar, por medio de los funcionarios de la institución, aplicando multas a quién incumple. La Ley 9028 da la potestad al Ministerio de Salud para velar por la protección de los sitios prohibidos para fumar, por medio de los funcionarios de la institución, aplicando multas a quién incumple. Acorde a la sección III Procedimiento y Sanciones del articulo N°44 al 59 del Reglamento de la Ley 9028. WHO Region of the Americas
Côte d'Ivoire les missions conjointes du ministère en charge de la santé et de la Police Nationale assurent le contrôle de lapplication du décret n°2012-980 du 10 octobre 2012 portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics et les transports en commun. Le décret oblige les responsables des lieux publics et des transports en commun à apposer des signalisations d’interdiction de fumer puis de veiller au strict respect de cette interdiction. le décret prévoit des sanctions sous forme damende pour tout contrevenant :  Fumeur: amende de 15 000 à 100 000 F CFA.  Responsable ou propriétaire: amende de 50 000 à 250 000 FCFA les missions conjointes du PNLTA et de la Police Nationale assurent le contrôle et la répression de lapplication du décret n°2012-980 du 10 octobre 2012 portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics et les transports en commun obligent les responsables de ces lieux publics et des transports en commun à apposer des signalisations d’interdiction de fumer puis de veiller au strict respect de cette interdiction. le décret prevoit des sanctions pour tout contrevenant :  Fumeur: amende de 15 000 à 100 000 F CFA.  Responsable ou propriétaire: amende de 50 000 à 250 000 FCFA Les Ministres en charge de la santé de lintérieur du commerce des transports et de la justice sont chargés chacun en ce qui le concerne de lexécution de ce decret. Ce qui va nécessiter la prise darrêté interministériel qui est en cours. WHO African Region
Croatia Answer not provided For violation of the provisions of the Law on Safety at Work concerning the protection of non-smokers from tobacco smoke, fines are prescribed as follows. Article 95, paragraph 1, subparagraph 3 of the Law on Safety at Work, provides a fine of 10,000 kunas which will be imposed upon the employer-legal person, if not implemented measures for protection of non-smokers from tobacco smoke, smoking at working meetings or at the workplace, and a fine of 3,000 kunas shall be imposed on the employer-physical person and responsible person of the legal person. For the mentioned violation may be imposed a fine on the scene of the offense to the employer-legal entity in the amount of 1,900 kunas, and the employer-physical person and responsible person of the legal person in the amount of 1,500 kunas. Any physical or legal person can by telephone and e-mail or regular mail submit the application for any irregularities in the implementation of measures prescribed by the Law on safety at work to the Ministry of Labour and Pension System, the Labour Inspectorate, under which the labor inspector shall make inspections. Inspection tasks in the field of labour and occupational safety carries out Labour Inspectors of the Ministry of Labour and Pension System in accordance with the provisions of Article 90 The Occupational Health and Safety Act ( " Official Gazette " No.71/14,118/14 and 152/14) . Measures to prevent violations of the provisions of the above laws are the fines as follows: -The provisions of Article 95 of th The Occupational Health and Safety Act prescribes a fine of 10.000,00 KN (1515,94 USD*) by which the employer will be punished for an offense if fails to provide the prescribed manner of smoking ban and if not determined and labelled in which rooms and areas smoking is exceptionally allowed . - The provisions of Article 27 of the Act on the Restriction of the Use of Tobacco Products prescribes the fine of 30.000,00 KN (4.540 USD) to 150.000,00 KN (22.680 USD) by which a legal person shall be punished for an offense if allows smoking of tobacco products in public appearances on television live or publish in print photographs or drawings of people who smoke for promotional purposes and not providing for adhering to the smoking ban in closed public areas and by a fine in the amount of 5.000,00 KN (756 USD) to 15.000,00 KN (2.270 USD) shall be punished a natural person and the responsible person in the legal entity . Any natural or legal person is entitled to submit a statement of any irregularity by telephone, electronically or by mail, to the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Labour and Pension System, pursuant to which the labour inspectors or sanitary inspectors will determine facts and take measures prescribed within 30 days. *Converted according to the middle exchange rate of the Croatian National Bank on April, 3, 2016 Inspection tasks in the field of labour and occupational safety carries out Labour Inspectorate as an administrative organization of the Ministry of Labour and Pension System in accordance with the provisions of Article 3 The Act on Labour Inspectorate ( '' Official Gazette '' No. 19/14) . Measures to prevent violations of the provisions of the above laws are the fines as follows: -The provisions of Article 110 of the Act Law on Safety at Work prescribes a fine between 10.000 00 to 20.000 00 KN (1.803 47 to 3.606 95 USD*) by which the employer will be punished for an offense if fails to provide the prescribed manner of smoking ban and if not determined and labelled in which rooms and areas smoking is exceptionally allowed and the fine of 3.000 00 to 10.000 00 KN (541 04 to 1.803 47 USD) by which the responsible person of the legal person shall be punished. - By provisions of Article 112 of the Act Law on Safety at Work a worker smoking in rooms and areas where smoking is prohibited shall be punished on the spot by a fine of 100 00 KN (18 03 USD) and immediate superior responsible person by a fine of 500 00 KN (90 17 USD). - The provisions of Article 27 of the Act on the Restriction of the Use of Tobacco Products prescribes the fine of 30.000 00 KN (5.410 42 USD) to 150.000 00 KN (27.052 10 USD) by which a legal person shall be punished for an offense if allows smoking of tobacco products in public appearances on television live or publish in print photographs or drawings of people who smoke for promotional purposes and does not ensure compliance with the ban on smoking in enclosed public spaces and by a fine in the amount of 5.000 00 KN (901 74 USD) to 15.000 00 KN (2.705 21 USD) shall be punished a natural person and the responsible person in the legal entity . Any natural or legal person is entitled to submit a statement of any irregularity by telephone electronically or by mail to the Ministry of Labour and Pension System the Inspectorate of Labour pursuant to which the labour inspectors shall determine facts and take measures prescribed within 30 days. *Converted according to the middle exchange rate of the Croatian National Bank on March 16 2014 WHO European Region
Cyprus Legislation specifies government officials for enforcing of the legislation. “Authorised officer” means a member of the Police Force or an officer of the Customs Department or a Health Inspector of the Department of Medical Services and Public Health Services or a Health Inspector of the municipalities or improvement councils or an officer of the Competition and Consumer Protection Service or an officer from the Cyprus Tourism Organisation or a Work inspector from the Ministry of Labour. Legislation specifies government officials for enforcing of the legislation. “Authorised officer” means a member of the Police Force or an officer of the Customs Department or a Health Inspector of the Department of Medical Services and Public Health Services or a Health Inspector of the municipalities or improvement councils or an officer of the Competition and Consumer Protection Service. Legislation specifies government officials for enforcing of the legislation. “Authorised officer” means a member of the Police Force or an officer of the Customs Department or a Health Inspector of the Department of Medical Services and Public Health Services or a Health Inspector of the municipalities or improvement councils or an officer of the Competition and Consumer Protection Service; WHO European Region
Czech Republic National body responsible for the enforcement: Municipality with delegated power; The Police of the Czech Republic; Municipal police; Public Health Authority, Czech School inspectorate; State Labour inspection office and regional labour inspectorates (as regards workplaces) Sanctions for non-compliance with national legislation/requirements are imposed (e.g. fine for operators which allow smoking at places with smoking ban up to 50 000 CZK, and for persons who smoke at places with smoking ban – up to 5 000 CZK. National body responsible for the enforcement: Municipality with delegated power; The Police of the Czech Republic; Municipal police; Public Health Authority (as regards meal services); State Labour inspection office and regional labour inspectorates (as regards workplaces) Sanctions for non-compliance with national legislation/requirements are imposed (e.g. fine for operators which allow smoking at places with smoking ban, from 5 000 CZK up to 10 000 CZK, and for persons who smoke at places with smoking ban – up to 1 000 CZK ). National body responsible for the enforcement: Municipality with delegated power; The Police of the Czech Republic; Municipal police; Public Health Authority (as regards meal services); State Labour inspection office and regional labour inspectorates (as regards workplaces) Sanctions for non-compliance with national legislation/requirements are imposed (e.g. fine for operators which allow smoking at places with smoking ban from 5 000 CZK up to 10 000 CZK and for persons who smoke at places with smoking ban – up to 1 000 CZK ). WHO European Region
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Tobacco Control Law, DPR Korea designates monitoring and control agencies who regulates and monitors the compliance of the tobacco law including the smoking in smoke-free areas and implementation of punishment to individuals or agencies violating the law if any. Report not provided According to the demands of Law on Tobacco Control. legal agencies including Legal Affairs Committee and public security agencies are conducting the legal control activities for the behaviors conflicting with law while every agency. enterprise and unit are enhancing the education and controlling to obey the law on tobacco control. In particular. social organizations including Youth League. Farming Workers'' Union and Women''s Union are taking the regular activities for education and controlling on stop smoking. WHO South-East Asia Region
Democratic Republic of the Congo Answer not provided La PNLCT, la Police, le Parquet, les Responsables administratifs des services et Entreprises. Report not provided WHO African Region
Denmark Enforcement of the ban is secured by the Danish Working Environment Authority under the law of Working Environment, The Danish Maritime Authority and the Minister for Transport and Energy Enforcement of the ban is secured by the Danish Working Environment Authority under the law of Working Environment, The Danish Maritime Authority and the Minister for Transport and Energy Enforcement of the ban is secured by the Danish Working Environment Authority under the law of Working Environment The Danish Maritime Authority and the Minister for Transport and Energy WHO European Region
Djibouti Les administrations sont tenues responsables, en loccurence les directions des ressources humaines et celles de la sécurité des lieux de travail. Les administrations sont tenues responsables, en loccurence les directions des ressources humaines et celles de la sécurité des lieux de travail. Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Dominica Report not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Ecuador Además de los monitoreos realizados por la Agencia de Regulación, Control y Vigilancia Sanitaria (ARCSA) para verificar el cumplimiento del artículo 21, existe un correo electrónico (denuncias.tabaco@controlsanitario.gob.ec) donde se puede denunciar los casos en donde no se cumpla con el artículo 21, así como otros establecidos en la LORCT. En este sentido, el ARCSA es la institución encargada de realizar el monitoreo y la respuesta a las denuncias. Asimismo, en el Reglamento del Comité Interinstitucional de Lucha Antitabáquica aprobado mediante Acuerdo Ministerial 00002486 de 28 de noviembre del 2012 entre sus objetivos consta “… c) Impulsar la participación comunitaria en la creación de espacios libres de humo de tabaco, g) Aportar en procesos educativos para la declaración de espacios libres de humo (instituciones, edificios, etc.) Por último, cualquier establecimiento podrá declararse 100% libre de humo de manera voluntaria, en cuyo caso se realizará una certificación desde el Ministerio de Salud Pública. Además de los monitoreos realizados por la Agencia de Regulación, Control y Vigilancia Sanitaria (ARCSA) para verificar el cumplimiento del artículo 21, existe un correo electrónico (denuncias.tabaco@controlsanitario.gob.ec) donde se puede denunciar los casos en donde no se cumpla con el artículo 21, así como otros establecidos en la Ley LORCT. En este sentido, el ARCSA es la institución encargada de realizar el monitoreo y la respuesta a las denuncias. Asimismo, en el Reglamento del Comité Interinstitucional de Lucha Antitabáquica aprobado mediante Acuerdo Ministerial 00002486 de 28 de noviembre del 2012 entre sus objetivos consta “… c) Impulsar la participación comunitaria en la creación de espacios libres de humo de tabaco, g) Aportar en procesos educativos para la declaración de espacios libres de humo (instituciones, edificios, etc.) La Ley Orgánica para la Regulación y Control del Tabaco en su Art. 11 dispone la creación del Programa contra el tabaquismo. “La Autoridad Sanitaria Nacional. en el marco de la política pública en salud. definirá e implementará el Programa para el control del tabaco y la desestimulación de su consumo. observando la prioridad de niños. niñas y adolescentes.” En el Estatuto del Ministerio de Salud Pública aprobado el 13 de noviembre del 2013. la Dirección Nacional de Promoción de la Salud es la instancia encargada de ejecutar el Proyecto de Prevención y Control del Tabaquismo; una de las estrategias constituye el monitoreo y control de la aplicación de la LORCT. con énfasis en los espacios 100% libres de humo. monitoreo que es coordinado con las Coordinaciones Zonales. los Comisarios de Salud de las provincias. Intendencia de Policía y Policía Nacional. En el Reglamento del Comité Interinstitucional de Lucha Antitabáquica aprobado mediante Acuerdo Ministerial 00002486 de 28 de noviembre del 2012 entre sus objetivos consta “… c) Impulsar la participación comunitaria en la creación de espacios libres de humo de tabaco. g) Aportar en procesos educativos para la declaración de espacios libres de humo (instituciones. edificios. etc.) WHO Region of the Americas
Egypt Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
El Salvador Está operando la Unidad de Alcohol y Tabaco en el Ministerio de Salud con apoyo financiero del Fondo Solidario para la Salud. Esta Unidad adscrita a las Direcciones Regionales de Salud tiene la función de hacer cumplir la Ley para el Control del Tabaco, el Reglamento y el Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco de la OMS. La función sustantiva de la Unidad es la Protección de la Salud a través de la vigilancia, el control y la fiscalización de espacios libres de humo de tabaco. Está operando la Unidad de Alcohol y Tabaco en el Ministerio de Salud con apoyo financiero del Fondo Solidario para la Salud. Esta Unidad adscrita a las Direcciones Regionales de Salud tiene la función de hacer cumplir la Ley para el Control del Tabaco, el Reglamento y el Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco de la OMS. La función sustantiva de la Unidad es la Protección de la Salud a través de la vigilancia, el control y la fiscalización de espacios libres de humo de tabaco. La Unidad de Alcohol y Tabaco conformada por personal del MINSAL y del FOSALUD (inspectores sanitarios y abogados). La UDAT depende jerárquicamente de la Unidad de Medio Ambiente. la que depende de la Dirección de Regulación. que a su vez depende del Viceministerio de Políticas de Salud del MINSAL. Por su parte. en la Unidad Jurídica del FOSALUD existe una persona que enlaza con la Dirección de Regulación. la UDAT y las Direcciones Regionales de Salud para impulsar el plan operativo del personal responsable de cumplir las disposiciones enumeradas en el numeral 3.1.1.5 de este mismo formulario. WHO Region of the Americas
Equatorial Guinea Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Estonia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Ethiopia Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
European Union Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Fiji Report not provided Report not provided The tobacco control enforcement unit officers are responsible for enforcing compliance and addressing public complaints/reports. WHO Western Pacific Region
