C223 - Explanation of type/nature and content of the measures providing the ban

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Afghanistan ban on tobacco use in government, NGOs, hospital public gathering places, vehicles, restaurants, airports clinics schools, coffee shops etc ban on tobacco use in government, NGOs, hospital public gathering places, vehicles, restaurants, airports clinics schools, coffee shops etc ban on tobacco use in government institutions NGOs hospital public gathering places, whicles etc WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Albania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Algeria Élaboration des textes réglementaires ( arrêtés , circulaires et instructions ) par chaque secteur concerné relatives à interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics Élaboration des textes réglementaires ( arrêtés , circulaires et instructions ) par chaque secteur concerné relatives à interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics Elaboration des textes dapplication ( arrêtés , circulaires et instructions ) par chaque secteur concerné relatives à linterdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics WHO African Region
Andorra Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Angola Ban smoking in public places Ban smoking in public places Ban smoking in public places WHO African Region
Antigua and Barbuda Currently working on regulations to implement bans in other places but it is covered in tobacco control act Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Armenia Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Australia While smoke free environments fall primarily under the remit of state and territory governments, the Australian Government has acted where it has the power to do so. For example, smoking is prohibited in Commonwealth workplaces, aircraft, airports, interstate trains and federally registered motor coaches. While smoke free environments fall primarily under the remit of state and territory governments, the Australian Government has acted where it has the power to do so. For example, smoking is prohibited in Commonwealth workplaces, aircraft, airports, interstate trains and federally registered motor coaches. Australia only has a few smokefree polices at the national level (e.g. airports/aeroplanes), as protection from exposure to tobacco smoke is primarily the responsibility of state and territory governments. Each state and territory government has implemented tobacco control laws which include provisions to protect the public from exposure to tobacco smoke. WHO Western Pacific Region
Austria Indoor public places and public transport: article 12 and 13 of the Austrian Tobacco Act (incl. offices and office buildings that can be accessed by clients) indoor workplaces: Article 30 of the Austrian Law on Health and Safety at Work Act (ArbeitnehmerInnenschutzgesetz - ASchG, BGBl. Nr. 450/1994 i.d.g.F. BGBL. I Nr. 100/2018). Article 20 (4) of the Law on Labour Inspection (Arbeitsinspektionsgesetz - ArbIG, BGBl. Nr. 871/1995 i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 101/2015) which enters into force on 1 May 2018. If there is a reasonable suspicion that an infringement of smoking bans according to the Austrian Tobacco Act exists in a workplace the Labour Inspectorate has to report it to the responsible authority. Article 30 OSH Regulations for public servants (Bundesbedienstetenschutzgesetz – BBSG, BGBl. 70/1999 i.d.g.F. BGBl. Nr. 100/2018). Similar measures exist for agriculture and forestry. Article 88h of the Farm Labour Act (Landarbeitsgesetz, BGBl. 287/1984 i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 79/2015 for indoor workplaces. Voluntary agreements going beyond the legal requirements for protection from tobacco smoke at the workplace can be found in many companies (mainly baised on Article 97 (1) Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz (ArbVG), BGBl. Nr. 22/1974, i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 104/2017. Some municipalities have introduced smoking bans on playgrounds/outdoor public places on the basis of administrative/executive orders ("ortspolizeiliche Verordnungen"). Indoor public places and public transport: article 12 and 13 of the Austrian Tobacco Act (incl. offices and office buildings that can be accessed by clients) indoor workplaces: Article 30 of the Austrian Law on Health and Safety at Work Act (ArbeitnehmerInnenschutzgesetz - ASchG, BGBl. Nr. 450/1994 i.d.g.F. BGBL. I Nr. 60/2015). Article 20 (4) of the Law on Labour Inspection (Arbeitsinspektionsgesetz - ArbIG, BGBl. Nr. 871/1995 i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 101/2015) which enters into force on 1 May 2018. If there is a reasonable suspicion that an infringement of smoking bans according to the Austrian Tobacco Act exists in a workplace the Labour Inspectorate has to report it to the responsible authority. Article 30 OSH Regulations for public servants (Bundesbedienstetenschutzgesetz – BBSG, BGBl. 70/1999 i.d.g.F. BGBl. Nr. 1010/2015). Article 88h of the Farm Labour Act (Landarbeitsgesetz, BGBl. 287/1984 i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 79/2015 for indoor workplaces. Voluntary agreements going beyond the legal requirements for protection from tobacco smoke at the workplace can be found in many companies (mainly baised on Article 97 (1) Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz (ArbVG), BGBl. Nr. 22/1974, i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 71/2013. Some municipalities have introduced smoking bans on playgrounds/outdoor public places on the basis of administrative/executive orders ("ortspolizeiliche Verordnungen"). Indoor public places and public transport: article 12 and 13 of the Austrian Tobacco Act (incl. offices and office buildings that can be accessed by clients) indoor workplaces: Article 30 of the Austrian Law on Health and Safety at Work Act (ArbeitnehmerInnenschutzgesetz - ASchG, BGBl. Nr. 450/1994 i.d.g.F. BGBL. I Nr. 60/2015). Article 20 (4) of the Law on Labour Inspection (Arbeitsinspektionsgesetz - ArbIG, BGBl. Nr. 871/1995 i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 101/2015) which enters into force on 1 May 2018. If there is a reasonable suspicion that an infringement of smoking bans according to the Austrian Tobacco Act exists in a workplace the Labour Inspectorate has to report it to the responsible authority. Article 30 OSH Regulations for public servants (Bundesbedienstetenschutzgesetz – BBSG, BGBl. 70/1999 i.d.g.F. BGBl. Nr. 1010/2015). Article 88h of the Farm Labour Act (Landarbeitsgesetz, BGBl. 287/1984 i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 79/2015 for indoor workplaces. Voluntary agreements going beyond the legal requirements for protection from tobacco smoke at the workplace can be found in many companies (mainly baised on Article 97 (1) Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz (ArbVG), BGBl. Nr. 22/1974, i.d.g.F. BGBl. I Nr. 71/2013. Some municipalities have introduced smoking bans on playgrounds/outdoor public places on the basis of administrative/executive orders ("ortspolizeiliche Verordnungen"). WHO European Region
Azerbaijan On 01 December 2017 the new Law of Azerbaijan Republic "On restriction of tobacco use" was adopted. The article 10 of the Law total ban smoking indoors in public places and workplaces such as: - educational institutions, as well as in their territories; - health and medical-rehabilitation facilities, as well as in their territories; - household facilities; - social service enterprises; - hotel, recreation center, sanatorium facility, guest house, motel, hostel; - theater and cinemas, circus, exhibition rooms, reading halls, libraries, museums, and other cultural facilities; - childrens playgrounds; - overground and underground pedestrian crossings; - routinely city (rural), inter-city (inter-rural) and international routes, in public transport and taxi; - in vestibules, crossings, platforms and wagons of metropolitan stations; - air transport; - elevators and common premises of residential buildings; - taxophones; - gas stations, as well as including buildings and structures in which flammable substances are stored, as well as vehicles in which these substances are transported; In the places below, special places for smoking, provided with a ventilation system, or in the open air may be arranged (arranging of smoking places is not mandatory by the new Law, and it is expected that requirements to smoking places will be definitly strong and overwhelming majority of this kind of public and work places will stay smoke-free!): - buildings and facilities for sports and other mass events, as well as in their territories; - public-catering facilities, including restaurants, cafes, bars; - trading (shopping) facilities; - hotel, recreation center, sanatorium facility, guest house, motel, hostel; - railroad trains, water transport facilities; - administrative buildings of air and sea (river) ports, railroad stations, bus stations and buses stops; - in other enterprises, institutions and organizations, at workplaces, regardless of their type of ownership and organizational and legal form. On 01 December 2017 the new Law of Azerbaijan Republic "On restriction of tobacco use" was adopted. The article 10 of the Law total ban smoking indoors in public places and workplaces such as: - educational institutions, as well as in their territories; - health and medical-rehabilitation facilities, as well as in their territories; - household facilities; - social service enterprises; - hotel, recreation center, sanatorium facility, guest house, motel, hostel; - theater and cinemas, circus, exhibition rooms, reading halls, libraries, museums, and other cultural facilities; - childrens playgrounds; - overground and underground pedestrian crossings; - routinely city (rural), inter-city (inter-rural) and international routes, in public transport and taxi; - in vestibules, crossings, platforms and wagons of metropolitan stations; - air transport; - elevators and common premises of residential buildings; - taxophones; - gas stations, as well as including buildings and structures in which flammable substances are stored, as well as vehicles in which these substances are transported; In the places below, special places for smoking, provided with a ventilation system, or in the open air may be arranged (arranging of smoking places is not mandatory by the new Law, and it is expected that requirements to smoking places will be definitly strong and overwhelming majority of this kind of public and work places will stay smoke-free!): - buildings and facilities for sports and other mass events, as well as in their territories; - public-catering facilities, including restaurants, cafes, bars; - trading (shopping) facilities; - hotel, recreation center, sanatorium facility, guest house, motel, hostel; - railroad trains, water transport facilities; - administrative buildings of air and sea (river) ports, railroad stations, bus stations and buses stops; - in other enterprises, institutions and organizations, at workplaces, regardless of their type of ownership and organizational and legal form. http://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Azerbaijan/Azerbaijan%20-%20Law%20No.%20138-IIG%20.pdf Law of the Azerbaijan Republic On tobacco and tobacco products enacted in 2001 and came into force in 2002 sets restrictions on smoking places (Article 21. Limitations to the use of tobacco products). The Law prohibiting smoking indoors in public places and public workplaces however, smoking is allowed in designated places. Employers must provide designated areas for smoking and post a “no smoking” sign in visible places. The Law prohibiting smoking in public catering places (excl. highest category of restaurants, cafes and bars), and hotels (excluding of designated places for smoking). The Law prohibiting smoking in public transport however, smoking is allowed in designated places of long-distance transport. http://tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Azerbaijan/Azerbaijan%20-%20Road%20Transport%20Rules.pdf (Excerpts). The Rules of passenger and luggage transportation by road (approved in 2009) are prohibiting to motor transport workers smoking in urban, country and international bus routes (Article 12.2.27-1.), and prohibiting to passengers smoking in public motor transport (Article 10.3.16.), but smoking in taxi is permitted only in case of agreement between a passenger and the driver (Article 9.8.) WHO European Region
Bahamas Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bahrain (Kingdom of) According to article 4 of antismoking law, smoking is prohibited in all closed public places, however a designated area for smokers can be allocated provided it is compliant with specifications of smoking areas stated by Ministry of Health. In real life, there are no designated smoking areas in health institutes, school,. colleges and universities, governmental work places. most of the closed designated areas are in shisha cafes and some restaurants. According to article 4 of antismoking law, smoking is prohibited in all closed public places, however a designated area for smokers can be allocated provided it is compliant with specifications of smoking areas stated by Ministry of Health. According to article 4 of antismoking law, smoking is prohibited in all closed public places, however a designated area for smokers can be allocated provided it is compliant with specifications of smoking areas stated by Ministry of Health. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Bangladesh Smoking and Tobacco Products Usage (Control) Act 2005 was passed and Rules notified in 2006. This law further amended in 2013 and Rules notified in 2015. This law banned smoking in many public places and public transports. Public place defined as: “educational institutions, Government, Semi-Government and non-government offices, officers of autonomous body, libraries, elevators, indoor workplaces, hospitals and clinics, court buildings, airport buildings, sea-port buildings, river-port buildings, railway station buildings, bus terminal buildings, ferry, cinema hall, exhibition center, covered showing place, theatre hall, shopping buildings, restaurants (covered and closed), public toilet, children park, fair and festivals or queue to get in the public transports, any other public places used by public or any or all places by the general or special order on time to time, by the Government, or local government. {2(cha), Definition of Public Places}; Public transport defined as: “motor car, bus, train, trum, ship, launch, all kinds of mechanized public transport, aircraft and any other transport determined or declared by the Government by notification in the Official Gazette” {2(chha), Definition of Public Places}. Smoking in public places and public vehicles is treated as punishable offence and the punishment is up to 300 taka (equal to US$3.75). Conducted mobile courts for punitive action, advocacy meeting for awareness and study up "No Smoking Signage" at public place and public transport Conducted mobile courts for punitive action, advocacy meeting for awarenessand study up "No Smoking Signage" at public place and public transport WHO South-East Asia Region
Barbados The Health Services (Packaging and Labelling of Tobacco Products) Regulations, 2017 provides for pictoral warnings to be required for all tobacco products The Health Services (Packaging and Labelling of Tobacco Products) Regulations, 2017 provides for pictoral warnings to be required for all tobacco products Legislation Prohibiting Smoking in Public Places 2010 WHO Region of the Americas
Belarus Декрет Президента Республики Беларусь №28 «О государственном регулировании производства, оборота и потребления табачного сырья и табачных изделий» (далее – Декрет № 28). Декретом № 28 утверждено Положение о государственном регулировании производства, оборота и потребления табачного сырья и табачных изделий, производства, оборота и использования электронных систем курения, жидкостей для электронных систем курения, систем для потребления табака. Глава 11. Государственное регулирование курения (потребления) табачных изделий, использования электронных систем курения, систем для потребления табака 35. Запрещаются курение (потребление) табачных изделий, использование электронных систем курения, систем для потребления табака (далее - курение): в лифтах и вспомогательных помещениях многоквартирных жилых домов, общежитий; на детских площадках; на рабочих местах, организованных в помещениях; на территориях и в помещениях, занимаемых спортивно-оздоровительными и иными лагерями; в помещениях и на территориях, занимаемых учреждениями образования, организациями, реализующими образовательные программы послевузовского образования; в подземных переходах, на станциях метрополитена; на остановочных пунктах на маршрутах автомобильных перевозок пассажиров и перевозок пассажиров городским электрическим транспортом, посадочных площадках, используемых для посадки и высадки пассажиров; во всех видах транспорта общего пользования, за исключением указанных в абзаце одиннадцатом части второй настоящего пункта; в автомобилях, если в них присутствуют дети в возрасте до 14 лет; в иных местах, определенных законодательными актами Республики Беларусь. Запрещается курение, за исключением специально созданных мест: в торговых объектах и объектах бытового обслуживания населения, торговых центрах и на рынках; в объектах общественного питания, на территории летних площадок (продолжений залов); в границах территорий, занятых пляжами; на территориях и в помещениях, занимаемых организациями физической культуры и спорта, физкультурно-спортивными сооружениями; в производственных зданиях (помещениях); в помещениях и на территориях, занимаемых государственными органами, организациями культуры и здравоохранения, санаторно-курортными и оздоровительными организациями, организациями, оказывающими услуги связи, социальные, банковские, страховые, гостиничные и иные услуги, а также организациями, индивидуальными предпринимателями, которым в соответствии с законодательством Республики Беларусь предоставлено право осуществлять образовательную деятельность, за исключением указанных в абзаце шестом части первой настоящего пункта; в помещениях, предназначенных для приема граждан, в том числе по вопросам осуществления административных процедур; в помещениях пассажирских терминалов автомобильного транспорта, портов и аэропортов; в помещениях и на территориях железнодорожных станций, предназначенных для обслуживания пассажиров железнодорожного транспорта общего пользования; на морских судах, судах смешанного (река - море) плавания. Юридические лица и индивидуальные предприниматели, в собственности, хозяйственном ведении, оперативном управлении либо на ином законном основании которых находятся объекты, указанные в части второй настоящего пункта, создают (выделяют) специальные места на территориях этих объектов или комнаты для курения, оборудованные в установленном порядке и обозначенные указателем "Место для курения". Организации - производители табачных изделий вправе в производственных зданиях (помещениях) осуществлять дегустацию табачных изделий и табачного сырья в порядке, установленном этими организациями-производителями. 36. На объектах, указанных в абзацах втором - девятом и одиннадцатом части первой и части второй пункта 35 настоящего Положения, юридическими лицами и индивидуальными предпринимателями, в собственности, хозяйственном ведении, оперативном управлении либо на ином законном основании которых находятся эти объекты, размещается знак о запрете курения. Образец и требования к размещению такого знака устанавливаются Министерством здравоохранения. Образец знака о запрете курения (потребления) табачных изделий, использования электронных систем курения, систем для потребления табака установлен постановлением Министерства здравоохранения Республики Беларусь от 19.04.2019 N 35. ДЕКРЕТ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА РЕСПУБЛИКИ БЕЛАРУСЬ от 17 декабря 2002 г. N 28 " О ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОМ РЕГУЛИРОВАНИИ ПРОИЗВОДСТВА, ОБОРОТА И ПОТРЕБЛЕНИЯ ТАБАЧНОГО СЫРЬЯ И ТАБАЧНЫХ ИЗДЕЛИЙ" 38. Запрещается курение (потребление) табачных изделий, за исключением мест, специально предназначенных для этой цели: в учреждениях (организациях) здравоохранения, культуры, образования, спорта, на объектах торговли и бытового обслуживания населения; на объектах общественного питания, кроме объектов, реализующих табачные изделия и имеющих предназначенные для обслуживания граждан (потребителей) помещения с действующей системой вентиляции; в помещениях органов государственного управления, местных исполнительных и распорядительных органов, организаций; на всех видах вокзалов, в аэропортах, подземных переходах, на станциях метрополитена; во всех видах общественного транспорта, вагонах поездов, на судах, в самолетах, за исключением поездов дальнего следования, пассажирских судов и самолетов, в которых предусмотрены места, специально предназначенные для курения. 39. Индивидуальные предприниматели или юридические лица, иностранные юридические лица, иностранные организации, в собственности, хозяйственном ведении либо в оперативном управлении которых находятся объекты (помещения, здания, сооружения, транспорт), указанные в пункте 38 настоящего Положения, создают (выделяют) на этих объектах специально предназначенные для курения места и оборудуют их в соответствии с требованиями, установленными Министерством по чрезвычайным ситуациям и Министерством здравоохранения. (в ред. Декрета Президента Республики Беларусь от 20.02.2015 N 2) Answer not provided WHO European Region
Belgium Loi interdisant de fumer du tabac ou des produits similaires dans les lieux publics fermés, y compris les lieux de travail. Loi interdisant de fumer du tabac ou des produits similaires dans les lieux publics fermés, y compris les lieux de travail. Loi interdisant de fumer du tabac ou des produits similaires dans les lieux publics fermés, y compris les lieux de travail. WHO European Region
Belize In 2010 the Government of Belize approved measures for the protection of the General Public:- the prohibition of smoking within Government Buildings, smoking in private businesses where the public accesses services, in all learning institutions, in public transportation including land, marine and air terminals. Report not provided in 2010 the Government of Belize approved measures for the protection of the General Public:- the prohibition if smoking within Governemnt Buildings, smoking in private businesses where the public accesses services, in all learning institutions, in public transporation including terminals. WHO Region of the Americas
Benin loi antitabac du Bénin loi antitabac du Bénin loi antitabac du Bénin WHO African Region
Bhutan Tobacco Control Act of Kingdom of Bhutan 2010 and Tobacco Control Rules and Regulation 2016 Tobacco Control Act of Kingdom of Bhutan 2010 and Tobacco Control Rules and Regulation 2016 Tobacco Control Act of Kingdom of Bhutan 2010 and Tobacco Control Rules and Regulation 2011 WHO South-East Asia Region
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Bosnia and Herzegovina According to the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is the integral part of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Annex 4), Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska. The area of Brčko was settled through international arbitration after the Dayton Peace Agreement, and the Brčko District BiH was established in March 2000, with powers largely similar to those entities. Jurisdictions of Bosnia and Herzegovina are prescribed by Act III of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina: foreign policy, foreign-trade policy , tariff policy, monetary policy, as stated in Act VII; financing of institutions and international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina; politics and regulations concerning immigrants, refugees and asylum; conducting international and inter-entity criminal-justice regulations, including relations with Interpol; forming and functioning of mutual and international means of communication; traffic regulations among entities; air traffic control. According to the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the two entities in country of Bosnia and Herzegovina and has the power, jurisdictions and responsibilities which are not stated in inclusive jurisdictions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of federal units (cantons). According to the Constitution of the Republic of Srpska, the Republic of Srpska is unique and inseparable constitutional entity, which, on its own, performs constitutional, legal, executive and judicial functions. All state functions and jurisdiction belong to the Republic of Srpska, except those that are clearly defined to the Bosnia and Herzegovina. Organization and financing the health care is under responsibility of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Srpska and the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the level of BiH, there is no legislation regulating issues related to the production, presentation and sale of tobacco and related products in the context of public health. Republic of Srpska: With the aim of protecting non-smokers and vulnerable groups, such as under age persons, pregnant women and the elderly from passive smoking, this Law regulates the prohibition of smoking tobacco and tobacco products in public places. educational institutions, such as: nurseries, kinder gardens, primary and secondary schools, faculties and universities and other educational institutions; institutions for accommodation and housing of pupils and students, such as: dormitories, youth hostels and other institutions that accept and provide accommodation for underage persons; Health institutions (appointed by the Law on Health Care) and social institutions, such as: hospitals, surgeries, rehabilitation centres, children’s homes, homes for mentally and physically impaired, old people’s homes, including waiting rooms within these institutions and other institutions providing health and social care services; State, administrative, judiciary institutions, such as: Republic Srpska’s institutions, city and municipal bodies, courts and other institutions providing state, administrative, and legal services ; Cultural institutions, such as: theatres, cinemas, sports institutions, radio and television studios and other institutions where cultural and sporting events, competitions, recreational and entertainment related activities take place; food operations, such as: restaurants, patisseries and other places selling or serving food; means of public transport, such as: trains, buses, aircrafts, taxis, lifts, cable cars and other means of public transport. workplaces, such as: in factories, businesses, legal persons and other places where work takes place; places temporarily open to the public, such as: buildings used for public presentations, television broadcasts; other public places, such as: banks, post offices and shops. Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: In the FBiH, the Law on Restricted Use of Tobacco Products (Official Gazette of FBiH, 6/1998, 35/1998, 11/1999 and 50/2011) and the Rulebook on labelling of packaging of tobacco products (Official Gazette of FBiH, 57/2011) are in force. The Law on Restricted Use of Tobacco Products addresses the following issues: prohibition of use of tobacco products; obligations of the producer; advertising prohibition; prohibition of selling; monitoring and penal provisions. The Law on Restricted Use of Tobacco Products in force in the FBiH is not in conformity with EU regulations in this field. The above Rulebook on labelling of packaging of tobacco products (Official Gazette of FBiH, 57/2011) determines the method of indicating data on the amount of tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide, as well as the appearance of such data on each original individual package of tobacco products in circulation, and conditions and manner of labelling of tobacco products, content and appearance of general and special warnings. There are no legislative, executive, administrative or other measures or programmes adopted or implemented at national level in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This issue is regulated by the laws in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Srpska and Brcko district of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is the integral part of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Annex 4),Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska. The area of Brčko was settled through international arbitration after the Dayton Peace Agreement, and the Brcko District BiH was established in March 2000, with powers largely similar to those entities. Jurisdictions of Bosnia and Herzegovina are prescribed by Act III of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina: foreign policy, foreign-trade policy , tariff policy, monetary policy, as stated in Act VII; financing of institutions and international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina; politics and regulations concerning immigrants, refugees and asylum; conducting international and inter-entity criminal-justice regulations, including relations with Interpol; forming and functioning of mutual and international means of communication; traffic regulations among entities; air traffic control.According to the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the two entities in country of Bosnia and Herzegovina and has the power, jurisdictions and responsibilities which are not stated in inclusive jurisdictions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of federal units (cantons). According to the Constitution of the Republic of Srpska, the Republic of Srpska is unique and inseparable constitutional entity, which, on its own, performs constitutional, legal, executive and judicial functions. All state functions and jurisdiction belong to the Republic of Srpska, except those that are clearly defined to the Bosnia and Herzegovina. Organization and financing the health care is under responsibility of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Srpska and the Brcko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Botswana The national law (Control of Smoking Act 2004) prohibits smoking in public places, indoors and public transport. The national law (Control of Smoking Act 2004) prohibits smoking in public places, indoors and public transport. Report not provided WHO African Region
Brazil Federal Law prohibits smoking in public and private places, as restaurants, bars, hospitals, airports, malls, etc, even if the area or room is partially closed by a wall or awning. Commercial facilities are responsible for ensuring compliance and must educate their clients about the law. The health surveillance authorities in states and municipalities are responsible for monitoring compliance. Federal Law prohibits smoking in public and private places, as restaurants, bars, hospitals, airports, malls, etc, even if the area or room is partially closed by a wall or awning. Commercial facilities are responsible for ensuring compliance and must educate their clients about the law. The health surveillance authorities in states and municipalities are responsible for monitoring compliance. Federal Law prohibits smoking in public and private places, as restaurants, bars, hospitals, airports, malls, etc, even if the area or room is partially closed by a wall or awning. Commercial facilities are responsible for ensuring compliance and must educate their clients about the law. The health surveillance authorities in states and municipalities are responsible for monitoring compliance. WHO Region of the Americas