Finland Under Section 8 of the Tobacco Act (549/2016), local authorities shall supervise the compliance with prohibitions and restrictions on smoking within their territory. If any activities contrary to provisions are observed during an inspection or otherwise, the local authority must prohibit the activities contrary to the provisions. The local authority may give notice of the matter to the prosecutor. The local authority may also reinforce the prohibition by a conditional fine or by the threat that any action not taken within the time limit laid down will be carried out at the defaulter’s expense. Under Section 32 of the Tobacco Act, a person who continues to smoke on indoor or outdoor premises where smoking is prohibited under the provisions of section 12 despite an objection from the proprietor of the means of public transport, indoor or outdoor premises in question, or their representative, or the organiser of a public event or a person acting as a steward, or the supervisory authority shall be sentenced to a fine for a smoking violation. Under Section 33 of the Tobacco Act, the proprietor of a means of public transport or of indoor or outdoor premises or his or her representative, or the organiser of a public event that deliberately or through gross carelessness 1) allows smoking contrary to section 12 on indoor or outdoor premises where it is prohibited; 2) fails, contrary to the provisions of section 12, paragraph 2, section 13 or 13 b, to undertake the action required by the prohibition or regulations issued by the local authority under section 17 in an individual case in order to prevent tobacco smoke from spreading into indoor premises where tobacco smoking is prohibited; or 3) allows use of the smoking area for another purpose than that referred to in section 13 b, shall, unless the failure can be considered insignificant or a more severe punishment is prescribed for the action elsewhere in the law, be sentenced to a fine for failing to take protective measures required by the Tobacco Act. Under Section 17 of the Tobacco Act, local authorities must supervise the compliance with prohibitions and restrictions on smoking within their territory. If any activities contrary to provisions are observed during an inspection or otherwise, the local authority must prohibit the activities contrary to the provisions. The local authority may give notice of the matter to the prosecutor. The local authority may also reinforce the prohibition by a conditional fine or by the threat that any action not taken within the time limit laid down will be carried out at the defaulter’s expense. Under Section 32 of the Tobacco Act, a person who continues to smoke on indoor or outdoor premises where smoking is prohibited under the provisions of section 12 despite an objection from the proprietor of the means of public transport, indoor or outdoor premises in question, or their representative, or the organiser of a public event or a person acting as a steward, or the supervisory authority shall be sentenced to a fine for a smoking violation. Under Section 33 of the Tobacco Act, the proprietor of a means of public transport or of indoor or outdoor premises or his or her representative, or the organiser of a public event that deliberately or through gross carelessness 1) allows smoking contrary to section 12 on indoor or outdoor premises where it is prohibited; 2) fails, contrary to the provisions of section 12, paragraph 2, section 13 or 13 b, to undertake the action required by the prohibition or regulations issued by the local authority under section 17 in an individual case in order to prevent tobacco smoke from spreading into indoor premises where tobacco smoking is prohibited; or 3) allows use of the smoking area for another purpose than that referred to in section 13 b, shall, unless the failure can be considered insignificant or a more severe punishment is prescribed for the action elsewhere in the law, be sentenced to a fine for failing to take protective measures required by the Tobacco Act. Under Section 17 of the Tobacco Act local authorities must supervise the compliance with prohibitions and restrictions on smoking within their territory. If any activities contrary to provisions are observed during an inspection or otherwise the local authority must prohibit the activities contrary to the provisions. The local authority may give notice of the matter to the prosecutor. The local authority may also reinforce the prohibition by a conditional fine or by the threat that any action not taken within the time limit laid down will be carried out at the defaulter''s expense. Under Section 32 of the Tobacco Act a person who continues to smoke on indoor or outdoor premises where smoking is prohibited under the provisions of section 12 despite an objection from the proprietor of the means of public transport indoor or outdoor premises in question or their representative or the organiser of a public event or a person acting as a steward or the supervisory authority shall be sentenced to a fine for a smoking violation. Under Section 33 of the Tobacco Act the proprietor of a means of public transport or of indoor or outdoor premises or his or her representative or the organiser of a public event that deliberately or through gross carelessness 1) allows smoking contrary to section 12 on indoor or outdoor premises where it is prohibited; 2) fails contrary to the provisions of section 12 paragraph 2 section 13 or 13 b to undertake the action required by the prohibition or regulations issued by the local authority under section 17 in an individual case in order to prevent tobacco smoke from spreading into indoor premises where tobacco smoking is prohibited; or 3) allows use of the smoking area for another purpose than that referred to in section 13 b shall unless the failure can be considered insignificant or a more severe punishment is prescribed for the action elsewhere in the law be sentenced to a fine for failing to take protective measures required by the Tobacco Act. WHO European Region
France Le fait de fumer hors dun emplacement mis à la disposition des fumeurs, est puni de lamende prévue pour les contraventions de la 3e classe (68€ si le contrevenant paie au moment où il est contrôlé, pouvant aller jusqu’à 450€). Réserver aux fumeurs des emplacements non conformes aux dispositions de la section I du chapitre Ier du présent titre ; ne pas respecter les normes de ventilation des espaces fumeurs et ne pas mettre en place la signalisation obligatoire est puni d’une amende de 5e classe (1500€-3000€). Le code de la santé publique défini les agents et corps de contrôle chargés de constater et sanctionner les infractions. Answer not provided La circulaire du 3 août 2011 (mentionnée au 3.1.1.6) précise les modalités de contrôle de linterdiction de fumer. Elle rappelle que ce sont en premier lieu les officiers et agents de police judiciaire qui sont compétents pour contrôler linterdiction de fumer en vertu du pouvoir de police générale que leur confère le code de procédure pénale. Les personnels mentionnés à larticle L. 3512-4 du CSP peuvent également être mobilisés dans le cadre exclusif de leur compétence respective à savoir : - pour le ministère de la santé : les médecins inspecteurs de santé publique ingénieurs du génie sanitaire inspecteurs de laction sanitaire et sociale ingénieurs d’études sanitaires et techniciens sanitaires ainsi que les ingénieurs et techniciens territoriaux et les inspecteurs de salubrité de la ville de Paris ; - les inspecteurs du travail et sous leur autorité les contrôleurs du travail des ministères chargés du travail de lagriculture et des transports; - des agents tels que les inspecteurs de la santé publique vétérinaire ingénieurs du génie rural des eaux et des forêts ayant la qualité de fonctionnaire ingénieurs de lagriculture et de lenvironnement techniciens supérieurs des services du ministère de lagriculture contrôleurs sanitaires des services du ministère de lagriculture fonctionnaires et les agents non titulaires de lEtat compétents en matière sanitaire vétérinaires contrôleurs sanitaires et préposés sanitaires contractuels de lEtat (pour les missions définies dans leur contrat) sous tutelle du ministère chargé de lagriculture. WHO European Region
Gabon une commission nationale est prévue pour lapplication de cette mesure Outre les mesures édictées dans la loi 006/2013 et les textes dapplication en cours de signature, il existe des règlements intérieurs des établissements scolaires et les établissements sanitaires visant à protéger la santé des populations cibles contre la fumée de tabac. Voir articles 20 et 21 alinéa 2 chapitre 4 de la loi WHO African Region
Gambia The law enforcement authorities of the country and the Public Health officers are to implement this act. The law enforcement authorities of the country and the Public Health officers are to implement this act. Answer not provided WHO African Region
Georgia responsible agency on monitoring and response of smoking ban in public places (hospitality sector) is Police Department under the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The main responsibility for the compliance to the law falls on the owners/managers of the business, in case the individuals do not obey to the smoking ban law, the owner/manager is entitled to call the Patrol police. Financial sanctions for the violations of law have increased and the process has simplified. The routine monitoring is planned to reveal the violations, for which relevant structures of the ministry of Internal Affairs are being trained. Other ministries are responsible on monitoring and response on violations of the facilities under their field: e.g. Ministry of Finance, Revenue Service for retailers, Ministry of Health for Health facilities, Ministry of Education for educational facilities etc. Answer not provided Administrative organ responsible for implementing finacial sanctions against violators is defined but the system is extremely complicated. Policeman is not eligible to make a decision about fining a violator imediately. Any decision about fining is made through the the court. Tobacco Control National Committee which was established in 2013 also elaborated amendments to the Administrative Offense Code which considers simplification of procedure of imposing sanctions on violators and increase of fines. WHO European Region
Germany Law enforcement lies within the responsibility of the local level, there are fines defined within the law. Law enforcement lies within the responsibility of the local level, there are fines defined within the law. Law enforcement lies within the responsibility of the local level there are fines defined within the law. WHO European Region
Ghana Food and Drug Authority (FDA) is the Regulatory Authority to enforce the ban Food and Drug Authority (FDA) is the Regulatory Authority to enforce the ban According to the law the penalty is a fine of not more than 750 penalty units or term of imprisonment of not more than 3 years. 1 penalty unit is equivalent to GH¢12.00 (total of GHC 9 000) or to both. Continuing offence to a further fine of ten penalty units for each day during which the offence continues. The aadministrative penalties is GH¢25 000.00 Exchange rate US$1:GhC2.27 WHO African Region
Greece The main mechanism for enforcement are Public health enforcement officers who are responsible for implementing the smoking ban law. The law has been in place since 2009, but the Greek government has not enforced the smoking ban law even though 75% of Greeks have stated they are upset that it is not enforced. Answer not provided Penalties for violations are described in national law No. 3868/2010 WHO European Region
Grenada Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Guatemala Vigilancia y sanción a través de dependencia(s) del Ministerio de Salud. Vigilancia y sanción a través de dependencia(s) del Ministerio de Salud. Reglamento de la Ley establece obligaciones específicas de los administrados y acciones a cargo del Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social WHO Region of the Americas
Guinea Report not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Guinea-Bissau Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Guyana Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Honduras El Instituto Hondureño para la Prevención del Alcoholismo, Drogadicción y Farmacodependencia (IHADFA) es la institución responsable del cumplimiento de lo establecido en el Artículo 26 de la Ley Especial para el Control del Tabaco y su reglamentación sobre dichas medidas en referencia a nivel nacional con el apoyo de otras organizaciones o instituciones del Estado, y de la Sociedad Civil como la Alianza Hondureña Antitabaco y la Organización Panamericana de la Salud de la OMS. El Instituto Hondureño para la Prevención del Alcoholismo, Drogadicción y Farmacodependencia (IHADFA) es la institución responsable del cumplimiento de lo establecido en el Artículo 26 de la Ley Especial para el Control del Tabaco y su reglamentación sobre dichas medidas en referencia a nivel nacional con el apoyo de otras organizaciones o instituciones del Estado, y de la Sociedad Civil como la Alianza Hondureña Antitabaco y la Organización Panamericana de la Salud de la OMS. Se estableció el sistema de derecho a la denuncia que tienen los ciudadanos (as) al incumplimiento de lo establecido del Artículo 26 de la Ley Especial para el Control del Tabaco LECT y su Reglamentación. referente a la prohibición de consumo de tabaco en lugares abiertos y cerrados ya sea públicos o privados; para lo cual se hace uso de la respectiva denuncia por escrito en buzones ubicados en las instituciones públicas y la empresa privada. WHO Region of the Americas
Hungary Yes the Article 12 of the Decree 39/2013 (II.14.) on the production, the entry into service and the controlling of tobacco products, the joint warnings and the detailed rules of the application of health-care fine includes the rules related to the health-care fine. The government body responsible for health monitors the observing of smoking restrictions and in case of their breach, it imposes health-care fine on the infringing natural/legal person or institution without legal personality. The amount of the fine did not change, it means: a) in case of breach of smoking-related prohibitions or restrictions: minimum HUF 20,000, maximum HUF 50,000; b) the non-execution or inproper execution of the obligation of setting up smoking areas, as well as the failure to adhere to the obligation to oversee smoking-related prohibitions and restrictions: ba) minimum HUF 100,000, maximum HUF 250,000 in case of the person responsible for the observation of these rules; bb) minimum HUF 1,000,000, maximum HUF 2,500,000 in case of institutions, organisations, operators or business organisations. The Office of the Chief Medical Officer and government offices constantly examine the observation of the smoking-related prohibitions and restrictions, in case of breach of the smoking prohibition, it is possible to make a report. Yes the Article 12 of the Decree 39/2013 (II.14.) on the production, the entry into service and the controlling of tobacco products, the joint warnings and the detailed rules of the application of health-care fine includes the rules related to the health-care fine. The government body responsible for health monitors the observing of smoking restrictions and in case of their breach, it imposes health-care fine on the infringing natural or legal person, additionally on the institution without legal personality. The amount of the fine did not change, it means: a) in case of breach of smoking-related prohibitions or restrictions: minimum HUF 20,000, maximum HUF 50,000; b) the non-execution or inproper execution of the obligation of setting up smoking areas, as well as the failure to adhere to the obligation to oversee smoking-related prohibitions and restrictions: ba) minimum HUF 100,000, maximum HUF 250,000 in case of the person responsible for the observation of these rules; bb) minimum HUF 1,000,000, maximum HUF 2,500,000 in case of institutions, organisations, operators or business organisations. The Office of the Chief Medical Officer constantly examines the observation of the smoking-related prohibitions and restrictions, in case of breach of the smoking prohibition, it is possible to make a report Compliance with the provisions on smoking bans is controlled by the health authority which shall impose a health protection fine in the case of violations of those provisions. on the infringing natural or legal person or organisation without legal personality. The amount of the health care penalty a) in the event of any breach of the prohibitions or restrictions with regard to smoking is between 20 000 and 50 000 forints; b) in the event of failure to fulfil or to properly fulfil the obligation regarding designation of smoking areas and prohibitions on smoking. or any infringement of the supervisory obligation with regard to the enforcement of prohibitions and restrictions concerning smoking and the distribution of tobacco products: ba) is between 100 000 and 250 000 forints if imposed upon the person held liable to fulfill these obligation. or bb) between 1 000 000 and 2 500 000 forints if imposed upon an institution. organization. operator or business association. If someone experiences a breach of the smoking bans. he/she can make complaint at the health authority. WHO European Region
Iceland The Administration of Occupational Safety and Health, local government health committees, the Icelandic Maritime Administration and the Civil Aviation Administration monitor, as applicable, compliance with the provisions of these regulations, in accord with legislation applying to those bodies. Should a member of staff of an institution or company believe that the provisions of these regulations are being violated, he/she may make a complaint to the Administration of Occupational Safety and Health, the Icelandic Maritime Administration or the Civil Aviation Administration, in accord with legislation applying to those bodies. Should a customer or client of an institution or company believe that the provisions of these Regulations are being violated, he/she may direct a complaint to the health committee in the relevant monitoring region, in accord with legislation applying to local government health committees. Violations of these regulations are subject to the Tobacco Control Act no. 2002 and, as applicable, to the provisions of the Working Environment, Health and Safety in the Workplace Act and the Hygiene and Pollution Control Act. The Administration of Occupational Safety and Health, local government health committees, the Icelandic Maritime Administration and the Civil Aviation Administration monitor, as applicable, compliance with the provisions of these regulations, in accord with legislation applying to those bodies. Should a member of staff of an institution or company believe that the provisions of these regulations are being violated, he/she may make a complaint to the Administration of Occupational Safety and Health, the Icelandic Maritime Administration or the Civil Aviation Administration, in accord with legislation applying to those bodies. Should a customer or client of an institution or company believe that the provisions of these Regulations are being violated, he/she may direct a complaint to the health committee in the relevant monitoring region, in accord with legislation applying to local government health committees. Violations of these regulations are subject to the Tobacco Control Act no. 2002 and, as applicable, to the provisions of the Working Environment, Health and Safety in the Workplace Act and the Hygiene and Pollution Control Act. The Administration of Occupational Safety and Health local government health committees the Icelandic Maritime Administration and the Civil Aviation Administration monitor as applicable compliance with the provisions of these regulations in accord with legislation applying to those bodies. Should a member of staff of an institution or company believe that the provisions of these regulations are being violated he/she may make a complaint to the Administration of Occupational Safety and Health the Icelandic Maritime Administration or the Civil Aviation Administration in accord with legislation applying to those bodies. Should a customer or client of an institution or company believe that the provisions of these Regulations are being violated he/she may direct a complaint to the health committee in the relevant monitoring region in accord with legislation applying to local government health committees. Violations of these regulations are subject to the Tobacco Control Act no. 2002 and as applicable to the provisions of the Working Environment Health and Safety in the Workplace Act and the Hygiene and Pollution Control Act. WHO European Region
India National level toll free reporting helpline (1800110456) established for reporting violations. Law enforcers manual (2015) has been developed and disseminated by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to facilitate the state governments in implementation of the smokefree Rules. Efforts have been made to mainstream compliance to anti-tobacco law (COTPA) in the monthly crime review meetings at District level and in the licenses issued to eateries and restaurants. State Governments have been encouraged to organise trainings to streamline the capacity building of the staff. Ministry, in colaboration with WHO has developed the training Modules for NTCP staff to implent the programme. National level toll free reporting helpline (1800110456) established for reporting violations. Law enforcers manual (2013) has been developed and disseminated by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to facilitate the state governments in implementation of the smokefree Rules. Efforts have been made to mainstream compliance to anti-tobacco law (COTPA) in the monthly crime review meetings at District level and in the licenses issued to eateries and restaurants. State Governments have been encouraged to organise trainings to streamline the capacity building of the staff. Ministry, in colaboration with WHO is developing the Structured training Modules for NTCP staff A set of 21 designated categories of authorized officers have been notified to ensure enforcement of smokefree Rules in public places. The manager or in-charge of the affairs of the public place has to display the name and contact details of the person who has been designated to keep the public place smokefree and violations pertaining to that public places may be reported to him. It is the onus of the Manager / administrator of the Public Place to keep the area under his jurisdiction smokefree. failing to which he is liable to be fined and he has to ensure that No person smokes in the public place(under his jurisdiction/ implied) A 60 x 30 cm board containing the warning “No Smoking Area – Smoking Here is an Offence is displayed prominently at the entrance of the public place. in case there are more than one entrance at each such entrance and conspicuous place(s) inside. In case if there are more than one floor. at each floor including the staircase and entrance to the lift/s at each floor. Prominently display the name of the person(s) to whom a complaint may be made by a person(s) who observes any person violating the provision of these Rules. If the owner. proprietor. manager. supervisor or the authorized officer of a public place fails to act on report of such violation. the owner. proprietor. manager. supervisor or the authorized officer shall be liable to pay fine equivalent to the number of individual offences No ashtrays. matches. lighters or other things designed to facilitate smoking are provided in the public place. Smoking area or space shall not be established at the entrance or exit of the hotel. restaurant and the airport and shall be distinctively marked as “Smoking Area” in English and one Indian language. as applicable. A smoking area or space shall be used only for the purpose of smoking and no other service(s) shall be allowed. Law enforcers manual (2013) have been developed and dessiminated by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to facilitate the state governments in implementation of the smokefree Rules. Efforts have been made to mainstream compliance to COTPA in the monthly crime review meetings at District level and in the licenses issued to eateries and restaurants. National level toll free reporting helpline (1800110456) established for reporting violations. State Governments have been encouraged to organise training programmes for law enforcers. WHO South-East Asia Region
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Due to lack of administrative infrastructure needed on how to deal with individual offenses in public places (except government buildings), in accordance with Article 8 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law, the responsibility to implement the smoking ban in public places and other places mentioned in the law, is settled on managers or employers of these places. Accordingly, officers, employers and public authorities are required to install the warning signs banning the consumption of tobacco products in public places in the proper sight of these places and doing necessary actions to implement restricting regulations and protect their clients against exposure to second hand tobacco smoke. Definition of public places covered by the regulations is given in item 8 of Article 1 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law. It is worth noting the criteria of the provisions of this Convention, had stipulated in amended Article 13 of the eatable, drinkable, cosmetics and healthy substances’ Act in 2000, years before entering into force the treaty. Under these regulations, all operators must abide by the requirements of banning smoking in public places by employees, workers and their clients. Fortunately, there is environmental health inspection system in the countrys health network which synergies effective implementation of these regulations as well as other provisions which are related to control tobacco products’ distribution and supply system. Supervising the accurate enforcement of national regulations, environmental health inspectors in the Ministry of health by close collaboration with the police and the judicial system followed any violations in this regard. Since part of the foodstuff centers like supermarkets and grocery stores have been determined as tobacco sales agents based on the HQ’S decision (Appendix II) , environmental health inspectors in addition to their duties on monitoring and observance of regulations relating to the sale and distribution of foodstuffs also do the necessary monitoring on supply of tobacco products in these places. Smoking ban by operators and workers during the work covered by these regulations, banning the sale and supply of cigarettes in workshops, factories, premises, facilities and locations subject to this bylaw, except premises, facilities and sites that are licensed, prohibition against selling cigarettes to people younger than 18 years, banning smoking in any public areas of workshops and factories, requirement to install warning signs in appropriate locations and at sight by the operators, managers or employers subject to this bylaw, including locations mentioned in these regulations are relevant regulations which environmental health inspectors always supervise and monitor them during their work time. Due to lack of administrative infrastructure needed on how to deal with individual offenses in public places (except government buildings), in accordance with Article 8 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law, the responsibility to implement the smoking ban in public places and other places mentioned in the law, is settled on managers or employers of these places. Accordingly, officers, employers and public authorities are required to install the warning signs banning the consumption of tobacco products in public places in the proper sight of these places and doing necessary actions to implement restricting regulations and protect their clients against exposure to second hand tobacco smoke. Definition of public places covered by the regulations is given in item 8 of Article 1 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law. It is worth noting the criteria of the provisions of this Convention, had stipulated in amended Article 13 of the eatable, drinkable, cosmetics and healthy substances’ Act in 2000, years before entering into force the treaty. Under these regulations, all operators must abide by the requirements of banning smoking in public places by employees, workers and their clients. Fortunately, there is environmental health inspection system in the countrys health network which synergies effective implementation of these regulations as well as other provisions which are related to control tobacco products’ distribution and supply system. Supervising the accurate enforcement of national regulations, environmental health inspectors in the Ministry of health by close collaboration with the police and the judicial system followed any violations in this regard. Since part of the foodstuff centers like supermarkets and grocery stores have been determined as tobacco sales agents based on the HQ’S decision (Appendix II) , environmental health inspectors in addition to their duties on monitoring and observance of regulations relating to the sale and distribution of foodstuffs also do the necessary monitoring on supply of tobacco products in these places. Smoking ban by operators and workers during the work covered by these regulations, banning the sale and supply of cigarettes in workshops, factories, premises, facilities and locations subject to this bylaw, except premises, facilities and sites that are licensed, prohibition against selling cigarettes to people younger than 18 years, banning smoking in any public areas of workshops and factories, requirement to install warning signs in appropriate locations and at sight by the operators, managers or employers subject to this bylaw, including locations mentioned in these regulations are relevant regulations which environmental health inspectors always supervise and monitor them during their work time. Due to lack of administrative infrastructure needed on how to deal with individual offenses in public places (except government buildings) in accordance with Article 8 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law the responsibility to implement the smoking ban in public places and other places mentioned in the law is settled on managers or employers of these places. Accordingly officers employers and public authorities are required to install the warning signs banning the consumption of tobacco products in public places in the proper sight of these places and doing necessary actions to implement restricting regulations and protect their clients against exposure to second hand tobacco smoke. Definition of public places covered by the regulations is given in item 8 of Article 1 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law. It is worth noting the criteria of the provisions of this Convention had stipulated in amended Article 13 of the eatable drinkable cosmetics and healthy substances'' Act in 2000 years before entering into force the treaty. Under these regulations all operators must abide by the requirements of banning smoking in public places by employees workers and their clients. Fortunately there is environmental health inspection system in the country''s health network which synergies effective implementation of these regulations as well as other provisions which are related to control tobacco products'' distribution and supply system. Supervising the accurate enforcement of national regulations environmental health inspectors in the Ministry of health by close collaboration with the police and the judicial system followed any violations in this regard. Since part of the foodstuff centers like supermarkets and grocery stores have been determined as tobacco sales agents based on the HQ''S decision (Appendix II) environmental health inspectors in addition to their duties on monitoring and observance of regulations relating to the sale and distribution of foodstuffs also do the necessary monitoring on supply of tobacco products in these places. Smoking ban by operators and workers during the work covered by these regulations banning the sale and supply of cigarettes in workshops factories premises facilities and locations subject to this bylaw except premises facilities and sites that are licensed prohibition against selling cigarettes to people younger than 18 years banning smoking in any public areas of workshops and factories requirement to install warning signs in appropriate locations and at sight by the operators managers or employers subject to this bylaw including locations mentioned in these regulations are relevant regulations which environmental health inspectors always supervise and monitor them during their work time. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Iraq Answer not provided According to the tobacco control act and its regulations. The Iraqi ministries to assume its responsibilities regarding the prevention of smoking in institutions. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Ireland Enforcement of the smoke free law is the responsibility of the Environmental Health Service of the Health Service Executive (HSE) and the Health and Safety Authority (HSA). Enforcement of the smoke free law is the responsibility of the Environmental Health Service of the Health Service Executive (HSE) and the Health and Safety Authority (HSA). Enforcement of the smoke free law is the responsibility of the Environmental Health Service of the Health Service Executive ( HSE) and the Health and Safety Authority (HSA). WHO European Region
Israel Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Italy The Health and Safety Unit of the Italian Police performed every years thousands of controls to verify the respect of the ban and to fine the violations. The Health and Safety Unit of the Italian Police performed every years thousands of controls to verify the respect of the ban and to fine the violations. Every year a special body of Police activate around 4-5 000 controls in different places (restaurant hospitals discos train station arcades etc) to verify the respect of the ban. WHO European Region
Jamaica The Ministry of Health is the lead agency for the coordination of the implementation of the Regulation. The regulation is enforced by Police Constables, Standards Officers, Customs Officer and Medical Officer of Health. The Ministry of Health is the lead agency for the coordination of the implementation of the Regulation. The regulation is enforced by a member of the Jamaica Constabulary Force, Standards Officers, Customs Officer and Medical Officer of Health. The Ministry of Health is the lead agency for the coordination of the implementation of the Regulation. The regulation is enforced by a member of the Jamaica Constabulary Force Customs Officer and Medical Officer of Health. WHO Region of the Americas