Brunei Darussalam Smoking is prohibited in almost all public places – 28 types of public places have been designated as smoke-free under the law. Smoking is prohibited in almost all public places – 28 types of public places have been designated as smoke-free under the law). Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Bulgaria Health Law - Article 56 (Amended, SG No. 41/2009, effective 1.06.2010, supplemented, SG No. 42/2010, effective 2.06.2010, amended, SG No. 40/2012, effective 1.06.2012) (1) Smoking in indoor public places shall be prohibited. (2) Smoking shall be also prohibited in premises with separate work places where work is done, as well as the premises ancillary and servicing thereto. (3) As an exception, smoking shall be allowed in separate independent premises, situated in airport buildings. (4) No persons below the age of 18 years shall be allowed in the separate independent premises referred to in paragraph 3. (5) The separate independent premises referred to in paragraph 3 shall be separated with air-proof walls, tightly closed doors, shall be clearly designated and a ventilation installation shall be installed in them. (6) The Council of Ministers shall specify in an ordinance the requirements to be met by the separate independent premises, referred to in paragraph 3. Article 56a (New, SG No. 42/2010, effective 2.06.2010, amended, SG No. 40/2012, effective 1.06.2012) Smoking shall be prohibited in the following open public places: 1. the sites and pavements adjacent to nursery schools, kindergartens, schools, pupils dormitories and places where social services are provided to children; 2. the playgrounds; 3. places where events for children and pupils are organized; 4. sports facilities, summer cinemas and theaters - during sports and cultural events. http://www.mh.government.bg/media/filer_public/f1/d4/f1d4f8db-c02c-4aae-8a38-f14fda445692/zakon-za-zdraveto_29-05-2012.pdf Health Law - Article 56 (Amended, SG No. 41/2009, effective 1.06.2010, supplemented, SG No. 42/2010, effective 2.06.2010, amended, SG No. 40/2012, effective 1.06.2012) (1) Smoking in indoor public places shall be prohibited. (2) Smoking shall be also prohibioted in premises with separate work places where work is done, as well as the premises ancillary and servicing thereto. (3) As an exception, smoking shall be allowed in separate independent premises, situated in airport buildings. (4) No persons below the age of 18 years shall be allowed in the separate independent premises referred to in paragraph 3. (5) The separate independent premises referred to in paragraph 3 shall be separated with air-proof walls, tightly closed doors, shall be clearly designated and a ventilation installation shall be installed in them. (6) The Council of Ministers shall specify in an ordinance the requirements to be met by the separate independent premises, referred to in paragraph 3. Article 56a (New, SG No. 42/2010, effective 2.06.2010, amended, SG No. 40/2012, effective 1.06.2012) Smoking shall be prohibited in the following open public places: 1. the sites and pavements adjacent to nursery schools, kindergartens, schools, pupilsТ dormitories and plces where social services are provided to children; 2. the playgrounds; 3. places where events for children and pupils are organized; 4. sports facilities, summer cinemas and theaters - during sports and cultural events. http://www.mh.government.bg/media/filer_public/f1/d4/f1d4f8db-c02c-4aae-8a38-f14fda445692/zakon-za-zdraveto_29-05-2012.pdf Health Law - Article 56 (Amended, SG No. 41/2009, effective 1.06.2010, supplemented, SG No. 42/2010, effective 2.06.2010, amended, SG No. 40/2012, effective 1.06.2012) (1) Smoking in indoor public places shall be prohibited. (2) Smoking shall be also prohibioted in premises with separate work places where work is done, as well as the premises ancillary and servicing thereto. (3) As an exception, smoking shall be allowed in separate independent premises, situated in airport buildings. (4) No persons below the age of 18 years shall be allowed in the separate independent premises referred to in paragraph 3. (5) The separate independent premises referred to in paragraph 3 shall be separated with air-proof walls, tightly closed doors, shall be clearly designated and a ventilation installation shall be installed in them. (6) The Council of Ministers shall specify in an ordinance the requirements to be met by the separate independent premises, referred to in paragraph 3. Article 56a (New, SG No. 42/2010, effective 2.06.2010, amended, SG No. 40/2012, effective 1.06.2012) Smoking shall be prohibited in the following open public places: 1. the sites and pavements adjacent to nursery schools, kindergartens, schools, pupilsТ dormitories and plces where social services are provided to children; 2. the playgrounds; 3. places where events for children and pupils are organized; 4. sports facilities, summer cinemas and theaters - during sports and cultural events. http://www.mh.government.bg/media/filer_public/f1/d4/f1d4f8db-c02c-4aae-8a38-f14fda445692/zakon-za-zdraveto_29-05-2012.pdf WHO European Region
Burkina Faso la loi 040-2010 Portant lutte contre le tabac, le décret 2011 portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics clos et les transports en commun. Il est prévu des amendes à cet effet pour le fumeur Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Burundi Instructions ministérielles relatives aux: a. Exigence d’informations sanitaires sur les produits du tabac ; b. Interdiction de la vente des cigarettes aux enfants et dans certains lieux publics. c. Interdiction de la publicité, la promotion et le parrainage par lindustrie de tabac. Signalons que ces instructions ont été transmises aux sociétés BTC (Burundi Tobacco Company) et BAT (British American Tobacco) par correspondance n°630/3007/Cab/2011 du MSPLS. Report not provided Instructions ministérielles relatives aux: a. Exigence d’informations sanitaires sur les produits du tabac ; b. Interdiction de la vente des cigarettes aux enfants et dans certains lieux publics. c. Interdiction de la publicité, la promotion et le parrainage par lindustrie de tabac. Signalons que ces instructions ont été transmises aux sociétés BTC (Burundi Tobacco Company) et BAT (British American Tobacco) par correspondance n°630/3007/Cab/2011 du MSPLS. WHO African Region
Cabo Verde Lei n ° 119 / IV / 95 du 13 Mars, de 1995 Our legislation already prohibits smoking in public transports and schools, but it is insufficient in other locations, eg workplaces and restaurants. The new legislation in process will prohibit smoking in all places closed and semi-closed Lei n ° 119 / IV / 95 du 13 Mars, de 1995 Lei n ° 119 / IV / 95 du 13 Mars, de 1995 WHO African Region
Cambodia Royal Government of Cambodia Sub Decree on the Measures for banning the smoke of tobacco products or blowing the smoke of tobacco products at work places and public places Answer not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Cameroon Les Administrations membres de la Commission multisectorielle antitabac ont pris des décisions, des arrêtés et des lettres circulaires portant interdiction de fumer dans les services centraux et les services déconcentrés. Ces mesures sont encore attendues des administrations en charge du tourisme, des transports Les Administrations membres de la Commission multisectorielle antitabac ont pris des décisions, des arrêtés et des lettres circulaires portant interdiction de fumer dans les services centraux et les services déconcentrés. Ces mesures sont encore attendues des administrations en charge du tourisme, des transports Answer not provided WHO African Region
Canada Other measures include municipal bylaws. Canada has comprehensive national and sub-national legislation protecting Canadians from exposure to tobacco smoke. Annex A provides a summary of select federal, provincial, and municipal measures. Canada has comprehensive national and sub-national legislation protecting Canadians from exposure to tobacco smoke. Refer to the Canadian Cancer Society report entitled "Overview Summary of Federal/Provincial/Territorial Tobacco Control Legislation in Canada" (see http://convio.cancer.ca/documents/Legislative_Overview-Tobacco_Control-F-P-T-2017-final.pdf) Canada has comprehensive national and sub-national legislation protecting Canadians from exposure to tobacco smoke. Annex A provides a summary of select federal, provincial, and municipal measures. WHO Region of the Americas
Central African Republic Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Chad la promulgation de Decret 1522 portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics, les lieux de travail intérieurs et les transports publics voire privé sil ya la présence dune femme enceinte ou dun enfant e. voir Décret 1522 l’interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics, les lieux de travail intérieurs et les transports publics voire privé sil ya la présence dune femme enceinte ou dun enfant est prévue dans la loi Tchadienne N°10/PR/2010 en son article 4. Voir la texte de la loi a http://www.who.int/entity/fctc/reporting/Annex4_TobaccoControlAct_2010.pdf. Un projet de décret portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics a été élaboré et en cours dadoption Report not provided WHO African Region
Chile Se establece una prohibición total de fumar en lugares cerrados de uso publico o comercial mediante ley 19.419 vigente desde marzo de 2013. Existen instancias voluntarias de establecer espacios Libres de Humo de Tabaco en lugares abiertos por ejemplo patios de los establecimientos como hospitales, centros deportivos y otros. Junto a lo anterior hay Municipalidades como por ejemplo, la Municipalidad de Las Condes de la Región Metropolitana, que ha implementado Ordenanzas Municipales que prohíben fumar en plazas y parques, permitiendo a los inspectores municipales infraccionar a los que fuman en dichos lugares. En parques de mas de una Hectárea deben haber lugares habilitados para los fumadores debidamente señalados. La Oficina de Prevención del Consumo de tabaco ha realizado lineamientos con financiamiento a las regiones del país para que promuevan en las instancias correspondientes la prohibición de fumar plazas y parques de su localidad.. Se establece una prohibición total de fumar en lugares cerrados de uso publico o comercial mediante ley 19.419 vigente desde marzo de 2013. Existen instancias voluntarias de establecer espacios Libres de Humo de Tabaco , tales como hospitales, centros deportivos y otros. Se establece una prohibición total de fumar en lugares cerrados de uso publico o comercial mediante ley 19.419 vigente desde marzo de 2013 evitando de esta manera espacios divididos en establecimiento de expendio de alimentos como ocurría anteriormente al igual que en lugares de trabajo. Se detalla además lugares en donde esta prohibido fumar independiente de sus carcateristicas WHO Region of the Americas
China 1.《公共场所卫生管理条例实施细则》是原卫生部根据国务院颁发的《公共场所卫生管理条例》制定的部门规章, 2011年5月1日起实施,2015、2017年修订。其中,第十八条明确规定“室内公共场所禁止吸烟”。 2.《关于2011年起全国医疗卫生系统全面禁烟的决定》是原卫生部、国家中医药管理局等四部门联合下发的规范性文件,要求各级卫生行政部门和全国医疗卫生机构按照《无烟医疗卫生机构标准(试行)》要求,积极开展无烟环境创建工作。2014年《国家卫生计生委办公厅关于进一步加强控烟履约工作的通知》要求将各级各类卫生计生机构全面纳入无烟卫生计生系统创建工作。 3.2010年《教育部办公厅 卫生部办公厅关于进一步加强学校控烟工作的意见》和2014年《教育部关于在全国各级各类学校禁烟有关事项的通知》,要求在各级各类学校中禁止吸烟。 4.2013年12月29日,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅联合下发了《关于领导干部带头在公共场所禁烟有关事项的通知》,要求把各级党政机关建成无烟机关,各级党政机关公务活动中严禁吸烟。 5.《国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划纲要》《“健康中国2030”规划纲要》及各类慢性病、健康促进等工作规划都将“推进公共场所禁烟”作为重要内容。另外,各地还通过“文明城市”“卫生城市”“健康促进区县”创建等来推进无烟环境创建。 6.2019年,《健康中国行动(2019-2030年)》提出积极推进无烟环境建设,到2022年要基本实现把各级党政机关建设成无烟机关,到2022年和2030年全面无烟法规保护的人口比例分别达到30%及以上和80%及以上。 7.目前已有20多个城市实施了无烟法规,覆盖了我国总人口的十分之一,其中北京、上海、深圳、西安、秦皇岛、张家口、武汉等十多个城市实施了全面无烟法规(包括地方性法规和规章,要求室内公共场所、室内工作场所和公共交通工具全面禁烟)。还有部分城市实施了爱国卫生条例或文明促进条例等,对室内公共场所禁烟做了明确规定。 8.有些企业自发实施控烟措施,如2019年12月嘀嗒出行正式施行《无烟顺风车管理办法》。 1.《公共场所卫生管理条例实施细则》是原卫生部根据国务院颁发的《公共场所卫生管理条例》制定的部门规章,1987年制定,2011年修订并于2011年5月1日起实施,其中,第十八条明确规定“室内公共场所禁止吸烟”。 2.《关于2011年起全国医疗卫生系统全面禁烟的决定》是原卫生部、国家中医药管理局等四部门联合下发的规范性文件,要求各级卫生行政部门和全国医疗卫生机构按照《无烟医疗卫生机构标准(试行)》要求,积极开展无烟环境创建工作。 3.2010年《教育部办公厅 卫生部办公厅关于进一步加强学校控烟工作的意见》和2014年《教育部关于在全国各级各类学校禁烟有关事项的通知》,要求在各级各类学校中禁止吸烟。 4.2013年12月29日,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅联合下发了《关于领导干部带头在公共场所禁烟有关事项的通知》,要求把各级党政机关建成无烟机关,各级党政机关公务活动中严禁吸烟。 5.《国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划纲要》《“健康中国2030”规划纲要》及各类慢性病、健康促进等工作规划都将“推进公共场所禁烟”作为重要内容。另外,各地还通过“文明城市”“卫生城市”“健康促进区县”创建等来推进无烟环境创建。 6.有公共场所无烟立法(包括地方性法规和规章)的城市已达18个(银川、上海、哈尔滨、天津、杭州、广州、鞍山、克拉玛依、青岛、绍兴、兰州、深圳、长春、唐山、南宁、西宁、北京、福州),覆盖了我国总人口的十分之一,其中北京、上海、深圳等城市已实施室内公共场所全面禁烟。 2011年3月,卫生部颁布《公共场所卫生管理条例实施细则》,并于2011年5月1日起施行。其中,第十八条明确规定“室内公共场所禁止吸烟”。 城市控烟禁令的类型与性质等见下表: 城市 条例名称 制定 禁烟范围 生效时间 效力 城区 全面禁烟场所 豁免/限制吸烟 上海 上海市公共场所控制吸烟条例 2010.3.1 地方性法规 各区县 列举公共场所、部分工作场所公共区域 娱乐场所、餐饮场所、星级宾馆,国家机关单间办公场所 杭州 杭州市公共场所控制吸烟条例 2010.3.1 地方性法规 各区县 列举室内公共场所 工作场所、餐饮、公共交通工具及娱乐场所,大学 广州 广州市控烟条例 2010.9.1 地方性法规 各区县 列举室内公共场所 餐饮、娱乐场所 哈尔滨 哈尔滨市防止二手烟草烟雾危害条例 2012.5.31 地方性法规 中心城区 列举工作场所、公共场所 餐饮、娱乐场所设定了缓冲期 餐饮已全面禁烟 天津 天津市控制吸烟条例 2012.5.31 地方性法规 各区县 室内工作场所及公共场所 餐饮、酒吧等娱乐场所 鞍山 鞍山市公共场所控制吸烟规定 2013.1.1 政府规章 城区 列举工作场所、公共场所 没有 青岛 青岛市控制吸烟条例 2013.9.1 地方性法规 各区县 列举工作场所、公共场所 包括室外公共交通工具的站台 没有 兰州 兰州市公共场所控制吸烟条例 2014.1.1 地方性法规 各区县 列举工作场所、公共场所 餐饮、娱乐、娱乐场所设定了缓冲期 2015年底全面禁烟 深圳 深圳经济特区控制吸烟条例 2014.3.1 地方性法规 各区县 室内公共场所、工作场所和公共交通工具 酒吧等娱乐场所2016年底以前全面禁烟 长春 长春市防止烟草烟雾危害办法 2014.3.1 政府规章 各区县 列举工作场所、公共场所 没有 唐山 唐山市防止二手烟草烟雾危害管理办法 2014.5.1 政府规章 各区县 列举工作场所、公共场所 没有 西宁 西宁市控制吸烟条例 2015.5.1 地方性法规 各区县 列举工作场所、公共场所 餐饮娱乐场所设置了缓冲期 北京 北京市控制吸烟条例 2015.6.1 地方性法规 各区县 室内公共场所、工作场所、公共交通工具和部分室外区域 没有 数据来源:杨杰主编.中国城市控烟执法工作调研报告. 北京:中国民主法制出版社,2015.6:4~5. WHO Western Pacific Region
Colombia La protección de los espacios libres de humo de tabaco y sus derivados se encuentra establecida en la Ley 1335 de 2009. Esta Ley es de carácter nacional, obedeciendo a la organización centralizada del Estado colombiano, por lo tanto es de obligatorio cumplimiento en todo el territorio nacional. Esta Ley, además, establece disposiciones para la prevención de los daños a la salud de los menores de edad, la población no fumadora y se estipulan políticas públicas para la prevención del consumo del tabaco y el abandono de la dependencia del tabaco del fumador y sus derivados en la población colombiana. El Capítulo V (Artículos 18 a 21) de la Ley 1335 de 2009 consagra los derechos de los ciudadanos de Colombia a contar con ambientes libres de humo de tabaco. El Artículo 18 de la citada ley establece los derechos de los no fumadores, a saber: – Respirar aire que esté libre de humo de tabaco. – Protestar cuando los productos del tabaco están encendidos en lugares donde está prohibido su uso por la ley y la exigencia de que el propietario, representante legal, gerente, administrador o responsable con cualquier título relativo a la empresa o establecimiento, advierta a aquellos que usan productos de tabaco a dejar de usarlos. – Comparecer ante la autoridad competente en defensa de sus derechos como no fumadores y exigir su protección. – Demandar la publicidad masiva sobre los efectos nocivos y mortales causadas por el tabaco y la exposición al humo de tabaco. – Informar de incumplimiento de las disposiciones de la ley a la autoridad competente. El Artículo 19 de la ley enumera los lugares públicos donde el consumo de productos de tabaco no se permite. Estos incluyen: – Lugares de trabajo cerrados y/o lugares públicos, tales como: bares, restaurantes, centros comerciales, tiendas, ferias, festivales, parques, estadios, cafeterías, salones de baile, cibercafés, hoteles, ferias [sic], pubs, casinos, zonas comunes y las salas de espera donde se llevan a cabo eventos masivos, entre otros. – Todos los establecimientos de salud. – Instituciones de educación formal e informal en todos los niveles. – Establecimientos que donde se atiendan menores de edad. – Espacios deportivos y culturales, como museos y bibliotecas. – Medios de transporte públicos (incluida la oficial, la escolar, la mixta y el servicio privado). – Entidades públicas y privadas dirigidas a cualquier tipo de actividad industrial, comercial o de servicios, incluidas sus áreas de servicio al cliente y salas de espera. – Áreas donde el consumo de productos de tabaco puede constituir un riesgo alto de combustión, debido a la presencia de materiales inflamables, tales como estaciones de gasolina, sitios de almacenamiento para combustibles o materiales explosivos y similares. Es importante señalar que el precitado Artículo 19, al no establecer condición alguna para extender la protección de los ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco a un área determinada de los lugares allí enunciados, permite concluir que la protección es completa; así, tanto en las áreas cerradas como en las áreas abiertas de estos lugares no está permitido el consumo de este tipo de productos. Dicha interpretación del texto legal, resulta de la utilización del principio de proporcionalidad de esta medida de salud pública. Esto implica que la posibilidad de permitir que en dichas áreas abiertas se pudiese consumir esta clase de productos y de esta forma, exponer a los no fumadores y en general a toda la población al humo de segunda mano, queda descartada ante el potencial daño que esto acarrearía en la salud de las personas y ante el deber del gobierno nacional frente a garantizar medidas efectivas para la protección del derecho a la salud. Por su parte, el artículo 21 de la ley establece las definiciones de “área cerrada”, “humo de segunda mano del tabaco o humo de tabaco ambiental”, “fumar”, “lugar de trabajo”, “lugares públicos”, “transporte público”. Estas definiciones corresponden a las previstas en el CMCT de la OMS y las Directrices para la aplicación del Artículo 8. Vale mencionar, que en la Ley 769 de 2002, por medio de la cual se expide el Código Nacional de Tránsito Terrestre se prohíbe fumar en los vehículos automotores: “Artículo 132. Fumador. El pasajero que sea sorprendido fumando en un vehículo de servicio público, será obligado a abandonar el automotor y deberá asistir a un curso de seguridad vial. Si se tratare del conductor, éste también deberá asistir a un curso de seguridad vial. Parágrafo. El conductor de servicio público de transporte de pasajeros que sea sorprendido fumando mientras conduce se hará acreedor a una sanción de diez (10) salarios mínimos legales diarios vigentes”. Texto subrayado declarado INEXEQUIBLE por la Corte Constitucional mediante Sentencia C-1090 de 2003; el resto del texto del artículo se declaró EXEQUIBLE únicamente por el cargo analizado en la sentencia. Ver: http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=5557 La protección de los espacios libres de humo de tabaco y sus derivados se encuentra establecida en la Ley 1335 de 2009. Esta Ley es de carácter nacional, obedeciendo a la organización centralizada del Estado colombiano, por lo tanto es de obligatorio cumplimiento en todo el territorio nacional. Esta Ley, además, establece disposiciones para la prevención de los daños a la salud de los menores de edad, la población no fumadora y se estipulan políticas públicas para la prevención del consumo del tabaco y el abandono de la dependencia del tabaco del fumador y sus derivados en la población colombiana. El Capítulo V (Artículos 18 a 21) de la Ley 1335 de 2009 consagra los derechos de los ciudadanos de Colombia a contar con ambientes libres de humo de tabaco. El Artículo 18 de la citada ley establece los derechos de los no fumadores, a saber: – Respirar aire que esté libre de humo de tabaco. – Protestar cuando los productos del tabaco están encendidos en lugares donde está prohibido su uso por la ley y la exigencia de que el propietario, representante legal, gerente, administrador o responsable con cualquier título relativo a la empresa o establecimiento, advierta a aquellos que usan productos de tabaco a dejar de usarlos. – Comparecer ante la autoridad competente en defensa de sus derechos como no fumadores y exigir su protección. – Demandar la publicidad masiva sobre los efectos nocivos y mortales causadas por el tabaco y la exposición al humo de tabaco. – Informar de incumplimiento de las disposiciones de la ley a la autoridad competente. El Artículo 19 de la ley enumera los lugares públicos donde el consumo de productos de tabaco no se permite. Estos incluyen: – Lugares de trabajo cerrados y/o lugares públicos, tales como: bares, restaurantes, centros comerciales, tiendas, ferias, festivales, parques, estadios, cafeterías, salones de baile, cibercafés, hoteles, ferias [sic], pubs, casinos, zonas comunes y las salas de espera donde se llevan a cabo eventos masivos, entre otros. – Todos los establecimientos de salud. – Instituciones de educación formal e informal en todos los niveles. – Establecimientos que donde se atiendan menores de edad. – Espacios deportivos y culturales, como museos y bibliotecas. – Medios de transporte públicos (incluida la oficial, la escolar, la mixta y el servicio privado). – Entidades públicas y privadas dirigidas a cualquier tipo de actividad industrial, comercial o de servicios, incluidas sus áreas de servicio al cliente y salas de espera. – Áreas donde el consumo de productos de tabaco puede constituir un riesgo alto de combustión, debido a la presencia de materiales inflamables, tales como estaciones de gasolina, sitios de almacenamiento para combustibles o materiales explosivos y similares. Es importante señalar que el precitado Artículo 19, al no establecer condición alguna para extender la protección de los ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco a un área determinada de los lugares allí enunciados, permite concluir que la protección es completa; así, tanto en las áreas cerradas como en las áreas abiertas de estos lugares no está permitido el consumo de este tipo de productos. Dicha interpretación del texto legal, resulta de la utilización del principio de proporcionalidad de esta medida de salud pública. Esto implica que la posibilidad de permitir que en dichas áreas abiertas se pudiese consumir esta clase de productos y de esta forma, exponer a los no fumadores y en general a toda la población al humo de segunda mano, queda descartada ante el potencial daño que esto acarrearía en la salud de las personas y ante el deber del gobierno nacional frente a garantizar medidas efectivas para la protección del derecho a la salud. Por su parte, el artículo 21 de la ley establece las definiciones de “área cerrada”, “humo de segunda mano del tabaco o humo de tabaco ambiental”, “fumar”, “lugar de trabajo”, “lugares públicos”, “transporte público”. Estas definiciones corresponden a las previstas en el CMCT de la OMS y las Directrices para la aplicación del Artículo 8. Vale mencionar, que en la Ley 769 de 2002, por medio de la cual se expide el Código Nacional de Tránsito Terrestre se prohíbe fumar en los vehículos automotores: “Artículo 132. Fumador. El pasajero que sea sorprendido fumando en un vehículo de servicio público, será obligado a abandonar el automotor y deberá asistir a un curso de seguridad vial. Si se tratare del conductor, éste también deberá asistir a un curso de seguridad vial. Parágrafo. El conductor de servicio público de transporte de pasajeros que sea sorprendido fumando mientras conduce se hará acreedor a una sanción de diez (10) salarios mínimos legales diarios vigentes”. Texto subrayado declarado INEXEQUIBLE por la Corte Constitucional mediante Sentencia C-1090 de 2003; el resto del texto del artículo se declaró EXEQUIBLE únicamente por el cargo analizado en la sentencia. Ver: http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=5557 La protección de los espacios libres de humo se encuentra establecida en la Ley 1335 de 2009. Esta Ley es de carácter nacional, obedeciendo a la organización centralizada del Estado colombiano, por lo tanto es de obligatorio cumplimiento en todo el territorio nacional. Esta Ley, además, establece disposiciones para la prevención de los daños a la salud de los menores de edad, la población no fumadora y se estipulan políticas públicas para la prevención del consumo del tabaco y el abandono de la dependencia del tabaco del fumador y sus derivados en la población colombiana. El Capítulo V (Artículos 18 a 21) de la Ley 1335 de 2009 protege los derechos de los ciudadanos de Colombia a ambientes libres de humo. El Artículo 18 de la citada Ley resume los derechos de los no fumadores a: – Respirar aire que esté libre de humo de tabaco. – Protestar cuando los productos del tabaco están encendidos en lugares donde está prohibido su uso por la ley y la exigencia de que el propietario, representante legal, gerente, administrador o responsable con cualquier título relativo a la empresa o establecimiento, advierta a aquellos que usan productos de tabaco a dejar de usarlos. – Comparecer ante la autoridad competente en defensa de sus derechos como no fumadores y exigir su protección. – Demandar la publicidad masiva sobre los efectos nocivos y mortales causadas por el tabaco y la exposición al humo de tabaco. – Informar de incumplimiento de las disposiciones de la ley a la autoridad competente. El Artículo 19 de la Ley enumera los lugares públicos donde el consumo de productos de tabaco no se permite. Estos incluyen: – Lugares de trabajo cerrados y/o lugares públicos, tales como: bares, restaurantes, centros comerciales, tiendas, ferias, festivales, parques, estadios, cafeterías, salones de baile, cibercafés, hoteles, ferias [sic], pubs, casinos, zonas comunes y las salas de espera donde se llevan a cabo eventos masivos, entre otros. – Todos los establecimientos de salud. – Instituciones de educación formal e informal en todos los niveles. – Establecimientos que donde se atiendan menores de edad. – Espacios deportivos y culturales, como museos y bibliotecas. – Medios de transporte públicos (incluida la oficial, la escolar, la mixta y el servicio privado). – Entidades públicas y privadas dirigidas a cualquier tipo de actividad industrial, comercial o de servicios, incluidas sus áreas de servicio al cliente y salas de espera. – Áreas donde el consumo de productos de tabaco puede constituir un riesgo alto de combustión, debido a la presencia de materiales inflamables, tales como estaciones de gasolina, sitios de almacenamiento para combustibles o materiales explosivos y similares. Por su parte, el artículo 21 de la Ley establece las definiciones de “área cerrada”, “humo de segunda mano del tabaco o humo de tabaco ambiental”, “fumar”, “lugar de trabajo”, “lugares públicos”, “transporte público”. Estas definiciones corresponden a las previstas en el CMCT de la OMS y las Directrices para la aplicación del Artículo 8. Vale mencionar, que en la Ley 769 de 2002, por medio de la cual se expide el Código Nacional de Tránsito Terrestre se prohíbe fumar en los vehículos automotores: “Artículo 132. Fumador. El pasajero que sea sorprendido fumando en un vehículo de servicio público, será obligado a abandonar el automotor y deberá asistir a un curso de seguridad vial. Si se tratare del conductor, éste también deberá asistir a un curso de seguridad vial. Parágrafo. El conductor de servicio público de transporte de pasajeros que sea sorprendido fumando mientras conduce se hará acreedor a una sanción de diez (10) salarios mínimos legales diarios vigentes”. Texto subrayado declarado INEXEQUIBLE por la Corte Constitucional mediante Sentencia C-1090 de 2003; el resto del texto del artículo se declaró EXEQUIBLE únicamente por el cargo analizado en la sentencia. Ver: http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=5557 WHO Region of the Americas
Comoros Answer not provided Answer not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Congo Nous avons la loi relative à la lutte antitabac de 2012, nous avons les autocollants qui sont placés dans les administrations,dans certains transports en commun et parfois dans les lieux publics à usage collectif. Report not provided Nous avons la loi relative à la lutte antitabac de 2012, nous avons les autocollants qui sont placés dans les administrations,dans certains transports en commun et parfois dans les lieux publics à usage collectif. WHO African Region
Cook Islands Smoking is prohibited in all enclosed public places and workplaces. Smoking is prohibited in all enclosed public places and workplaces. Smoking is prohibited in all enclosed public places and workplaces. WHO Western Pacific Region
Costa Rica La intención de la legislación es prohibir el consumo de tabaco en lugares donde acude público con el objetivo de garantizar el derecho a la salud que tienen terceros que acuden a estos espacios físicos. Esta medica es de orden público y de interés general, por ende debe aplicarse a toda persona física o jurídica que se encuentre en el territorio nacional y su incumplimiento es sujeto aplicación de multas y clausura de establecimientos si la multa no es cancelada. La intención de la legislación es prohibir el consumo de tabaco en lugares donde acude público cuya salud merece ser protegida, la medida trata de adoptar disposiciones eficaces o efectivas de protección contra la exposición al humo de tabaco lo que el legislador hizo de acuerdo a sus potestades fue determinar esos sitios, con el objeto de proteger el derecho a la salud de los no fumadores. Esta medica es de orden público y de interés general, por ende debe aplicarse a toda persona física o jurídica que se encuentre en el territorio nacional y su incumplimiento es sujeto aplicación de multas y clausura de establecimientos si la multa no es cancelada. Ley General de control del tabaco y sus efectos nocivos en la salud, Capitulo ll Protección contra el humo de Tabaco. Artículo 5: Sitios prohibidos para fumar. Reglamento Ley General de control del tabaco y sus efectos nocivos en la salud. Capitulo ll De la Protección contra el humo de Tabaco. Artículo 5: De los Sitios prohibidos para fumar. La intención de la legislación es prohibir el consumo de tabaco en lugares donde acude público cuya salud merece ser protegida, la medida trata de adoptar disposiciones eficaces o efectivas de protección contra la exposición al humo de tabaco lo que el legislador hizo de acuerdo a sus potestades fue determinar esos sitios, con el objeto de proteger el derecho a la salud de los no fumadores. Esta medica es de orden público y de interés general, por ende debe aplicarse a toda persona física o jurídica que se encuentre en el territorio nacional y su incumplimiento es sujeto aplicación de multas y clausura de establecimientos si la multa no es cancelada. Ley General de control del tabaco y sus efectos nocivos en la salud, Capitulo ll Protección contra el humo de Tabaco. Artículo 5: Sitios prohibidos para fumar. Reglamento Ley General de control del tabaco y sus efectos nocivos en la salud. Capitulo ll De la Protección contra el humo de Tabaco. Artículo 5: De los Sitios prohibidos para fumar. WHO Region of the Americas
Côte d'Ivoire La Loi N° 2019-676 du 23 juillet 2019 relative à la lutte antitabac, en son article 19, vient renforcer le décret n°2012-980 du 10 octobre 2012 portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics et les transports en commun. L\interdiction est prévue par un décret pris en conseil des Ministres l\interdiction est d\ordre général contraignante Linterdiction est prévue par un décret pris en conseil des Ministres linterdiction est dordre général contraignante WHO African Region
Croatia The protection of non-smokers in the workplace is regulated by the provisions of the Law on Safety at Work (Official Gazette No. 71/14, 118/14, 154/14). Pursuant to the provisions of Article 57 of the said Act, the employer shall implement the protection of non-smokers from tobacco smoke. Also smoking is prohibited at the working meetings and workplaces. Exceptionally, the employer may, in writing permit smoking in a separate room, or space, where a sign that smoking is allowed should be placed. Pursuant to the provisions of Article 90 of the Law on Safety at Work, inspection of the implementation of this Act and related regulations is the obligation of the central government body responsible for labor inspection. In accordance with the provisions of Article 3 of the Law on Labour Inspectorate (Official Gazette No. 19/14), inspection activities in the field of labor and safety at work are performed by the Ministry of Labour and Pension System, Labour Inspectorate. The ACT ON RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF TOBACCO AND RELATED PRODUCTS (Official Gazette No. 45/17), in order to protect the health of citizens, establish measures to reduce and limit the use of tobacco products, harmful ingredients of cigarettes and mandatory labels on tobacco product packaging, preventive measures against smoking and supervision of the implementation of the Act. Provisions of that Act banned smoking of tobacco products in public appearances and showing people smoking on television and smoking is prohibited in all enclosed public spaces. Pursuant to the provisions of Article 38. Inspectional supervision of the implementation of this Act shall be carried out by sanitary inspectors, health inspectors, education inspectors, labour inspectors, market inspectors, electricity and heating inspectors and authorised customs officers, within the respective powers vested in them by the law. The protection of non-smokers in the workplace is regulated by the provisions of the Law on Safety at Work (Official Gazette No. 71/14, 118/14, 154/14). Pursuant to the provisions of Article 57 of the said Act, the employer shall implement the protection of non-smokers from tobacco smoke. Also smoking is prohibited at the working meetings and workplaces. Exceptionally, the employer may, in writing permit smoking in a separate room, or space, where a sign that smoking is allowed should be placed. Pursuant to the provisions of Article 90 of the Law on Safety at Work, inspection of the implementation of this Act and related regulations is the obligation of the central government body responsible for labor inspection. In accordance with the provisions of Article 3 of the Law on Labour Inspectorate (Official Gazette No. 19/14), inspection activities in the field of labor and safety at work are performed by the Ministry of Labour and Pension System, Labour Inspectorate. The ACT ON RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF TOBACCO AND RELATED PRODUCTS (Official Gazette No. 45/17), in order to protect the health of citizens, establish measures to reduce and limit the use of tobacco products, harmful ingredients of cigarettes and mandatory labels on tobacco product packaging, preventive measures against smoking and supervision of the implementation of the Act. Provisions of that Act banned smoking of tobacco products in public appearances and showing people smoking on television and smoking is prohibited in all enclosed public spaces. Pursuant to the provisions of Article 38. Inspectional supervision of the implementation of this Act shall be carried out by sanitary inspectors, health inspectors, education inspectors, labour inspectors, market inspectors, electricity and heating inspectors and authorised customs officers, within the respective powers vested in them by the law. The protection of non-smokers in the workplace is regulated by the provisions of the Law on Safety at Work (Official Gazette No. 71/14, 118/14, 154/14). Pursuant to the provisions of Article 57 of the said Act, the employer shall implement the protection of non-smokers from tobacco smoke. Also smoking is prohibited at the working meetings and workplaces. Exceptionally, the employer may, in writing permit smoking in a separate room, or space, where a sign that smoking is allowed should be placed. Pursuant to the provisions of Article 90 of the Law on Safety at Work, inspection of the implementation of this Act and related regulations is the obligation of the central government body responsible for labor inspection. In accordance with the provisions of Article 3 of the Law on Labour Inspectorate (Official Gazette No. 19/14), inspection activities in the field of labor and safety at work are performed by the Ministry of Labour and Pension System, Labour Inspectorate. The Act on the Restriction of the Use of Tobacco Products (Official Gazette No. 125/08, 55/ 09, 119/09, 94/13), in order to protect the health of citizens, establish measures to reduce and limit the use of tobacco products, harmful ingredients of cigarettes and mandatory labels on tobacco product packaging, preventive measures against smoking and supervision of the implementation of the Act. Provisions of that Act banned smoking of tobacco products in public appearances and showing people smoking on television and smoking is prohibited in all enclosed public spaces. Pursuant to the provisions of Article 25tThe inspection supervision over the implementation of this Act shall be carried out by sanitary inspectors, health inspectors, educational inspectors, labour inspectors and economic inspectors within their competences provided by the law. WHO European Region