Japan Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Jordan يوجد فصل خاص في قانون الصحة العامة الاردني لمنع التدخين في الاماكن العامة (الفصل الثاني عشر) وعقوبات بخصوص المخالفات الفصل( الخامس عشر ) والقانون المعدل لقانون الصحة العامة رقم 11لسنة2017، يوجد الية لتفويض الصلاحيات لضباط ارتباط في مختلف المحافظات والمؤسسات من اطباء ومراقبي صحة عامة وذلك لضبط المخالفات والتحويل الى المحكمة . كما انه يوجد لجنة مشتركة للرقابة مؤلفة من مختلف الوزارات المعنية للرقابة والمتابعة على المرفقات السياحية يوجد فصل خاص في قانون الصحة العامة الاردني لمنع التدخين في الاماكن العامة (الفصل الثاني عشر) وعقوبات بخصوص المخالفات الفصل( الخامس عشر ) ، يوجد الية لتفويض الصلاحيات لضباط ارتباط في مختلف المحافظات من اطباء ومراقبي صحة عامة وذلك لضبط المخالفات والتحويل الى المحكمة . كما انه يوجد لجنة مشتركة للرقابة مؤلفة من مختلف الوزارات المعنية للرقابة والمتابعة على المرفقات السياحية 1. Executive agreement with the Association of restaurant owners 2. Executive agreement with the Association of Hoteliers and management of malls. 3. Executive agreement with the Department of Airports Company. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kazakhstan Согласно Кодекса РК "Об административных правонарушениях" исполнение запрета курения возложено на полицию, которая накладывает штраф на курильщика в размере 1мес показателя (около 10 дол США). Report not provided According to the Code of RK '' On Administrative Offences '' performance smoking ban imposed on the police which imposes a fine on the smoker at a rate of 1 month indicator (about $ 10 U.S. ) . WHO European Region
Kenya The Tobacco Control Act gives powers to enforcement agencies in the country to enforce the law. It also allows the Minister for health to authorize additional government officials to enforce the tobacco control Act. The existing enforcement systems in place include the public Health Officers (under the Division of Environment health and sanitation); the Police; The OSH officers, the Army. The Tobacco Control Act gives powers to enforcement agencies in the country to enforce the law. It also allows the Minister for health to authorize additional government officials to enforce the tobacco control Act. The existing enforcement systems in place include the public Health Officers (under the Division of Environment health and sanitation); the Police; The OSH officers, the Army. All law enforcement agencies with powers to enforce law in the country are established by the Tobacco Control Act as the system for enforcing smoke-free laws WHO African Region
Kiribati There are provision for enforcement of non compliance with administrative policies in workplaces including private sector e.g employees can be discipline if found smoking in a non smoking zone There are provision for enforcement of non compliance with administrative policies in workplaces including private sector e.g employees can be discipline if found smoking in a non smoking zone There are provisions for enforcement of noncompliance with administrative policies in workplaces including private sector. e.g employees can be disciplined if found smoking in a non-smoking zone. WHO Western Pacific Region
Kuwait إستحدثت إدارة في وزارة الداخلية بإسم إدارة شرطة البيئة، ومن مهامها إحالة المخالفين لقانون 42/2014 جاري العمل على تجهيز الضباط القضائيون لممارسة صلاحياتهم في ضبط المخالفين وإحالتهم للمحاسبة إنشئت إدارة في وزارة الداخلية بإشم إدارة شرطة البيئة، ومن مهامها إحالة المخالفين لقانون 42/2014 جاري العمل على تجهيز الضباط القضائيون لممارسة صلاحياتهم في ضبط المخالفين وإحالتهم للمحاسبة Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kyrgyzstan Report not provided Нарушение законодательства о защите здоровья граждан от вредного воздействия табака - влечет наложение административного штрафа на граждан – пять (500 сом), на должностных лиц - от десяти до двадцати (от 1000 до 2000 сом), на юридических лиц - от ста до пятисот (от 10 000- 50 000 сом) расчетных показателей. Law of the Kyrgyz Republic ''On adoption of amendments and additions and Code of the Kyrgyz Republic on Administrative Responsibility'' from March 5 of 2007. ?31 WHO European Region
Lao People's Democratic Republic Provincial level is a key enforcement body with supportive supervision by national level. Provincial level is a key enforcement body with supportive supervision by national level. There is a set of guidelines for smoke free implementation put up the no smoking signage at the places and announce the places as smoke-free by given them a big sign of smoke free in front of the places with the agreement of the administrators. WHO Western Pacific Region
Latvia The State Police, Health Inspectorate, State Revenue Service etc. are responsible for the implementation of the requirements. Penalties are foreseen for the violations. Answer not provided Accordingly to the law “On restrictions regarding sale advertising and use of tobacco products” the control of restrictions and prohibition of smoking specified in the Law is performed by the State police and local government police. The Administrative Violation Code and Criminal Law determines the type and amount of penalties for violations. WHO European Region
Lebanon Relevant implementation ministries include those of Economy and Trade, Tourism, and Public Health. Relevant implementation ministries include those of Economy and Trade, Tourism, and Public Health. The Ministries of Trade. Tourism and Health are directly concerned as implementation ministries. and have inspectors to issue fines. which has been occurring. Municipality and national police also have the ability to issue similar fines as well. however the major role is currently dependant on the ministries'' inspectors. in part due to preoccupation of police with the ongoing security situation. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lesotho Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Liberia Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Libya ينص القرار على مسؤولية المُمثل القانوني للجهات وعقوبات تطال المسؤول ومن أرتكب المخالفة ينص القرار على مسؤولية المُمثل القانوني للجهات وعقوبات تطال المسؤول ومن أرتكب المخالفة The resolution states the responsibility of the legal representative of the views and sanctions affect the administrator and those who committed the offence. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lithuania E-cigarettes are subject to the same restrictions as other tobacco products. Vaping is banned in places where smoking is banned. Article 19. Restriction on the Usage of Tobacco Products 1. It shall be prohibited to smoke (consume tobacco products and electronic cigarettes) in the Republic of Lithuania: 1) At all educational and social services establishments providing social care and/or social guardianship services for children, at health care facilities and in their surrounding territories; and also in premises where sport competitions and other events take place; 2) At work places located indoors. Special premises (places) may be set aside at businesses, institutions and organizations where smoking shall be permitted. The requirements for fitting out and operating smoking premises (places) shall be determined by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania or its authorized institution; 3) In common-use residential and other common areas where non-smokers may be forced to breathe tobacco smoke-polluted air; 4) In all types of public transport, with the exception of long-distance trains where individual cars shall be designated for smokers and non-smokers, as well as on aircraft where separate places shall be designated for non-smokers and smokers; 5) In restaurants, cafés, bars and other establishments catering to the public, clubs, discotheques, internet cafés (internet clubs, etc.), casinos, slot machines or bingo halls and other leisure venues, at premises where sporting events or other events take place, or at other premises offering services to people, with the exception of cigar or pipe clubs specially fitted out for this purpose. The procedures for the fitting out of cigar and/or pipe clubs shall be determined by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania or its authorized institution; 6) Inside vehicles if there are any persons under 18 years of age and/or pregnant women. Additionally to the ban on national level laid down in the Law on tobacco control, municipal councils shall have the right to prohibit smoking in public (parks, squares, etc.) and other areas falling under the competence of their management. From January 2007 part 1 of article 19 „Restriction of Tobacco Product Consumption“ Law on Tobacco Control Republic of Lithuania appended by 5 point : „in restaurants, coffees, bars, and another public catering premises, clubs, discoteques, exluded only clubs of cigars and pipes, which have special equip. Orders and conditions of cigars and pipes clubs establishment determined by Government of Republic of Lithuania or her delegated institution“. From January 2007 part 1 of article 19 „Restriction of Tobacco Product Consumption “Law on Tobacco Control Republic of Lithuania appended by 5 point: „in restaurants coffees bars and another public catering premises clubs discotheques excluded only clubs of cigars and pipes which have special equip. Order and conditions of cigars and pipes clubs establishment determined by Government of Republic of Lithuania or her delegated institution“. WHO European Region
Luxembourg Contôles de police, contôles par des agents et amendes. -amendes Art. 11. En cas de contraventions punies conformément aux dispositions de l’article 6 des avertissements taxés peuvent être décernés par les fonctionnaires de la police grand-ducale habilités à cet effet par le directeur général de la police grand-ducale et par les fonctionnaires de l’administration des douanes et accises habilités à cet effet par le directeur de l’administration des douanes et accises (Loi du 18 juillet 2013 modifiant la loi du 11 août 2006 relative à la lutte antitabac) WHO European Region
Madagascar Answer not provided la violation de cette texte réglementaire entraine une sanction , et une collaboration avec les agents de contrôle sur lapplication de cette texte est une mesure efficace Apposition obligatoire de la signalétique réglementaire d’interdiction de fumer bien visible par le Grand public retirement de tous les cendriers et les objets y afférents faire respecter l’interdiction en prenant toutes les mesures pour dissuader les usagers ou les clients de ne pas fumer dans tous les lieux intérieurs ou clos qui constituent des lieux de travail lieux publics et transports publics avertir les autorités de police judiciaire locale ou l’autorité chargée de contrôle – imposition de contravention de 2500 ar pour chaque fumeur pris en flagrant délit. WHO African Region
Malaysia Enforcement for the smoking ban in gazetted areas were conducted by enforcement officers from Ministry of Health. Answer not provided Regular/ routine enforcement will be conducted to ensure the compliance WHO Western Pacific Region
Maldives Law: Law requires all relevant government institutions to take necessary measures in relation to the implementation of the law, including the personal responsibility of the officials in charge. The law further binds the the provisions with relevant international instruments including the FCTC. The law provides for a multi-setoral statutory body, and stipulates penalties for violations; On the basis of the law, the Tobacco control Bord formulated the Regulations to implement the legal provisions, and the government is responsible for enacting and enforcing the regulations. The regulations and technical guidelines published under these regulations further elaborates, what measures would be taken and how they would be implemented. The Tobacco Control Units acts as the Secretariat to the Board as well as the depository and corrdinating body for the implementation of the regulations Law: Law requires all relevant government institutions to take necessary measures in relation to the implementation of the law, including the personal responsibility of the officials in charge. The law further binds the the provisions with relevant international instruments including the FCTC. The law provides for a multi-setoral statutory body, and stipulates penalties for violations; On the basis of the law, the Tobacco control Bord formulated the Regulations to implement the legal provisions, and the government is responsible for enacting and enforcing the regulations. The regulations and technical guidelines published under these regulations further elaborates, what measures would be taken and how they would be implemented. The Tobacco Control Units acts as the Secretariat to the Board as well as the depository and corrdinating body for the implementation of the regulations Under the regulations the Maldives Police Services are given the authority to enforce all regulations. In addition relevant government agencies are also authorised on licensing rights for trade and sale for those who violate these regulations. WHO South-East Asia Region
Mali des sanctions d amende et d emprisonnement des sanctions damende et demprisonnement Answer not provided WHO African Region
Malta Enforcement includes legal proceedings and penalties. Enforcement includes legal proceedings and penalties. Enforcement includes legal proceedings and penalties. WHO European Region
Marshall Islands KUMIT BOBRAE AND NATIONAL AND LOCAL POLICE FORCE MAKE CITATIONS- FINES GIVEN, LOOPHOLES NOTED, AND NEED STRONGER SYSTEM OF ENFORCEMENT-CURRENTLY REQUESTING ENVIORNMENTAL HEALTH UNIT FORMATION TO OVERSEE THIS ENFORCEMENT FUNTION. KUMIT BOBRAE AND NATIONAL AND LOCAL POLICE FORCE MAKE CITATIONS- FINES GIVEN, LOOPHOLES NOTED, AND NEED STRONGER SYSTEM OF ENFORCEMENT-CURRENTLY REQUESTING ENVIORNMENTAL HEALTH UNIT FORMATION TO OVERSEE THIS ENFORCEMENT FUNTION. Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Mauritania Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Mauritius The tobacco legislation is enforced by the Public Health and Food Safety Inspectors from the Health Inspectorate Division of the Ministry and the Police. Since the implementation of the tobacco law, an enforcement protocol was devised by an enforcement committee which was set up in 2009 to oversee the whole enforcement issue. An enforcement committee has been set up since the implementation of the legislation in 2009. The Tobacco legislation is being enforced by the Public Health and Food Safety Inspector and the Police. The Tobacco legislations are being enforced by the Health Inspectors of the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life and the Police Department. In the context of the implementation of the project ''Enforcement of the 100% smoke free public places'' funded by the Bloomberg Grant Initiative an enforcement protocol was developed to facilitate and standardise the enforcement of the tobacco legislation. WHO African Region
Mexico Answer not provided Answer not provided En lugares con acceso al público. o en áreas interiores de trabajo. públicas o privadas. incluidas las universidades e instituciones de educación superior. podrán existir zonas exclusivamente para fumar. las cuales deberán de conformidad con las disposiciones reglamentarias: I. Ubicarse en espacios al aire libre. o II. En espacios interiores aislados que dispongan de mecanismos que eviten el traslado de partículas hacia los espacios 100% libres de humo de tabaco y que no sea paso obligado para los no fumadores. Acciones de Verificación y vigilancia en productos. establecimientos públicos. restaurantes. clubes nocturnos. edificios públicos. escuelas. establecimientos de enseñanza. establecimientos de atención sanitaria. lugares de trabajo interiores. medios de transporte público. lugares públicos cerrados y abiertos. a efecto de vigilar el cumplimiento de Ley General para el Control del Tabaco y su Reglamento. WHO Region of the Americas
Micronesia (Federated States of) The enforcement of the laws are carried out by the National Police and the State Public Safety which included the posting of signage. Pohnpei is in the final stages of rolling out the implementation of their citation forms. The enforcement of the laws are carried out by the National Police and the State Public Safety which included the posting of kincluded in the rough the laws, the The FSM National Tobacco Control Program conducted its annual monitoring of the compliance to the tobacco laws and supported by the local Municipal Government of each state; Traditional leaders and their Nalaimw (the person next to the highest chief). WHO Western Pacific Region
Mongolia Business entities and organizations shall address regulations related to tobacco control measures in their organizational code of conduct and monitor its implementation. Business entities and organizations shall place a warning sign informing about prohibition of smoking in entrance areas, waiting lounge, corridors, toilets and other necessary places. Warning sign shall contain name of the organization, telephone numbers, name of an official for receiving the addressed comments, complaints and other information. The design of warning sign shall be endorsed by the state administrative central organization in charge of health issues. Report not provided Business entities and organizations shall address regulations related to tobacco control measures in their organizational code of conduct and monitor its implementation. Business entities and organizations shall place a warning sign informing about prohibition of smoking in entrance areas waiting lounge corridors toilets and other necessary places. Warning sign shall contain name of the organization telephone numbers name of an official for receiving the addressed comments complaints and other information. The design of warning sign shall be endorsed by the state administrative central organization in charge of health issues. WHO Western Pacific Region
Montenegro Implementation of the Law control Inspections and within their responsibilities provide monitoring of the tobacco use. Implementation of the Law control Inspections and within their responsibilities provide monitoring of the tobacco use. Inspections within their responsibilities provide monitoring of the tobacco use WHO European Region
Myanmar The “Control of smoking and consumption of tobacco product law” defines the penalties for offences, and Myanmar police force as the law enforcer. According to that law, the government had established a multi-sectoral central tobacco control committee for providing guidance and making policy for effective tobacco control in Myanmar. The law defines the roles and responsibilities of the central tobacco control committee, including the establishment of the supervisory committees at State/Regional, District and Township level and defining their respective roles and responsibilities. Regarding the smoke-free area, the respective administrator or owner of the area or building or office is the responsible person for monitoring and taking action for violations. The Law also defines the roles and responsibilities of Ministry of Health and give the authority for adopting the notifications and regulations as necessary for effective tobacco control. The “Control of smoking and consumption of tobacco product law” defines the penalties for offences, and Myanmar police force as the law enforcer. According to that law, the government has to establish a multi-sectoral central tobacco control committee for providing guidance and making policy for effective tobacco control in Myanmar. The law defines the roles and responsibilities of the central tobacco control committee, including the establishment of the supervisory committees at State/Regional, District and Township level and defining their respective roles and responsibilities. Regarding the smoke-free area, the respective administrator or owner of the area or building or office is the responsible person for monitoring and taking action for violations. The Law also defines the roles and responsibilities of Ministry of Health and give the authority for adopting the notifications and regulations as necessary for effective tobacco control. The “Control of smoking and consumption of tobacco product law” defines the penalties for offences and Myanmar police force as the law enforcer. According to that law the government has to establish a multisectoral central tobacco control committee for providing guidance and making policy for effective tobacco control in Myanmar. The law defines the roles and responsibilities of the central tobacco control committee including the establishment of the supervisory committees at State/Regional District and Township level and defining their respective roles and responsibilities. Regarding the smoke-free area the respective administrator or owner of the area or building or office is the responsible person for monitoring and taking action for violations. The Law also defines the roles and responsibilities of Ministry of Health and give the authority for adopting the notifications and regulations as necessary for effective tobacco control. WHO South-East Asia Region
Namibia Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Nauru Report not provided Environmental health officers are authorize tobacco control enforcement officers Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Nepal Tobacco Control Sub Committee at Central, District, Village and Municipality levels is going to be formed soon. The manager of public places is responsible for enforcing Provision 4 of the Act. The Assistant Chief District Officer (ACDO) is assigned to be the inspector for tobacco control and is recognized as the chief enforcement officer for tobacco control in each districts. Report not provided Tobacco Control Sub Committee at Central District and Village and Municipality levels is going to be formed soon. The manager of public places is responsible for enforcing Provision 4 of the Act. The Assistant Chief District Officer (ACDO) is assigned to be the inspector for tobacco control and is recognized as the chief enforcement officer for tobacco control. WHO South-East Asia Region
Netherlands Legislation is enacted and enforced by the government in the form of case law and administrative enforcement. Legislation is enacted and enforced by the government in the form of case law and administrative enforcement. The Food and Consumer Safety Authority (NVWA) ensures compliance/enforces the prohibitions with the measures listed above. WHO European Region
New Zealand The Smoke-free Environments Act 1990 is administered by the Ministry of Health. Smoke-free Officers employed by the Public Health Units of District Health Boards undertake day to day administration. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Nicaragua El ministerio de salud de Nicargua es el encargado de aplicar la ley a traves de la direccion general de regulacion sanitaria El ministerio de salud de Nicargua es el encargado de aplicar la ley a traves de la direccion general de regulacion sanitaria Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Niger Report not provided La Loi Nationale relative à la lutte antitabac, prévoit la POLICE SANITAIRE comme linstrument de mise en œuvre de la législation antitabac au Niger. Report not provided WHO African Region
Nigeria The Law Enforcement Agents or Designated authority is empowered to enforce smoke-free environments The Law Enforcement Agents or Designated authority is empowered to enforce smoke-free environments Answer not provided WHO African Region
Niue Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Norway In workplaces, the Labour Inspection Authority supervises compliance with the smokefree provisions. In other public areas, the municipal Councils supervise compliance. Persons in breach of the law can be removed from the premises, and can be fined. The owners/employers can be fined for non-compliance. In workplaces, the Labour Inspection Authority supervises compliance with the smokefree provisions. In other public areas, the municipal Councils supervise compliance. Persons in breach of the law can be removed from the premises. The owners/employers can be fined for non-compliance. In workplaces the Labour Inspection Authority supervises compliance with the smokefree provisions. In other public areas the municipal councils supervise compliance. See Section 29 of the Tobacco Control Act. Persons in breach of the law can be removed from the premises. The owners/employers can be fined for non-compliance. WHO European Region
Oman توجد قرارات محلية في كل محافظة من محافظات السلطنة لحظر التدخين في الاماكن العامة المغلقة والية مراقبة وعقوبات من البلديات المعنية توجد قرارات محلية في كل محافظة من محافظات السلطنة لحظر التدخين في الاماكن العامة المغلقة والية مراقبة وعقوبات Decisions have been issued in each local governorates of the Sultanate to ban smoking in enclosed public places and applied by municipalities belonging to those provinces. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Pakistan Under the law, authorized persons have been notified to take action against the violators. A complaint in writing is sent by the authorized persons to First Class Magistrate for trail. Fine has been imposed on the violator after trail. Tobacco Control Cell is coordinating with provincial and district governments to make public places smoke-free. Letters have been sent to Provincial CMs, all Federal Secretaries and provincial Chief Secretaries to ensure enforcement of laws. Letter has been sent to Governor, State Bank of Pakistan to make all banks smoke-free. Islamabad has been declared first Smoke-free city. Public Parks, Health and Educational Institutions are completely smoke-free. Regarding enforcement, more than 1000 cases have been registered against the violators of TC laws (violations at public places) across Pakistan. In order to protect youth from epidemic of Sheesha smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke, Government of Pakistan banned import of Sheesha (tobacco and non-tobacco) and related substances. Under the law, authorized persons have been notified to take action against the violators. A complaint in writing is sent by the authorized persons to First Class Magistrate for trail. Fine has been imposed on the violator after trail. Tobacco Control Cell is coordinating with provincial and district governments to make public places smoke-free. Islamabad has been declared first Smoke-free city. Public Parks, Health and Educational Institutions are completely smoke-free. Regarding enforcement, more than 800 cases have been registered against the violators of TC laws (violations at public places) across Pakistan. Authorized persons notified under law and law enforcement agencies to take action against the violators of tobacco control laws have been listed in the law. A mechanism has been provided to take action against the violators. Provincial and district governments are empowered to enforce tobacco control laws. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Palau Enforcement at this time is primarily the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice. Enforcement at this time is primarily the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice. Enforcement at this time is primarily the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice. WHO Western Pacific Region
Panama La Ley 66 de 10 de noviembre de 1947 modificada por la Ley 40 de 16 de noviembre de 2006, que aprueba el Código Sanitario establece un marco de referencia de todos los aspectos puntuales de salud pública. En la Ley 13 de 2008 se incluye la vigilancia y control de los productos de tabaco tomando como referencia lo establecido en la antes precitada excerta legal. Adicionalmente, se cuenta la Ley 54 de 2017 que incorpora la vigilancia sanitaria del cumplimiento de las normativas para el control de tabaco. Dependiendo del tipo de establecimiento el proceso de inspección lo efectúa inspectores de saneamiento ambiental o bien inspectores de protección de alimentos (restaurantes y similares). http://www.gorgas.gob.pa/SitioWebTabaco/Documentos.htm Adicionalmente, el artículo 13 del decreto 230 de 2008 establece: Artículo 13. En cumplimiento a lo que dicta el artículo 5 de la Ley 13 de 2008, sobre la prohibición del consumo de tabaco y de los productos de este, el Ministerio de Salud desarrollará, además las siguientes acciones: 1. Programar y realizar inspecciones sanitarias a los ambientes públicos y privados. 2. Divulgar las disposiciones contenidas en este Decreto a la población en general, mediante el uso de medios masivos de comunicación, volantes y otras. 3. Orientar a los gerentes o encargados de establecimientos públicos y privados sobre el contenido de la Ley 13 de 2008 y de este reglamento. 4. Coordinar con las autoridades competentes la capacitación sobre el tema del control del tabaco a la Policía Nacional, corregidores y otras instancias administrativas cuya función sea garantizar el cumplimiento de las leyes vigentes en el territorio nacional. 5. Dar a conocer a la población en general el número de teléfono de la línea caliente del Ministerio de Salud, para que puedan realizarse las denuncias de las violaciones de la Ley 13 de 2008 y de este Decreto. 6. Suministrar a los inspectores de salud, en forma permanente, boletas autoadhesivas que se colocarán en el área frontal del establecimiento que esté incumpliendo la Ley 13 de 2008 y/o este Decreto. Estas boletas son un mecanismo de notificación a la población de que el establecimiento no cumple con las normas vigentes en materia de control de tabaco, por lo que puede constituirse en un riesgo para la salud. Las mismas deben estar firmadas por las autoridades locales de salud correspondientes y sólo podrán ser removidas previa autorización de las autoridades de salud competentes. La violación de esta disposición estará sujeta a las sanciones correspondientes tipificadas en el Código Sanitario y las leyes complementarias. 7. Mantener un registro de los establecimientos que incumplan con las normas vigentes en materia de control de tabaco, en cada una de las regiones sanitarias, con la finalidad de verificar reincidencias en la violación de la Ley 13 de 2008. También los artículos 30 a 35 hacen referencia a las sanciones incluidas las multas a saber: Artículo 30. Las sanciones por el incumplimiento en materia de control de todos los productos de tabaco y sus derivados, se aplicarán de conformidad a lo establecido en el presente Decreto. Las infracciones en materia aduanera serán sancionadas por la autoridad competente, de conformidad con sus disposiciones legales vigentes. Artículo 31. Cualquier persona natural o jurídica que cometa una falta o contravención a las disposiciones del Código Sanitario y demás disposiciones legales vigentes en materia de salud pública, será sancionado con: 1. Amonestación: Llamado de atención escrito que le hará la autoridad sanitaria competente al infractor. 2. Multa: Sanción pecuniaria que, de acuerdo con la gravedad de la falta, oscila entre un mínimo de diez balboas (B/.10.00) y un máximo de cien mil balboas (B/. 100,000). 3. Suspensión temporal de las actividades: sanción que impide el ejercicio normal de las actividades a que se dedica la persona natural o jurídica infractora, y que durará mientras subsista la afectación a la salud pública. 4. Clausura del establecimiento: sanción que puede ser temporal o definitiva, de acuerdo con la gravedad de la falta. 5. Decomiso: consiste en el retiro de los artículos o productos que afecten la salud pública, de conformidad con las autoridades sanitarias. Artículo 32. Las autoridades en materia de salud pública están facultadas para imponer las siguientes sanciones: 1. En el caso de los directores de centros, subcentros o policentros de salud, multas desde diez balboas (B/.10.00) hasta quinientos balboas (B/. 500.00) y el decomiso de los artículos y objetos que afecten la salud. 2. En el caso de los directores regionales de salud, multas de quinientos un balboa (B/ 501.00) hasta cinco mil balboas (B/. 5,000.00), la suspensión temporal de actividades, cuando así se requiera mientras se mantenga la afectación a la salud pública y el decomiso de los artículos y objetos que afecten la salud. 3. En el caso del Director General de Salud Pública, multas desde cinco mil un balboas (B/. 5,001.00) hasta cien mil balboas (B/. 100,000.00), la clausura de los establecimientos de manera temporal o definitiva de acuerdo con la circunstancia que se presente en cada caso y el decomiso de los artículos y objetos que afecten la salud. Artículo 33. La cuantía de las sanciones que se impongan se graduará teniendo en cuenta el riesgo generado para la salud, la capacidad económica del infractor, la repercusión social de la infracción, el beneficio que haya reportado al infractor la conducta sancionada, si el afectado es un menor de edad y la reincidencia del infractor. Artículo 34. Si la infracción es denunciada por un particular, se debe seguir el Procedimiento Administrativo General, establecido en la Ley 38 de 2000. En los casos en que se proceda de oficio, bastará el acta de inspección, diligencia o reconocimiento elaborada por el Ministerio de Salud, o el examen o análisis de laboratorio u otro, para dar por comprobada la infracción; luego de ello, se continuará con el procedimiento, de acuerdo con lo establecido en la Ley 38 de 2000. Artículo 35. Las resoluciones que establezcan sanciones serán susceptibles de los recursos de reconsideración y/o apelación. Los recursos que se admitan, en materia de salud pública, se concederán en efecto devolutivo. La reciente modificación al Código Penal panameño mediante Ley 34 de 8 de mayo de 2015, establece en su artículo 288-A acápite 6 lo siguiente: "Posea o introduzca productos de tabaco a la República de Panamá sin que se hayan pagado los impuestos de su introducción, o incumpla con las regulaciones sanitarias y normas de salud vigentes en el territorio nacional. Los productos de tabaco que se encuentren en la condición descrita por el numeral 6 serán decomisados y destruidos por la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas, la Policía Nacional o el Ministerio de Salud, indistintamente. La sanción prevista en el presente artículo será aplicada siempre que la cuantía del contrabando sea igual o superior a quinientos mil balboas (B/. 