Cyprus The 2017 Tobacco control legislation provides for the total ban of smoking in hospitals and outdoor entrances of hospitals, private cars where a person under the age of 18 is a passenger, all workplaces, all outdoor and indoor playgrounds and outdoor and indoor at all schools. With regards to public enclosed spaces such as restaurants smoking is not allowed apart from out open outer spaces where open outer space is defines as: "Open outer space" means any space which is not internal or closed and possesses sufficient natural oxygenation. for the purposes of this definition, adequate natural oxygenation exists in any space which is not roofed, permanent or temporary, and in each space which is covered by a roof has a permanently open at least one side corresponding to at least twenty per cent (20 %) of the total perimeter walls or sides of the particular open area. in an open outside area adjoining an indoor or a closed area to which smoking is prohibited under this Law, smoking is allowed provided that there is a permanent separation for the two spaces which may only be connected to one another by a door closing automatically or by double entrance door: The permanent separation is not needed when the open outer space which is in contact with the interior or the enclosed space has a permanently open at least one side and, if so required, additionally an additional permanent opening such that, cumulatively, a total permanent opening is obtained which corresponds to more than thirty percent (30%) of its total perimeter walls or sides or is fully open Exceptions to the above are specially designed and ventilated rooms in airports and specially designed and ventilated cigar rooms in hotels. And specified hotel rooms. The 2017 Tobacco control legislation provides for the total ban of smoking in hospitals and outdoor entrances of hospitals, private cars where a person under the age of 18 is a passenger, all workplaces, all outdoor and indoor playgrounds and outdoor and indoor at all schools. With regards to public enclosed spaces such as restaurants smoking is not allowed apart from out open outer spaces where open outer space is defines as: "Open outer space" means any space which is not internal or closed and possesses sufficient natural oxygenation. for the purposes of this definition, adequate natural oxygenation exists in any space which is not roofed, permanent or temporary, and in each space which is covered by a roof has a permanently open at least one side corresponding to at least twenty per cent (20 %) of the total perimeter walls or sides of the particular open area. in an open outside area adjoining an indoor or a closed area to which smoking is prohibited under this Law, smoking is allowed provided that there is a permanent separation for the two spaces which may only be connected to one another by a door closing automatically or by double entrance door: The permanent separation is not needed when the open outer space which is in contact with the interior or the enclosed space has a permanently open at least one side and, if so required, additionally an additional permanent opening such that, cumulatively, a total permanent opening is obtained which corresponds to more than thirty percent (30%) of its total perimeter walls or sides or is fully open Exceptions to the above are specially designed and ventilated rooms in airports and specially designed and ventilated cigar rooms in hotels. And specified hotel rooms. Legislation provides for the total ban of smoking in public places, public transportation and even in private cars where a person under the age of sixteen is a passenger. As far as the administrative orders are concerned, the Ministry of education has banned the smoking by teachers even in open spaces inside schools. The new proposal of the legislation which is currently pending voting also includes the total ban even in open areas at universities, schools, and children’s playgrounds. WHO European Region
Czech Republic Mainly 2 acts apply to the smoking ban: 1/ act No. 65/2017 Coll. on the protection of health against harmful effects of addictive substances, as subsequently amended 2/act No. 262/2006 Coll. Labour Code, as subsequently amended Ad act No. 65/2017 Coll.: Section 8 - Smoking ban; The areas where smoking ban is imposed are stipulated in this section: e.g.: means of public transport, schools and educational facilities; indoor entertainment areas such as cinemas, theatres, indoor areas of all types of sporting grounds, premises of playgrounds etc. Smoking is prohibited also in indoor areas of hospitality establishments (e.g. restaurants, pubs, bars etc.), with the exception of the use of water pipes. The use of electronic cigarettes is allowed in this type of places, as well. A municipality with independent authority may by means of decree of general application prohibit smoking and the use of electronic cigarettes in public spaces located near schools, educational establishments or other spaces designated for activities of persons under 18 years of age. Ad Labour Code: Section 103 paragraph 1 letter l) The employer shall ensure compliance with the ban on smoking at workplaces laid down in other statutory provisions referred to in act no. 379/2005 Coll. /mentioned above/ Section 106 paragraph 4 letter e) - The employee shall […] not smoke at workplaces and other premises where non-smokers would be exposed to the effects of smoking. For prisons Decree No. 345/1999 Coll., of the Ministry of Justice applies, by which Order of execution of imprisonment (regulates that non-smokers on their request shall not be in the cell with smokers) and Internal Order of the Prison are issued Mainly 2 acts apply to the smoking ban: 1/ Act No. 65/2017 Coll. on the protection of health against harmful effects of addictive substances 2/Act No. 262/2006 Coll. Labour Code, as subsequently amended Ad Act No. 65/2017 Coll.: Section 8 - Smoking ban; The areas where smoking ban is imposed are stipulated in this section: e.g.: means of public transport, schools and educational facilities; indoor entertainment areas, such as cinemas, theatres, indoor areas of all types of sport facilities, premises of playgrounds etc. Smoking is prohibited also in indoor areas of hospitality establishments (e.g. restaurants, pubs, bars etc.), with the exception of the use of water pipes. The use of electronic cigarettes is allowed in this type of areas, as well.(however,in other types of aforementioned areas is use of electronic cigarettes banned). A municipality with independent authority may by means of decree of general application prohibit smoking and the use of electronic cigarettes in public spaces located near schools, educational establishments or other spaces designated for activities of persons under 18 years of age. Ad Labour Code: Section 103 paragraph 1 letter l) The employer shall ensure compliance with the ban on smoking at workplaces laid down in other statutory provisions referred to in Act no. 379/2005 Coll /mentioned above/ Section 106 paragraph 4 letter e) - The employee shall […] not smoke at workplaces and other premises where non-smokers would be exposed to the effects of smoking. For prisons applies the Decree Nr. 345/1999 Coll. of the Ministry of Justice, by which Order of execution of imprisonment (regulates that non-smokers on their request shall not be in the cell with smokers) and Internal Order of the Prison are issued Mainly 2 acts apply to the smoking ban: 1/ act No. 379/2005 Coll. on the protection against harmful effects of tobacco, alcohol, and other addictive substances, and related laws, as subsequently amended 2/act No. 262/2006 Coll. Labour Code, as subsequently amended Ad act No. 379/2005 Coll.: Section 8 - Smoking ban; The places where smoking ban is imposed are stipulated in this section: e.g.: interior premises of all types of schools and school facilities; enclosed entertainment premises such as cinemas, theatres, exhibition and concert halls, as well as sports halls and premises where work meetings are organised, with the exception of special structurally separated areas reserved for smoking, with sufficient ventilation secured according to the requirements stipulated by special regulation; premises of healthcare facilities of all types, with the exception of closed psychiatric wards or other facilities for the treatment of addictions, in which smoking is permitted only in structurally separated areas reserved for smoking and permanently ventilated to areas outside the building when occupied by persons etc. A municipality with independent authority may temporarily or permanently prohibit smoking on publicly accessible children’s playgrounds, publicly accessible sports venues etc. Ad Labour Code: Section 103 paragraph 1 letter l) The employer shall ensure compliance with the ban on smoking at workplaces laid down in other statutory provisions referred to in act no. 379/2005 Coll /mentioned above/ Section 106 paragraph 4 letter e) - The employee shall […] not smoke at workplaces and other premises where non-smokers would be exposed to the effects of smoking. For prisons Decree Nr. 345/1999 Coll., of the Ministry of Justice applies, by which Order of execution of imprisonment (regulates that non-smokers on their request shall not be in the cell with smokers) and Internal Order of the Prison are issued WHO European Region
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Tobacco Control Law DPR Korea explicitly designates smoke-free places including indoor workplaces, health facilities, education facilities, indoor public places including restaurants and service sector, and public transport. No-smoking signs are placed in all smoke-free areas and smoking is well regulated and monitored. Regulation for enforcement of the tobacco law developed by the Cabinet and implemented in the country for strengthening the compliance. Tobacco Control Law DPR Korea explicitly designates smoke-free places including indoor workplaces, health facilities, education facilities, public transport. No-smoking signs are placed in all smoke-free areas and smoking is well regulated and monitored. Regulation for enforcement of the tobacco law developed by the Cabinet and implemented in the country for strengthening the compliance. Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Democratic Republic of the Congo - Loi-cadrede la santé publique n° 18/035, en son article 112 a prévue des espaces non fumeurs; - Arreté ministériel n° 010/2007 du 19/07/23; - Circulaires Administrative du SG à la Santé et directives du Directeur du PNLCT. - Arreté ministériel n° 010/2007 du 19/07/23 - Circulaires Administrative du SG à la Santé et directives du Directeur du PNLCT. Dans lArreté 010, Circul, Direct. WHO African Region
Denmark The Smoke-free Environments Act applies to all public and private workplaces, institutions and schools for children and adolescents, other educational institutions, indoor rooms to which the public has access, means of public transport and taxis and hospitality establishments. As a general rule, smoking is not permitted indoors at these premises. At child-care centres, kindergartens and schools that mainly have enrolled children and adolescents younger than 18 years, smoking is banned both indoor and outdoor. The Act also includes some exceptions. The national law establishes minimum requirements and owner of private or public enterprises etc. may decide on further restrictions. Link to the Smoke-free Environments Act: https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=210241 The Smoke Free Environmental Act applies to all public and private workplaces, institutions for children and adolescents, indoor facilities to which the public has access, including means of public transport (the public space) and hospitality establishments. As a general rule, smoking is not permitted indoors at these premises. The Act also includes some exceptions. In general, it is permitted to establish smoking booths and special rooms for smoking at the above mentioned places. Moreover, in drop-in centres for the socially exposed, it may be decided that smoking is permitted and at nursing homes, residential rooms for adults and the like, each resident may decide whether smoking is permitted in the room or dwelling that servers as the resident’s private home. In child-care centres, kindergartens, primary and lower secondary schools, high schools that mainly have enrolled children and adolescents younger than 18 years, smoking are not allowed anyone, that is, children, students, teachers, and parents etc., to smoke indoor or outdoor. The national law is a minimum requirement and the owner of private or public enterprises can set more firm rules. The Smoke Free Environmental Act applies to all public and private workplaces, institutions for children and adolescents, indoor facilities to which the public has access, including means of public transport (the public space) and hospitality establishments. As a general rule, smoking is not permitted indoors at these premises. The Act also includes some exceptions. In general, it is permitted to establish smoking booths and special rooms for smoking at the above mentioned places. Moreover, in drop-in centres for the socially exposed, it may be decided that smoking is permitted and at nursing homes, residential rooms for adults and the like, each resident may decide whether smoking is permitted in the room or dwelling that servers as the resident’s private home. In child-care centres, kindergartens, primary and lower secondary schools, high schools that mainly have enrolled children and adolescents younger than 18 years, smoking are not allowed anyone, that is, children, students, teachers, and parents etc., to smoke indoor or outdoor. The national law is a minimum requirement and the owner of private or public enterprises can set more firm rules. WHO European Region
Djibouti La loi et le decret fixent linterdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics et les interieurs de travail, sauf les bars et restaurants. Avant fin 2016, ces espaces seront soumis à linterdiction. Un arrêté fixe le modele de la consigne dinterdiction et les messages de prevention qui doivent être affichés. La loi et le decret fixent linterdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics et les interieurs de travail, sauf les bars et restaurants. Avant fin 2016, ces espaces seront soumis à linterdiction. Un arrêté fixe le modele de la consigne dinterdiction et les messages de prevention qui doivent être affichés. La loi et le decret fixent linterdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics et les interieurs de travail, sauf les bars et restaurants. Avant fin 2016, ces espaces seront soumis à linterdiction. Un arrêté fixe le modele de la consigne dinterdiction et les messages de prevention qui doivent être affichés. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Dominica Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Ecuador Ley Orgánica para la Regulación y Control del Tabaco, expedida el 22 de julio de 2011, en el Registro Oficial Nº 497. Las disposiciones de la Ley son de orden público, de aplicación y observancia obligatorias en todo el territorio nacional. El Art. 21 trata de los espacios libres de humo. “Art.21.- Espacios libres de humo.- Declárese espacios cien por ciento (100%) libres de humo de tabaco y prohíbese fumar o mantener encendidos productos de tabaco en: a. Todos los espacios cerrados de las instituciones públicas; b. Todos los espacios cerrados que sean lugares de trabajo y de atención y acceso al público; c. Todos los espacios cerrados o abiertos, públicos o privados, que correspondan a dependencias de salud y educación a todo nivel; con excepción de los espacios abiertos de los establecimientos de educación superior debidamente señalizados; d. Los medios de transporte público en general; y, e. Los ambientes públicos y privados cerrados, destinados a actividades deportivas. Para la aplicación de este artículo se entiende por espacio cerrados, todo espacio cubierto por un techo sin importar la altura a la que se encuentre, cerrado en su perímetro por un 30% o más de paredes o muros, independientemente del material utilizado. Sin perjuicio de los prescrito en el presente artículo, cualquier institución pública o privada podrá declararse cien por ciento (100%) libre de humo de tabaco si así lo considera.” Asimismo, la Ley establece en la Disposición Transitoria Tercera: “Los gobiernos seccionales autónomos descentralizados cantonales, expedirán, dentro de los trescientos sesenta (360) días subsiguientes a la promulgación de la presenta Ley, las ordenanzas correspondientes para la adecuación de la presente Ley”. Ley Orgánica para la Regulación y Control del Tabaco, expedida el 22 de julio de 2011, en el Registro Oficial Nº 497. Las disposiciones de la Ley son de orden público, de aplicación y observancia obligatorias en todo el territorio nacional. El Art. 21 trata de los espacios libres de humo. “Art.21.- Espacios libres de humo.- Declárese espacios cien por ciento (100%) libres de humo de tabaco y prohíbese fumar o mantener encendidos productos de tabaco en: a. Todos los espacios cerrados de las instituciones públicas; b. Todos los espacios cerrados que sean lugares de trabajo y de atención y acceso al público; c. Todos los espacios cerrados o abiertos, públicos o privados, que correspondan a dependencias de salud y educación a todo nivel; con excepción de los espacios abiertos de los establecimientos de educación superior debidamente señalizados; d. Los medios de transporte público en general; y, e. Los ambientes públicos y privados cerrados, destinados a actividades deportivas. Para la aplicación de este artículo se entiende por espacio cerrados, todo espacio cubierto por un techo sin importar la altura a la que se encuentre, cerrado en su perímetro por un 30% o más de paredes o muros, independientemente del material utilizado. Sin perjuicio de los prescrito en el presente artículo, cualquier institución pública o privada podrá declararse cien por ciento (100%) libre de humo de tabaco si así lo considera.” Asimismo, la Ley establece en la Disposición Transitoria Tercera: “Los gobiernos seccionales autónomos descentralizados cantonales, expedirán, dentro de los trescientos sesenta (360) días subsiguientes a la promulgación de la presenta Ley, las ordenanzas correspondientes para la adecuación de la presente Ley”. Ley Orgánica para la Regulación y Control del Tabaco, expedida el 22 de julio de 2011, en el Registro Oficial Nº 497. Las disposiciones de la Presente Ley son de orden público, de aplicación y observancia obligatorias en todo el territorio nacional. El Art. 21 trata de los Espacios libres de humo. “Art.21.- Espacios libres de humo.- Declárese espacios cien por ciento (100%) libres de humo de tabaco y prohíbese fumar o mantener encendidos productos de tabaco en: a. Todos los espacios cerrados de las instituciones públicas; b. Todos los espacios cerrados que sean lugares de trabajo y de atención y acceso al público; c. Todos los espacios cerrados o abiertos, públicos o privados, que correspondan a dependencias de salud y educación a todo nivel; con excepción de los espacios abiertos de los establecimientos de educación superior debidamente señalizados; d. Los medios de transporte público en general; y, e. Los ambientes públicos y privados cerrados, destinados a actividades deportivas. Para la aplicación de este artículo se entiende por espacio cerrados, todo espacio cubierto por un techo sin importar la altura a la que se encuentre, cerrado en su perímetro por un 30% o más de paredes o muros, independientemente del material utilizado. Sin perjuicio de los prescrito en el presente artículo, cualquier institución pública o privada podrá declararse cien por ciento (100%) libre de humo de tabaco si así lo considera.” WHO Region of the Americas
Egypt نص القانون ١٥٤ لسنه ٢٠٠٧ علي حظر التدخين في الاماكن العامة المغلقه و ذكر خمس اماكن كالاتي: المنشات الصحية - المنشات التعليمية - المصالح الحكوميه - المواصلات العامة - مراكز الشباب نص القانون ١٥٤ لسنه ٢٠٠٧ علي حظر التدخين في الاماكن العامة المغلقه و ذكر خمس اماكن كالاتي: المنشات الصحية - المنشات التعليمية - المصالح الحكوميه - المواصلات العامة - مراكز الشباب نص القانون ١٥٤ لسنه ٢٠٠٧ علي حظر التدخين في الاماكن العامة المغلقه و ذكر خمس اماكن كالاتي: المنشات الصحية - المنشات التعليمية - المصالح الحكوميه - المواصلات العامة - مراكز الشباب WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
El Salvador Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Legislativo 771 de fecha 23 de junio de 2011, publicada en el Diario Oficial No. 143, Tomo No. 392, del 29 de julio de ese mismo año. En el Capítulo 1, establece las prohibiciones al consumo y protección a no fumadores. Art. Art. 6.- Ninguna persona fumará tabaco ni mantendrá tabaco encendido en áreas interiores de cualquier lugar público o privado que se contemple en esta Ley. Para los fines de esta Ley, se entenderá como espacios públicos o privados libres de humo, los siguientes: a- Los centros de trabajo públicos y privados. b- Los establecimientos de salud. c- Los centros educativos y deportivos públicos y privados. d- Los medios públicos y privados de transporte colectivo y selectivo de pasajeros. e- Las terminales aéreas, terrestres y marítimas. f- Los lugares destinados para el esparcimiento de menores. g- Los lugares en donde se manejen sustancias inflamables. h- LAS ÁREAS NATURALES PROTEGIDAS. (1) i- Salas de cines, centros culturales y auditorios. j- Edificios públicos y privados, salvo áreas de habitación privada, y, k- LUGARES PÚBLICOS Y PRIVADOS CON ACCESO AL PÚBLICO QUE NO CUENTEN CON ESPACIOS ESPECÍFICOS PARA EL FUMADO. (1) Asimismo, en el Reglamento de la Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto 63. 29 de mayo de 2015 De los sitios prohibidos para fumar. Art. 23.- En atención a lo establecido en la Ley para el Control del Tabaco y a los artículos 1, literal "f" y 5, numeral 2, literal b del Convenio Marco de la OMS para el Control del Tabaco (CMCT), respecto de los lugares libres de humo; queda prohibido fumar o mantener encendidos productos de tabaco y sus derivados que expidan humo, gases o vapores, en cualquiera de sus formas o en dispositivos, incluido el cigarrillo electrónico y la pipa, en los siguientes lugares: a) En los centros de trabajo, se incluyen áreas de acceso, zonas de tránsito, vehículos automotores y parqueos, de acuerdo al artículo 8, numeral 2 del CMCT. b) Áreas donde se desarrollan eventos, espectáculos y actividades de concentración masiva de personas, sean éstos de índole política, deportiva, recreativa, religiosa, cultural, científica, comercial, entre otros. c) Medios de transporte terrestre, marítimo y aéreo con origen y destino en territorio nacional. d) Áreas o establecimientos donde se elaboren, transformen, preparen, degusten o vendan alimentos. e) Terminales de autobús, paradas de autobús, así como cualquier medio de transporte de personas. f) Centros comerciales, casinos, clubes nocturnos, discotecas, bares, restaurantes y cafeterías. g) Secretarias de Estado y dependencias, instituciones autónomas y entidades de servicio público no gubernamentales. h) Centros educativos públicos y privados, en todos sus niveles. Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Legislativo 771 de fecha 23 de junio de 2011, publicada en el Diario Oficial No. 143, Tomo No. 392, del 29 de julio de ese mismo año. En el Capítulo 1, establece las prohibiciones al consumo y protección a no fumadores. Art. 6.- Ninguna persona fumará tabaco ni mantendrá tabaco encendido en áreas interiores de cualquier lugar público o privado que se contemple en esta Ley. Para los fines de esta Ley, se entenderá como espacios públicos o privados libres de humo, los siguientes: (a) Los centros de trabajo públicos y privados: (b) Los establecimientos de salud; (c) Los centros educativos y deportivos públicos y privados; (d) Los medios públicos y privados de transporte colectivo y selectivo de pasajeros; (e) Las terminales aéreas, terrestres y marítimas; (f) Los lugares destinados para el esparcimiento de menores; (g) Los lugares donde se manejen sustancias inflamables; (h) Las áreas destinadas para la protección ecológica; (i) Salas de cines, centros culturales y auditorios; (j) Edificios públicos y privados, salvo áreas de habitación privada; (k) Lugares públicos y privados con acceso al público. Ley para el Control del Tabaco. Decreto Legislativo 771 de fecha 23 de junio de 2011, publicada en el Diario Oficial No. 143, Tomo No. 392, del 29 de julio de ese mismo año. En el Capítulo 1, establece las prohibiciones al consumo y protección a no fumadores. Art. 6.- Ninguna persona fumará tabaco ni mantendrá tabaco encendido en áreas interiores de cualquier lugar público o privado que se contemple en esta Ley. Para los fines de esta Ley, se entenderá como espacios públicos o privados libres de humo, los siguientes: (a) Los centros de trabajo públicos y privados: (b) Los establecimientos de salud; (c) Los centros educativos y deportivos públicos y privados; (d) Los medios públicos y privados de transporte colectivo y selectivo de pasajeros; (e) Las terminales aéreas, terrestres y marítimas; (f) Los lugares destinados para el esparcimiento de menores; (g) Los lugares donde se manejen sustancias inflamables; (h) Las áreas destinadas para la protección ecológica; (i) Salas de cines, centros culturales y auditorios; (j) Edificios públicos y privados, salvo áreas de habitación privada; (k) Lugares públicos y privados con acceso al público. WHO Region of the Americas
Equatorial Guinea ES UN DERETO LEY DE FORMA PARCIAL PROIBIENDO EL CONSUMO DE TABACO EN LUGARES PUBLICO ES UN DERETO LEY DE FORMA PARCIAL PROIBIENDO EL CONSUMO DE TABACO EN LUGARES PUBLICO ES UN DERETO LEY DE FORMA PARCIAL PROIBIENDO EL CONSUMO DE TABACO EN LUGARES PUBLICO WHO African Region
Estonia Smoking is prohibited: 1) on the premises of children’s social welfare institutions and their designated territories; 2) on the premises of pre-school child care institutions, basic schools, upper secondary schools, vocational educational institutions, hobby schools, open youth centres or permanent youth camps and youth project camps, and their designated territories; 3) on the premises of pharmacies; 4) on industrial premises and in warehouses of enterprises; 5) in sales areas of shops and mobile shops; 6) in catering establishments, except in rooms provided for in subsection 31 (1) of the Tobacco Act 7) in enterprises where services specified in clause 3 (2) 4) of the Trading Act or other services are offered, on premises open for clients (except in accommodation establishments); 8) in a space intended for sports; 9) in changing rooms and lavatories if not in private use; 10) in public transport shelters, passenger waiting rooms and passenger terminals; 11) in vehicles used for the provision of passenger service, except in vehicles specified in clause 30 (2) 6) of this Act; 12) in the immediate vicinity of tanker vessels, petrol storage tanks or petrol pumps; 13) in the vicinity of flammable or combustible chemicals, at a site with flammable or combustible areas, places where dangerous goods are loaded, in the vicinity of consignments ready to be loaded, near standing transport units and in transport units; 14) in the territory of an explosive substances store, at a distance of up to twenty metres from the place where explosive substances are stored on board a ship, in the rooms of a pyrotechnic articles store or in the vicinity of ammunition containing explosive substances; 15) in the workings of a mine, lamp rooms and battery-charging rooms and at a distance of up to twenty metres from a portal; 16) upon loading of cartridges in the vicinity of propellant, in weapons magazines, weapons stores and weapons rooms; 17) in forests and other areas covered with vegetation during a fire hazard period; 18) in pedestrian tunnels; 19) corridors and stairwells of apartment buildings, and other rooms which are in common use in apartment buildings; 20) in other places prescribed by legislation. (2) It is prohibited to consume products used similarly to tobacco products in the places specified in clauses (1) 1) and 2) of this section. Since 2017 indoor smoking areas will be banned also. In 2015 the local governement prohibited smoking in public beaches. Smoking is prohibited: 1) on the premises of children’s social welfare institutions and their designated territories; 2) on the premises of pre-school child care institutions, basic schools, upper secondary schools, vocational educational institutions, hobby schools, open youth centres or permanent youth camps and youth project camps, and their designated territories; 3) on the premises of pharmacies; 4) on industrial premises and in warehouses of enterprises; 5) in sales areas of shops and mobile shops; 6) in catering establishments, except in rooms provided for in subsection 31 (1) of the Tobacco Act 7) in enterprises where services specified in clause 3 (2) 4) of the Trading Act or other services are offered, on premises open for clients (except in accommodation establishments); 8) in a space intended for sports; 9) in changing rooms and lavatories if not in private use; 10) in public transport shelters, passenger waiting rooms and passenger terminals; 11) in vehicles used for the provision of passenger service, except in vehicles specified in clause 30 (2) 6) of this Act; 12) in the immediate vicinity of tanker vessels, petrol storage tanks or petrol pumps; 13) in the vicinity of flammable or combustible chemicals, at a site with flammable or combustible areas, places where dangerous goods are loaded, in the vicinity of consignments ready to be loaded, near standing transport units and in transport units; 14) in the territory of an explosive substances store, at a distance of up to twenty metres from the place where explosive substances are stored on board a ship, in the rooms of a pyrotechnic articles store or in the vicinity of ammunition containing explosive substances; 15) in the workings of a mine, lamp rooms and battery-charging rooms and at a distance of up to twenty metres from a portal; 16) upon loading of cartridges in the vicinity of propellant, in weapons magazines, weapons stores and weapons rooms; 17) in forests and other areas covered with vegetation during a fire hazard period; 18) in pedestrian tunnels; 19) corridors and stairwells of apartment buildings, and other rooms which are in common use in apartment buildings; 20) in other places prescribed by legislation. (2) It is prohibited to consume products used similarly to tobacco products in the places specified in clauses (1) 1) and 2) of this section. Since 2017 indoor smoking areas will be banned also. In 2015 the local governement prohibited smoking in public beaches. Smoking is prohibited: 1) on the premises of children’s social welfare institutions and their designated territories; 2) on the premises of pre-school child care institutions, basic schools, upper secondary schools, vocational educational institutions, hobby schools, open youth centres or permanent youth camps and youth project camps, and their designated territories; 3) on the premises of pharmacies; 4) on industrial premises and in warehouses of enterprises; 5) in sales areas of shops and mobile shops; 6) in catering establishments, except in rooms provided for in subsection 31 (1) of the Tobacco Act 7) in enterprises where services specified in clause 3 (2) 4) of the Trading Act or other services are offered, on premises open for clients (except in accommodation establishments); 8) in a space intended for sports; 9) in changing rooms and lavatories if not in private use; 10) in public transport shelters, passenger waiting rooms and passenger terminals; 11) in vehicles used for the provision of passenger service, except in vehicles specified in clause 30 (2) 6) of this Act; 12) in the immediate vicinity of tanker vessels, petrol storage tanks or petrol pumps; 13) in the vicinity of flammable or combustible chemicals, at a site with flammable or combustible areas, places where dangerous goods are loaded, in the vicinity of consignments ready to be loaded, near standing transport units and in transport units; 14) in the territory of an explosive substances store, at a distance of up to twenty metres from the place where explosive substances are stored on board a ship, in the rooms of a pyrotechnic articles store or in the vicinity of ammunition containing explosive substances; 15) in the workings of a mine, lamp rooms and battery-charging rooms and at a distance of up to twenty metres from a portal; 16) upon loading of cartridges in the vicinity of propellant, in weapons magazines, weapons stores and weapons rooms; 17) in forests and other areas covered with vegetation during a fire hazard period; 18) in pedestrian tunnels; 19) corridors and stairwells of apartment buildings, and other rooms which are in common use in apartment buildings; 20) in other places prescribed by legislation. (2) It is prohibited to consume products used similarly to tobacco products in the places specified in clauses (1) 1) and 2) of this section. Since 2017 indoor smoking areas will be banned also. In 2015 the local governement prohibited smoking in public beaches. WHO European Region
Eswatini Report not provided Report not provided Smoking in private areas is punishable by law and is enforced. WHO African Region
Ethiopia Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
European Union At EU Level, Directives and a Council recommendation: - Occupational health and safety Directives, see details at C.2.2.7. - Council Recommendation on Smoke-Free Environments 2009/C296/02 of 30 November 2009, see details at C.2.2.7 See also Report of 22 February 2013 on the implementation of the Council Recommendation of 30 November 2009 on Smoke-free Environments for more information: http://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/docs/smoke-free_implementation_report_en.pdf At national level, all EU Member States have reported that they have legislation in place with the aim to protect their citizens from exposure to tobacco smoke at indoor workplaces, indoor public places, public transport and other public places. However, the scope of this legislation varies considerably from one Member State to another. At EU Level, Directives and a Council recommendation: - Occupational health and safety Directives, see details at 3.2.2.7. - Council Recommendation on Smoke-Free Environments 2009/C296/02 of 30 November 2009, see details at 3.2.2.7 See also Report of 22 February 2013 on the implementation of the Council Recommendation of 30 November 2009 on Smoke-free Environments for more information: http://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/docs/smoke-free_implementation_report_en.pdf At national level, all Member States have reported that they have legislation in place with the aim to protect their citizens from exposure to tobacco smoke at indoor workplaces, indoor public places, public transport and other public places7. However, the scope of this legislation varies considerably from one Member State to another. EU Directives and a Council Recommendation. Occupational health and safety Directives, see details at C227. Council Recommendation on Smoke-Free Environments 2009/C296/02 of 30 November 2009, see details at C227. See also Report of 22 February 2013 on the implementation of the Council Recommendation of 30 November 2009 on Smoke-free Environments for more information: http://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/docs/smoke-free_implementation_report_en.pdf. WHO European Region
Fiji The leading regulation in tobacco control is the Tobacco Control Decree 2010, which applies to the whole country. The community initiative “Tobacco-Free Villages” ensures that some communities (villages) go beyond the scope of the national regulation, including the requirements of the 2010 Decree. The first Tobacco-Free Village in Fiji, Nabila, received the WHO World No Tobacco Day Award in 2006. Since then, four other villages have decided to become smoke-free. Villagers do not smoke anywhere in the village, including their homes; they are also required not to smoke outside the village. 3 Towns and Cities have also been declared Tobacco Free namely Suva City, Lautoka City, Nadi Town. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Finland Smoking bans enacted in the Tobacco Act (549/2016) apply nationally. In addition, almost all Finnish municipalities have declared themselves smoke-free. Smoking bans enacted in the Tobacco Act apply nationally. In addition, 95% of Finnish municipalities have declared themselves smokefree. Smoking bans enacted in the Tobacco Act apply nationally. In addition, almost 80% of Finnish municipalities have declared themselves smokefree. WHO European Region
France L’interdiction de fumer dans les lieux à usage collectif date de 1991. Cette interdiction a été renforcé en 2006 avec le décret n° 2006-1386 du 15 novembre 2006 fixant les conditions dapplication de linterdiction de fumer dans les lieux affectés à un usage collectif, qui, sur la base de l’article 16 de la loi de 1991, a étendu l’interdiction à certains espaces extérieurs (CF. espaces non couverts des établissent scolaires), et limité les conditions permettant éventuellement d’avoir un espace fumeur. Le décret n°2015-768 du 29 juin 2015 a introduit l’interdiction de fumer dans les aires collectives de jeux. En 2016 a été introduit dans le code de la santé publique l’interdiction à tous les occupants dun véhicule, de fumer en présence dun enfant de moins de dix-huit ans. L’interdiction de fumer dans les lieux à usage collectif date de 1991. Cette interdiction a été renforcé en 2006 avec le décret en Conseil d’État, dit « décret Bertrand », qui, sur la base de l’article 16 de la loi de 1991, étendu à certains espaces extérieurs (CF. établissent scolaires), et limité les conditions permettant éventuellement d’avoir un espace fumeur. Le décret n°2015-768 du 29 juin 2015 a introduit l’interdiction de fumer dans les aires collectives de jeux. En 2016 a été introduit dans le code de la santé publique l’article Article L3512-9 , qui précise qu’il est interdit à tous les occupants dun véhicule de fumer en présence dun enfant de moins de dix-huit ans. Interdiction de fumer dans les aires de jeux pour enfant : Décret n° 2015-768 du 29 juin 2015 relatif à linterdiction de fumer dans les aires collectives de jeux http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000030802699&categorieLien=id Interdiction de fumer dans un véhicule en présence dun mineur : Article 29 de la loi n° 2016-41 du 26 janvier 2016 de modernisation de notre système de santé http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/loi/2016/1/26/AFSX1418355L/jo#JORFARTI000031913002 WHO European Region
Gabon Loi N° 006/2013 du 21 août 2013 portant instauration des mesures en faveur de la lutte antitabac en République Gabonaise et le décret dapplication N° 0287/PR/MSPSSN du 17 mai 2016 portant interdiction de fumer du tabac dans les lieux ouverts au public en République Gabonaise. Answer not provided Les mesures édictées dans la loi 006/2013. Toutefois les textes dapplication de la loi y relative sont en cours de signature. Ils prévoient entre autre la protection des populations contre la fumée de tabac. WHO African Region
Gambia There was a ban on public smoking in 1998 called the Public Smoking Act (smoking in public places). This act bans smoking in all public places being it public transport, work places, streets, markets among others. The New Tobacco Control Act, 2016 has a section prohibiting smoking in Public Places and it has specified Public Places. There was a ban on public smoking in 1998 called the Public Smoking Act (smoking in public places). This act bans smoking in all public places being it puiblic transport, work places, streets, markets among others. There was a ban on public smoking in 1998 called the Public Smoking Act (smoking in public places). This act bans smoking in all public places being it puiblic transport, work places, streets, markets among others. WHO African Region
Georgia According to the tobacco control legislation smoking in enclosed public spaces is totally banned (including workplaces), smoking is also banned in public transportation and recreational zones where childrens playgrounds are located. The smoking ban entered into force from May 1, 2018 and since January 2020, smoking has been also banned at stadiums owned by the administration According to the newly adopted tobacco control legislation smoking in enclosed public spaces is totally banned (including workplaces), smoking is also banned in public transportation and recreational zones where childrens playgrounds are located. The smoking ban enters into force from May 1, 2018 According to the National Tobacco Control law it is required to have at least 50% of smoke free zones or specially designated smoking areas in public places including the hospitality sector. smoking is totally banned in airplanes, and public transport. Smoking is totally banned in healthcare and educational facilities. However, there are challenges in terms of enforcement of this law because of the weak administrative mechanisms. The amendment project of tobacco control law and administrative offence code consider the gaps in the existing laws and include provisions which make law stricter and administrative mechanisms simpler. WHO European Region
Germany Workplace - general (national workplace ordinance) The employers has to take necessary measures to protect non-smoking employees from tobacco related health risk. If necessary, the employer must issue a general smoking ban or one restricted to individual areas of the workplace. Regulations at federal level: The employer has to take “all necessary measures to effectively protect non-smoking employees against the health hazards of tobacco smoke in the workplace”. The amendment in 2008 specified that a ban on smoking in the workplace is one of the ways to provide protection. In workplaces open to the public (i.e. primarily hospitality sector but also other areas where smoking by customers and visitors is allowed) the employers’ obligations are more limited. The federal government prohibited smoking in government buildings, on public transport (including taxis) and at public transport stations. Regulations at Länder (state) level: In March 2007 the Germanys 16 Länder concluded a framework agreement with the federal government on introducing a smoking ban in the areas where the states have responsibility (Land, local institutions,educational facilities, health care facilities, cultural institutions, sport facilities, hospitality venues and other public places). Each Land had to enact the law through its own legislature. Workplace - general (national workplace ordinance) The employers has to take necessary measures to protect non-smoking employees from tobacco related health risk. If necessary, the employer must issue a general smoking ban or one restricted to individual areas of the workplace. Regulations at federal level: The employer has to take “all necessary measures to effectively protect non-smoking employees against the health hazards of tobacco smoke in the workplace”. The amendment in 2008 specified that a ban on smoking in the workplace is one of the ways to provide protection. In workplaces open to the public (i.e. primarily hospitality sector but also other areas where smoking by customers and visitors is allowed) the employers’ obligations are more limited. The federal government prohibited smoking in government buildings, on public transport (including taxis) and at public transport stations. Regulations at Länder (state) level: In March 2007 the Germanys 16 Länder concluded a framework agreement with the federal government on introducing a smoking ban in the areas where the states have responsibility (Land, local institutions,educational facilities, health care facilities, cultural institutions, sport facilities, hospitality venues and other public places). Each Land had to enact the law through its own legislature. Workplace - general (national workplace ordinance) The employers has to take necessary measures to protect non-smoking employees from tobacco related health risk. If necessary, the employer must issue a general smoking ban or one restricted to individual areas of the workplace. Regulations at federal level: The employer has to take “all necessary measures to effectively protect non-smoking employees against the health hazards of tobacco smoke in the workplace”. The amendment in 2008 specified that a ban on smoking in the workplace is one of the ways to provide protection. In workplaces open to the public (i.e. primarily hospitality sector but also other areas where smoking by customers and visitors is allowed) the employers’ obligations are more limited. The federal government prohibited smoking in government buildings, on public transport (including taxis) and at public transport stations. Regulations at Länder (state) level: In March 2007 the Germanys 16 Länder concluded a framework agreement with the federal government on introducing a smoking ban in the areas where the states have responsibility (Land, local institutions,educational facilities, health care facilities, cultural institutions, sport facilities, hospitality venues and other public places). Each Land had to enact the law through its own legislature. WHO European Region
Ghana (1) Public Health Act (ACT 851 2012) Part Six, Tobacco Control Measures, is the legal instrument that provides the ban (2) Tobacco Control Regulation 2015 Public Health Act (ACT 851 2012) Part Six, Tobacco Control Measures, is the legal instrument that provides the ban Public Health Act (ACT 851 2012) Part Six, Tobacco Control Measures, is the legal instrument that provides the ban WHO African Region
Greece A very comprehensive total ban law has been approved and revised with very few exceptions but it has not been enforced in many Governmental Offices and almost all hospitality venues, especially bars, restaurants and dancing clubs. Regarding transportation the law has been enforced rather effectively with very few exceptions (taxis, private vehicles). A very comprehensive total ban law has been approved and revised with very few exceptions but it has not been enforced in many Governmental Offices and almost all hospitality venues, especially bars, restaurants and dancing clubs. Regarding transportation the law has been enforced rather effectively with very few exceptions (taxis, private vehicles). A very comprehensive total ban law has been approved and revised with very few exceptions but it has not been enforced in many Governmental Offices and almost all hospitality venues, especially bars, restaurants and dancing clubs. Regarding transportation the law has been enforced rather effectively with very few exceptions (taxis, private vehicles). WHO European Region
Grenada Cabinet Conclusion banning smoking in all government buildings and public places Cabinet Conclusion banning smoking in all government buildings and public places Cabinet Conclusion banning smoking in all government buildings and public places WHO Region of the Americas
Guatemala Es una prohibición total en espacios públicos, con la excepción de hoteles y moteles, para los cuales existe restricción. De los espacios libres de humo de tabaco contemplados por el CMCT, no se incluye en la Ley los vehículos particulares. Es una prohibición total en espacios públicos, con la excepción de hoteles y moteles, para los cuales existe restricción. De los espacios libres de humo de tabaco contemplados por el CMCT, no se incluye en la Ley los vehículos particulares. Es una prohibición total en espacios públicos, con la excepción de hoteles y moteles, para los cuales existe restricción. De los espacios libres de humo de tabaco contemplados por el CMCT, no se incluye en la Ley los vehículos particulares. WHO Region of the Americas
Guinea Report not provided Report not provided Il y a la loi et quelques arrêtés pris pour les formations sanitaires et les écoles WHO African Region
Guinea-Bissau There is a bill in preparation but not yet approved. Some staff voluntarily do not smoke the public places. There is a bill in preparation but not yet approved. Some staff voluntarily do not smoke the public places. There is a bill in preparation but not yet approved. Some staff voluntarily do not smoke the public places. WHO African Region
Guyana PART V PROTECTION FROM EXPOSURE TO SECOND-HAND SMOKE 1. (1) No person shall smoke in the following places – (a) in any part of any indoor workplace; (b) in any part of any indoor public place, including by way of illustration but in no way limited to those places listed in the First Schedule; (c) in or on any means of public transport, whether or not it is carrying a member of the public; or (d) in or on any means of transport at the time transporting a minor. . 2. (1) A person responsible for any vehicle, workplace or public place where smoking is prohibited shall – (a) not permit any person to smoke there; (b) prominently post and maintain signs in the manner and form prescribed by regulations; (c) remove all ashtrays from any area where smoking is prohibited; (d) supervise observance of the smoking ban; (e) take reasonable steps to discourage or stop any person from smoking where it is prohibited, including denying service or transport to any person who refuses to discontinue smoking, or contacting law enforcement where necessary; and (f) investigate complaints and take reasonable action. (e) take reasonable steps to discourage or stop any person from smoking where it is prohibited, including denying service or transport to any person who refuses to discontinue smoking, or contacting law enforcement where necessary; and (f) investigate complaints and take reasonable action. (2) All prohibitions and duties under this section shall apply with respect to the use of electronic delivery systems and any other product that produces an aerosol that could be confused with tobacco smoke or that simulates smoking. (3) Any person who contravenes the provisions of this section commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of four hundred thousand dollars and imprisonment for six months. 3. The Minister may make regulations prescribing the design, content, format, placement and any other matter related to ‘no smoking’ signs. PART V PROTECTION FROM EXPOSURE TO SECOND-HAND SMOKE 1. (1) No person shall smoke in the following places – (a) in any part of any indoor workplace; (b) in any part of any indoor public place, including by way of illustration but in no way limited to those places listed in the First Schedule; (c) in or on any means of public transport, whether or not it is carrying a member of the public; or (d) in or on any means of transport at the time transporting a minor. . 2. (1) A person responsible for any vehicle, workplace or public place where smoking is prohibited shall – (a) not permit any person to smoke there; (b) prominently post and maintain signs in the manner and form prescribed by regulations; (c) remove all ashtrays from any area where smoking is prohibited; (d) supervise observance of the smoking ban; (e) take reasonable steps to discourage or stop any person from smoking where it is prohibited, including denying service or transport to any person who refuses to discontinue smoking, or contacting law enforcement where necessary; and (f) investigate complaints and take reasonable action. (e) take reasonable steps to discourage or stop any person from smoking where it is prohibited, including denying service or transport to any person who refuses to discontinue smoking, or contacting law enforcement where necessary; and (f) investigate complaints and take reasonable action. (2) All prohibitions and duties under this section shall apply with respect to the use of electronic delivery systems and any other product that produces an aerosol that could be confused with tobacco smoke or that simulates smoking. (3) Any person who contravenes the provisions of this section commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of four hundred thousand dollars and imprisonment for six months. 3. The Minister may make regulations prescribing the design, content, format, placement and any other matter related to ‘no smoking’ signs. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Honduras El Artículo 26 de la Ley Especial para el Control del Tabaco y su Reglamentación establecen que es prohibido el consumo de tabaco en los siguientes espacios abiertos y cerrados siguientes: “ARTÍCULO 26.- ESPACIOS PARA NO FUMAR. Se prohíbe el consumo de productos derivados de tabaco, en los establecimientos o lugares públicos y privados siguientes: 1) Espacios destinados para el funcionamiento de las dependencias del sector público y privado, tales como edificios, centros comerciales, estacionamientos, oficinas y todo lugar de trabajo; 2) Centros destinados al entretenimiento, deportes y cultura; 3) Centros educativos públicos y privados; 4) Centros de atención médica, farmacias y cualquier otro centro de atención a la salud; 5) Medios de transporte públicos y privados incluyendo sus terminales; 6) Estaciones de servicio de combustibles y sus tiendas de consumo; 7) En todas las tiendas de abarrotería, establecimientos comerciales, agencias bancarias, financieras y cooperativas; 8) En cualquier otro establecimiento o instalación donde concurran o transiten personas. Se excluyen de esta prohibición las fábricas de puros, pudiendo fumar en cabinas especiales construidas al efecto; y, 9) En cualquier espacio abierto público o privado a menos de dos (2) metros de donde concurren o transiten personas. La advertencia de la prohibición de fumar en estos establecimientos se indicará en rótulos y lugares visibles. Serán responsables de cumplir con esta disposición los patronos, propietarios o sus representantes, administradores o los encargados de todos los establecimientos y sitios descritos en los incisos anteriores”. El Artículo 26 de la Ley Especial para el Control del Tabaco y su Reglamentación establecen que es prohibido el consumo de tabaco en los siguientes espacios abiertos y cerrados siguientes: “ARTÍCULO 26.- ESPACIOS PARA NO FUMAR. Se prohíbe el consumo de productos derivados de tabaco, en los establecimientos o lugares públicos y privados siguientes: 1) Espacios destinados para el funcionamiento de las dependencias del sector público y privado, tales como edificios, centros comerciales, estacionamientos, oficinas y todo lugar de trabajo; 2) Centros destinados al entretenimiento, deportes y cultura; 3) Centros educativos públicos y privados; 4) Centros de atención médica, farmacias y cualquier otro centro de atención a la salud; 5) Medios de transporte públicos y privados incluyendo sus terminales; 6) Estaciones de servicio de combustibles y sus tiendas de consumo; 7) En todas las tiendas de abarrotería, establecimientos comerciales, agencias bancarias, financieras y cooperativas; 8) En cualquier otro establecimiento o instalación donde concurran o transiten personas. Se excluyen de esta prohibición las fábricas de puros, pudiendo fumar en cabinas especiales construidas al efecto; y, 9) En cualquier espacio abierto público o privado a menos de dos (2) metros de donde concurren o transiten personas. La advertencia de la prohibición de fumar en estos establecimientos se indicará en rótulos y lugares visibles. Serán responsables de cumplir con esta disposición los patronos, propietarios o sus representantes, administradores o los encargados de todos los establecimientos y sitios descritos en los incisos anteriores”. El Artículo 26 de la Ley Especial para el Control del Tabaco y su Reglamentación establecen que es prohibido el consumo de tabaco en los siguientes espacios abiertos y cerrados siguientes: “ARTÍCULO 26.- ESPACIOS PARA NO FUMAR. Se prohíbe el consumo de productos derivados de tabaco, en los establecimientos o lugares públicos y privados siguientes: 1) Espacios destinados para el funcionamiento de las dependencias del sector público y privado, tales como edificios, centros comerciales, estacionamientos, oficinas y todo lugar de trabajo; 2) Centros destinados al entretenimiento, deportes y cultura; 3) Centros educativos públicos y privados; 4) Centros de atención médica, farmacias y cualquier otro centro de atención a la salud; 5) Medios de transporte públicos y privados incluyendo sus terminales; 6) Estaciones de servicio de combustibles y sus tiendas de consumo; 7) En todas las tiendas de abarrotería, establecimientos comerciales, agencias bancarias, financieras y cooperativas; 8) En cualquier otro establecimiento o instalación donde concurran o transiten personas. Se excluyen de esta prohibición las fábricas de puros, pudiendo fumar en cabinas especiales construidas al efecto; y, 9) En cualquier espacio abierto público o privado a menos de dos (2) metros de donde concurren o transiten personas. La advertencia de la prohibición de fumar en estos establecimientos se indicará en rótulos y lugares visibles. Serán responsables de cumplir con esta disposición los patronos, propietarios o sus representantes, administradores o los encargados de todos los establecimientos y sitios descritos en los incisos anteriores”. WHO Region of the Americas
Hungary Based on the the Act XLII of 1999 on the Protection of Non-Smokers and Certain Regulations on the Consumption and Distribution of Tobacco Products, it is forbidden to smoke in commercial enclosed public spaces and community places. It is still forbidden to smoke in, apart from the selected sites, public institutions open to public premises, or public transport vehicles, workplaces, underpasses open to pedestrian traffic, and other, enclosed public traffic sites, connecting spaces, as well as in public playgrounds and within 5 metersmeasured from the outer zone of playgrounds. It is also forbidden to smoke in areas used by passengers in railway stations, as well as in bus, trolleybus and tram stops, and in waiting areas and within their 5 meter zone. It is forbidden to set up / establish smoking areas in public institutions and workplaces’ enclosed premises, local public transport vehicles, in the HÉV (inter-urban train), in the coach, and in scheduled passenger trains. Not only in the public education, child welfare and child protection institutions, but in the health care providers it is forbidden to set up / establish smoking areas, even in open air-space places. In correctional institutions, for the detainees – including the mentally ill -, in psychiatric institutes for the psychiatric patients, and for thoseemployeesworking in places where the corrected workspace climate temperature exceeds 24°, and under certain conditions in increased flammable and explosive areas, flammable and explosive areas, and also in flammable workplaces, it is possible to set up / establish enclosed smoking areas. However, the workplaces were not indicated as a non-smoker workplace, an open air-space smoking area must be set up / established. It is prohibited to smoke in shared, enclosed premises in apartment-houses and housing cooperatives if minimum four-fifths of the owners or housing cooperative members do not decide otherwise. The local government can mark public spaces as non-smoker public spaces in their regulation. The legislative amendment, in effect from 2016.05.20., Based on the the Act XLII of 1999 on the Protection of Non-Smokers and Certain Regulations on the Consumption and Distribution of Tobacco Products, it is forbidden to smoke in commercial enclosed public spaces and community places. It is still forbidden to smoke in, apart from the selected sites, public institutions open to public premises, or public transport vehicles, workplaces, underpasses open to pedestrian traffic, and other, enclosed public traffic sites, connecting spaces, as well as in public playgrounds and within 5 metersmeasured from the outer zone of playgrounds. It is also forbidden to smoke in areas used by passengers in railway stations, as well as in bus, trolleybus and tram stops, and in waiting areas and within their 5 meter zone. It is forbidden to set up / establish smoking areas in public institutions and workplaces’ enclosed premises, local public transport vehicles, in the HÉV (inter-urban train), in the coach, and in scheduled passenger trains. Not only in the public education, child welfare and child protection institutions, but in the health care providers it is forbidden to set up / establish smoking areas, even in open air-space places. In correctional institutions, for the detainees – including the mentally ill -, in psychiatric institutes for the psychiatric patients, and for thoseemployeesworking in places where the corrected workspace climate temperature exceeds 24°, and under certain conditions in increased flammable and explosive areas, flammable and explosive areas, and also in flammable workplaces, it is possible to set up / establish enclosed smoking areas. However, the workplaces were not indicated as a non-smoker workplace, an open air-space smoking area must be set up / established. It is prohibited to smoke in shared, enclosed premises in apartment-houses and housing cooperatives if minimum four-fifths of the owners or housing cooperative members do not decide otherwise. The local government can mark public spaces as non-smoker public spaces in their regulation. The legislative amendment, in effect from 2016.05.20., states that in places that are smoking restricted, electronic cigarettes and smoking imitating electronic devices must not be used. Based on the the Act XLII of 1999 on the protection of non-smokers and certain regulations of the distribution and the consumption of tobacco products, it is forbidden to smoke in commercial enclosed public spaces and community places. It is still forbidden to smoke in, apart from the selected sites, public institutions open to public premises, or public transport vehicles, workplaces, underpasses open to pedestrian traffic, and other, enclosed public traffic sites, connecting spaces, as well as in public playgrounds and within 5 metersmeasured from the outer zone of playgrounds. It is also forbidden to smoke in areas used by passengers in railway stations, as well as in bus, trolleybus and tram stops, and in waiting areas and within their 5 meter zone. It is forbidden to set up / establish smoking areas in public institutions and workplaces’ enclosed premises, local public transport vehicles, in the HÉV (inter-urban train), in the coach, and in scheduled passenger trains. Not only in the public education, child welfare and child protection institutions, but in the health care providers it is forbidden to set up / establish smoking areas, even in open air-space places. In correctional institutions, for the detainees – including the mentally ill -, in psychiatric institutes for the psychiatric patients, and for thoseemployeesworking in places where the corrected workspace climate temperature exceeds 24°, and under certain conditions in increased flammable and explosive areas, flammable and explosive areas, and also in flammable workplaces, it is possible to set up / establish enclosed smoking areas. However, the workplaces were not indicated as a non-smoker workplace, an open air-space smoking area must be set up / established. It is prohibited to smoke in shared, enclosed premises in apartment-houses and housing cooperatives if minimum four-fifths of the owners or housing cooperative members do not decide otherwise. The local government can mark public spaces as non-smoker public spaces in their regulation. The legislative amendment, in effect from 2016.05.20., states that in places that are smoking restricted, electronic cigarettes and smoking imitating electronic devices must not be used. WHO European Region
Iceland In REGULATIONS on smoking restrictions from 12 April 2007 says: Objective and scope The provisions of these Regulations apply to restrictions on tobacco smoking in accord with the provisions of the Tobacco Control Act. The objective of the Regulations is to ensure that non-smokers are not caused harm or discomfort by tobacco smoke. In REGULATIONS on smoking restrictions from 12 April 2007 says: Objective and scope The provisions of these Regulations apply to restrictions on tobacco smoking in accord with the provisions of the Tobacco Control Act. The objective of the Regulations is to ensure that non-smokers are not caused harm or discomfort by tobacco smoke. In REGULATIONS on smoking restrictions from 12 April 2007 says: Objective and scope The provisions of these Regulations apply to restrictions on tobacco smoking in accord with the provisions of the Tobacco Control Act. The objective of the Regulations is to ensure that non-smokers are not caused harm or discomfort by tobacco smoke. WHO European Region
India The definition of public places is very comprehensive and includes all places visited by public whether as of right or not and includes all public places and private workplaces. But does not include any open spaces. In addition, smoking is also prohibited at open spaces that are visited by the public like auditoriums, stadiums, railway stations, bus stops and such other places. ‘No Smoking’ signages as per specifications have to be displayed prominently at public places. A physically segregated smoking area, subject to specifications provided by Rules may only be allowed in the following places:- • Airports • Hotels with 30 or more rooms • Restaurants with 30 or more seats. The definition of public places is very comprehensive and includes all places visited by public whether as of right or not and includes all public places and private workplaces. But does not include any open spaces. In addition, smoking is also prohibited at open spaces that are visited by the public like auditoriums, stadiums, railway stations, bus stops and such other places. ‘No Smoking’ signages as per specifications have to be displayed prominently at public places. A physically segregated smoking area, subject to specifications provided by Rules may only be allowed in the following places:- • Airports • Hotels with 30 or more rooms • Restaurants with 30 or more seats. The definition of public places is very comprehensive and includes all places visited by public whether as of right or not and includes all public places and private workplaces. But does not include any open spaces. In addition, smoking is also prohibited at open spaces that are visited by the public like auditoriums, stadiums, railway stations, bus stops and such other places. ‘No Smoking’ signages as per specifications have to be displayed prominently at public places. A physically segregated smoking area, subject to specifications provided by Rules may only be allowed in the following places:- • Airports • Hotels with 30 or more rooms • Restaurants with 30 or more seats. WHO South-East Asia Region