500,000.00) tomando en cuenta el monto más alto entre el valor aduanero de las mercancías o de todos los impuestos y las demás contribuciones emergentes que pudieran causarse en una importación legal a consumo definitivo." La Ley 66 de 10 de noviembre de 1947 que aprueba el Código Sanitario estable el sistema de inspección que se aplican en materia de salud pública el cual se rige por una serie de decretos y resoluciones para su funcionamiento, todos aplicables para la vigilancia y control de la legislación relativa al control de tabaco. Dependiendo del tipo de establecimiento el proceso de inspección lo efectúa inspectores de saneamiento ambiental o bien inspectores de protección de alimentos (restaurantes y similares). Adicionalmente, el artículo 13 del decreto 230 de 2008 establece: Artículo 13. En cumplimiento a lo que dicta el artículo 5 de la Ley 13 de 2008, sobre la prohibición del consumo de tabaco y de los productos de este, el Ministerio de Salud desarrollará, además las siguientes acciones: 1. Programar y realizar inspecciones sanitarias a los ambientes públicos y privados. 2. Divulgar las disposiciones contenidas en este Decreto a la población en general, mediante el uso de medios masivos de comunicación, volantes y otras. 3. Orientar a los gerentes o encargados de establecimientos públicos y privados sobre el contenido de la Ley 13 de 2008 y de este reglamento. 4. Coordinar con las autoridades competentes la capacitación sobre el tema del control del tabaco a la Policía Nacional, corregidores y otras instancias administrativas cuya función sea garantizar el cumplimiento de las leyes vigentes en el territorio nacional. 5. Dar a conocer a la población en general el número de teléfono de la línea caliente del Ministerio de Salud, para que puedan realizarse las denuncias de las violaciones de la Ley 13 de 2008 y de este Decreto. 6. Suministrar a los inspectores de salud, en forma permanente, boletas autoadhesivas que se colocarán en el área frontal del establecimiento que esté incumpliendo la Ley 13 de 2008 y/o este Decreto. Estas boletas son un mecanismo de notificación a la población de que el establecimiento no cumple con las normas vigentes en materia de control de tabaco, por lo que puede constituirse en un riesgo para la salud. Las mismas deben estar firmadas por las autoridades locales de salud correspondientes y sólo podrán ser removidas previa autorización de las autoridades de salud competentes. La violación de esta disposición estará sujeta a las sanciones correspondientes tipificadas en el Código Sanitario y las leyes complementarias. 7. Mantener un registro de los establecimientos que incumplan con las normas vigentes en materia de control de tabaco, en cada una de las regiones sanitarias, con la finalidad de verificar reincidencias en la violación de la Ley 13 de 2008. También los artículos 30 a 35 hacen referencia a las sanciones incluidas las multas a saber: Artículo 30. Las sanciones por el incumplimiento en materia de control de todos los productos de tabaco y sus derivados, se aplicarán de conformidad a lo establecido en el presente Decreto. Las infracciones en materia aduanera serán sancionadas por la autoridad competente, de conformidad con sus disposiciones legales vigentes. Artículo 31. Cualquier persona natural o jurídica que cometa una falta o contravención a las disposiciones del Código Sanitario y demás disposiciones legales vigentes en materia de salud pública, será sancionado con: 1. Amonestación: Llamado de atención escrito que le hará la autoridad sanitaria competente al infractor. 2. Multa: Sanción pecuniaria que, de acuerdo con la gravedad de la falta, oscila entre un mínimo de diez balboas (B/.10.00) y un máximo de cien mil balboas (B/. 100,000). 3. Suspensión temporal de las actividades: sanción que impide el ejercicio normal de las actividades a que se dedica la persona natural o jurídica infractora, y que durará mientras subsista la afectación a la salud pública. 4. Clausura del establecimiento: sanción que puede ser temporal o definitiva, de acuerdo con la gravedad de la falta. 5. Decomiso: consiste en el retiro de los artículos o productos que afecten la salud pública, de conformidad con las autoridades sanitarias. Artículo 32. Las autoridades en materia de salud pública están facultadas para imponer las siguientes sanciones: 1. En el caso de los directores de centros, subcentros o policentros de salud, multas desde diez balboas (B/.10.00) hasta quinientos balboas (B/. 500.00) y el decomiso de los artículos y objetos que afecten la salud. 2. En el caso de los directores regionales de salud, multas de quinientos un balboa (B/ 501.00) hasta cinco mil balboas (B/. 5,000.00), la suspensión temporal de actividades, cuando así se requiera mientras se mantenga la afectación a la salud pública y el decomiso de los artículos y objetos que afecten la salud. 3. En el caso del Director General de Salud Pública, multas desde cinco mil un balboas (B/. 5,001.00) hasta cien mil balboas (B/. 100,000.00), la clausura de los establecimientos de manera temporal o definitiva de acuerdo con la circunstancia que se presente en cada caso y el decomiso de los artículos y objetos que afecten la salud. Artículo 33. La cuantía de las sanciones que se impongan se graduará teniendo en cuenta el riesgo generado para la salud, la capacidad económica del infractor, la repercusión social de la infracción, el beneficio que haya reportado al infractor la conducta sancionada, si el afectado es un menor de edad y la reincidencia del infractor. Artículo 34. Si la infracción es denunciada por un particular, se debe seguir el Procedimiento Administrativo General, establecido en la Ley 38 de 2000. En los casos en que se proceda de oficio, bastará el acta de inspección, diligencia o reconocimiento elaborada por el Ministerio de Salud, o el examen o análisis de laboratorio u otro, para dar por comprobada la infracción; luego de ello, se continuará con el procedimiento, de acuerdo con lo establecido en la Ley 38 de 2000. Artículo 35. Las resoluciones que establezcan sanciones serán susceptibles de los recursos de reconsideración y/o apelación. Los recursos que se admitan, en materia de salud pública, se concederán en efecto devolutivo. La reciente modificación al Código Penal panameño mediante Ley 34 de 8 de mayo de 2015, establece en su artículo 288-A acápite 6 lo siguiente: " Posea o introduzca productos de tabaco a la República de Panamá sin que se hayan pagado los impuestos de su introducción, o incumpla con las regulaciones sanitarias y normas de salud vigentes en el territorio nacional. Los productos de tabaco que se encuentren en la condición descrita por el numeral 6 serán decomisados y destruidos por la Autoridad Nacional de Aduanas, la Policía Nacional o el Ministerio de Salud, indistintamente. La sanción prevista en el presente artículo será aplicada siempre que la cuantía del contrabando sea igual o superior a quinientos mil balboas (B/. 500,000.00) tomando en cuenta el monto más alto entre el valor aduanero de las mercancías o de todos los impuestos y las demás contribuciones emergentes que pudieran causarse en una importación legal a consumo definitivo." El Código Sanitario estable el sistema de inspección que se aplican en materia de salud pública el cual se rige por una serie de decretos y resoluciones para su funcionamiento. todos aplicables para la vigilancia y control de la legislación relativa con el tema de tabaco. Dependiendo del tipo de establecimiento el proceso de inspección lo efectúa inspectores de saneamiento ambiental o bien inspectores de protección de alimentos (restaurantes y similares). Adicionalmente. el artículo 13 del decreto 230 de 2008 establece: Artículo 13. En cumplimiento a lo que dicta el artículo 5 de la Ley 13 de 2008. sobre la prohibición del consumo de tabaco y de los productos de este. el Ministerio de Salud desarrollará. además las siguientes acciones: 1. Programar y realizar inspecciones sanitarias a los ambientes públicos y privados. 2. Divulgar las disposiciones contenidas en este Decreto a la población en general. mediante el uso de medios masivos de comunicación. volantes y otras. 3. Orientar a los gerentes o encargados de establecimientos públicos y privados sobre el contenido de la Ley 13 de 2008 y de este reglamento. 4. Coordinar con las autoridades competentes la capacitación sobre el tema del control del tabaco a la Policía Nacional. corregidores y otras instancias administrativas cuya función sea garantizar el cumplimiento de las leyes vigentes en el territorio nacional. 5. Dar a conocer a la población en general el número de teléfono de la línea caliente del Ministerio de Salud. para que puedan realizarse las denuncias de las violaciones de la Ley 13 de 2008 y de este Decreto. 6. Suministrar a los inspectores de salud. en forma permanente. boletas autoadhesivas que se colocarán en el área frontal del establecimiento que esté incumpliendo la Ley 13 de 2008 y/o este Decreto. Estas boletas son un mecanismo de notificación a la población de que el establecimiento no cumple con las normas vigentes en materia de control de tabaco. por lo que puede constituirse en un riesgo para la salud. Las mismas deben estar firmadas por las autoridades locales de salud correspondientes y sólo podrán ser removidas previa autorización de las autoridades de salud competentes. La violación de esta disposición estará sujeta a las sanciones correspondientes tipificadas en el Código Sanitario y las leyes complementarias. 7. Mantener un registro de los establecimientos que incumplan con las normas vigentes en materia de control de tabaco. en cada una de las regiones sanitarias. con la finalidad de verificar reincidencias en la violación de la Ley 13 de 2008. También los artículos 30 a 35 hacen referencia a las sanciones incluidas las multas a saber: Artículo 30. Las sanciones por el incumplimiento en materia de control de todos los productos de tabaco y sus derivados. se aplicarán de conformidad a lo establecido en el presente Decreto. Las infracciones en materia aduanera serán sancionadas por la autoridad competente. de conformidad con sus disposiciones l WHO Region of the Americas
Papua New Guinea There are measures but not fully implemented There are measures but not fully implemented Through the Public Service General Orders and specific organisations have their own law and they ensure these are followed. WHO Western Pacific Region
Paraguay Los Municipios son los encargados de la aplicacion de la Ley. Los inspectores municipales son los encargados de la correcta aplicación de la normativa. Los inspectores municipales son los encargados de la correcta aplicación de la normativa. Los inspectores municipales son los encargados de la correcta aplicación de la normativa. WHO Region of the Americas
Peru Se dispuso la reglamentación de la Ley N° 28705 a través del Decreto Supremo Nº 015- 2008-SA, el mismo que fue modificado posteriormente mediante Decreto Supremo Nº 001-2010-SA y posteriormente modificado por el Decreto Supremo Nº 001-2011-SA. La Resolución Ministerial N°º 415-2012-MINSA, que aprueba la NTS 094-MINSA/DIGESA V.01 Norma Técnica de Salud para Inspecciones de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco. Siendo el Objetivo General, establecer el procedimiento para la realización de las inspecciones en cumplimiento del marco normativo vigente, para la verificación de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco. Objetivos Específicos :  Verificar la inexistencia de personas con cigarrillos u otros productos de tabaco en espacios públicos cerrados, lugares de trabajo y medios de transporte público.  Establecer la medición de presencia de humo de tabaco en los espacios públicos cerrados, lugares de trabajo y medios de transporte público.  Establecer los parámetros de razonabilidad y perceptibilidad de los avisos de señalización en los espacios públicos cerrados, lugares de trabajo y medios de transporte público Answer not provided Se dispuso la reglamentación de la Ley N° 28705 a través del Decreto Supremo Nº 015-2008-SA. el mismo que fue modificado posteriormente mediante Decreto Supremo Nº 001-2010-SA y posteriormente modificado por el Decreto Supremo Nº 001-2011-SA La Resolución Ministerial N°º 415-2012-MINSA. que aprueba la NTS 094-MINSA/DIGESA V.01 Norma Técnica de Salud para Inspecciones de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco. Siendo el Objetivo General. establecer el procedimiento para la realización de las inspecciones en cumplimiento del marco normativo vigente. para la verificación de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco. Objetivos Específicos : - Verificar la inexistencia de personas con cigarrillos u otros productos de tabaco en espacios públicos cerrados. lugares de trabajo y medios de transporte público. - Establecer la medición de presencia de humo de tabaco en los espacios públicos cerrados. lugares de trabajo y medios de transporte público - Establecer los parámetros de razonabilidad y perceptibilidad de los avisos de señalización en los espacios públicos cerrados. lugares de trabajo y medios de transporte público WHO Region of the Americas
Philippines Republic Act 9211 mandates the Inter-agency Committee on Tobacco as its implementing arm, provided with exclusive power to administer and implement provisions of the law. The Committee is headed by the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) as Chairperson and the Department of Health (DOH) as Co-Chairperson. Members include the Department of Agriculture, Department of Justice, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Science and Technology, Department of Education, National Tobacco Administration, representative from the Tobacco Industry and a Non-government Organization. The Monitoring and Enforcement Guideline (MEG) of RA 9211 details the designation and functions of pilot agencies in the implementation of the law as well as the procedures in the filing of complaints, investigation and reporting. Violations have corresponding penalties under the law. At the sub-national level, the Local Government Units (LGUs) may assign or deputize a specific task force to enforce the ordinance on tobacco control. The composition of the task force differs from each LGU, and may include but not be limited to the City/ Municipal Departments such as the City/ Municipal Health Office or City/ Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office, the Local Police Force, Sanitary Inspectors or Traffic Enforcers. Local Tobacco Control Councils may be created to serve as the implementation arm of the LGU. Most of the local enforcers at the sub-national level are authorized to issue citation tickets for violation of their local ordinances. Similarly, violations have corresponding penalties. Under administrative and executive order, enforcement is assigned to a specific office within the agency, tasked to regulate or implement the policy. Monitoring and enforcement guidelines are issued to set out the procedures. Republic Act 9211 mandates the Inter-agency Committee on Tobacco as its implementing arm, provided with exclusive power to administer and implement provisions of the law. The Committee is headed by the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) as Chairperson and the Department of Health (DOH) as Co-Chairperson. Members include the Department of Agriculture, Department of Justice, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Science and Technology, Department of Education, National Tobacco Administration, representative from the Tobacco Industry and a Non-government Organization. The Monitoring and Enforcement Guideline (MEG) of RA 9211 details the designation and functions of pilot agencies in the implementation of the law as well as the procedures in the filing of complaints, investigation and reporting. Violations have corresponding penalties under the law. At the sub-national level, the Local Government Units (LGUs) may assign or deputize a specific task force to enforce the ordinance on tobacco control. The composition of the task force differs from each LGU, and may include but not be limited to the City/ Municipal Departments such as the City/ Municipal Health Office or City/ Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office, the Local Police Force, Sanitary Inspectors or Traffic Enforcers. Local Tobacco Control Councils may be created to serve as the implementation arm of the LGU. Most of the local enforcers at the sub-national level are authorized to issue citation tickets for violation of their local ordinances. Similarly, violations have corresponding penalties. Under administrative and executive order, enforcement is assigned to a specific office within the agency, tasked to regulate or implement the policy. Monitoring and enforcement guidelines are issued to set out the procedures. Send email to MMDA for explanation WHO Western Pacific Region
Poland Anyone who smokes tobacco products, novel tobacco products or electronic cigarettes in violation of the provisions shall be subject to a fine of up to PLN 500. Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Portugal According to the tobacco law, the prohibition of smoking and the ventilation conditions of smoking areas or rooms should be verified by the Food and Economic Safety Authority (ASAE). The technical specifications of the ventilation systems applicable to the new smoking rooms are under discussed and will be approved by a legal act by the General Directorate of Economic Activities.(not yet published). According to the tobacco law, the prohibition of smoking and the ventilation conditions of smoking areas or rooms should be verified by the Food and Economic Safety Authority (ASAE). According to the tobacco law the prohibition of smoking and the ventilation conditions of smoking areas or rooms should be verified by the Food and Economic Safety Authority (ASAE). WHO European Region