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Implementing Article 8 of the FCTC, in order to protect public health against adverse health effect of tobacco, especially protection against exposure to tobacco products imposed, necessary regulation considered in Article 7 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law. Based on this article, consumption of tobacco in public places is banned. Article 13 of the national tobacco control law also prohibited smoking tobacco products in the places stipulated in Article 18 of the Probing Administrative Offences Act [all government employees’ offences are addressed by this Act]. Implementing Article 8 of the FCTC, in order to protect public health against adverse health effect of tobacco, especially protection against exposure to tobacco products imposed, necessary regulation considered in Article 7 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law. Based on this article, consumption of tobacco in public places is banned. Article 13 of the national tobacco control law also prohibited smoking tobacco products in the places stipulated in Article 18 of the Probing Administrative Offences Act [all government employees’ offences are addressed by this Act]. Implementing Article 8 of the FCTC, in order to protect public health against adverse health effect of tobacco, especially protection against exposure to tobacco products imposed, necessary regulation considered in Article 7 of the executive bylaw of the national tobacco control law. Based on this article, consumption of tobacco in public places is banned. Article 13 of the national tobacco control law also prohibited smoking tobacco products in the places stipulated in Article 18 of the Probing Administrative Offences Act [all government employees’ offences are addressed by this Act]. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Iraq A comprehensive ban was imposed on smoking in public places. Imposition of fines has been done on violators. Answer not provided Article 4 of chapter 2 of tobacco control act refers to ban of smoking in the following public places: 1. within the premises of the governing bodies,ministries, directorates,health and educational institusions,airports,companies and factories. 2. theaters,cinemas,hotels,clubs,restaurants,meeting rooms,commercial markets and labour offices. 3. public transports. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Ireland In March 2004 legislation was introduced prohibiting smoking in most workplaces. The Public Health (Tobacco) Act 2002, prohibited smoking in most indoor workplaces, including bars and restaurants. Compliance with smoke free legislation is consistently high, with compliance rates generally above 90%. In March 2004 legislation was introduced prohibiting smoking in most workplaces [The Public Health (Tobacco) Act 2002, as amended prohibited smoking in most indoor workplaces.], including bars and restaurants. Compliance with smoke free legislation is consistently high, with compliance rates generally above 90%. The health benefits for workers are already accruing. In March 2004 legislation was introduced prohibiting smoking in most workplaces [The Public Health (Tobacco) Act 2002, as amended prohibited smoking in most indoor workplaces.], including bars and restaurants. Compliance with smoke free legislation is consistently high, with compliance rates generally above 90%. The health benefits for workers are already accruing. WHO European Region
Israel Based on the national law of "Banning smoking in public places and exposure to second hand smoke", other authorities created compatible executive orders, for example the Ministry of Education General managers orders regarding the ban on smoking in educational institutes and during the educational activities. Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Italy In the Legislative decree n.6/2016 adopted TPD 40/2014/UE has been included an article which prohibits smoking in cars in presence with minors and pregnants and bans smoking in the premises of pediatric and gynecological hospital sectors In the Legislative decree n.6/2016 adopted TPD 40/2014/UE has been included an article which prohibits smoking in cars in presence with minors and pregnants and bans smoking in the premises of pediatric and gynecological hospital sectors In the Legislative decree n.6/2016 adopted TPD 40/2014/UE has been included an article which prohibits smoking in cars in presence with minors and pregnants and bans smoking in the premises of pediatric and gynecological hospital sectors WHO European Region
Jamaica The Public Health (Tobacco Control) Regulations 2013 which was promulgated in July 2013 makes provision for smoke free public places. It was amended in 2014. The Regulation addresses restriction of smoking in enclosed and other specified spaces including public conveyances. The comprehensive legislation, which is being finalized, will further address and reinforce the prohibition. The Public Health (Tobacco Control) Regulations 2013 which was promulgated in July 2013 makes provision for smoke free public places. It was amended in 2014. The Regulation addresses restriction of smoking in enclosed and other specified spaces including public conveyances. The Public Health (Tobacco Control) Regulations 2013 which was promulgated in July 2013 makes provision for smoke free spaces. It was amended in 2014. The Regulation addresses restriction of smoking in enclosed and other specified spaces including public conveyances. WHO Region of the Americas
Japan The Health Promotion Act has been revised in 2018 to strengthen measures against secondhand smoke. The law provides for indoor smoke-free environments in health care facilities, educational facilities including universities, and government facilities. Violators should be fined. (ref.) http://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/seisakunitsuite/bunya/0000189195.html In order to strengthen protection from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, the Cabinet decided on the bill amendment to the Health Promotion Act in March 2018 and submitted it to the Diet. If this bill is passed and enforced, effective regulations are expected to be carried out. The law will provide for a complete indoor smoke-free environment at all times in health care facilities, educational facilities including universities, and government facilities. Violators should be fined. (ref.) http://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/seisakunitsuite/bunya/0000189195.html Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Jordan - The Public Health Law No. (47) of 2008 and its amendments. - Minister of Health Decisions. - Cabinet Decisions. - Administrative orders. - Hotline for complaints about violations and media campaigns. - Allocating a smoking cessation quitline. This will be implemented soon. قانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 وتعديلاتة عام 2017 قرار رئاسة الوزراء نظام عرض تنظيم منتجات التبغ تعليمات واشتراطات منع التدخين في الاماكن العامة والمنشاءات السياحية الاوامر الادارية الاتفاقيات الطوعية قانون الصحة العامة رقم 47 لسنة 2008 قرار رئاسة الوزراء نظام عرض تنظيم منتجات التبغ تعليمات واشتراطات منع التدخين في الاماكن العامة والمنشاءات السياحية الاوامر الادارية الاتفاقيات الطوعية WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kazakhstan 159 статья Кодекса Республики Казахстан "О здоровье народа и системе здравоохранения" значительно расширила перечень общественных мест, где запрещено курить. Запрет на курение в организациях образования, а также в организациях для отдыха несовершеннолетних; организациях здравоохранения; пунктах общественного питания; кинотеатрах, театрах, цирках, концертных, смотровых и выставочных залах, на спортивных аренах и в других крытых сооружениях, предназначенных для массового отдыха, в том числе в ночных клубах, на дискотеках; музеях, библиотеках и лекториях; в неустановленных местах в поездах и на судах морского и речного транспорта; на борту воздушного судна, в общественном транспорте; зданиях аэропортов, железнодорожных, автомобильных и водных вокзалов; государственных органах и организациях; помещениях, являющихся рабочими местами; подъездах домов. Специальные оборудованные места для курения разрешены в пунктах общественного питания, поездах и судах, зданиях аэропортов и вокзалов 159 статья Кодекса Республики Казахстан "О здоровье народа и системе здравоохранения" значительно расширила перечень общественных мест, где запрещено курить. Report not provided WHO European Region
Kenya The Tobacco Control Act 2007 prohibits smoking in public places The Tobacco Control Act 2007 prohibits smoking in public places The Tobacco Control Act 2007 prohibits smoking in public places WHO African Region
Kiribati The leading regulation in tobacco control is the Tobacco Control Act 2013,which appears to the whole country The community initiative " Smoke free Maneaba/Community Hall" ensures that some communities (villages) voluntary agreed to be smoke free by the Act will used to strengthen their policy.The first Tobacco islet in Kiribati called Nuotaea in the island of Abaiang.Received the WHO World No Tobacco day award in 2012.Since then,224 village/maneaba hall declared smoke free communities until now. The leading regulation in tobacco control is the Tobacco Control Act 2013,which appears to the whole country The community initiative " Smoke free Maneaba/Community Hall" ensures that some communities (villages) voluntary agreed to be smoke free by the Act will used to strengthen their policy.The first Tobacco islet in Kiribati called Nuotaea in the island of Abaiang.Received the WHO World No Tobacco day award in 2012.Since then,224 village/maneaba hall declared smoke free communities until now. The leading regulation in tobacco control is the Tobacco Control Act 2013,which appears to the whole country The community initiative " Smoke free Maneaba/Community Hall" ensures that some communities (villages) voluntary agreed to be smoke free by the Act will used to strengthen their policy.The first Tobacco islet in Kiribati called Nuotaea in the island of Abaiang.Received the WHO World No Tobacco day award in 2012.Since then,224 village/maneaba hall declared smoke free communities until now. WHO Western Pacific Region
Kuwait National Law. With clear fines and implementaion strategies National Law. With clear fines and implementaion strategies National Law. With clear fines and implementaion strategies WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Kyrgyzstan Report not provided Report not provided Не исполнение указанных норм - влечет наложение административного штрафа на граждан – пять (500 сом), на должностных лиц - от десяти до двадцати (от 1000 до 2000 сом), на юридических лиц - от ста до пятисот (от 10 000- 50 000 сом) расчетных показателей. WHO European Region
Lao People's Democratic Republic Ban all indoor of workplace, public places including pubic transport. Ban all indoor of workplace, public places including pubic transport. Ban all indoor of workplace, public places including pubic transport. WHO Western Pacific Region
Latvia The Law on Tobacco products, herbal products, electronic cigarettes and refill containers - the purpose of this Law is to protect public health, including the right of persons to live in a clean and favourable environment which has not been polluted by smoke from tobacco products for smoking and herbal products for smoking, as well as from vapour of electronic smoking devices. A number to the Tobacco Law related Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers are approved as well. The Law on Tobacco products, herbal products, electronic cigarettes and refill containers - the purpose of this Law is to protect public health, including the right of persons to live in a clean and favourable environment which has not been polluted by smoke from tobacco products for smoking and herbal products for smoking, as well as from vapour of electronic smoking devices. A number to the Tobacco Law related Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers are approved as well. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Lebanon The National Tobacco Control Program (NTCP) has developed and led advocacy for a new comprehensive tobacco control law in Lebanon, which was approved by the Lebanese Parliament in September 2011. This law (Law 174) banned smoking in all indoor public places and public transport, banned all Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship, increased warning labels on packs from 15% to 40%, and included other restrictions such as banning sale to minors. The law and associated bylaws are available at: http://www.tobaccocontrol.gov.lb/Legislation/Pages/NationalLaw.aspx. The National Tobacco Control Program (NTCP) has developed and led advocacy for a new comprehensive tobacco control law in Lebanon, which was approved by the Lebanese Parliament in September 2011. This law (Law 174) banned smoking in all indoor public places and public transport, banned all Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship, increased warning labels on packs from 15% to 40%, and included other restrictions such as banning sale to minors. The law and associated bylaws are available at: http://www.tobaccocontrol.gov.lb/Legislation/Pages/NationalLaw.aspx. The National Tobacco Control Program (NTCP) has developed and led advocacy for a new comprehensive tobacco control law in Lebanon, which was approved by the Lebanese Parliament in September 2011. This law (Law 174) banned smoking in all indoor public places and public transport, banned all Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship, increased warning labels on packs from 15% to 40%, and included other restrictions such as banning sale to minors. The law and associated bylaws are available at: http://www.tobaccocontrol.gov.lb/Legislation/Pages/NationalLaw.aspx. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lesotho Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Liberia Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Libya قرار شامل صادر من مجلي الوزراء تحت رقم 206 لسنة 2009 بالحظر طبقاً لنصوص الإتفاقية قرار شامل صادر من مجلي الوزراء تحت رقم 206 لسنة 2009 بالحظر طبقاً لنصوص الإتفاقية قرار شامل صادر من مجلي الوزراء تحت رقم 206 لسنة 2009 بالحظر طبقاً لنصوص الإتفاقية WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Lithuania Law on Tobacco control of the Republic of Lithuania: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Lithuania/Lithuania%20-%20TC%20Law.pdf (version updated 2018) Additionally to the ban on national level laid down in the Law on tobacco control, municipal councils shall have the right to prohibit smoking in public (parks, squares, etc.) and other areas falling under the competence of their management. Law on Tobacco control of the Republic of Lithuania: https://www.e-tar.lt/portal/lt/legalAct/TAR.F8090E375DA0/kWOxTjTByd Additionally to the ban on national level laid down in the Law on tobacco control, municipal councils shall have the right to prohibit smoking in public (parks, squares, etc.) and other areas falling under the competence of their management. Law on Tobacco control Republic of Lithuania https://www.e-tar.lt/portal/lt/legalAct/abfca110957511e4862ed7d5b632e0aa WHO European Region
Luxembourg à partir du 1er janvier 2014, linterdiction de fumer a été étendue à: •dans les cafés, les bistrots et les bars, •dans les discothèques, •dans les salons de consommation de pâtisseries, •dans les restaurants, brasseries, snacks et tous les établissements où la nourriture peut être servie ou consommée, •dans les galeries commerciales ou marchandes, •dans les établissements couverts où sont pratiqués des sports ou des activités de loisir, •dans les locaux à usage collectif des établissements d’hébergement (hôtels, auberges,...), •dans tous les lieux publics déjà concernés par la législation en matière de lutte antitabac du 11 août 2006. Depuis le 1er août 2017, avec lentrée en vigueur de la nouvelle loi anti-tabac du 13 juin 2017, transposant la directive 2014/40/UE en droit national, de nouvelles mesures supplémentaires de protection contre lexposition à la fumée du tabac ont été introduites et sont les suivantes: -Il est interdit de fumer dans les aires de jeux, ainsi que dans toutes les enceintes sportives accueillant des mineurs de moins de 16 ans accomplis, y exerçant une activité sportive. -dans tout véhicule en présence d’un enfant de moins de douze ans accomplis. Quant au tabagisme du le lieu de travail, nous rappelons régulièrement les employeurs de Art.L312-2. (3) du Code du travail Luxembourgeois : « L’employeur doit prendre toutes les mesures pour assurer et améliorer la protection de la santé physique et psychique des salariés, notamment en assurant des conditions de travail ergonomiques suffisantes, en évitant dans la mesure du possible le travail répétitif, en organisant le travail de manière appropriée et en prenant les mesures nécessaires afin que les salariés soient protégés de manière efficace contre les émanations résultant de la consommation de tabac d’autrui. » à partir du 1er janvier 2014, linterdiction de fumer a été étendue à: •dans les cafés, les bistrots et les bars, •dans les discothèques, •dans les salons de consommation de pâtisseries, •dans les restaurants, brasseries, snacks et tous les établissements où la nourriture peut être servie ou consommée, •dans les galeries commerciales ou marchandes, •dans les établissements couverts où sont pratiqués des sports ou des activités de loisir, •dans les locaux à usage collectif des établissements d’hébergement (hôtels, auberges,...), •dans tous les lieux publics déjà concernés par la législation en matière de lutte antitabac du 11 août 2006. Depuis le 1er août 2017, avec lentrée en vigueur de la nouvelle loi anti-tabac du 13 juin 2017, transposant la directive 2014/40/UE en droit national, de nouvelles mesures supplémentaires de protection contre lexposition à la fumée du tabac ont été introduites et sont les suivantes: -Il est interdit de fumer dans les aires de jeux, ainsi que dans toutes les enceintes sportives accueillant des mineurs de moins de 16 ans accomplis, y exerçant une activité sportive. -dans tout véhicule en présence d’un enfant de moins de douze ans accomplis. à partir du 1er janvier 2014, linterdiction de fumer a été étendue à: •dans les cafés, les bistrots et les bars, •dans les discothèques, •dans les salons de consommation de pâtisseries, •dans les restaurants, brasseries, snacks et tous les établissements où la nourriture peut être servie ou consommée, •dans les galeries commerciales ou marchandes, •dans les établissements couverts où sont pratiqués des sports ou des activités de loisir, •dans les locaux à usage collectif des établissements d’hébergement (hôtels, auberges,...), •dans tous les lieux publics déjà concernés par la législation en matière de lutte antitabac du 11 août 2006. WHO European Region
Madagascar arrêté interministériel N°29.511/2013 portant interdiction de fumer dans tous les lieux intérieurs ou clos qui constituent des lieux de travail, lieux publics et transports publics du 03 octobre 2013 dont il y a la responsabilité de la propriété ou la gérante des lieux; la sanction des fumeurs ; le type et le rôle des agents de contrôle arrêté interministériel N°29.511/2013 portant interdiction de fumer dans tous les lieux intérieurs ou clos qui constituent des lieux de travail, lieux publics et transports publics du 03 octobre 2013 dont il y a la responsabilité de la propriété ou la gérante des lieux; la sanction des fumeurs ; le type et le rôle des agents de contrôle arrêté interministériel N°29.511/2013 portant interdiction de fumer dans tous les lieux intérieurs ou clos qui constituent des lieux de travail, lieux publics et transports publics du 03 octobre 2013 WHO African Region
Malaysia Currently, under Control of Tobacco Product Regulation 2004, there was about 23 areas gazette as non-smoking area under Regulation 11. Under Regulation 22, there are five (5) states have smoke-free cities projects. Currently, under Control of Tobacco Product Regulation 2004, there was about 23 areas gazette as non-smoking area under Regulation 11. Under Regulation 22, there are five (5) states have smoke-free cities projects. 21 places are gazetted as prohibited smoking area under CTPR 2004. Last year, (2) two public areas were proposed for smoke free area that is the national park and public parks awaiting amendment on Peraturan 21. In addition to that, 1/3 designated smoking zone in air conditioned restaurant have also been proposed to be removed awaiting the amendment. WHO Western Pacific Region
Maldives 1-Tobacco control Law (15/2010) Chapter 1 " Protection from Tobacco Smoke": Provides the legal basis 2- Regulations Designating Smoke Free Public Places (Regulation R-41/2012): Details criteria, enforcement and penalties 1-Tobacco control Law (15/2010) Chapter 1 " Protection from Tobacco Smoke": Provides the legal basis 2- Regulations Designating Smoke Free Public Places (Regulation R-41/2012): Details criteria, enforcement and penalties 1-Tobacco control Law (15/2010) Chapter 1 " Protection from Tobacco Smoke": Provides the legal basis 2- Regulations Designating Smoke Free Public Places (Regulation R-41/2012): Details criteria, enforcement and penalties WHO South-East Asia Region
Mali La loi votée interdit le tabac dans les lieux de travail publics et les transports en commun La loi votée interdit le tabac dans les lieux de travail publics et les transports en commun La loi votée interdit le tabac dans lieux de travail publics et les transports en commun WHO African Region
Malta L.N. 23 of 2010, TOBACCO (SMOKING CONTROL) ACT (CAP. 315) Smoking in Public Places Regulations, 2010 http://justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lp&itemid=21129&l= 1 L.N. 493 of 2011 TOBACCO (SMOKING CONTROL) ACT (CAP. 315) Smoking in Public Places (Amendment) Regulations, 2011 http://justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lp&itemid=22737&l= 1 L.N. 23 of 2010, TOBACCO (SMOKING CONTROL) ACT (CAP. 315) Smoking in Public Places Regulations, 2010 http://justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lp&itemid=21129&l= 1 L.N. 493 of 2011 TOBACCO (SMOKING CONTROL) ACT (CAP. 315) Smoking in Public Places (Amendment) Regulations, 2011 http://justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lp&itemid=22737&l= 1 L.N. 23 of 2010, TOBACCO (SMOKING CONTROL) ACT (CAP. 315) Smoking in Public Places Regulations, 2010 http://justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lp&itemid=21129&l= 1 L.N. 493 of 2011 TOBACCO (SMOKING CONTROL) ACT (CAP. 315) Smoking in Public Places (Amendment) Regulations, 2011 http://justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lp&itemid=22737&l= 1 WHO European Region
Marshall Islands SEE ATTACHED TOBACCO CONTROL ACT 2006 SEE ATTACHED TOBACCO CONTROL ACT 2006 SEE ATTACHED TOBACCO CONTROL ACT 2006 WHO Western Pacific Region
Mauritania La loi 2020-018 interdit la fumée dans les lieux publiques et dans les transport publics Il y a des mesures administrative d’interdiction de fumer dans leurs lieux, prises par certaines administrations qui ne relèvent pas dune législation nationale Answer not provided WHO African Region
Mauritius The current legislation in force that is the Public Health ( Restrictions on Tobacco Products) Regulations 2008, which is in process of being amended, provide for a complete ban on tobacco smoking in indoor areas, including workplace except in demarcated areas, in all public places. Smoking is also banned in public conveyances and in bars, restaurants, nightclubs, bus stops, bus stations, in all places where the public have access and in recreational places such as gymnasium and public gardens. The Public Health (Restrictions on Tobacco Products ) Regulations 2008 provides a complete ban on tobacco smoking in indoor areas, including work places except in demarcated areas. Smoking is also banned in public conveyances and in bars, restaurants, nightclubs, bus stops, bus stations, in all places where the public have access and in recreational places such as gymnasium and public gardens. National law regulation tobacco products bans smoking in indoor public places, including, workplaces (except at a place demarcated for smoking), public conveyance. It also bans smoking in bars, restaurants, nightclubs, bus stops and bus stations and recreational places such as public garden. WHO African Region
Mexico Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Micronesia (Federated States of) The law is varies at the four states of FSM (e.g at the National Level it is banned to smoke within 150 feet from government workplaces, at the state of Pohnpei and Kosrae it is 25ft, Yap and Chuuk is 50ft. The law is varies at the four states of FSM (e.g at the National Level it is banned to smoke within 150 feet from government workplaces, at the state of Pohnpei and Kosrae it is 25ft, Yap and Chuuk is 50ft. The law is varies at the four states of FSM (e.g at the National Level it is banned to smoke within 150 feet from government workplaces, at the state of Pohnpei and Kosrae it is 25ft, Yap and Chuuk is 50ft. WHO Western Pacific Region
Mongolia Smoking restricted in the following areas: 1. all kinds of public transportation vehicles; 2. entertainment and public service area; 3. gasoline stations, factories, manufacturing flammable and explosive substances and machine oil, their storage areas; 4. public transportation station, public lounges of hotels, smoking restricted rooms of hotel; 5. public eatery, shops, bar, entertainment places except permitted smoking area in these places; 6. indoor areas of companies and business organizations except permitted smoking area in these places; 7. airplanes, passenger transportation trains; 8. kindergardens, all levels of schools, school dormitories, their outdoor spaces, entrance of public apartments, elevators, children’s playing ground, parks. Smoking restricted in the following areas: 1. all kinds of public transportation vehicles; 2. entertainment and public service area; 3. gasoline stations, factories, manufacturing flammable and explosive substances and machine oil, their storage areas; 4. public transportation station, public lounges of hotels, smoking restricted rooms of hotel; 5. public eatery, shops, bar, entertainment places except permitted smoking area in these places; 6. indoor areas of companies and business organizations except permitted smoking area in these places; 7. airplanes, passenger transportation trains; 8. kindergardens, all levels of schools, school dormitories, their outdoor spaces, entrance of public apartments, elevators, children’s playing ground, parks. Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Montenegro Article 5 Measures to reduce and restrict the use of tobacco products shall include advertising, manufacture, trade and labelling of tobacco products, prohibition of smoking in public and workspaces and exposure to a secondary tobacco smoke, effect on juveniles, as well as other issues significant for the protection of human health, in accordance with the principles laid down by the Framework Convention of the World Health Organization on tobacco control. Secondary tobacco smoke means the smoke released from combustion on a lighted cigarette and other tobacco products, in combination with the smoke exhaled by a smoker. Article 6 For the purposes of hidden or open stimulation of tobacco products use, electronic cigarettes, refill containers and other tobacco products, manufacturers, importers and tobacco products must not advertise them: by Internet, audio visual services, printed and other publications, in media, via cinema diapositives, movies, panels, billboards, labels and other forms of advertising in public places, on transport facilities and means of transport, via illuminated advertisements, books, magazines, calendars, clothes and not via stickers, posters and leaflets, if these stickers, posters and leaflets are separated from their original packaging. Article15 It shall be prohibited to smoke in workplace and in public space and to expose other people to secondary tobacco smoke, in accordance with this Law. Article17 Public space is an area intended for people’s common use and includes the enclosed area in which: 1) teaching-educational activities are carried out, as well as health activities, manufacture, control and trade in medicines and medical devices; accommodation, stay and diet of children, pupils and students are provided; in which acceptance, accommodation and care of people in social need and elderly is carried out, where cultural, entertainment, sports and other events, performances and competitions are held, meetings and other organized gatherings; and 2) trade activity and manufacture, storing and food trade are carried out. Public space, in terms of paragraph 1 of this Article, shall also be deemed: 1) means of public transport in air, road and railway transport and maritime and inland navigation; airport buildings and closed waiting rooms in railway and road transport, as well as auto taxi and official transport means; 2) children’s playrooms; 3) hospitality facilities providing services of accommodation, preparation and serving food; 4) facilities for organizing games of chance; 5) institutions for accommodating people serving their criminal sanction sentences; and 6) lobbies, elevators and other common areas of residential buildings, cable car cabins and public toilets. Public space, in terms of this Law, is also an open enclosed yard area of educational-training institutions and an open enclosed space where public recording and broadcasting of any kind of programs are carried out and where cultural and entertaining events are held. Article18 Smoking shall be allowed in public or in the workspace only in the room designated by owner or customer solely for smoking, which displays the label smoking permitted inside the room. In public space referred to in Article17 paragraph 2 item 3 of this Law smoking shall be permitted in rooms and suites for accommodation of guests designated by the employer, on which it displays the label that smoking is permitted in these rooms and suites. Room referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article may not be designated in the workspace where activities are carried out by state authorities, state administration authorities, units of local self-governance and other legal entities exercising public authorities; space where health and educational-teaching activities are carried out; social protection; cultural activities; sports and recreation; manufacture and marketing of medicines; trade activity; manufacture, trade and storing of food; recording and public broadcasting of program or in the space where meetings and public gatherings are held. Notwithstanding the paragraph 3 of this Article, the health institution accommodating mentally ill persons and social institution for accommodation of elderly people may also designate a room for smoking. Article19 The room referred to in Article18 paragraph 1 of this Law shall be provided with the ventilation system, ashtrays and appropriate fire devices. The room referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be insulated in a way to prevent the outflow of smoke into the remaining area and surface of the area shall not be less than 10 m2, or cover more than 20%of workspace or public space and shall not be intended for passing into another rooms. In the room designated by employer as a room where smoking is permitted employer’s activities shall not be performed and food shall not be consumed. Provisions of this Article shall not refer to the smoking room referred to in Article16paragraph 4 of this Law. Article 20 Owners or users of the space have to visibly display the smoking prohibition signs in a public place and workspace where smoking is prohibited in accordance with this Law. Article 21 Control of the smoking prohibition in public and workspace stipulated by this Law, as well as taking measures and activities for space planning referred to in Articles 18and 19 of this Law shall be performed by a person managing the work or carrying out the activities. A person referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article may commit one or more employees in writing to control the smoking prohibition during the entire work process. Employee that does not abide to the smoking prohibition, in accordance with this Law, shall commit a violation of work discipline and a person referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall initiate the procedure against him/her for the establishment of disciplinary liability, in accordance with the law and the employment contract. National Law - Article 3 Prohibitions and restrictions of the usage of tobacco products, according to this Law, referring especially to the harmful effects of cigarettes, harmful effects of the usage of tobacco products, smoking in public space and workspace, selling and advertising of tobacco products, especially to minors. Particularly harmful ingredients of cigarettes are tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. Article 4 Public space is an area intended for people’s communal use, and includes the areas in facilities in which: 1) is performed teaching and educational activities, health activities, production, control and trade of drugs and medical devices; is provided accommodation, extended stay and diet for children, pupils and students; is accepted, accommodated and taken care of people in state of social welfare as well as elderly people; maintaining cultural, entertaining, sports and other events, performances and competitions, meetings and other gatherings; 2) is performed trade services and manufacturing, warehousing and trading in food products. Public space, as referred to in paragraph 1of this Article, shall also include: 1) public transport in air and road traffic; 2) discos, pastry shops, bistros, pizzerias and fast food facilities; 3) hospitality facility where food is served; 4) public transport in railway traffic and inland navigation, airport buildings and facilities for accommodation of persons on serving penalty; 5) halls, elevators and other common areas of buildings; cabins of aerial tramways lifts and public toilets. Article 5 The workspace is any enclosed space in which an employer performs service or function, or where employees perform their duties and tasks National Law - Article 3 Prohibitions and restrictions of the usage of tobacco products, according to this Law, referring especially to the harmful effects of cigarettes, harmful effects of the usage of tobacco products, smoking in public space and workspace, selling and advertising of tobacco products, especially to minors. Particularly harmful ingredients of cigarettes are tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. Article 4 Public space is an area intended for people’s communal use, and includes the areas in facilities in which: 1) is performed teaching and educational activities, health activities, production, control and trade of drugs and medical devices; is provided accommodation, extended stay and diet for children, pupils and students; is accepted, accommodated and taken care of people in state of social welfare as well as elderly people; maintaining cultural, entertaining, sports and other events, performances and competitions, meetings and other gatherings; 2) is performed trade services and manufacturing, warehousing and trading in food products. Public space, as referred to in paragraph 1of this Article, shall also include: 1) public transport in air and road traffic; 2) discos, pastry shops, bistros, pizzerias and fast food facilities; 3) hospitality facility where food is served; 4) public transport in railway traffic and inland navigation, airport buildings and facilities for accommodation of persons on serving penalty; 5) halls, elevators and other common areas of buildings; cabins of aerial tramways lifts and public toilets. Article 5 The workspace is any enclosed space in which an employer performs service or function, or where employees perform their duties and tasks WHO European Region
Myanmar The “Control of smoking and consumption of tobacco product law” was enacted in 2006 and came into effect in 2007. The law defines the totally smoke-free area and the limited area with designated smoking place. The totally smoke-free area includes the health facilities, the educational institutions, the play grounds, sports stadiums, the public transport and indoor public places. But, the designated smoking room should be kept at public transport like trains, public transport ports and terminals, government offices and industries according to the law. In 2011, the President’s office made the direction that all government offices’ buildings and compounds must be tobacco-free. According to the law, the Ministry of Health is authorized to adopt the necessary orders and notifications. The notifications regarding the sign and warning to be kept at no-smoking area and designated smoking area were developed and adopted by Ministry of Health in March, 2014. According to that notification, the designated smoking area must be defined at outside area, at least 10 meters away from the main entrance and the windows of the building, ensuring that all the indoor places are smoke-free. The “Control of smoking and consumption of tobacco product law” was enacted in 2006 and came into effect in 2007. The law defines the totally smoke-free area and the limited area with designated smoking place. The totally smoke-free area includes the health facilities, the educational institutions, the play grounds, sports stadiums, the public transport and indoor public places. But, the designated smoking room should be kept at public transport like trains, public transport ports and terminals, government offices and industries according to the law. In 2011, the President’s office made the direction that all government offices’ buildings and compounds must be tobacco-free. According to the law, the Ministry of Health is authorized to adopt the necessary orders and notifications. The notifications regarding the sign and warning to be kept at no-smoking area and designated smoking area were developed and adopted by Ministry of Health in March, 2014. According to that notification, the designated smoking area must be defined at outside area, at least 10 meters away from the main entrance and the windows of the building, ensuring that all the indoor places are smoke-free. The “Control of smoking and consumption of tobacco product law” was enacted in 2006 and came into effect in 2007. The law defines the totally smoke-free area and the limited area with designated smoking place. The totally smoke-free area includes the health facilities, the educational institutions, the play grounds, sports stadiums, the public transport and indoor public places. But, the designated smoking room should be kept at public transport like trains, public transport ports and terminals, government offices and industries according to the law. In 2011, the President’s office made the direction that all government offices’ buildings and compounds must be tobacco-free. According to the law, the Ministry of Health is authorized to adopt the necessary orders and notifications. The notifications regarding the sign and warning to be kept at no-smoking area and designated smoking area were developed and adopted by Ministry of Health in March, 2014. According to that notification, the designated smoking area will be defined at outside area, at least 10 meters away from the main entrance and the windows of the building, ensuring that all the indoor places will be smoke-free. Ministry of Health announced the order for Pictorial Health Warning on Cigarette and other Tobacco Packaging on 29th February 2016 and it will come into force after six months. WHO South-East Asia Region
Namibia A circular is in existence since 1997 prohibiting smoking in public and government premises. Article 22 of the 2010 law refers to measures protecting people from exposure to tobacco smoke. See Annex 3. Report not provided Report not provided WHO African Region
Nauru Ban on smoking in restaurants, government buildings, indoor public places, schools, health facilities Report not provided Ban on smoking in restaurants, government buildings, indoor public places, schools, health facilities WHO Western Pacific Region
Nepal Article 4 of Tobacco Products (Control and Regulatory) Act, 2011 clearly mentioned "Smoking or tobacco consumption is banned in the following public places": a. The bodies, institutions and offices of the State and of the Government, b. Educational institutions, libraries, training and health related institutions, c. Airport, airlines and public transportations, d. Child Welfare Homes, Child Care Centres, Old Age Homes, Orphanage, Children Park and Club, e. Public Toilets, f. Work place of industries and factories, g. Cinema Hall, Cultural Centres and Theatres, h. Hotel, Motel, Resort, Restaurant, Bar, Dining Hall, Canteen, Lodge, Hostel and Guest Houses, i. Stadium, Covered Halls, Gymnasium, Swimming Pool Houses, j. Departmental Store and Mini Market, k. Pilgrimage and Religious Places, l. Public Bus Stand and Ticketing Centre. Article 4 of Tobacco Products (Control and Regulatory) Act, 2011 clearly mentioned "Smoking or tobacco consumption is banned in the following public places": a. The bodies, institutions and offices of the State and of the Government, b. Educational institutions, libraries, training and health related institutions, c. Airport, airlines and public transportations, d. Child Welfare Homes, Child Care Centres, Old Age Homes, Orphanage, Children Park and Club, e. Public Toilets, f. Work place of industries and factories, g. Cinema Hall, Cultural Centres and Theatres, h. Hotel, Motel, Resort, Restaurant, Bar, Dining Hall, Canteen, Lodge, Hostel and Guest Houses, i. Stadium, Covered Halls, Gymnasium, Swimming Pool Houses, j. Departmental Store and Mini Market, k. Pilgrimage and Religious Places, l. Public Bus Stand and Ticketing Centre. Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Netherlands Smoking is prohibited in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and in the hospitality sector. A smoking room is allowed. Smoking in outdoor places is not prohibited. From 2020, smoking will be prohibited at outdoor school areas. Smoking is prohibited in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and in the hospitality sector. A smoking room is allowed. Smoking in outdoor places is not prohibited. From 2020, smoking will be prohibited at outdoor school areas. Smoking is prohibited in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and in the hospitality sector. A smoking room is allowed. Smoking in outdoor places is not prohibited, but voluntary agreements are made with schools for a smoking ban on the school yard. WHO European Region
New Zealand The principal (national) legislation banning smoking in indoor workplaces, public transport, etc., is the Smoke-free Environments Act 1990. In addition, many local authorities ban smoking in particular areas - parks, sports grounds, playgrounds and some extend this to specified streets or parts of the city. The principal (national) legislation banning smoking in indoor workplaces, public transport, etc., is the Smoke-free Environments Act 1990. In addition, many local authorities ban smoking in particular areas - parks, sports grounds, playgrounds and some extend this to specified streets or parts of the city. The principal (national) legislation banning smoking in indoor workplaces, public transport, etc. is the Smoke-free Environments Act 1990. In addition, many local authorities ban smoking in particular areas - parks, sports grounds, playgrounds and some extend this to specified streets or parts of the city. WHO Western Pacific Region
Nicaragua Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Niger Answer not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Nigeria Non-smoking areas: All public buildings/premises & transport Non-smoking areas: All public buildings/premises & transport Non-smoking areas: All public buildings/premises & transport WHO African Region
Niue Tobacco Control Bill states the prohibition of smoking in any enclosed public place or workplace and a fine for committing the offence. Regulations for enforcing these measures are currently in development. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Norway Ban on smoking in indoor workplaces, indoor public places, and indoor public transport regulated in the Tobacco Control Act, Sections 25–28. Designated smoking areas are allowed in certain institutions and on oil/gas platforms offshore. Ban on smoking in indoor workplaces, indoor public places, and indoor public transport regulated in the Tobacco Control Act, Sections 25–28. Designated smoking areas are allowed in certain institutions and on oil/gas platforms offshore. Ban on smoking in indoor workplaces, indoor public places, and indoor public transport regulated in the Tobacco Control Act, Sections 25–27. Designated smoking areas are allowed in certain institutions and on oil/gas platforms offshore. Entered into force 1 July 2014. WHO European Region
Oman يحظر التدخين في الاماكن العامة المغلقة الداخلية ويمكن تخصيص اماكن للمدخنيين. يحظر التدخين في الاماكن العامة المغلقة الداخلية ويمكن تخصيص اماكن للمدخنيين. يحظر التدخين في الاماكن العامة المغلقة الداخلية ويمكن تخصيص اماكن للمدخنيين. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Pakistan Under Article 8 of FCTC regarding protection from exposure to tobacco smoke in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and other public places, Pakistan has enacted legislative and administrative measures. Under Section-5 of the “Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Non-Smokers Health Ordinance, 2002”, use of tobacco products at any place of public work or use is prohibited. Under S.R.O 51 (KE)/2009), designated smoking areas have been declared illegal and all places of public work or use have been declared completely smoke-free. Under Section-6 of above-said Ordinance, smoking or use of tobacco in any other form in a public service vehicle is prohibited. This legislation covers use of Smokeless tobacco and sheesha smoking. Lahore High Court declared adjacent places to hotels / restaurant as public places. Prior to that, smoking was not banned in open to sky places. After this decision, smoking is banned at open to sky places adjacent to hotels and restaurants. Under Article 8 of FCTC regarding protection from exposure to tobacco smoke in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and other public places, Pakistan has enacted legislative and administrative measures. Under Section-5 of the “Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Non-Smokers Health Ordinance, 2002”, use of tobacco products at any place of public work or use is prohibited. Under S.R.O 51 (KE)/2009), designated smoking areas have been declared illegal and all places of public work or use have been declared completely smoke-free. Under Section-6 of above-said Ordinance, smoking or use of tobacco in any other form in a public service vehicle is prohibited. This legislation covers use of Smokeless tobacco and sheesha smoking. Lahore High Court declared adjacent places to hotels / restaurant as public places. Prior to that, smoking was not banned in open to sky places. After this decision, smoking is banned at open to sky places adjacent to hotels and restaurants. Pakistan has enacted legislative and administrative measures to protect people form SHTS. Under Section-5 of the “Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Non-Smokers Health Ordinance, 2002”, use of tobacco products at any place of public work or use is prohibited. Under S.R.O 51 (KE)/2009), designated smoking areas have been declared illegal and all places of public work or use have been declared completely smoke-free. Under Section-6 of above-said Ordinance, smoking or use of tobacco in any other form in a public service vehicle is prohibited. Lahore High Court declared adjacent places to hotels / restaurant as public places. Prior to that, smoking was not banned in open to sky places. After this decision, smoking is banned at open to sky places adjacent to hotels and restaurants. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Palau See national legislation RPPL 8-27 Section 13 (previously submitted) and amendment to this legislation which is RPPL 9-6 Section 13 regarding regulations. The legislation does allow for DSR in restaurants, hotels, bars, and clubs. Proposed amendments to RPPL 8-27 to remove DSR and include perimeter on the legislation, are now with the Palau legislature awaiting their consideration and action See national legislation RPPL 8-27 Section 13 (previously submitted) and amendment to this legislation which is RPPL 9-6 Section 13 regarding regulations. The legislation does allow for DSR in restaurants, hotels, bars, and clubs. Proposed amendments to RPPL 8-27 to remove DSR and include perimeter on the legislation, has been finalized and with the office of the Attorney General for legal review. See national legislation RPPL 8-27 Section 13 (previously submitted) and amendment to this legislation which is RPPL 9-6 Section 13 regarding regulations. The legislation does allow for DSR in restaurants, hotels, bars, and clubs. WHO Western Pacific Region
Panama Ley 13 de Enero de 2008: “Artículo 5. Se prohíbe el consumo de tabaco y de los productos de este en: 1. Las oficinas públicas y privadas nacionales, provinciales, comarcales y locales. 2. Los medios de transporte público en general y en las terminales de transporte terrestre, marítimo y aéreo. 3. Los lugares cerrados de acceso público donde haya concurrencia de personas. 4. Los ambientes públicos y privados, abiertos y cerrados, destinados a actividades deportivas. 5. Las áreas comunes de los edificios públicos y privados de uso comercial y doméstico. 6. Los ambientes laborales cerrados. 7. Las instituciones educativas y de salud, públicas y privadas. Los gerentes o los encargados de los establecimientos, públicos o privados, serán los responsables de hacer cumplir al público en general y a sus empleados lo establecido en la presente Ley y, de ser necesario, podrán recurrir al auxilio de la Policía Nacional.” En los artículos 5 al 13 el Decreto Ejecutivo 230 de 2008 se establecen las definiciones generales y específicas para cada uno de los acápites establecidos en el artículo 5 de la Ley 13 de 2008. En el V Informe de país se adjuntaron copias de la Ley y del Decreto Ejecutivo en mención. Ley 13 de Enero de 2008: “Artículo 5. Se prohíbe el consumo de tabaco y de los productos de este en: 1. Las oficinas públicas y privadas nacionales, provinciales, comarcales y locales. 2. Los medios de transporte público en general y en las terminales de transporte terrestre, marítimo y aéreo. 3. Los lugares cerrados de acceso público donde haya concurrencia de personas. 4. Los ambientes públicos y privados, abiertos y cerrados, destinados a actividades deportivas. 5. Las áreas comunes de los edificios públicos y privados de uso comercial y doméstico. 6. Los ambientes laborales cerrados. 7. Las instituciones educativas y de salud, públicas y privadas. Los gerentes o los encargados de los establecimientos, públicos o privados, serán los responsables de hacer cumplir al público en general y a sus empleados lo establecido en la presente Ley y, de ser necesario, podrán recurrir al auxilio de la Policía Nacional.” En los artículos 5 al 13 el Decreto Ejecutivo 230 de 2008 se establecen las definiciones generales y específicas para cada uno de los acápites establecidos en el artículo 5 de la Ley 13 de 2008. En el V Informe de se adjuntaron copias de la Ley y del Decreto Ejecutivo en mención. Ley 13 de Enero de 2008: “Artículo 5. Se prohíbe el consumo de tabaco y de los productos de este en: 1. Las oficinas públicas y privadas nacionales, provinciales, comarcales y locales. 2. Los medios de transporte público en general y en las terminales de transporte terrestre, marítimo y aéreo. 3. Los lugares cerrados de acceso público donde haya concurrencia de personas. 4. Los ambientes públicos y privados, abiertos y cerrados, destinados a actividades deportivas. 5. Las áreas comunes de los edificios públicos y privados de uso comercial y doméstico. 6. Los ambientes laborales cerrados. 7. Las instituciones educativas y de salud, públicas y privadas. Los gerentes o los encargados de los establecimientos, públicos o privados, serán los responsables de hacer cumplir al público en general y a sus empleados lo establecido en la presente Ley y, de ser necesario, podrán recurrir al auxilio de la Policía Nacional.” En los artículos 5 al 13 el Decreto Ejecutivo 230 de 2008 se establecen las definiciones generales y específicas para cada uno de los acápites establecidos en el artículo 5 de la Ley 13 de 2008. Se adjuntan copias de la Ley y del Decreto Ejecutivo en mención. WHO Region of the Americas
Papua New Guinea The law on no smoking in public places including buses remains. Full enforcement including fines are anticipated after the regulation is gazetted. The law on no smoking in public places including buses remains. Full enforcement including fines are anticipated after the regulation is gazetted. Smokers are fined. We still have challenges with Public Buses. WHO Western Pacific Region
Paraguay Ley nacional Nª 5538-2015. Otras: Ordenanzas Municipales de "PROTECCION A LOS NO FUMADORES". Hasta la fecha son 94 los Municipios que cuentan con dicha normativa, lo que representa el 36% del total de Municipios del Pais. Ley nacional Nª 5538-2015. Otras: Ordenanzas Municipales de "PROTECCION A LOS NO FUMADORES". Hasta la fecha son 85 los Municipios que cuentan con dicha normativa, lo que representa el 36% del total de Municipios del Pais. Ordenanzas Municipales de "PROTECCION A LOS NO FUMADORES". Hasta la fecha son 84 los Municipios que cuentan con dicha normativa, lo que representa el 36% del total de Municipios del Pais. WHO Region of the Americas
Peru Mediante la Ley Nº 28705 se aprobó la Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco; y, asimismo, a través del Decreto Supremo Nº 015- 2008-SA se aprobó el Reglamento de la Ley Nº 28705, Ley General de la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco, modificado posteriormente mediante Decreto Supremo Nº 001-2010-SA. Con Ley Nº 29517 se modificó la Ley Nº 28705, Ley General de la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco, para adecuarse al Convenio Marco de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) para el Control del Tabaco. A través del Decreto Supremo Nº 001-2011-SA, se modifica el Reglamento de la Ley Nº 28705, Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco, aprobado por Decreto. Marco normativo sobre las medidas que permitan: 1. Proteger a la persona, la familia y la comunidad contra las consecuencias sanitarias, sociales, ambientales y económicas del consumo de tabaco y de la exposición al humo de tabaco, a fin de reducir dicho consumo y exposición de manera continua y sustancial; 2. Que los productos del tabaco sean comercializados de manera responsable, asegurando que su publicidad, promoción y comercialización esté dirigida solamente a mayores de edad, y que éstas sean coherentes con el principio de que el consumo de tabaco debe ser una opción sólo para adultos informados de los riesgos de su consumo; y, 3. Medidas para la reducción de la oferta ilegal de productos de tabaco en todo el territorio nacional. Resolución Ministerial Nº 1001-2004-RE, se declararon a las instalaciones del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Embajadas, Representaciones Permanentes ante Organismos Internacionales, Oficinas Consulares y Descentralizadas como “Zonas Libres de Tabaco”. Resolución Ministerial N° 0769-2003-ED, donde se declara a la Sede Central del Ministerio de Educación, las oficinas de las Direcciones Regionales de Educación, Unidades de Gestión Educativa y Unidades de Servicios Educativos, las aulas y demás instalaciones de los Centros y Programas Educativos de todos los niveles y modalidades; ambientes LIBRES DE HUMO DE TABACO. Resolución Vice Ministerial N° 004-2007-ED, la cual aprueba la Directiva que norma la Campaña Educativa Nacional de Sensibilización y Promoción para una Vida Sin Drogas “Estudiantes Sanos Libres sin Drogas”. Esta norma se indica difundir la Ley Nº 28705, Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco y la Ley N° 28681, Ley que regula la comercialización, consumo y publicidad de bebidas alcohólicas. Mediante Resolución Ministerial Nº 111-2005/MINSA, se aprobaron los “Lineamientos de Política de Promoción de la Salud”, a través de los cuales la Dirección General de Promoción de la Salud, apuesta hacia una cultura de prácticas del autocuidado de la salud que se organizan en comportamientos y/o estilos de vida saludables, basadas en intervenciones desarrolladas en los distintos escenarios que promueven la salud, contribuyendo a mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas y el cuidado de “Ambientes Libre de Humo de Tabaco”. Mediante Resolución Ministerial Nº 442-2007-MINSA, se aprobó la Directiva Sanitaria Nº 013-MINSA/DGPS-V.01 “Directiva Sanitaria para la Promoción del DÍA MUNDIAL SIN TABACO - Perú - 2007”. A través de la Resolución Ministerial Nº 469-2011-MINSA se aprobó la “Normativa Gráfica para el uso y aplicación de las advertencias sanitarias en envases, publicidad de cigarrillos y de otros productos hechos con tabaco”. Con Resolución MINISTERIAL Nº 415-2012-MINSA se aprobó la NTS 094-MINSA/DIGESA V.01 Norma Técnica de Salud para Inspecciones de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco. Fecha 19 de julio de 2011 (STC 00032-2010-PI/TC), el Tribunal Constitucional peruano declaró infundada la demanda de inconstitucionalidad presentada por cinco mil ciudadanos contra el artículo 3º de la Ley N.º 28705 –Ley general para la prevención y control de los riesgos del consumo de tabaco–, modificado por el artículo 2º de la Ley N.º 29517; en el extremo que prohíbe el consumo de tabaco en todos los espacios públicos cerrados del país, prohibiendo de esta manera la existencia de establecimientos exclusivos para fumadores, y en el extremo en el que prohíbe el consumo de tabaco en las áreas abiertas de los establecimientos educativos para adultos. En dicha sentencia el alto tribunal señaló que, en atención a lo previsto en el artículo 3° del Convenio Marco de la Organización Mundial de la Salud para el control del Tabaco, así como al deber del Estado de proteger el derecho fundamental a la salud, las medidas adoptadas por la legislación actual eran constitucionales, estando prohibido que en el futuro se adopte una legislación que proteja en menor medida el derecho fundamental a la salud frente a la epidemia del tabaquismo (el texto de la sentencia se anexa al presente informe). Con fecha 25 de enero 2018 (Oficio 00759-2018-PP-MINSA, informe sobre el resultado del proceso a la definición de “Espacio Público” la Comisión Nacional Permanente de lucha Antitabaquica (COLAT) se reconoce a la Procuraduría Pública del MINSA por el logro obtenido en el proceso judicial interpuesto por la UNITED DISCO S.A.C., contra el Ministerio de Salud, la Municipalidad Distrital de Miraflores y el INDECOPI, sobre la nulidad de la Resolución Administrativa, cuya pretensión fue que se declare barrera burocrática la definición de “espacios públicos cerrados” prevista en el artículo 3° dela Ordenanza N°349-MM; en dicho proceso se obtuvo un pronunciamiento favorable. Resolución Ministerial N°1033-2019 que aprueba la NTS N° 158-MINSA/2019/DIGESA que actualiza la Norma Técnica de Salud para inspecciones de ambientes 100% libre de humo de tabaco. Resolución Ministerial N°654-2019 que aprueba la "Normalidad gráfica para el uso y aplicación de las advertencias sanitarias en envases, publicidad de cigarrillos y de otros productos hechos con tabaco" Mediante la Ley Nº 28705 se aprobó la Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco; y, asimismo, a través del Decreto Supremo Nº 015- 2008-SA se aprobó el Reglamento de la Ley Nº 28705, Ley General de la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco, modificado posteriormente mediante Decreto Supremo Nº 001-2010-SA. Con Ley Nº 29517 se modificó la Ley Nº 28705, Ley General de la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco, para adecuarse al Convenio Marco de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) para el Control del Tabaco. A través del Decreto Supremo Nº 001-2011-SA, se modifica el Reglamento de la Ley Nº 28705, Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco, aprobado por Decreto. Marco normativo sobre las medidas que permitan: 1. Proteger a la persona, la familia y la comunidad contra las consecuencias sanitarias, sociales, ambientales y económicas del consumo de tabaco y de la exposición al humo de tabaco, a fin de reducir dicho consumo y exposición de manera continua y sustancial; 2. Que los productos del tabaco sean comercializados de manera responsable, asegurando que su publicidad, promoción y comercialización esté dirigida solamente a mayores de edad, y que éstas sean coherentes con el principio de que el consumo de tabaco debe ser una opción sólo para adultos informados de los riesgos de su consumo; y, 3. Medidas para la reducción de la oferta ilegal de productos de tabaco en todo el territorio nacional. Resolución Ministerial Nº 1001-2004-RE, se declararon a las instalaciones del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Embajadas, Representaciones Permanentes ante Organismos Internacionales, Oficinas Consulares y Descentralizadas como “Zonas Libres de Tabaco”. Resolución Ministerial N° 0769-2003-ED, donde se declara a la Sede Central del Ministerio de Educación, las oficinas de las Direcciones Regionales de Educación, Unidades de Gestión Educativa y Unidades de Servicios Educativos, las aulas y demás instalaciones de los Centros y Programas Educativos de todos los niveles y modalidades; ambientes LIBRES DE HUMO DE TABACO. Resolución Vice Ministerial N° 004-2007-ED, la cual aprueba la Directiva que norma la Campaña Educativa Nacional de Sensibilización y Promoción para una Vida Sin Drogas “Estudiantes Sanos Libres sin Drogas”. Esta norma se indica difundir la Ley Nº 28705, Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco y la Ley N° 28681, Ley que regula la comercialización, consumo y publicidad de bebidas alcohólicas. Mediante Resolución Ministerial Nº 111-2005/MINSA, se aprobaron los “Lineamientos de Política de Promoción de la Salud”, a través de los cuales la Dirección General de Promoción de la Salud, apuesta hacia una cultura de prácticas del autocuidado de la salud que se organizan en comportamientos y/o estilos de vida saludables, basadas en intervenciones desarrolladas en los distintos escenarios que promueven la salud, contribuyendo a mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas y el cuidado de “Ambientes Libre de Humo de Tabaco”. Mediante Resolución Ministerial Nº 442-2007-MINSA, se aprobó la Directiva Sanitaria Nº 013-MINSA/DGPS-V.01 “Directiva Sanitaria para la Promoción del DÍA MUNDIAL SIN TABACO - Perú - 2007”. A través de la Resolución Ministerial Nº 469-2011-MINSA se aprobó la “Normativa Gráfica para el uso y aplicación de las advertencias sanitarias en envases, publicidad de cigarrillos y de otros productos hechos con tabaco”. Con Resolución MINISTERIAL Nº 415-2012-MINSA se aprobó la NTS 094-MINSA/DIGESA V.01 Norma Técnica de Salud para Inspecciones de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco. Fecha 19 de julio de 2011 (STC 00032-2010-PI/TC), el Tribunal Constitucional peruano declaró infundada la demanda de inconstitucionalidad presentada por cinco mil ciudadanos contra el artículo 3º de la Ley N.º 28705 –Ley general para la prevención y control de los riesgos del consumo de tabaco–, modificado por el artículo 2º de la Ley N.º 29517; en el extremo que prohíbe el consumo de tabaco en todos los espacios públicos cerrados del país, prohibiendo de esta manera la existencia de establecimientos exclusivos para fumadores, y en el extremo en el que prohíbe el consumo de tabaco en las áreas abiertas de los establecimientos educativos para adultos. En dicha sentencia el alto tribunal señaló que, en atención a lo previsto en el artículo 3° del Convenio Marco de la Organización Mundial de la Salud para el control del Tabaco, así como al deber del Estado de proteger el derecho fundamental a la salud, las medidas adoptadas por la legislación actual eran constitucionales, estando prohibido que en el futuro se adopte una legislación que proteja en menor medida el derecho fundamental a la salud frente a la epidemia del tabaquismo (el texto de la sentencia se anexa al presente informe). Con fecha 25 de enero 2018 (Oficio 00759-2018-PP-MINSA, informe sobre el resultado del proceso a la definición de “Espacio Público” la Comisión Nacional Permanente de lucha Antitabaquica (COLAT) se reconoce a la Procuraduría Pública del MINSA por el logro obtenido en el proceso judicial interpuesto por la UNITED DISCO S.A.C., contra el Ministerio de Salud, la Municipalidad Distrital de Miraflores y el INDECOPI, sobre la nulidad de la Resolución Administrativa, cuya pretensión fue que se declare barrera burocrática la definición de “espacios públicos cerrados” prevista en el artículo 3° dela Ordenanza N°349-MM; en dicho proceso se obtuvo un pronunciamiento favorable. Ley Nº 28705, Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco. Decreto Supremo Nº 015-2008-SA, que aprueba el reglamento de la Ley General para la Prevención y Control de los Riesgos del Consumo del Tabaco; norma que fue modifica por los D.S. N° 001-2010-SA y N° 001-2011-SA; en cuyo artículo 5 señala: 5.1 Está prohibido fumar en la totalidad de los ambientes de los establecimientos dedicados a la salud y educación, así como en el interior de los lugares de trabajo y las dependencias públicas. 5.2 Asimismo, se encuentra prohibido fumar en los interiores de todo espacio público cerrado y en todo medio de transporte público WHO Region of the Americas
Philippines Republic Act No. 9211 or the Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003 provides ban on public places and conveyances, access restriction to minors, advertising and promotions and implementation of programs and programs of the government agencies. Under Section 5 of this act, smoking shall be absolutely prohibited in the following public areas: • Center of youth activity such as playschools, preparatory schools, elementary school, high school, colleges and universities, youth hostels and recreational facilities for persons under 18 years old • Elevators and stairwells • Locations in which fire hazards are present, including gas stations and storage areas for flammable liquids, gas, explosives or combustible materials • Within the buildings and premises of public are private hospitals, medical, dental and optical clinics, health centers, nursing homes, dispensaries and laboratories • Public conveyances and public facilities including airport and ship terminals and train and bus stations, restaurants and conference halls, except for separate smoking areas; and • Food preparation areas Executive Order No. 26 signed by president Duterte in 2017 that provides for the establishment of smoke- free environments in public and enclosed places. Smoking within enclosed public places and public conveyances, whether stationary or in motion, except in fully compliant DSAs. However, no DSAs in the following public areas: • Centers of youth activity such as playschools, preparatory schools, elementary schools, high schools, colleges and universities, youth hostels and recreational facilities for minors; • Elevators and stairwells • Location in which fire hazards are present, including gas stations, storage areas for flammable liquids, gas, explosives or combustible materials; • Within buildings and premises of public and private hospitals, medical, dental, and optical clinics, health centers, nursing homes, dispensaries and laboratories; and • Food preparation areas EO 26 was further strengthened by the recently passed law, the Executive Order no. 106 issued by the President in February 2020. The law prohibits vaping except in designated smoking/vaping areas. It also regulates the sale, manufacture, marketing, distribution and importation of unregistered electronic nicotine devices and other novel tobacco products. Another feature of the law is the ban of selling e-cigarettes and other tobacco products to persons aged below 21 years old. Sub-national laws include ordinances issued by provinces, cities or municipalities. These are drafted by the local legislative council and implemented at localities administered either by the Provincial Governors, City/ Municipal Mayors and Barangay Captains. Local laws on tobacco control may be more stringent than the national law in view of the autonomy provided to local government units by the Local Government Code of 1991. It is worth noting that in the national capital region, there are seventeen (17) local government units that have local ordinances regulating tobacco use. The national law on Republic Act 9211 or the Tobacco Regulations Act provides a ban on selected public places, transport facilities, access restriction to minors, ban on advertising and promotions as well as printed health warnings. The law also allows for designated smoking areas within indoor workplaces and public places. The passage of the Graphic Health Warning law had recently required the use of pictures in cigarettes packs to warn consumers on the harmful effects of tobacco use. Sub-national laws include ordinances issued by provinces, cities or municipalities. These are drafted by the local legislative council and implemented at localities administered either by the Provincial Governors, City/ Municipal Mayors and Barangay Captains. Local laws on tobacco control may be more stringent than the national law in view of the autonomy provided to local government units by the Local Government Code of 1991. Administrative or Executive Orders include the prohibition of smoking in government facilities, schools and public conveyances issued by the office of Civil Service Commission, Department of Education and Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, respectively. Last May 2017, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order no. 26 or the Providing for the Establishment of Smoke-free Environments in Public and Enclosed Places. The national law on Republic Act 9211 or the Tobacco Regulations Act provides a ban on selected public places, transport facilities, access restriction to minors, ban on advertising and promotions as well as printed health warnings. The law also allows for designated smoking areas within indoor workplaces and public places. The passage of the Graphic Health Warning law had recently required the use of pictures in cigarettes packs to warn consumers on the harmful effects of tobacco use. Sub-national laws include ordinances issued by provinces, cities or municipalities. These are drafted by the local legislative council and implemented at localities administered either by the Provincial Governors, City/ Municipal Mayors and Barangay Captains. Local laws on tobacco control may be more stringent than the national law in view of the autonomy provided to local government units by the Local Government Code of 1991. Administrative or Executive Orders refer to policy issuances by the national government agencies on tobacco control. Policy issuances are based on the authorities given by the law, by the President of the Philippines, international treaties or respective mandates of government agencies. Policies apply to all constituent offices at the regional and local levels which are administered by the agency. The policies guide actions of the government agency in the implementation of its mandate and functions related to tobacco control. Examples include the prohibition of smoking in government facilities, schools and public conveyances issued by the Civil Service Commission, Department of Education and Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, respectively. WHO Western Pacific Region