Qatar - 26 Tobacco Control inspectors implementing the law and give fines to person who violate the law and smoke in places where the smoking is prohibited by conducting regular routine visits to these places - Hotline for complains working 24\7 to receive public calls and the inspection team responds immediately - No smoking signs and warnings - Media campaigns to raise public awareness about the law - Health inspectors implementing the law no20 and give fines to person who violate the law and smoke in places where the smoking is prohibited Article (10) prohibits smoking in enclosed public places following: means of public transportation; schools and centres of education and training. universities. hospitals. health centres. and other educational institutions. health facilities; ministries and other government agencies. public bodies and institutions and sports clubs. the headquarters of the public associations and shops. and inside elevators. cinemas and theatres; industrial facilities and shopping malls; restaurants. and other stores that sell food or drink to the public. Based on a decision of the Minister of Public Health. after the adoption of the Council of Ministers. in places where smoking is prohibited. exemptions can be made and closed smoking courts can be established. Restaurants and other shops may designate areas for smokers which are not completely closed. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Republic of Korea Amended National Health Promotion Act provides a legal ground. Mayors or governors of local governments are able to appoint officers called a smoking-surveillant for monitoring smoking behaviours in smoke-free areas and its compliance. This was entered into force in July 2014. Amended National Health Promotion Act provides a legal ground. Mayors or governors of local governments are able to appoint officers called a smoking-surveillant for monitoring smoking behaviours in smoke-free areas and its compliance. This was entered into force in July 2014. Amended National Health Promotion Act provides a legal ground. Mayors or governors of local governments are able to appoint officers called a smoking-surveillant for monitoring smoking behaviours in smoke-free areas and its compliance. This will be entered into force in July 2014. WHO Western Pacific Region
Republic of Moldova According to the Law # 278, Public Health Service and general Inspectorate of Police are authorized to enforce the Law According to the Law # 278, Public Health Service and general Inspectorate of Police are authorized to enforce the Law Answer not provided WHO European Region
Romania Report not provided Report not provided The inspectors of the National Authority for Consumers Protection and of the Health Inspection have the right and the obligation to apply penalties WHO European Region
Russian Federation Report not provided Статья 6.24. Нарушение установленного федеральным законом запрета курения табака на отдельных территориях, в помещениях и на объектах Кодекса Российской Федерации об административных правонарушениях гласит: 1. Нарушение установленного федеральным законом запрета курения табака на отдельных территориях, в помещениях и на объектах, за исключением случаев, предусмотренных частью 2 настоящей статьи, - влечет наложение административного штрафа на граждан в размере от пятисот до одной тысячи пятисот рублей. 2. Нарушение установленного федеральным законом запрета курения табака на детских площадках - влечет наложение административного штрафа на граждан в размере от двух тысяч до трех тысяч рублей. Статья 6.25 Кодекса об административных правонарушениях Несоблюдение требований к знаку о запрете курения, обозначающему территории, здания и объекты, где курение запрещено, и к порядку его размещения - влечет наложение административного штрафа на должностных лиц в размере от десяти тысяч до двадцати тысяч рублей; на юридических лиц - от тридцати тысяч до шестидесяти тысяч рублей. Несоблюдение требований к выделению и оснащению специальных мест на открытом воздухе для курения табака либо выделению и оборудованию изолированных помещений для курения табака (проект) - влечет наложение административного штрафа на должностных лиц в размере от двадцати тысяч до тридцати тысяч рублей; на юридических лиц - от пятидесяти тысяч до восьмидесяти тысяч рублей. Неисполнение индивидуальным предпринимателем или юридическим лицом обязанностей по контролю за соблюдением норм законодательства в сфере охраны здоровья граждан от воздействия окружающего табачного дыма и последствий потребления табака на территориях и в помещениях, используемых для осуществления своей деятельности, - влечет наложение административного штрафа на индивидуальных предпринимателей в размере от тридцати тысяч до сорока тысяч рублей; на юридических лиц - от шестидесяти тысяч до девяноста тысяч рублей. В соответствии со статьей 23.13 КоАП РФ полномочиями по составлению протоколов и рассмотрению дел об административных правонарушениях, предусмотренных статьями 6.24 и 6.25 КоАП РФ, наделены органы, осуществляющие функции по контролю и надзору в сфере обеспечения санитарно-эпидемиологического благополучия населения (Роспотребнадзор). В соответствии с пунктом 18 статьи 28.3 КоАП РФ полномочиями по составлению протоколов об административных правонарушениях в части курения табака на территориях и в помещениях, предназначенных для оказания медицинских, реабилитационных и санаторно-курортных услуг, предусмотренных статьями 6.24 и 6.25 КоАП РФ, наделены должностные лица органов, осуществляющих функции по контролю и надзору в сфере здравоохранения (Росздравнадзор). Министерством здравоохранения Российской Федерации подготовлено новое мобильное антитабачное приложение, которое называется «Здесь не курят». Благодаря ему любой житель России может оперативно сообщать о нарушениях антитабачного закона, отправляя не просто жалобу, но и фото нарушения. Приложение доступно для операционных систем Android и iOS. Обращения граждан поступают напрямую в Роспотребнадзор, Росздравнадзор, Госпожнадзор или прокуратуру. https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=by.orangesoft.smokefree&hl=ru https://itunes.apple.com/ru/app/minzdrav-rossii/id667256947?mt=8 Дополнительно, разработаны и опубликованы инфографики о работе запрета на курение в общественных местах. In June 1 2013 smoking ban comes into force: on aircraft on all kinds of public transport places in the open air at a distance of less than fifteen meters from entrances to rail stations bus stations airports seaports river ports subway stations and at subway stations train stations bus stations airports seaports river ports; in the territories and in premises intended for medical rehabilitation and spa services; in the territories and in premises intended for rendering educational services cultural institutions and agencies of youth services in the sphere of physical culture and sports; in the areas of social services the premises occupied by the bodies of State power bodies of local self-government; workplaces and working areas organized in the premises of filling stations; in the elevators and common areas of apartment buildings; on children''s playgrounds and within the boundaries of the territories involved. With June 1 2014 year smoking ban comes into force: in the long-distance trains on ships in Russia and abroad in the provision of services for the transport of passengers; in premises intended for the provision of accommodation services hotel services temporary accommodation and (or) providing temporary accommodation; in rooms designed to provide domestic services trade public catering indoor markets in non-stationary trade facilities. WHO European Region
Rwanda The article 26 paragraph 2 of Rwandan law on tobacco control refers to Chapter V of the penal code, article 428 about fines for persons who violate the above article and who smoke in public places. The person who smokes in a public place shall be liable to a fine of ten thousand to fifty thousand Rwandan francs. Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Saint Kitts and Nevis Report not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Lucia There are fines detailed in the Education Act for violation. Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Samoa Pecuniary fine for non-compliance, enforcement by MOH enforcement officers. Pecuniary fine for non-compliance, enforcement by MOH enforcement officers. Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
San Marino The law establishes fines for violations. The law establishes fines for violations. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Sao Tome and Principe delimitação de La fiscalización de estas medidas está prevista en la ley, conforme a lo siguiente Artículo 13 Fiscalización y Tramitación Procesal 1. Sin perjuicio de las competencias atribuidas por el artículo 7 a las autoridades administrativas y policiales, la supervisión de las disposiciones de la presente Ley compete a la Dirección de Regulación y Control de las actividades económicas. 2. La instrucción de los procedimientos de contra-ordenación compete a la Dirección de Regulación y Control de las actividades económicas, a la que deben enviarse los autos planteados por otras entidades. 3. La aplicación de las multas y las sanciones accesorias se comunicará a la Dirección de Asistencia sanitaria.espeços especifico e espaços fechados livres de fumo Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Saudi Arabia According to article no.14 of Saudi Bans Of Tobacco Control and its application, person who violates the provisions of article 7 of this law shall be punished by a fine of two hundred riyals (200 SAR). According to article no.14 of Saudi Bans Of Tobacco Control and its application, person who violates the provisions of article 7 of this law shall be punished by a fine of two hundred riyals (200 SAR). Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Senegal Les forces de défense et de sécurité sont chargés de veiller à lapplication de la loi. Answer not provided Toutes les forces de police du Sénégal (Police et Gendarmerie Nationale). WHO African Region
Serbia The Law imposes legal responsibilities for compliance for individuals, business establishments, their managers, employers, owners and any other responsible persons. It provides penalties for violations for individuals and for the employer who is according to the Law responsible for the implementation of the Law. The responsible person may authorize one or several employees to oversee the implementation of the smoking ban, for himself and on his behalf. Different inspectorates are responsible for the enforcement of the Law, such as: sanitary, health and medicines inspectorates of the Ministry of Health, inspectorate under the ministries of education, labor, trade and internal affairs. They control the enforcement of the Law during their regular activities, not particularly for this Law. Penalties can be charged on the spot. The Law imposes legal responsibilities for compliance for individuals, business establishments, their managers, employers, owners and any other responsible persons. It provides penalties for violations for individuals and for the employer who is according to the Law responsible for the implementation of the Law. Different inspectorates are responsible for the enforcement of the Law, such as: sanitary, health and medicines inspectorates of the Ministry of Health, inspectorate under the ministries of education, labor, trade and internal affairs. They control the enforcement of the Law during their regular activities, not particularly for this Law. Penalties cannot be charged on the spot, but are proceed to the judiciary system. The Law imposes legal responsibilities for compliance for individuals business establishments their managers owners and any other responsible persons. It provides penalties for violations. The key authority responsible for the enforcement is the Sanitary Inspectorate of the Ministry of Health which coordinates the work of other inspectorates that are cited in the Law: health and medicines inspectorates of the Ministry of Health inspectorate under the ministries of education labour trade and internal affairs. The representatives of all mentioned inspectorates form a common intersectoral body which should meet regularly to perform annual plans and evaluate their work and compliance with the Law. WHO European Region
Seychelles Tobacco Control Act 2009 allows for penalties for contravention to the provisions. Ministry of Health sends warning letters when offenses are reported. A regulation (Tobacco (insepction and penalty, 2014-2015) has been developed to set the rights, duties and procedures related to inspection and enforcement of the Seychelles Tobacco Control Act, so there is no legal or organizational obstacle for actual enforcement. Tobacco Control Act 2009 allows for penalties for contravention to the provisions. Ministry of Health sends warning letters when offenses are reported. A regulation (Tobacco (insepction and penalty, 2014-2015) has been developed to set the rights, duties and procedures related to inspection and enforcement of the Seychelles Tobacco Control Act, so there is no legal or organizational obstacle for actual enforcement. Tobacco Control Act 2009 allows for penalties for contravention to the provisions. Ministry of Health sends warning letters when offenses are reported WHO African Region
Sierra Leone Answer not provided Answer not provided A friendly/voluntary agreement exist between Health Education Division and some tertiary and government department for the erection of a sign post with the inscription; “This is a no smoking zone” with absolutely no sanctions applied to violators. WHO African Region
Singapore Under the Act, any person caught smoking at prohibited places is liable on conviction (in Court) to a fine not exceeding $1,000. Premises manager or operator caught for not performing their duties (i.e. inform person who smoke at prohibited places to cease smoking, or request the person to leave the premises should the person refuse to cease smoking) shall be liable on conviction (in Court) to a fine not exceeding $1,000 for the 1st offence and not exceeding $2,000 for the 2nd and subsequent offences. NEA officers carry out enforcement rounds at prohibited places on a daily basis. Under the Act, any person caught smoking at prohibited places is liable on conviction (in Court) to a fine not exceeding $1,000. Premises manager or operator caught for not performing their duties (i.e. inform person who smoke at prohibited places to cease smoking, or request the person to leave the premises should the person refuse to cease smoking) shall be liable on conviction (in Court) to a fine not exceeding $1,000 for the 1st offence and not exceeding $2,000 for the 2nd and subsequent offences. NEA officers carry out enforcement rounds at prohibited places on a daily basis. Under the Act any person caught smoking at prohibited places is liable on conviction (in Court) to a fine not exceeding $1 000. Premises manager or operator caught for not performing their duties (i.e. inform person who smoke at prohibited places to cease smoking or request the person to leave the premises should the person refuse to cease smoking) shall be liable on conviction (in Court) to a fine not exceeding $1 000 for the 1st offence and not exceeding $2 000 for the 2nd and subsequent offences. NEA officers carry out enforcement rounds at prohibited places on a daily basis. WHO Western Pacific Region
Slovakia By the law there is system of inspection and sanctions in case of break a concrete articles of law. In this case the Law on protecting of non-smokers that we have aprroved from 2004 in ammendments. By the law there is system of inspection and sanctions in case of break a concrete articles of law. In this case the Law on protecting of non-smokers that we have aprroved from 2004 in ammendments. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Slovenia Supervision of the implementation of this ban shall be conducted by the Health Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia and the Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia. The Police and the Municipal Warden Service conduct supervision of the prohibition of smoking in all vehicles if persons younger than 18 are present. Supervision of the implementation of the ban on smoking in all enclosed public and workplaces is conducted by the Health Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia and the Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia. Supervision of the implementation of the law is conducted by the Health Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia the Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia the Market Inspectorate of the Republic of Slovenia and the Customs Administration of the Republic of Slovenia. WHO European Region
Solomon Islands We have now in final draft an Enforcement/ Compliance Strategy Plan to support our enforcement policy along with enforcement training manuals. The Enforcement/Compliance Strategy Plan has three major components and one of the major components is the control of second hand smoking. Report not provided In answering yes the Enforcement and Compliance Strategy Plan is still in draft form and still to be finalized WHO Western Pacific Region