Poland Ban is required by Article 5 the Act of 9 November 1995 on the Protection of Health against Consequences of Consumption of Tobacco and Tobacco Products (Journal of Laws of 2019 item 2182), no changes in 2018-2019. Reduction in the smoking of electronic cigarette and novel tobacco products analogous to the current ban on smoking tobacco in public places. Answer not provided WHO European Region
Portugal The Law n.º 37/2007, of August 14, amended and republished by Laws n.º 109/2015 of August 26 and 63/2017 of August 3, establishes a smoking proibithion in all enclosed public places, work places, holiday camps, playgrounds and public transport. However there are some exceptions where it is possible to create smoking rooms, in restaurants, pubs and bars, hotels, prisons, psychiatric hospitals and airports, but with specific conditions of ventilation (totally enclosed with negative pressure, no minors allowed inside, no food or other services). The restaurants, pubs, bars and airports with smoking areas or smoking rooms already in place on the 1st january 2016, according with the previous requirements can be maintained 31 December 2020. The definition of the ventilation systems of the smoking rooms must be defined by a legal act, not yet published. The Law n.º 37/2007, of August 14, amended and republished by Laws n.º 109/2015 of August 26 and 63/2017 of August 3, establishes a smoking proibithion in all enclosed public places, work places, holiday camps, playgrounds and public transport. However there are some exceptions were it is possible to create smoking areas or smoking rooms, in restaurants, pubs and bars, hotels, prisons, psichiatric hospitals and aeroports, but with specific conditions of ventilation (negative pressure, no minors allowed inside, no food or other services). The restaurants, pubs, bars and aeroports with smoking areas or smoking rooms already in place on the 1st january 2016, according with the previous requirements can be maintained 31 december 2020. The Law 37/2007 of 14thAugust, modified by the Law 109/2015 og 26th August, establishes a smoking proibithion in all enclosed public places, work places and public transport. However there are some exceptions were it is possible to create smoking areas or smoking rooms, in restaurants, pubs and bars, hotels, prisons, psichiatric hospitals and aeroports, but with specific conditions of ventilation (negative pressure, no minors allowed inside, no food or other services). The restaurants, pubs, bars and aeroports with smoking areas or smoking rooms already in place on the 1st january 2016, according with the previous requirements of the previous tobacco law (ventilation sistems, but without specific requirements) can mantain the same situation until 31 december 2020. The new ones shouk WHO European Region
Qatar LAW NO. 10 OF 2016 ON THE CONTROL OF TOBACCO AND ITS DERIVATIVES LAW NO. 10 OF 2016 ON THE CONTROL OF TOBACCO AND ITS DERIVATIVES Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Republic of Korea There are mainly five types of measures banning tobacco smoking in Korea. 1) National law: National Health Promotion Act 1995 sets the target facilities for the smoking ban and also imposes fines on offenders up to KRW 100,000 for smoking in non-smoking area. 2) Municipal by-laws: any municipalities are able to designate non-smoking areas and impose fines to the offenders through municipal by-laws. 3) Administrative order: Enforcement Regulations of National Health Promotion Act specifies the range of penalties to offenders like smoking in smoke-free zone or violation against smoke-free regulations. 4) Voluntary agreements: some institutions such as student clubs at universities, company, and apartment dwellers have their own self-regulating rules for banning tobacco smoking based on bottom-up voluntary movements. 5) Others: a number of private companies reflect employees’ smoking habit in performance assessment as well as entrance examinations; and Ministry of Health and Welfare awards a prize every year, on the World No Tobacco Day, to the best company for its effort for employees’ health promotion with smoking cessation programs. There are mainly five types of measures banning tobacco smoking in Korea. 1) National law: National Health Promotion Act 1995 sets the target facilities for the smoking ban and also imposes fines on offenders up to KRW 100,000 for smoking in non-smoking area. 2) Municipal by-laws: any municipalities are able to designate non-smoking areas and impose fines to the offenders through municipal by-laws. 3) Administrative order: Enforcement Regulations of National Health Promotion Act specifies the range of penalties to offenders like smoking in smoke-free zone or violation against smoke-free regulations. 4) Voluntary agreements: some institutions such as student clubs at universities, company, and apartment dwellers have their own self-regulating rules for banning tobacco smoking based on bottom-up voluntary movements. 5) Others: a number of private companies reflect employees’ smoking habit in performance assessment as well as entrance examinations; and Ministry of Health and Welfare awards a prize every year, on the World No Tobacco Day, to the best company for its effort for employees’ health promotion with smoking cessation programs. There are mainly five types of measures banning tobacco smoking in Korea. 1) National law: National Health Promotion Act 1995 sets the target facilities for the smoking ban and also imposes fines on offenders up to KRW 100,000 for smoking in non-smoking area. 2) Municipal by-laws: any municipalities are able to designate non-smoking areas and impose fines to the offenders through municipal by-laws. 3) Administrative order: Enforcement Regulations of National Health Promotion Act specifies the range of penalties to offenders like smoking in smoke-free zone or violation against smoke-free regulations. 4) Voluntary agreements: some institutions such as student clubs at universities, company, and apartment dwellers have their own self-regulating rules for banning tobacco smoking based on bottom-up voluntary movements. 5) Others: a number of private companies reflect employees’ smoking habit in performance assessment as well as entrance examinations; and Ministry of Health and Welfare awards a prize every year, on the World No Tobacco Day, to the best company for its effort for employees’ health promotion with smoking cessation programs. WHO Western Pacific Region
Republic of Moldova By the Law # 278 which entered into force on 17.09.2015, art. 16 smoking is totally banned in Preschool institutions, primary, specialized, higher education, hospitals, sports premises, on sports fields, stadiums and adjacent territories in food service and trade ; - In stores, agricultural and industrial markets, playgrounds for children, restaurants and cafes, car and air transport, the underground passages in elevators ; - In all enclosed public spaces, at bus stations , airfields , railway stations and in public transport - In all public events organized both indoors or outdoors. By the Law # 278 which entered into force on 17.09.2015, art. 16 smoking is totally banned in Preschool institutions, primary, specialized, higher education, hospitals, sports premises, on sports fields, stadiums and adjacent territories in food service and trade ; - In stores, agricultural and industrial markets, playgrounds for children, restaurants and cafes, car and air transport, the underground passages in elevators ; - In all enclosed public spaces, at bus stations , airfields , railway stations and in public transport - In all public events organized both indoors or outdoors. By the Law # 278 which entered into force on 17.09.2015, art. 16 smoking is totally banned in Preschool institutions, primary, specialized, higher education, hospitals, sports premises, on sports fields, stadiums and adjacent territories in food service and trade ; - In stores, agricultural and industrial markets, playgrounds for children, restaurants and cafes, car and air transport, the underground passages in elevators ; - In all enclosed public spaces, at bus stations , airfields , railway stations and in public transport - In all public events organized both indoors or outdoors. WHO European Region
Romania Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Russian Federation Федеральный закон «Об охране здоровья граждан от воздействия окружающего табачного дыма и последствий потребления табака» вступил в силу 1 июня 2013 года. Законом был введен запрет на курение в общественных местах и ряд других мер. Report not provided Федеральный закон «Об охране здоровья граждан от воздействия окружающего табачного дыма и последствий потребления табака» вступил в силу 1 июня 2013 года. Законом был введен запрет на курение в общественных местах и ряд других мер. WHO European Region
Rwanda According to article 11 of the 2013 national tobacco control law concerning smoking in public places, No person shall smoke in public, workplace or in any part of a public place such aspremises meant for work; in court room and surroundings; a factory; a cinema hall, theatre and video house; hospitals, clinics and other health facilities; restaurants, hotels and bars; children’s homes; areas of residential houses and such other premises which are used for childcare activity or for schooling or tutoring; places of worship; prisons; police stations and cells; a public transport vehicle; aircrafts passenger ships, commuter boats, trains, passengers vehicles, ferries and any other transport means for persons and goods; education facilities for attendees aged under eighteen (18); indoor areas of railway stations, bus stops and queues at bus stops, airports, air fields, ports, and other public transport terminals; indoor markets, shopping malls and retail and wholesale establishments; in sitting areas of stadiums and indoor sports and recreational facilities According to article 11 of the 2013 national tobacco control law concerning smoking in public places, No person shall smoke in public, workplace or in any part of a public place such aspremises meant for work; in court room and surroundings; a factory; a cinema hall, theatre and video house; hospitals, clinics and other health facilities; restaurants, hotels and bars; children’s homes; areas of residential houses and such other premises which are used for childcare activity or for schooling or tutoring; places of worship; prisons; police stations and cells; a public transport vehicle; aircrafts passenger ships, commuter boats, trains, passengers vehicles, ferries and any other transport means for persons and goods; education facilities for attendees aged under eighteen (18); indoor areas of railway stations, bus stops and queues at bus stops, airports, air fields, ports, and other public transport terminals; indoor markets, shopping malls and retail and wholesale establishments; in sitting areas of stadiums and indoor sports and recreational facilities Report not provided WHO African Region
Saint Kitts and Nevis Report not provided Report not provided Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Lucia Cabinet Conclusion 756 of 1993 declared the Ministry of Health and all Health Facilities "no smoking zones" . Cabinet conclusion 650 of 1994 extended this ban to all government institutions and offices. The Education Act also bans smoking in schools.Smoking Control Legislation was enacted in Saint Lucia in 2019 to protect the population from exposure to tobacco smoke and emissions in public and work places and conveyances. The Public Health Act was amended and now includes the Public Health (smoking Control) Act, 2019. The Regulations that provide the details of this legislation are in draft.. Cabinet Conclusion 756 of 1993 declared the Ministry of Health and all Health Facilities "no smoking zones" . Cabinet conclusion 650 of 1994 extended this ban to all government institutions and offices. The Education Act also bans smoking in schools. Answer not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Samoa Smoking is prohibited in public places and workplaces. Signs must be displayed accordingly. This has been enacted through law. Smoking is prohibited in public places and workplaces. Signs must be displayed accordingly. This has been enacted through law. Smoking is prohibited in public places and workplaces. Signs must be displayed accordingly. This has been enacted through law. WHO Western Pacific Region
San Marino Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Sao Tome and Principe Los artículos 4 y 5 de la Ley antitabaco establecen las siguientes prohibiciones de fumar: Artículo 4 Prohibición de fumar en determinados lugares 1-No se permite fumar: a) en las unidades en que se preste atención de salud, en particular hospitales, clínicas, centros y casas de salud, consultorios médicos, incluidas las respectivas salas de espera, ambulancias, puestos de socorro y otros similares y farmacias; b) en los centros de enseñanza, incluidas las aulas, el estudio, la lectura o las reuniones, las bibliotecas, los gimnasios y los comedores; c) en los locales destinados a menores de 16 años, en particular establecimientos de asistencia infantil, centros de ocupación de tiempo libre y demás unidades congéneres; d) en los recintos de espectáculos y otros recintos cerrados congéneres; e) en los recintos deportivos cerrados, f) En los locales de atención pública, en los ascensores, en los museos y bibliotecas; g) en los autobuses, taxis u otros vehículos dedicados al servicio público, en todos sus accesos y establecimientos o instalaciones contiguas. 2- En los lugares mencionados podrá ser permitido el uso del tabaco en áreas expresamente destinadas a los fumadores, que no deberán incluir zonas a las que tengan acceso frecuente personas enfermas, menores de 16 años, mujeres embarazadas o que amamantan y deportistas. 3- Se permite establecer la prohibición de fumar: a) en los restaurantes, en los Bares que, por determinación de la gestión, estén reservados a los no fumadores, señalizados de conformidad con el artículo 6; b) en los lugares de trabajo, en la medida en que la exigencia de defensa de los no fumadores haga viable la prohibición de fumar, en particular, por la existencia de espacios alternativos disponibles. Artículo 5 Prohibición de fumar en los medios de transporte 1. Está prohibido fumar en los vehículos destinados al transporte público público. 2. En los barcos con una duración de viaje superior a una hora sólo se permitirá fumar en las zonas descubiertas, sin perjuicio de las limitaciones contenidas en los reglamentos emitidos por las empresas transportadoras o por las capitanías de puertos. Los artículos 4 y 5 de la Ley antitabaco establecen las siguientes prohibiciones de fumar: Artículo 4 Prohibición de fumar en determinados lugares 1-No se permite fumar: a) en las unidades en que se preste atención de salud, en particular hospitales, clínicas, centros y casas de salud, consultorios médicos, incluidas las respectivas salas de espera, ambulancias, puestos de socorro y otros similares y farmacias; b) en los centros de enseñanza, incluidas las aulas, el estudio, la lectura o las reuniones, las bibliotecas, los gimnasios y los comedores; c) en los locales destinados a menores de 16 años, en particular establecimientos de asistencia infantil, centros de ocupación de tiempo libre y demás unidades congéneres; d) en los recintos de espectáculos y otros recintos cerrados congéneres; e) en los recintos deportivos cerrados, f) En los locales de atención pública, en los ascensores, en los museos y bibliotecas; g) en los autobuses, taxis u otros vehículos dedicados al servicio público, en todos sus accesos y establecimientos o instalaciones contiguas. 2- En los lugares mencionados podrá ser permitido el uso del tabaco en áreas expresamente destinadas a los fumadores, que no deberán incluir zonas a las que tengan acceso frecuente personas enfermas, menores de 16 años, mujeres embarazadas o que amamantan y deportistas. 3- Se permite establecer la prohibición de fumar: a) en los restaurantes, en los Bares que, por determinación de la gestión, estén reservados a los no fumadores, señalizados de conformidad con el artículo 6; b) en los lugares de trabajo, en la medida en que la exigencia de defensa de los no fumadores haga viable la prohibición de fumar, en particular, por la existencia de espacios alternativos disponibles. Artículo 5 Prohibición de fumar en los medios de transporte 1. Está prohibido fumar en los vehículos destinados al transporte público público. 2. En los barcos con una duración de viaje superior a una hora sólo se permitirá fumar en las zonas descubiertas, sin perjuicio de las limitaciones contenidas en los reglamentos emitidos por las empresas transportadoras o por las capitanías de puertos. Report not provided WHO African Region
Saudi Arabia يمكن الإطلاع على الأماكن ممنوع التدخين بها في اللائحة التنفيذية لنظام مكافحة التبغ المرفقة According to article no.7 of Saudi Bans Of Tobacco Control and its applications there is a regulation to prohibit smoking in public places including: 1- Areas and yards surrounding mosques; 2- Ministries, government agencies, public institutions and their branches as well as other public entities in the kingdom; 3- Educational, health, sport, cultural and social institutions and their branches as well as charities; 4- Work areas in companies, institutions, organizations, factories, banks and the like; 5- Public means of transportation (land, air or sea), as prescribed in the implementing regulations; 6- Places for producing, processing and packaging food, foodstuffs and beverages; 7- Sites for producing, transporting, distributing and refining petroleum and its derivatives as well as fuel and gas stations; 8- Warehouses, elevators and lavatories; and 9- Public places not mentioned in the preceding paragraphs. If such places allocate area for smoking, such areas shall be isolated and restricted and shall not be accessible to person under the age of eighteen. The implementing regulations shall specify the criteria for implementation of this paragraph. According to article no.7 of Saudi Bans Of Tobacco Control and its applications there is a regulation to prohibit smoking in public places including: 1- Areas and yards surrounding mosques; 2- Ministries, government agencies, public institutions and their branches as well as other public entities in the kingdom; 3- Educational, health, sport, cultural and social institutions and their branches as well as charities; 4- Work areas in companies, institutions, organizations, factories, banks and the like; 5- Public means of transportation (land, air or sea), as prescribed in the implementing regulations; 6- Places for producing, processing and packaging food, foodstuffs and beverages; 7- Sites for producing, transporting, distributing and refining petroleum and its derivatives as well as fuel and gas stations; 8- Warehouses, elevators and lavatories; and 9- Public places not mentioned in the preceding paragraphs. If such places allocate area for smoking, such areas shall be isolated and restricted and shall not be accessible to person under the age of eighteen. The implementing regulations shall specify the criteria for implementation of this paragraph. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Senegal - larticle 18 de la loi 2014-14 du 28 mars 2014; - larrêté n° 18415 du 8 décembre 2016 relatif à linterdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics, ouverts au public ou à usages collectifs - La matérialisation de la signalétique dinterdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics par arrêté 18416 du 8 décembre 2016. - larticle 18 de la loi 2014-14 du 28 mars 2014; - larrêté n° 18415 du 8 décembre 2016 relatif à linterdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics, ouverts au public ou à usages collectifs - La matérialisation de la signalétique dinterdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics. Answer not provided WHO African Region
Serbia The Law on Protection of the Citizens from Exposure to Tobacco Smoke has been in force since 2010, and no new amendments have been adopted since. Briefly, smoking is banned in all enclosed public and workplaces, and public transportation (including taxicabs and in all vehicles used as a workplaces, waiting rooms and lounges). Total ban of smoking is introduced in government and local authority administration, health care, education (all levels), child care, social care, culture, sport, recreation, production, control and sale of drugs, production, storage and sale of food, communal catering, media and areas designated for recording and public broadcasting, conferences and public meetings. Employers may provide designated smoking places at the premises where the employer’s business is not conducted that are enclosed, with separate ventilation, under very strict rules. These requirements apply for private and public/state owned work. Another huge exception is hospitality sector, where premises less than 80 m2 can choose to be completely smoke-free or smoking can be allowed and if the size is over 80 m2 non-smoking area should be at least 50% of the area with no physical separation. Regardless of the size, all hospitality premises can have separate designated smoking rooms that need to fulfill strict standards. Smoking is completely banned in all restaurants/cafes/bars which are a part of the premises where smoking is completely banned, such as shopping moles,enterprises, hospitals, schools, governmental and local authority buildings, etc. The Law on Protection of the Citizens from Exposure to Tobacco Smoke has been in force since 2010, and no new amendments have been adopted since. Briefly, smoking is banned in all enclosed public and workplaces, and public transportation (including taxicabs and in all vehicles used as a workplaces, waiting rooms and lounges). Total ban of smoking is introduced in government and local authority administration, health care, education (all levels), child care, social care, culture, sport, recreation, production, control and sale of drugs, production, storage and sale of food, communal catering, media and areas designated for recording and public broadcasting, conferences and public meetings. Employers may provide designated smoking places at the premises where the employer’s business is not conducted that are enclosed, with separate ventilation, under very strict rules. These requirements apply for private and public/state owned work. Another huge exception is hospitality sector, where premises less than 80 m2 can choose to be completely smoke-free or smoking can be allowed and if the size is over 80 m2 non-smoking area should be at least 50% of the area with no physical separation. Regardless of the size, all hospitality premises can have separate designated smoking rooms that need to fulfill strict standards. Smoking is completely banned in all restaurants/cafes/bars which are a part of the premises where smoking is completely banned, such as shopping moles,enterprises, hospitals, schools, governmental and local authority buildings, etc. The Law on Protection of the Citizens from Exposure to Tobacco Smoke, has been in force since 2010, and no new amendments have been adopted since. Briefly, smoking is banned in all enclosed public and work places, and public transportation (including taxis and in all vehicles used as a work places, waiting rooms and lounges). Total ban of smoking is introduced in government and local authority administration, health care, education (all levels), child care, social care, culture, sport, recreation, production, control and sale of drugs, production, storage and sale of food, communal catering, media and areas designated for recording and public broadcasting, conferences and public meetings. Employers may provide designated smoking places at the premises where the employer’s business is not conducted that are enclosed, with separated ventilation, under very strict rules. These requirements apply for private and public/state owned work. Another exception is hospitality sector, where premises less than 80 m2 can choose to be completely smoke-free or smoking can be allowed and if the size is over 80 m2 non-smoking area should be at least 50% of the area with no physical separation. Regardless of the size, all hospitality premises can have separate designated smoking rooms that need to fulfill strict standards. Smoking is completely banned in all restaurants/cafes/bars which are a part of the premises where smoking is completely banned, such as shopping moles,enterprises, hospitals, schools, governmental and local authority buildings, etc. WHO European Region
Seychelles Following the National Tobacco Control Act 2009, total ban in enclosed work place came in to force and well implemented in Seychelles. Report: Bovet. P. Viswanathan.B, Bastienne. H, Gedeon. J. Compliance of hospitality premises to the ban on smoking in all enclosed public places in the Seychelles, 24 May 2015. During 2019, Seychelles participated along with 5 countries to take part in a WHO pilot project to conduct a compliance survey to assess the implementation of the smoke free law and the ban on tobacco advertising promotion and sponsorship. The survey monitor the compliance of the ban on smoking in indoor public places and public transports and the ban on smoking in Tobacco Advertising Promotion and Sponsorship as part of the Seychelles Tobacco Control Legislation. The survey was developed by the WHO- It uses a standard methodology and was conducted in Seychelles in 2019. The survey included two methods for data collection; 1) conventional method by a trained data collectors using a mobile app called tobacco spotter 2) crowd sourcing method involving the general public using a mobile app. In total, 829 randomly selected governmental and private offices, point of sale and the media were assessed. A report including the status of the Seychelles implementation/results is expected to be developed by WHO in 2019-2020. Following the National Tobacco Control Act 2009, total ban in enclosed work place came in to force and well implemented in Seychelles. Report: Bovet. P. Viswanathan.B, Bastienne. H, Gedeon. J. Compliance of hospitality premises to the ban on smoking in all enclosed public places in the Seychelles, 24 May 2015. Following the National Tobacco Control Act 2009, total ban in enclosed work place came in to force and well implemented in Seychelles. Report: Bovet. P. Viswanathan.B, Bastienne. H, Gedeon. J. Compliance of hospitality premises to the ban on smoking in all enclosed public places in the Seychelles, 24 May 2015. WHO African Region
Sierra Leone Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO African Region
Singapore Smoking is prohibited under the Smoking (Prohibition in Certain Places) Act administered by the National Environment Agency (NEA). In addition, there are voluntary smoking restrictions (house-rules) in indoor places such as hotel rooms, places of worship, casinos, which are administratively implemented and enforced by the respective premise’s owners Smoking is prohibited under the Smoking (Prohibition in Certain Places) Act administered by the National Environment Agency (NEA). In addition, voluntary smoking restrictions in indoor places (house-rules) such as hotel rooms, private clubs, places of worship, casinos, are also administratively implemented and enforced by premises owners. Smoking is prohibited under the Smoking (Prohibition in Certain Places) Act administered by the National Environment Agency (NEA). In addition, voluntary smoking restrictions in indoor places (house-rules) such as hotel rooms, private clubs, places of worship, casinos, are also administratively implemented and enforced by premises owners. WHO Western Pacific Region
Slovakia National Parliament of the Slovak Republic approves the law that have legal force for the whole country. The same have kept competency of municipalities. National Parliament of the Slovak Republic approves the law that have legal force for the whole country. The same have kept competency of municipalities. National Parliament of the Slovak Republic approves the law that have legal force for the whole country. WHO European Region
Slovenia Report not provided See: Restriction on the Use of Tobacco and Related Products Act (Official Gazette of RS, Nos. 9/17 and 29/17) and Rules on the Requirements to be met by the smoking room (Official Gazette of RS, no. 52/17) in slovene available on: http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO6717 It shall be prohibited to smoke or use tobacco, tobacco products and related products (Related products are: electronic cigarettes with and without nicotine, herbal products for smoking and novel tobacco products), apart from chewing tobacco and nasal tobacco, in any enclosed public places or work places, as well as in all vehicles (also private cars) in the presence of persons younger than 18. Furthermore, smoking or using tobacco, tobacco products and related products, apart from chewing tobacco and nasal tobacco, shall be prohibited in spaces that are not considered enclosed spaces under this Act if they form part of associated appertaining land of premises where child-care or educational services are performed. Smoking or the use of tobacco, tobacco products and related products shall be allowed: - in areas specially designated for smokers in accommodation facilities and other providers of overnight stays, - in senior citizens’ homes and prisons in areas not intended for common use, if only smokers reside there, - in areas specially designated for smokers in psychiatric hospitals and in areas specially designated for smokers at other treatment providers for mental patients, - in designated smoking rooms. Designated smoking rooms shall not be allowed in areas where health care, child care or education are provided. Owners, tenants or managers of spaces where smoking is prohibited shall be responsible for upholding the prohibition on smoking and the use of tobacco, tobacco products and related products. Designated smoking rooms must meet the following conditions: - the space must be regulated so that air contaminated with tobacco smoke cannot flow freely from it into other spaces; - the space may not be designed for passage into other areas, and may not exceed more than 20% of the total surface area of a public space and/or work premises; - the space must be designed exclusively for smoking, with the service of food and beverages not allowed in the space; - food and beverages may not be brought into the space. Public place shall be a space accessible to the wider public or a space for common use, regardless of ownership or rights of access. These are spaces intended for providing activities in health care, nursery, child care, education, social care, hygiene care and other similar activities, transport, public transport, trade, hospitality and tourism, sport and recreation and culture, the use of which is intended for the general public under the same conditions. In particular, the public spaces referred to in the preceding paragraph include waiting rooms, meeting rooms, cinemas, theatres, health care, educational and social institutions, hospitality premises and shops, hairdressers, barbers and beauty salons, body care, pedicure, piercing and tattooing salons and similar salons, premises of societies that are accessible to the public, sports halls, public transport vehicles, lifts, cable cars, underpasses, gangways, passageways, staircases and corridors, public toilets and other spaces where individuals could be unwillingly exposed to the smoke of tobacco products or other related products. Work place shall be any space, including business vehicles, under the control of an employer in which works or services are provided for the employer for payment or otherwise. Work premises include not only areas in which work is done, but also all related spaces used by workers during work, including e.g. hallways, elevators, stairwells, foyers, common areas, cafés, toilets, salons, canteens and extensions such as sheds and shacks. Enclosed space shall be a space covered by a roof, with more than a half of the surface of associated walls or sides being enclosed, regardless of the material used for the roof, walls and sides, and regardless of whether the building is permanent or temporary. Windows and doors shall be regarded as a part of the enclosed surface. If the roof surface is greater than half the surface of the space delimited by associated walls, and more than half of the surface of these walls is completely enclosed, the space is regarded as enclosed public space. A wall or side of a building shall be any part of a space or any surface that borders the space at its sides, regardless of the type of material used and regardless of whether this surface is permanent or temporary. Associated walls of a space shall be all walls that are located under the roof, regardless of whether they touch the roof directly or not. If the walls are located at a distance from the roof (to the left, right, front, back), the closest wall shall be regarded as the associated wall. The roof or ceiling shall be any part of a space or any surface that borders or encloses a space at the top, regardless of the type of material used and regardless of whether this surface is permanent or temporary. Act provides a total ban on smoking in all enclosed public places and workplaces, including bars and restaurants. Smoking shall be still allowed: - in areas specially designated for smokers at residential facilities and other accommodation providers, - in senior citizens’ homes and jails in areas not intended for common use, should smokers alone reside there, - in areas specially designated for smokers in psychiatric hospitals and in areas specially designated for smokers at other treatment providers for mental patients, - in smoking rooms/cabines with very strict regulationes (very expensive to built such cabine – there are only few) – not allowed to drink or eat inside. Public places pursuant to this act are those designed for activities in the fields of healthcare, childcare, education, social work, traffic, public transport, trade, catering and tourism, sport and recreation, and culture. Public places specified in the previous paragraph are specifically waiting rooms, conference rooms, cinema halls, theatres, health, childcare, education and social institutes, catering premises, shops, sports halls, means of public transport, lifts, cable cars, public toilets and other spaces where non-smokers are exposed to cigarette smoke against their will. Workplaces pursuant to this act means any closed area under the control of an employer where work and services are performed for the employer. Any space with a roof where more than half of the area of the appurtenant walls is completely closed shall be deemed an enclosed public place or work premises. Smoking shall also be prohibited in areas that pursuant to this act are not deemed enclosed spaces, if they are part of the appurtenant functional land of areas where childcare and education are provided. A smoking room is an enclosed area that is physically separate from other enclosed areas, and is specially regulated exclusively for smoking, with service not allowed in the space. Food and beverages also may not be consumed in the smoking room. See: Restriction of the use of tobacco products (Official Gazette of RS, Nos. 93/07 - official consolidated text) and Rules on the conditions to be met by the smoking room (Official Gazette of RS, Nos. 80/07 and 90/10 ) WHO European Region
Solomon Islands Part 5 of the Tobacco Control Act 2010 provides for smoke-free areas which includes banning tobacco smoking in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and, as appropriate, other public places . We have developed a smoke-free policy for schools and we are working on smoke-free policies for workplace, health facilities and public transport. There is also an administrative and executive order from Permanent Secretary for the Ministry of Health and Medical Services present that bans smoking within the Ministry of Health Compound with billboards and signs to enforce this order. This includes the main office/headquarters as well as living quarters of health workers within the medical compound. Part 5 of the Tobacco Control Act 2010 provides for smoke-free areas which includes banning tobacco smoking in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and, as appropriate, other public places . We have developed a smoke-free policy for schools and we are working on smoke-free policies for workplace, health facilities and public transport. There is also an administrative and executive order from Permanent Secretary for the Ministry of Health and Medical Services present that bans smoking within the Ministry of Health Compound with billboards and signs to enforce this order. This includes the main office/headquarters as well as living quarters of health workers within the medical compound. Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
South Africa Partial control and ban of indoor public areas through legislation. 25% of indoor public areas (e.g restaurants, hotels) allow for smoking. Regulations and specifications on indoor public areas are being currently reviewed. Partial control and ban of indoor public areas through legislation. 25% of indoor public areas (e.g restaurants, hotels) allow for smoking. Regulations and specifications on indoor public areas are being currently reviewed. Partial control and ban of indoor public areas through legislation. 25% of indoor public areas (e.g restaurants, hotels) allow for smoking. Regulations and specifications on indoor public areas are being currently reviewed. WHO African Region
Spain 1.- Se prohíbe fumar en todos los espacios públicos cerrados y de uso colectivo, así como en todas las áreas infantiles y los centros educativos y sanitarios, incluso en las zonas abiertas. 2.- Se prohíbe fumar en centros penitenciarios, establecimientos psiquiátricos de media y larga estancia y centros residenciales para mayores, aunque se permite habilitar zonas separadas, señalizadas y con dispositivos de ventilación independiente para los internos que fumen, además de al aire libre. 3.- Prohibición de fumar en hoteles, hostales y establecimientos análogos, salvo en los espacios al aire libre. Se permite reservar hasta un 30% de habitaciones fijas para huéspedes fumadores, siempre que cumplan con los siguientes requisitos: a) Estar en áreas separadas del resto de habitaciones y con ventilación independiente o con otros dispositivos para la eliminación de humos. b) Estar señalizadas con carteles permanentes. c) Que el cliente sea informado previamente del tipo de habitación que se pone a su disposición. d) Que los trabajadores no puedan acceder a las mismas mientras se encuentra algún cliente en su interior, salvo casos de emergencia. A efectos de esta Ley, en el ámbito de la hostelería, se entiende por espacio al aire libre todo espacio no cubierto o todo espacio que estando cubierto esté rodeado lateralmente por un máximo de dos paredes, muros o paramentos.  3.- Queda fuera de la prohibición de fumar de la Ley, los clubes de fumadores. 1.- Se prohíbe fumar en todos los espacios públicos cerrados y de uso colectivo, así como en todas las áreas infantiles y los centros educativos y sanitarios, incluso en las zonas abiertas. 2.- Se prohíbe fumar en centros penitenciarios, establecimientos psiquiátricos de media y larga estancia y centros residenciales para mayores, aunque se permite habilitar zonas separadas, señalizadas y con dispositivos de ventilación independiente para los internos que fumen, además de al aire libre. 3.- Prohibición de fumar en hoteles, hostales y establecimientos análogos, salvo en los espacios al aire libre. Se permite reservar hasta un 30% de habitaciones fijas para huéspedes fumadores, siempre que cumplan con los siguientes requisitos: a) Estar en áreas separadas del resto de habitaciones y con ventilación independiente o con otros dispositivos para la eliminación de humos. b) Estar señalizadas con carteles permanentes. c) Que el cliente sea informado previamente del tipo de habitación que se pone a su disposición. d) Que los trabajadores no puedan acceder a las mismas mientras se encuentra algún cliente en su interior, salvo casos de emergencia. A efectos de esta Ley, en el ámbito de la hostelería, se entiende por espacio al aire libre todo espacio no cubierto o todo espacio que estando cubierto esté rodeado lateralmente por un máximo de dos paredes, muros o paramentos.  3.- Queda fuera de la prohibición de fumar de la Ley, los clubes de fumadores. 1.- Se prohíbe fumar en todos los espacios públicos cerrados y de uso colectivo, así como en todas las áreas infantiles y los centros educativos y sanitarios, incluso en las zonas abiertas. 2.- Se prohíbe fumar en centros penitenciarios, establecimientos psiquiátricos de media y larga estancia y centros residenciales para mayores, aunque se permite habilitar zonas separadas, señalizadas y con dispositivos de ventilación independiente para los internos que fumen, además de al aire libre. 3.- Prohibición de fumar en hoteles, hostales y establecimientos análogos, salvo en los espacios al aire libre. Se permite reservar hasta un 30% de habitaciones fijas para huéspedes fumadores, siempre que cumplan con los siguientes requisitos: a) Estar en áreas separadas del resto de habitaciones y con ventilación independiente o con otros dispositivos para la eliminación de humos. b) Estar señalizadas con carteles permanentes. c) Que el cliente sea informado previamente del tipo de habitación que se pone a su disposición. d) Que los trabajadores no puedan acceder a las mismas mientras se encuentra algún cliente en su interior, salvo casos de emergencia. A efectos de esta Ley, en el ámbito de la hostelería, se entiende por espacio al aire libre todo espacio no cubierto o todo espacio que estando cubierto esté rodeado lateralmente por un máximo de dos paredes, muros o paramentos.  3.- Queda fuera de la prohibición de fumar de la Ley, los clubes de fumadores. WHO European Region
Sri Lanka " No person shall smoke or allow any person to smoke any tobacco product within any enclosed public places." " No person shall smoke or allow any person to smoke any tobacco product within any enclosed public places." " No person shall smoke or allow any person to smoke any tobacco product within any enclosed public places." WHO South-East Asia Region
Sudan يمنع تعاطي التبغ في الاماكن العامة والمؤسسات بنص القانون ، كما توجد قرارات ادارية من بعض الجهات بمنع تعاطي التبغ معظم هذه التدابير تتمثل فى القرارات التى تصدر من قبل الجهات الرسمية فى المؤسسات, والجهات العامة ومن ثم يتم تحديد آليات لتطبيق هذه القرارت والعمل بها Report not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Suriname The purpose of the Tobacco Law is to protect current and future generations from the effects of tobacco consumption and to reduce tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke, prohibiting tobacco smoking in workplaces and other public spaces and public transportation including penalties for non compliance. The purpose of the Tobacco Law is to protect current and future generations from the effects of tobacco consumption and to reduce tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke through the implementation of comprehensive tobacco control measures such as: •Banning smoking in public places, workplaces and public transport (smoke free environment) •Increased Taxation on tobacco products, •Mandating health warnings on tobacco product packaging in national language. •Banning tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship. •Closely monitoring the implementation of the banning •Prohibiting the exposition of tobacco products at all selling points by using for example marker boards, displays or other promotion equipment. •Prohibiting the sale of cigarettes other than in a closed package. See Paragraph 3 & 4 of Tobacco Law SB no 39 2013 Tobacco Law, aimed to protect health through the implementation of comprehensive tobacco control measures such as: •Banning smoking in public places, workplaces and public transport; •Taxation on tobacco products, •Mandating health warnings on tobacco product packaging •Banning tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship. • Closely monitoring the implementation of the banning WHO Region of the Americas
Sweden Smoking is banned in all described areas. It is however possible to arrange designated smoking areas. In addition to legal requirements, the social norm of none-smoking in public areas has been widely accepted which in turn has resulted in relatively few designated smoking areas. This is in a large part due to individual policys on completely smoke-free airplanes, trains, ferries, hotels and health-care facilities. Smoking is banned in all described areas. It is however possible to arrange designated smoking areas. In addition to legal requirements, the social norm of none-smoking in public areas has been widely accepted which in turn has resulted in relatively few designated smoking areas. This is in a large part due to individual policys on completely smoke-free airplanes, trains, ferries, hotels and health-care facilities. Smoking is banned in all described areas. It is however possible to arrange designated smoking areas. In addition to legal requirements, the social norm of none-smoking in public areas has been widely accepted which in turn has resulted in relatively few designated smoking areas. This is in a large part due to individual policys on completely smoke-free airplanes, trains, ferries, hotels and health-care facilities. WHO European Region
Syrian Arab Republic Answer not provided Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Tajikistan Report not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO European Region
Thailand TPCA 2017 (B.E. 2560), which was published in the Royal Gazette on April 5, 2017 and came into force on July 4, 2017 contained important measures related to the implementation of smoking-free public spaces that can be categorized into 3 types: 1. The law requires public places to be non-smoking. In order to, protect the health of non-smokers. 2. Assign the duty to the owner of a public place legally designated as a non-smoking area. It is obligatory to operate a non-smoking facility. According to, the conditions and characteristics as required by law. 3. In addition to those who own a public place, the owner of the place must also be obliged to advertise or notify the place that it is a non-smoking area and control, prohibit, or take any other action to avoid smoking in the non-smoking area. The Minister of Public Health has issued two sets of regulations under the TPCA 2017. As a part of designated as public places with the purpose of health protection for non-smokers. 1. Ministry of Public Health Notification Re: Identification of Types or Names of Public Places, Work Places and Vehicles, Entirely or in Part, as Non-Smoking Areas or Smoking Areas in Non-Smoking Areas 2018 (B.E.2561) identifies different categories of smoke free places. Important measures related to the implementation of smoking-free public spaces are categorized into 4 groups: 1.1. Public health service and health promotion facilities, educational institutions or places for learning and training which has a clear entrance-exit, measurement of the 5 metre distance shall start from the edge of both sides of the entrance-exit, and moving away 5 metres, whether enclosed or not, including spaces within 5 metres from the entrances-exits to these places, shall be identified as non-smoking areas. 1.2. Health businesses (Thai massage or traditional massage businesses), public parks, zoos, fun parks, and water parks shall be identified as 100% non-smoking areas. 1.3. Tertiary educational institutions, government offices, state enterprises, or other government agencies and airports shall be identified as non-smoking areas. However, specific smoking areas can be arranged outside the buildings, structures or edifices. 1.4. Only the identified areas, including all areas measured 5 metres from the identified areas, or from the doors, windows, entrances-exits, air ducts or passages are designated as non-smoking areas such as shopping malls or shopping centres, areas that sell or serve food, beverage, or food and beverage of a place that sells food, beverage, or food and beverage, with no air-conditioning. 2. Notification of the Ministry of Public Health Subject: Appearance and methods for displaying no-smoking signs and smoking area signs 2018 (B.E. 2561) Currently, Thailand has the Tobacco Products Control Act 2560 (BE 2560), which was published in the Royal Gazette on April 5, 2017 and came into force on July 4, 2017. Important measures related to the implementation of smoking-free public spaces are categorized into 3 types: 1. The law requires public places to be non-smoking. In order to, protect the health of non-smokers. 2. Assign the duty to the owner of a public place legally designated as a non-smoking area. It is obligatory to operate a non-smoking facility. According to, the conditions and characteristics as required by law. 3. In addition to those who own a public place, the owner of the place must also be obliged to advertise or notify the place that it is a non-smoking area.And control, prohibit, or take any other action. In order to, avoid smoking in the non-smoking area. Answer not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Smoking prohibition in health facilities, educational facilities, Government buildings, restaurants, pubs and bars,internal working places and offices, theaters and cinemas, public transport Answer not provided Answer not provided WHO European Region
Timor-Leste The Prime Minister and Minister of Health was declared to public on banning tobacco The Prime Minister and Minister of Health was declared to public on banning tobacco Report not provided WHO South-East Asia Region
Togo Larticle 11 de la loi antitabac du Togo et le décret N° 2012-046/PR portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics; disposent qu’il est interdit de fumer dans les locaux et véhicules à usage collectifs. Les lieux concernés sont aux termes de la loi, les établissements scolaires, universitaires et centres dapprentissage, établissements sanitaires, salles de spectacles, de cinéma, de théâtre, de concerts, salles et terrains de sport, bibliothèques, ascenseurs, services ouverts au public, bâtiments gouvernementaux, véhicules de transport en commun, ou tout autre lieu fréquenté par le public. Larticle 11 de la loi et le décret N° 2012-046/PR portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics; disposent en outre que les interdictions de consommer toute forme de tabac feront lobjet de signalisations apparentes . Larticle 11 de la loi antitabac du Togo et le décret N° 2012-046/PR portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics; disposent qu’il est interdit de fumer dans les locaux et véhicules à usage collectifs. Les lieux concernés sont aux termes de la loi, les établissements scolaires, universitaires et centres dapprentissage, établissements sanitaires, salles de spectacles, de cinéma, de théâtre, de concerts, salles et terrains de sport, bibliothèques, ascenseurs, services ouverts au public, bâtiments gouvernementaux, véhicules de transport en commun, ou tout autre lieu fréquenté par le public. Larticle 11 de la loi et le décret N° 2012-046/PR portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics; disposent en outre que les interdictions de consommer toute forme de tabac feront lobjet de signalisations apparentes . Larticle 11 de la loi antitabac du Togo et le décret N° 2012-046/PR portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics; disposent qu’il est interdit de fumer dans les locaux et véhicules à usage collectifs. Les lieux concernés sont aux termes de la loi, les établissements scolaires, universitaires et centres dapprentissage, établissements sanitaires, salles de spectacles, de cinéma, de théâtre, de concerts, salles et terrains de sport, bibliothèques, ascenseurs, services ouverts au public, bâtiments gouvernementaux, véhicules de transport en commun, ou tout autre lieu fréquenté par le public. Larticle 11 de la loi et le décret N° 2012-046/PR portant interdiction de fumer dans les lieux publics; disposent en outre que les interdictions de consommer toute forme de tabac feront lobjet de signalisations apparentes . WHO African Region
Tonga As in the last report, the amended Tobacco Control Act 2014 was put into force in Feb 29th 2016. It has been amended to improve the effectiveness of existing legislation to curb the widespread use of tobacco products, to reduce exposure to secondhand smoking and to reduce the appeal of smoking to young people. It also includes complete banning (100%) of smoking in all licensed premises with owners are liable to heavy fines for failing to protect people from cigarette smoke on their premises. Authorized officers have been empowered to issue on-the-spot fines of 100TOP for individuals who smoke in smoke free areas, along with further fines if violators fail to provide information or comply with directions given by the officers. The amended Tobacco Control Act 2014 was put into force in Feb 29th 2016. It has been amended to improve the effectiveness of existing legislation to curb the widespread use of tobacco products, to reduce exposure to secondhand smoking and to reduce the appeal of smoking to young people. It also includes complete banning (100%) of smoking in all licensed premises with owners are liable to heavy fines for failing to protect people from cigarette smoke on their premises. Authorized officers have been empowered to issue on-the-spot fines of 100TOP for individuals who smoke in smoke free areas, along with further fines if violators fail to provide information or comply with directions given by the officers. The amended Tobacco Control Act 2014 was put into force in Feb 29th 2016. It has been amended to improve the effectiveness of existing legislation to curb the widespread use of tobacco products, to reduce exposure to secondhand smoking and to reduce the appeal of smoking to young people. It also includes complete banning (100%) of smoking in all licensed premises with owners are liable to heavy fines for failing to protect people from cigarette smoke on their premises. Authorized officers have been empowered to issue on-the-spot fines of 100TOP for individuals who smoke in smoke free areas, along with further fines if violators fail to provide information or comply with directions given by the officers. WHO Western Pacific Region
Trinidad and Tobago 12(1) of the attached legislation refers and the Second Schedule The Tobacco Control Act 2009 completely prohibits smoking in all enclosed public places, enclosed workplaces, or public conveyances. Any person who contravenes this prohibition commits an offence and is liable, on summary conviction, to a fine of ten thousand dollars and to imprisonment for six months. Section gives a list of “No Smoking Areas” Enclosed is defined by the Tobacco Control Act 2009 as "any space covered by a roof completely or substantially enclosed, with the term substantially enclosed meaning more than fifty per cent closed to the outside air". Workplace is defined as "any place used by persons during their employment or work and includes vehicles, common areas, and any other area which is generally used during the course of employment or work, but does not include private residences or private vehicles". Public Conveyance is defined as "any form or mode of transportation that carries passengers for hire or reward, whether domestically or internationally." 12(1) of the attached legislation refers and the Second Schedule The Tobacco Control Act 2009 completely prohibits smoking in all enclosed public places, enclosed workplaces, or public conveyances. Any person who contravenes this prohibition commits an offence and is liable, on summary conviction, to a fine of ten thousand dollars and to imprisonment for six months. Section gives a list of “No Smoking Areas” Enclosed is defined by the Tobacco Control Act 2009 as "any space covered by a roof completely or substantially enclosed, with the term substantially enclosed meaning more than fifty per cent closed to the outside air". Workplace is defined as "any place used by persons during their employment or work and includes vehicles, common areas, and any other area which is generally used during the course of employment or work, but does not include private residences or private vehicles". Public Conveyance is defined as "any form or mode of transportation that carries passengers for hire or reward, whether domestically or internationally." 12(1) of the attached legislation refers and the Second Schedule The Tobacco Control Act 2009 completely prohibits smoking in all enclosed public places, enclosed workplaces, or public conveyances. Any person who contravenes this prohibition commits an offence and is liable, on summary conviction, to a fine of ten thousand dollars and to imprisonment for six months. Section gives a list of “No Smoking Areas” Enclosed is defined by the Tobacco Control Act 2009 as "any space covered by a roof completely or substantially enclosed, with the term substantially enclosed meaning more than fifty per cent closed to the outside air". Workplace is defined as "any place used by persons during their employment or work and includes vehicles, common areas, and any other area which is generally used during the course of employment or work, but does not include private residences or private vehicles". Public Conveyance is defined as "any form or mode of transportation that carries passengers for hire or reward, whether domestically or internationally." WHO Region of the Americas
Tunisia la loi 17/98 du 23 février 1998 relative à la lutte contre le tabagisme et 2 décrets 1998 et 2009 des arrêtés du Ministre de la Santé des conventions avec les grandes surfaces commerciales et des entreprises la loi 17/98 du 23 février 1998 relative à la lutte contre le tabagisme et 2 décrets 1998 et 2009 la loi 17/98 du 23 février 1998 relative à la lutte contre le tabagisme et 2 décrets 1998 et 2009 WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Turkey The Law is a national one having related regulations resulting in administrative and executive orders. The Law is a national one having related regulations resulting in administrative and executive orders. The Law is a national one having related regulations resulting in administrative and executive orders. WHO European Region
Turkmenistan Статья 24 Закона Туркменистана «Об охране здоровья граждан от воздействия табачного дыма и последствий потребления табачных изделий» Статья 24 Закона Туркменистана «Об охране здоровья граждан от воздействия табачного дыма и последствий потребления табачных изделий» Административное наказание WHO European Region
Tuvalu Answer not provided Report not provided Report not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Uganda Report not provided Report not provided Regulation on the banning of smoking in public places 2004 WHO African Region
Ukraine Current legislation introduced 100% smoke free in restaurant-cafe-bar premises, in premises and the territory of medical amd educational institutions, in governmental bulding. However some private workplaces can have smokingf place in premises restricted to 10% of total area. Current legislation introduced 100% smoke free in restaurant-cafe-bar premises, in premises and the territory of medical amd educational institutions, in governmental bulding. However some private workplaces can have smokingf place in premises restricted to 10% of total area. Current legislation introduced 100% smoke free in restaurant-cafe-bar premises, in premises and the territory of medical amd educational institutions, in governmental bulding. However some private workplaces can have smokingf place in premises restricted to 10% of total area. WHO European Region
United Arab Emirates يتنص المادة 7 والمادة 8 من القانون الإتحادي رقم 15لسنة 2009 بشان مكافحة البتغ على حظر التدخين في الأماكن العامه المغلقة يتنص المادة 7 والمادة 8 من القانون الإتحادي رقم 15لسنة 2009 بشان مكافحة البتغ على حظر التدخين في الأماكن العامه المغلقة يتنص المادة 7 والمادة 8 من القانون الإتحادي رقم 15لسنة 2009 بشان مكافحة البتغ على حظر التدخين في الأماكن العامه المغلقة WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland All four UK nations have smokefree legislation in place prohibiting smoking in virtually all substantially closed workplaces and public places. There are very few exemptions permitted by the smokefree legislation and they are limited to specified areas in certain categories of premises. Wales is working to extend the smoke-free provisions to certain non-enclosed premises, being school grounds, hospital grounds, public playgrounds and the outside areas of childcare settings. Smoke-free (Private Vehicles) Regulations 2015 puts restrictions on smoking in vehicles. Jersey has restrictions in cars and workplaces. Guernsey has smoke free legislation in place. All four UK nations have smokefree legislation in place prohibiting smoking in virtually all substantially closed workplaces and public places. There are very few exemptions permitted by the smokefree legislation and they are limited to specified areas in certain categories of premises. Smoke-free (Private Vehicles) Regulations 2015 puts restrictions on smoking in vehicles. All four UK nations have smokefree legislation in place prohibiting smoking in virtually all substantially closed workplaces and public places. There are very few exemptions permitted by the smokefree legislation and they are limited to specified areas in certain categories of premises. WHO European Region
United Republic of Tanzania Regulations (2014) under Tobacco Law 2003 Regulations (2014) under Tobacco Law 2003 Regulations (2014) under Tobacco Law 2003 WHO African Region
Uruguay La ley 18256 establece la prohibición de fumar o mantener encendidos productos de tabaco en los espacios cerrados de uso público, en los espacios cerrados que sean un lugar de trabajo y en los espacios cerrados o abiertos que pertenezcan a centros sanitarios o educativos, sin excepciones. La ley 18256 establece la prohibición de fumar o mantener encendidos productos de tabaco en los espacios cerrados de uso público, en los espacios cerrados que sean un lugar de trabajo y en los espacios cerrados o abiertos que pertenezcan a centros sanitarios o educativos, sin excepciones. La ley 18256 establece la prohibición de fumar o mantener encendidos productos de tabaco en los espacios cerrados de uso público, en los espacios cerrados que sean un lugar de trabajo y en los espacios cerrados o abiertos que pertenezcan a centros sanitarios o educativos, sin excepciones. WHO Region of the Americas
Uzbekistan Report not provided Report not provided Кодексом Республики Узбекистан «Об административной ответственности» установлены административные меры наказания за употребление табачной продукции: Статья 56-1 гласит: Употребление табачной продукции на рабочих местах, в учреждениях здравоохранения, образовательных, спортивно-оздоровительных учреждениях, пожароопасных местах, включая автозаправочные станции, и иных общественных местах, кроме специально отведенных мест и (или) помещений для употребления табачной продукции, - влечет наложение штрафа в сумме одной третьей минимального размера заработной платы. Статья 122 гласит: Употребление табачной продукции в неустановленных местах в поездах местного и дальнего сообщения, на речных судах, в вагонах (в том числе тамбурах) пригородных поездов, в автобусах городского, пригородного, междугородного и международного сообщения, а также в такси, маршрутных такси и городском электротранспорте - влечет наложение штрафа в сумме одной третьей минимального размера заработной платы. Употребление табачной продукции на воздушных судах - влечет наложение штрафа в сумме двух минимальных размеров заработной платы. WHO European Region
Vanuatu Full ban for indoor workplaces, restaurants and bars, public transport, health care facilities, transport and education facilities ( Amendment regulations of 2016 to the Tobacco Control Act of 2008). Report not provided Partial bans for indoor workplaces, restaurants, public transport, health care facilities, and education facilities. WHO Western Pacific Region
Venezuela La Resolución de Ambientes Libre de Humo de Tabaco (vigente desde el 31 mayo de 2011), expresa la prohibición de fumar o mantener encendidos productos de tabaco en áreas interiores de los lugares públicos y en los lugares de trabajo, cualquiera sea su uso, incluyento el transporte. Report not provided Report not provided WHO Region of the Americas
Viet Nam Ban smoking in most in door public and workplaces Ban smoking in most in door public and workplaces Answer not provided WHO Western Pacific Region
Yemen إضافة الى حظر التدخين في الأماكن العامة وأماكن العمل ووسائل النقل العامة في قانون مكافحة التدخين، صدر العديد من التعاميم العامة والداخلية والأوامر الإدارية في العديد من المؤسسات الحكومية والمكاتب التنفيذية في مختلف القطاعات إضافة الى حظر التدخين في الأماكن العامة وأماكن العمل ووسائل النقل العامة في قانون مكافحة التدخين، صدر العديد من التعاميم العامة والداخلية والأوامر الإدارية في العديد من المؤسسات الحكومية والمكاتب التنفيذية في مختلف القطاعات إضافة الى حظر التدخين في الأماكن العامة وأماكن العمل ووسائل النقل العامة في قانون مكافحة التدخين، صدر العديد من التعاميم العامة والداخلية والأوامر الإدارية في العديد من المؤسسات الحكومية والمكاتب التنفيذية في مختلف القطاعات WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
Zambia Statutory Instrument No. 39 Banning Smoking in Public Places. A Public place” means: any building, premises, conveyance or other place to which the public has access. Statutory Instrument No. 39 Banning Smoking in Public Places. A Public place” means: any building, premises, conveyance or other place to which the public has access. Statutory Instrument No. 39 Banning Smoking in Public Places. A Public place” means: any building, premises, conveyance or other place to which the public has access. WHO African Region
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe utilizes Statutory Instrument 264 of 2002 Public Health ( control of Tobacco) Regulations of 2002 to enforce the ban Zimbabwe utilizes Statutory Instrument 264 of 2002 Public Health ( control of Tobacco) Regulations of 2002 to enforce the ban Zimbabwe utilizes S I 264 of 2002 Public Health ( control of Tobacco) Regulation to enforce the ban WHO African Region
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Survey answers in 2020

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