South Africa The Directorate: Environmental Health, within the Department of Health is responsible for the compliance of regulations and the South African Police Services is responsible for the enforcement of the law. The Directorate: Environmental Health, within the Department of Health is responsible for the compliance of regulations and the South African Police Services is responsible for the enforcement of the law. The Directorate: Environmental Health within the Department of Health is responsible for the compliance of regulations and the South African Police Services is responsible for the enforcement of the law. WHO African Region
Spain Se establecen las responsabilidades (artículo 21) y las competencias (artículo 22). Se fijan las infracciones (artículo 19) y las sanciones (artículo 20. Se establecen las responsabilidades (artículo 21) y las competencias (artículo 22). Se fijan las infracciones (artículo 19) y las sanciones (artículo 20. Ley 28/2005. modificada por la ley 42/2010: Se establecen las responsabilidades (artículo 21) y las competencias (artículo 22). Se fijan las infracciones (artículo 19) y las sanciones (artículo 20) WHO European Region
Sri Lanka Public Health Inspectors, Excise departments and Civil Police Answer not provided Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Sudan Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Suriname Enforcement measures incl. strict penalties for non-compliance: Lawyer appointed in the Prosecution Office for tobacco Order of the Attorney General published with the fines for violations of the tobacco law (No.SPG 42/14) Answer not provided Tobacco Control Bureau WHO Region of the Americas
Swaziland Report not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Sweden It is possible, according to 19 a 2.a § and 20 § of the Tobacco Act, for a local authority to apply an administrative injunction which can be combined with an administrative fine for the owner or user of the property. The sanction should be used to make the owner or user of the property to stop and to prevent that smoking occurs where it is forbidden according to e.g. 2 § of the Tobacco Act (1993:581). http://www.riksdagen.se/sv/Dokument-Lagar/Lagar/Svenskforfattningssamling/Tobakslag-1993581_sfs-1993-581/ It is possible, according to 19 a 2.a § and 20 § of the Tobacco Act, for a local authority to apply an administrative injunction which can be combined with an administrative fine for the owner or user of the property. The sanction should be used to make the owner or user of the property to stop and to prevent that smoking occurs where it is forbidden according to e.g. 2 § of the Tobacco Act (1993:581). http://www.riksdagen.se/sv/Dokument-Lagar/Lagar/Svenskforfattningssamling/Tobakslag-1993581_sfs-1993-581/ It is possible. according to 19 a 2.a § and 20 § of the Tobacco Act. for a local authority to apply an administrative injunction which can be combined with an administrative fine for the owner or user of the property. The sanction should be used to make the owner or user of the property to stop and to prevent that smoking occurs where it forbidden according to e.g. 2 § of the Tobacco Act WHO European Region
Syrian Arab Republic المرسوم التشريعي رقم 62 لعام 2009 المرسوم التشريعي رقم 62 لعام 2009 Report not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Tajikistan Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Thailand Central office serves as the legal center for consultation and practice guidelines. The knowledge and skills in law enforcement should be developed for the staff working in the regional area. Answer not provided Thailand has a system to strenghthen human resources. especially law enforcers through various activities and effective enforcement as follows; 1) provide the exact role and responsibility for inspection and coordination among enforcement-related agencies and civil society networks at national level. regional level as well as provincial & district level. 2) organize the regular training among law enforcers and key stakeholders. especially the existing civil society networks for gaining knowledge and skill of inspection and monitoring the violation issues of tobacco control law. 3) establish the complaint center by telephone (Hotline:1422) and website ( http://btc.ddc.moph.go.th/complain or http://thaiantitobacco.com/complain) 4) regular raise people''s awareness of the tobacco control law. especially the new law where it applies as well as penalties for non-compliance. WHO South-East Asia Region
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Answer not provided Answer not provided State institutions: Ministry of Health Ministry of Economy Ministry of Justice Ministry of Finance Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Education Ministry of Labor and Social Policy and its inspectorates. WHO European Region
Timor-Leste There is infraction and fines according to the article 26, Timor-Leste decree law Report not provided Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Togo Answer not provided Answer not provided Ministère en charge de la santé veille à lapplication de la loi antitabac et de ses décrets dapplication WHO African Region
Tonga The Minister of Health has the authority to authorize enforcement officers submitted by the Ministry of Health to assist the Police Department in enforcing the Act. There is also a Tobacco Enforcement Unit established within the Ministry of Health under the management of the Head of the NCD-Health Promotion Unit that conduct ongoing enforcement activities throughout Tonga including outer islands. The Minister of Health has the authority to authorize enforcement officers submitted by the Ministry of Health to assist the Police Department in enforcing the Act. There is also a Tobacco Enforcement Unit established within the Ministry of Health under the management of the Head of the NCD-Health Promotion Unit that conduct ongoing enforcement activities throughout Tonga including outer islands. In the Act the Minister of Health has the authority to prescribe smoke-free buildings to which members of the public have accessed either permanently or for any period he thinks fit. Also enforcement officers are designated under the Tobacco Act and are currently doing litigation for those that are non-compliant with the Act. WHO Western Pacific Region
Trinidad and Tobago The Trinidad and Tobago Police Service, Customs Officers, the Tobacco Control Unit, and Public Health Inspectors are responsible for enforcement. The Trinidad and Tobago Police Service, Customs Officers, the Tobacco Control Unit, and Public Health Inspectors are responsible for enforcement. The Trinidad and Tobago Police Service and Public Health Inspectors are responsible for enforcement. WHO Region of the Americas
Tunisia réservation des espaces non fumeurs dans les cafés et les restaurants ( décret 2009) Interdiction de fumer dans les espaces à utilisation commune ( la loi 17/98 et décrets 1998 et 2009 ) réservation des espaces non fumeurs dans les cafés et les restaurants ( décret 2009) Interdiction de fumer dans les espaces à utilisation commune ( la loi 17/98 et décrets 1998 et 2009 ) Contrôle par les agents de l''hygiène du milieu et la police et sanctions pour ceux qui ne respactent pas les decrets sus cites. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Turkey To enforce effectively the national Law Smokefreelaw Inspection System has been set up nationwide. It includes GPS Mobile Devices (1500) and a mapping system to find easily the address due to the notification. Through this system the monitoring of each inspection team (1453) and their inspections with the reporting is available. Moreover, the position, speed, all time intervals while the inspection and images of inspection of inspection teams can easily be monitored on-line through this system. On the other hand, a mobile device application; green detector, has also been created to notify any violation on smokefree law immediately and it is currently used country-wide. To enforce effectively the national Law Somofreelaw Inspection System has been set up nationwide. It includes GPS Mobile Devices (1439) and a mapping system to find easily the address due to the notification. Through this system the monitoring of each inspection team (1898) and their inspections with the reporting is available. Moreover, the position, speed, all time intervals while the inspection and images of inspection of inspection teams can easily be monitored on-line through this system. Countrywide in 81 provinces there are currently 1550 inspection teams who inspect and enforce the Law when a violation takes place. Moreover through Smoke-Free Law Inspection System using GPS mobile devices by inspection teams violations have been notified on time necessary actions have been proceeded immediately and reported to the related centres like Ministry of Health to perform the necessary follow up. WHO European Region
Turkmenistan Статья 9 и 10 Закона Туркменистана «Об охране здоровья граждан от воздействия табачного дыма и последствий потребления табачных изделий» Статья 315 Кодекса об административных правонарушениях Ministry of Internal Affairs and the State Service for the security of a healthy society. WHO European Region
Tuvalu Report not provided Report not provided Enforcement structure (officers) are designated and warranted by the Minister of Health. Currently 2 officers from customs 4 police and 4 from health are warranted and trained officers. WHO Western Pacific Region
Uganda Report not provided The regulation includes environmental inspectors and health inspectors as the enforcers of the regulations and also spells out fines in cases of violation. The regulation includes environmental inspectors and health inspectors as the enforcers of the regulations and also spells out fines in cases of violation WHO African Region
Ukraine National Consumer Protection Inspection is responsible for enforcement and can fine legal entities for violations. Physical persons can be fined by police. National Consumer Protection Inspection is responsible for enforcement and can fine legal entities for violations. Physical persons can be fined by police. National Consumer Protection Inspection is responsible for enforcement and can fine legal entities for violations. Physical persons can be fined by police. WHO European Region
United Arab Emirates تنص اللائحة التنفيذية لقانون مكافحة التبغ قرار24 /2013 لمجلس الوزراء على ان التدخين محظور في جميع الماكن العامه المغلقة ووسائل النقل العام والماكن الترفيهية والسينمات والمسارح والنوادي الرياضية كما تعطي اللائحة السلطة المحلية لكل امارة حرية وضع اشتراطات قوية في الحظر تنص اللائحة التنفيذية لقانون مكافحة التبغ قرار24 /2013 لمجلس الوزراء على ان التدخين محظور في جميع الماكن العامه المغلقة ووسائل النقل العام والماكن الترفيهية والسينمات والمسارح والنوادي الرياضية كما تعطي اللائحة السلطة المحلية لكل امارة حرية وضع اشتراطات قوية في الحظر The implementing regulations of the Tobacco Control Law and Council of Ministers'' decree no. 24 of 2013 stipulate that smoking is prohibited in all closed public places. public means of transport. places of entertainment. cinemas. theatres and sporting clubs. Moreover. the regulations give the local authority of each Emirate the right to set strict conditions as concerns the prohibition. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Across the UK, smokefree legislation is enforced by local authorities. Non compliance can result in a fixed penalty fine or legal proceedings. Guidance for enforcement officers has been published. The guidance is available at: http://www.cieh.org/policy/smokefree_workplaces.html Across the UK, smokefree legislation is enforced by local authorities. The following guidance for enforcement officers in England has been published Implementation of smokefree legislation in England: Guidance for local council regulatory officers". Non compliance can result in a fixed penalty fine or legal proceedings. The guidance is available at: http://www.cieh.org/uploadedFiles/Core/Policy/Public_health/Smokefree_work_places_and_public_places/LACORS_guide_MAR07.pdf Across the UK smoke-free legislation is enforced by local authorities. The following guidance for enforcement officers in England has been published - “Implementation of smokefree legislation in England: Guidance for local council regulatory officers”: http://www.cieh.org/policy/smokefree_workplaces.html WHO European Region
United Republic of Tanzania Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Uruguay La ley establece que es competencia del Ministerio de Salud Pública el controlar el cumplimiento de esta ley, en su función de policía sanitaria. Por lo tanto, el Ministerio está facultado para fiscalizar y aplicar sanciones cuando se constaten incumplimientos a la normativa. La ley establece que es competencia del Ministerio de Salud Pública el controlar el cumplimiento de esta ley, en su función de policía sanitaria. Por lo tanto, el Ministerio está facultado para fiscalizar y aplicar sanciones cuando se constaten incumplimientos a la normativa. La ley establece que es competencia del Ministerio de Salud Pública el controlar el cumplimiento de esta ley. en su función de policía sanitaria. Por lo tanto. el Ministerio está facultado para fiscalizar y aplicar sanciones cuando se constaten incumplimientos a la normativa. WHO Region of the Americas
Uzbekistan Report not provided Согласно статьи 248 Кодекса Республики Узбекистан «Об административной ответственности» в случае выявления нарушений на рабочих местах, в общественных местах и в общественных транспортах сотрудники органов внутренних дел применют административные взыскания Помимо этого: - сотрудники органов железнодорожного транспорта и метрополитена применяют административные взыскания в случае выявления нарушений в железнодорожном транспорте и метрополитене (статья 250 Кодекса). - сотрудники органов воздушного транспорта применяют административные взыскания в случае выявления нарушений в воздушном транспорте (статья 251 Кодекса). - сотрудники органов водного транспорта применяют административные взыскания в случае выявления нарушений в водном транспорте (статья 252 Кодекса). - сотрудники органов пассажирского городского и междугородного автомобильного транспорта, и электротранспорта (включая контролеры-ревизоры, билетные контролеры) применяют административные взыскания в случае выявления нарушений в автобусах городского, пригородного, междугородного и международного сообщения, а также в такси, маршрутных такси и городском электротранспорте (статья 254 Кодекса). According to the State program ''Year of a healthy child''. approved February 19. 2014 a draft law on the establishment of administrative penalties for use of tobacco products in public places. increased penalties for tobacco use in public transport. as well as for the promotion of tobacco products. In addition. the imposition of penalties provided for heads of agencies. organizations. enterprises. regardless of ownership. including the objects of trade and catering. which do not take the necessary measures to persons smoking in prohibited places. Adoption of the draft law will establish the necessary legal provisions to prevent tobacco use in public places and public transport. WHO European Region
Vanuatu Report not provided The Tobacco Control Act of 2008 allows for appointment of authorized officers as appointed by Health DG. There is a national coordinating mechanism for tobacco control. But it needs a financial support and a good infrastructure to enforce the existing law. WHO Western Pacific Region
Venezuela Report not provided Report not provided El Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Salud. valiendose del ordenamiento jurídico vigente (La Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela. Ley Orgánica de Salud) y por medio del Servicio Autónomo de Contraloría Sanitaria (SACS) velan por el cumplimiento de la Resolución de Ambientes Libres de Humo de Tabaco WHO Region of the Americas
Viet Nam Based on the Decree No 176, the fines are applicable for both of different settings owners and individuals Based on the Decree No 176, the fines are applicable for both of different settings owners and individuals The government has issued decree No 176/2013/ND-CP on sanctions for administrative violations of the in Health sector which include fines for violation of the Tobacco Control law. WHO Western Pacific Region
Yemen المادة رقم (23) توجد غرامة مُحددة في القانون على المخالفين 500 ريال لمن يتعاطى التدخين في الأماكن العامة أو بالحبس (24) ساعة وتضاعف العقوبة في حالة التكرار المادة رقم (23) توجد غرامة مُحددة في القانون على المخالفين 500 ريال لمن يتعاطى التدخين في الأماكن العامة أو بالحبس (24) ساعة وتضاعف العقوبة في حالة التكرار There is a fine specified in the law violators. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Zambia A Person who contravenes this law commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction to a fine not exceeding two thousand five hundred penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or to both. A Person who contravenes this law commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction to a fine not exceeding two thousand five hundred penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or to both. Report not provided WHO African Region
Zimbabwe DETAILS OF THIS ARE FOUND IN STATUTORY INSTRUMENT 264 OF 2002, Public Health ( Control of Tobacco ) Regulations of 2002 DETAILS OF THIS ARE FOUND IN STATUTORY INSTRUMENT 264 OF 2002. Report not provided WHO African Region
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Survey answers in 2018

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